HttpListenerContext.Request 屬性

定義

取得 HttpListenerRequest,表示用戶端的資源要求。Gets the HttpListenerRequest that represents a client's request for a resource.

public:
 property System::Net::HttpListenerRequest ^ Request { System::Net::HttpListenerRequest ^ get(); };
public System.Net.HttpListenerRequest Request { get; }
member this.Request : System.Net.HttpListenerRequest
Public ReadOnly Property Request As HttpListenerRequest

屬性值

HttpListenerRequest 物件,表示用戶端要求。An HttpListenerRequest object that represents the client request.

範例

下列程式碼範例將示範如何呼叫這個方法。The following code example demonstrates calling this method. listener變數會HttpListener保存物件。The listener variable holds an HttpListener object.

// This example requires the System and System.Net namespaces.
public static string ClientInformation(HttpListenerContext context)
{
    System.Security.Principal.IPrincipal user = context.User;
    System.Security.Principal.IIdentity id = user.Identity;
    if (id == null)
    {
        return "Client authentication is not enabled for this Web server.";
    }
    
    string display;
    if (id.IsAuthenticated)
    {
        display = String.Format("{0} was authenticated using {1}", id.Name, 
            id.AuthenticationType);
    }
    else
    {
       display = String.Format("{0} was not authenticated", id.Name);
    }
    return display;
}

public static void SimpleListenerWithAuthentication(string[] prefixes)
{
    if (!HttpListener.IsSupported)
    {
        Console.WriteLine ("Windows XP SP2 or Server 2003 is required to use the HttpListener class.");
        return;
    }

    // URI prefixes are required,
    // for example "http://contoso.com:8080/index/".
    if (prefixes == null || prefixes.Length == 0)
      throw new ArgumentException("prefixes");

    // Set up a listener.
    HttpListener listener = new HttpListener();
    foreach (string s in prefixes)
    {
        listener.Prefixes.Add(s);
    }
    listener.Start();
    // Specify Negotiate as the authentication scheme.
    listener.AuthenticationSchemes = AuthenticationSchemes.Negotiate;
    Console.WriteLine("Listening...");
    // GetContext blocks while waiting for a request. 
    HttpListenerContext context = listener.GetContext();
    HttpListenerRequest request = context.Request;
    // Obtain a response object.
    HttpListenerResponse response = context.Response;
    // Construct a response.
    string clientInformation = ClientInformation(context);
    byte[] buffer = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("<HTML><BODY> " + clientInformation + "</BODY></HTML>");
    // Get a response stream and write the response to it.
    response.ContentLength64 = buffer.Length;
    System.IO.Stream output = response.OutputStream;
    output.Write(buffer,0,buffer.Length);
    output.Close();
    listener.Stop();
}
' This example requires the System and System.Net namespaces.
Public Shared Function ClientInformation(ByVal context As HttpListenerContext) As String
    Dim user As System.Security.Principal.IPrincipal = context.User
    Dim id As System.Security.Principal.IIdentity = user.Identity

    If id Is Nothing Then
        Return "Client authentication is not enabled for this Web server."
    End If

    Dim display As String

    If id.IsAuthenticated Then
        display = String.Format("{0} was authenticated using {1}", id.Name, id.AuthenticationType)
    Else
        display = String.Format("{0} was not authenticated", id.Name)
    End If

    Return display
End Function

Public Shared Sub SimpleListenerWithAuthentication(ByVal prefixes As String())
    If Not HttpListener.IsSupported Then
        Console.WriteLine("Windows XP SP2 or Server 2003 is required to use the HttpListener class.")
        Return
    End If

    ' URI prefixes are required,
    ' for example "http://contoso.com:8080/index/"
    If prefixes Is Nothing OrElse prefixes.Length = 0 Then Throw New ArgumentException("prefixes")
    Dim listener As HttpListener = New HttpListener()

    For Each s As String In prefixes
        listener.Prefixes.Add(s)
    Next

    listener.Start()
    ' Specify Negotiate as the authentication scheme.
    listener.AuthenticationSchemes = AuthenticationSchemes.Negotiate
    Console.WriteLine("Listening...")
    ' GetContext blocks while waiting for a request.
    Dim context As HttpListenerContext = listener.GetContext()
    Dim request As HttpListenerRequest = context.Request
    ' Obtain a response object.
    Dim response As HttpListenerResponse = context.Response
    Dim clientInformationString As String = ClientInformation(context)
    Dim buffer As Byte() = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("<HTML><BODY> " & clientInformationString & "</BODY></HTML>")
    ' Get a response stream and write the response to it.
    response.ContentLength64 = buffer.Length
    Dim output As System.IO.Stream = response.OutputStream
    output.Write(buffer, 0, buffer.Length)
    output.Close()
    listener.Stop()
End Sub

備註

如果您關閉此HttpListenerContext HttpListenerResponse程式, 它會將回應傳送至用戶端, 關閉包含回應的, 然後關閉此屬性HttpListenerRequest所傳回的物件。If you close this HttpListenerContext, it will send the response to the client, close the HttpListenerResponse that contains the response, and close the HttpListenerRequest object returned by this property.

適用於