Nullable.GetUnderlyingType(Type) 方法

定義

傳回已指定可為 null 型別的基礎型別引數。

public:
 static Type ^ GetUnderlyingType(Type ^ nullableType);
public static Type GetUnderlyingType (Type nullableType);
public static Type? GetUnderlyingType (Type nullableType);
static member GetUnderlyingType : Type -> Type
Public Shared Function GetUnderlyingType (nullableType As Type) As Type

參數

nullableType
Type

Type 物件,描述封閉式泛型可為 null 的型別。

傳回

Type

如果 nullableType 參數是封閉式泛型可為 null 的型別,則為 nullableType 參數的型別引數,否則為 null

例外狀況

nullableTypenull

範例

下列程式碼範例會定義方法,其傳回值的類型為 Nullable<T> Int32 。 程式碼範例會 GetUnderlyingType 使用 方法來顯示傳回值的 type 引數。

// This code example demonstrates the
// Nullable.GetUnderlyingType() method.

using System;
using System.Reflection;

class Sample
{
// Declare a type named Example.
// The MyMethod member of Example returns a Nullable of Int32.

    public class Example
    {
        public int? MyMethod()
        {
        return 0;
        }
    }

/*
   Use reflection to obtain a Type object for the Example type.
   Use the Type object to obtain a MethodInfo object for the MyMethod method.
   Use the MethodInfo object to obtain the type of the return value of
     MyMethod, which is Nullable of Int32.
   Use the GetUnderlyingType method to obtain the type argument of the
     return value type, which is Int32.
*/
    public static void Main()
    {
        Type t = typeof(Example);
        MethodInfo mi = t.GetMethod("MyMethod");
        Type retval = mi.ReturnType;
        Console.WriteLine("Return value type ... {0}", retval);
        Type answer = Nullable.GetUnderlyingType(retval);
        Console.WriteLine("Underlying type ..... {0}", answer);
    }
}
/*
This code example produces the following results:

Return value type ... System.Nullable`1[System.Int32]
Underlying type ..... System.Int32

*/
// This code example demonstrates the
// Nullable.GetUnderlyingType() method.
open System

// Declare a type named Example.
// The MyMethod member of Example returns a Nullable of Int32.

type Example() =
    member _.MyMethod() =
        Nullable 0

(*
   Use reflection to obtain a Type object for the Example type.
   Use the Type object to obtain a MethodInfo object for the MyMethod method.
   Use the MethodInfo object to obtain the type of the return value of
     MyMethod, which is Nullable of Int32.
   Use the GetUnderlyingType method to obtain the type argument of the
     return value type, which is Int32.
*)
let t = typeof<Example>
let mi = t.GetMethod "MyMethod"
let retval = mi.ReturnType
printfn $"Return value type ... {retval}"
let answer = Nullable.GetUnderlyingType retval
printfn $"Underlying type ..... {answer}"

// This code example produces the following results:
//     Return value type ... System.Nullable`1[System.Int32]
//     Underlying type ..... System.Int32
' This code example demonstrates the 
' Nullable.GetUnderlyingType() method.

Imports System.Reflection

Class Sample
    ' Declare a type named Example. 
    ' The MyMethod member of Example returns a Nullable of Int32.
    
    Public Class Example
        Public Function MyMethod() As Nullable(Of Integer)
            Return 0
        End Function
    End Class
    
' 
'   Use reflection to obtain a Type object for the Example type.
'   Use the Type object to obtain a MethodInfo object for the MyMethod method.
'   Use the MethodInfo object to obtain the type of the return value of 
'     MyMethod, which is Nullable of Int32.
'   Use the GetUnderlyingType method to obtain the type argument of the 
'     return value type, which is Int32.
'
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        Dim t As Type = GetType(Example)
        Dim mi As MethodInfo = t.GetMethod("MyMethod")
        Dim retval As Type = mi.ReturnType
        Console.WriteLine("Return value type ... {0}", retval)
        Dim answer As Type = Nullable.GetUnderlyingType(retval)
        Console.WriteLine("Underlying type ..... {0}", answer)
    
    End Sub
End Class
'
'This code example produces the following results:
'
'Return value type ... System.Nullable`1[System.Int32]
'Underlying type ..... System.Int32
'

備註

泛型型別定義是類型宣告,例如 Nullable<T> ,其中包含類型參數清單,而類型參數清單會宣告一或多個類型參數。 封閉式泛型型別是類型宣告,其中會為類型參數指定特定型別。

例如,如果 nullableType 參數是 Nullable<Int32> Visual Basic) 中 C# (Nullable(Of Int32) 的類型,則傳回值是 (的類型 Int32 ,也就是封閉式泛型型別的 type 引數) 。

適用於