Queryable.All(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Boolean>>) Queryable.All(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Boolean>>) Queryable.All(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Boolean>>) Queryable.All(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Boolean>>) Method

定義

判斷序列的所有項目是否全都符合條件。Determines whether all the elements of a sequence satisfy a condition.

public:
generic <typename TSource>
[System::Runtime::CompilerServices::Extension]
 static bool All(System::Linq::IQueryable<TSource> ^ source, System::Linq::Expressions::Expression<Func<TSource, bool> ^> ^ predicate);
public static bool All<TSource> (this System.Linq.IQueryable<TSource> source, System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<TSource,bool>> predicate);
static member All : System.Linq.IQueryable<'Source> * System.Linq.Expressions.Expression<Func<'Source, bool>> -> bool
<Extension()>
Public Function All(Of TSource) (source As IQueryable(Of TSource), predicate As Expression(Of Func(Of TSource, Boolean))) As Boolean

類型參數

TSource

source 項目的類型。The type of the elements of source.

參數

source
IQueryable<TSource>

要測試其項目是否符合條件的序列。A sequence whose elements to test for a condition.

predicate
Expression<Func<TSource,Boolean>>

用來測試每個項目是否符合條件的函式。A function to test each element for a condition.

傳回

如果來源序列的每個項目都通過以指定之述詞 (Predicate) 進行的測試,或序列是空的,則為 true,否則為 falsetrue if every element of the source sequence passes the test in the specified predicate, or if the sequence is empty; otherwise, false.

例外狀況

sourcepredicatenullsource or predicate is null.

範例

下列程式碼範例示範如何使用All<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Boolean>>)來判斷序列中的所有元素是否都符合條件。The following code example demonstrates how to use All<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Boolean>>) to determine whether all the elements in a sequence satisfy a condition.

class Pet
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public int Age { get; set; }
}

public static void AllEx1()
{
    // Create an array of Pets.
    Pet[] pets = { new Pet { Name="Barley", Age=10 },
                   new Pet { Name="Boots", Age=4 },
                   new Pet { Name="Whiskers", Age=6 } };

    // Determine whether all pet names in the array start with 'B'.
    bool allStartWithB =
        pets.AsQueryable().All(pet => pet.Name.StartsWith("B"));

    Console.WriteLine(
        "{0} pet names start with 'B'.",
        allStartWithB ? "All" : "Not all");
}

// This code produces the following output:
//
//  Not all pet names start with 'B'. 

Sub AllEx()
    ' Create an array of Pets.
    Dim pets() As Pet = _
        {New Pet With {.Name = "Barley", .Age = 10}, _
         New Pet With {.Name = "Boots", .Age = 4}, _
         New Pet With {.Name = "Whiskers", .Age = 6}}

    ' Determine whether all pet names in the array start with 'B'.
    Dim allStartWithB As Boolean = _
        pets.AsQueryable().All(Function(ByVal pet) pet.Name.StartsWith("B"))

    MsgBox(String.Format( _
        "{0} pet names start with 'B'.", _
        IIf(allStartWithB, "All", "Not all")))
End Sub

Public Structure Pet
    Dim Name As String
    Dim Age As Integer
End Structure

' This code produces the following output:
'
'  Not all pet names start with 'B'. 

All<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Boolean>>)方法傳回的布林值通常用於where子句的述詞 (Where Where Visual Basic 中的子句), 或直接呼叫方法。The Boolean value that the All<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Boolean>>) method returns is typically used in the predicate of a where clause (Where clause in Visual Basic) or a direct call to the Where method. 下列範例示範如何使用All方法。The following example demonstrates this use of the All method.

class Pet
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public int Age { get; set; }
}
class Person
{
    public string LastName { get; set; }
    public Pet[] Pets { get; set; }
}

public static void AllEx2()
{
    List<Person> people = new List<Person>
        { new Person { LastName = "Haas",
                       Pets = new Pet[] { new Pet { Name="Barley", Age=10 },
                                          new Pet { Name="Boots", Age=14 },
                                          new Pet { Name="Whiskers", Age=6 }}},
          new Person { LastName = "Fakhouri",
                       Pets = new Pet[] { new Pet { Name = "Snowball", Age = 1}}},
          new Person { LastName = "Antebi",
                       Pets = new Pet[] { new Pet { Name = "Belle", Age = 8} }},
          new Person { LastName = "Philips",
                       Pets = new Pet[] { new Pet { Name = "Sweetie", Age = 2},
                                          new Pet { Name = "Rover", Age = 13}} }
        };

    // Determine which people have pets that are all older than 5.
    IEnumerable<string> names = from person in people
                                where person.Pets.AsQueryable().All(pet => pet.Age > 5)
                                select person.LastName;

    foreach (string name in names)
        Console.WriteLine(name);

    /* This code produces the following output:
     * 
     * Haas
     * Antebi
     */
}
Structure Pet
    Public Name As String
    Public Age As Integer
End Structure

Structure Person
    Public LastName As String
    Public Pets() As Pet
End Structure

Sub AllEx2()
    Dim people As New List(Of Person)(New Person() _
        {New Person With {.LastName = "Haas", _
                          .Pets = New Pet() {New Pet With {.Name = "Barley", .Age = 10}, _
                                             New Pet With {.Name = "Boots", .Age = 14}, _
                                             New Pet With {.Name = "Whiskers", .Age = 6}}}, _
          New Person With {.LastName = "Fakhouri", _
                           .Pets = New Pet() {New Pet With {.Name = "Snowball", .Age = 1}}}, _
          New Person With {.LastName = "Antebi", _
                           .Pets = New Pet() {New Pet With {.Name = "Belle", .Age = 8}}}, _
          New Person With {.LastName = "Philips", _
                           .Pets = New Pet() {New Pet With {.Name = "Sweetie", .Age = 2}, _
                                              New Pet With {.Name = "Rover", .Age = 13}}}})

    ' Determine which people have pets that are all older than 5.
    Dim names = From person In people _
                Where person.Pets.AsQueryable().All(Function(pet) pet.Age > 5) _
                Select person.LastName

    For Each name As String In names
        Console.WriteLine(name)
    Next

    ' This code produces the following output:
    '
    ' Haas
    ' Antebi

End Sub

備註

這個方法至少有一個類型Expression<TDelegate>的參數, 其類型引數是其中一個Func<T,TResult>類型。This method has at least one parameter of type Expression<TDelegate> whose type argument is one of the Func<T,TResult> types. 針對這些參數, 您可以傳入 lambda 運算式, 它會編譯成Expression<TDelegate>For these parameters, you can pass in a lambda expression and it will be compiled to an Expression<TDelegate>.

方法會產生, 其代表以All<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Boolean>>)結構化泛型方法的方式呼叫本身。 MethodCallExpression All<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Boolean>>)The All<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Boolean>>) method generates a MethodCallExpression that represents calling All<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Boolean>>) itself as a constructed generic method. 然後, 它會MethodCallExpression將傳遞Execute<TResult>(Expression)至由Provider source參數IQueryProvider的屬性所表示之的方法。It then passes the MethodCallExpression to the Execute<TResult>(Expression) method of the IQueryProvider represented by the Provider property of the source parameter.

因執行代表呼叫All<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Boolean>>)之運算式樹狀架構而產生的查詢行為, 取決於source參數類型的實作為。The query behavior that occurs as a result of executing an expression tree that represents calling All<TSource>(IQueryable<TSource>, Expression<Func<TSource,Boolean>>) depends on the implementation of the source parameter's type. 預期的行為是它會判斷中source的所有元素是否都符合中predicate的條件。The expected behavior is that it determines if all the elements in source satisfy the condition in predicate.

適用於