BigInteger 結構

定義

表示任意大、帶正負號的整數。Represents an arbitrarily large signed integer.

public value class BigInteger : IComparable, IComparable<System::Numerics::BigInteger>, IEquatable<System::Numerics::BigInteger>, IFormattable
public struct BigInteger : IComparable, IComparable<System.Numerics.BigInteger>, IEquatable<System.Numerics.BigInteger>, IFormattable
[System.Serializable]
public struct BigInteger : IComparable, IComparable<System.Numerics.BigInteger>, IEquatable<System.Numerics.BigInteger>, IFormattable
type BigInteger = struct
    interface IFormattable
[<System.Serializable>]
type BigInteger = struct
    interface IFormattable
Public Structure BigInteger
Implements IComparable, IComparable(Of BigInteger), IEquatable(Of BigInteger), IFormattable
繼承
BigInteger
屬性
實作

備註

BigInteger 類型是不可變的類型,表示任意大的整數,其值在理論上沒有上限或下限。The BigInteger type is an immutable type that represents an arbitrarily large integer whose value in theory has no upper or lower bounds. 類型的成員會與 BigInteger 其他整數類型的成員緊密地平行 Byte , (、、、、、、 Int16 Int32 Int64 SByte UInt16 UInt32UInt64 類型) 。The members of the BigInteger type closely parallel those of other integral types (the Byte, Int16, Int32, Int64, SByte, UInt16, UInt32, and UInt64 types). 此類型與中的其他整數類資料類型不同 .NET Framework.NET Framework ,其具有以和屬性工作表示的範圍 MinValue MaxValueThis type differs from the other integral types in the .NET Framework.NET Framework, which have a range indicated by their MinValue and MaxValue properties.

注意

因為 BigInteger 類型是不可變的 (請參閱 可變動性和 BigInteger 結構) ,而且因為它沒有上限或下限,所以 OutOfMemoryException 可針對導致 BigInteger 值成長太大的任何作業擲回。Because the BigInteger type is immutable (see Mutability and the BigInteger Structure) and because it has no upper or lower bounds, an OutOfMemoryException can be thrown for any operation that causes a BigInteger value to grow too large.

具現化 BigInteger 物件Instantiating a BigInteger Object

您可以透過數種方式來具現化 BigInteger 物件:You can instantiate a BigInteger object in several ways:

  • 您可以使用 new 關鍵字,並提供任何整數或浮點值做為函式的參數 BigIntegerYou can use the new keyword and provide any integral or floating-point value as a parameter to the BigInteger constructor. (浮點數會在指派給之前截斷 BigInteger 。 ) 下列範例說明如何使用 new 關鍵字來具現化 BigInteger 值。(Floating-point values are truncated before they are assigned to the BigInteger.) The following example illustrates how to use the new keyword to instantiate BigInteger values.

    BigInteger bigIntFromDouble = new BigInteger(179032.6541);
    Console.WriteLine(bigIntFromDouble);
    BigInteger bigIntFromInt64 = new BigInteger(934157136952);
    Console.WriteLine(bigIntFromInt64);
    // The example displays the following output:
    //   179032
    //   934157136952		
    
    Dim bigIntFromDouble As New BigInteger(179032.6541)
    Console.WriteLine(bigIntFromDouble)
    Dim bigIntFromInt64 As New BigInteger(934157136952)
    Console.WriteLine(bigIntFromInt64)
    ' The example displays the following output:
    '   179032
    '   934157136952		
    
  • BigInteger只要值是整數類資料類型,您就可以宣告變數,並為它指派一個值,就像您對任何數值型別一樣。You can declare a BigInteger variable and assign it a value just as you would any numeric type, as long as that value is an integral type. 下列範例會使用指派來建立的 BigIntegerInt64The following example uses assignment to create a BigInteger value from an Int64.

    long longValue = 6315489358112;
    BigInteger assignedFromLong = longValue;
    Console.WriteLine(assignedFromLong);
    // The example displays the following output:
    //   6315489358112
    
    Dim longValue As Long = 6315489358112      
    Dim assignedFromLong As BigInteger = longValue
    Console.WriteLine(assignedFromLong)
    ' The example displays the following output:
    '   6315489358112
    
  • 如果您轉換值或先進行轉換,您可以將十進位或浮點值指派給 BigInteger 物件。You can assign a decimal or floating-point value to a BigInteger object if you cast the value or convert it first. 下列範例會在 c # 中明確地轉換 () ,或將 Visual Basic) a 和值中的 (轉換 Double DecimalBigIntegerThe following example explicitly casts (in C#) or converts (in Visual Basic) a Double and a Decimal value to a BigInteger.

    BigInteger assignedFromDouble = (BigInteger) 179032.6541;
    Console.WriteLine(assignedFromDouble);
    BigInteger assignedFromDecimal = (BigInteger) 64312.65m;
    Console.WriteLine(assignedFromDecimal);
    // The example displays the following output:
    //   179032
    //   64312
    
    Dim assignedFromDouble As BigInteger = CType(179032.6541, BigInteger)
    Console.WriteLine(assignedFromDouble)   
    Dim assignedFromDecimal As BigInteger = CType(64312.65d, BigInteger)      
    Console.WriteLine(assignedFromDecimal)
    ' The example displays the following output:
    '   179032
    '   64312      
    

這些方法可讓您具 BigInteger 現化物件,其值只在其中一個現有的數數值型別範圍內。These methods enable you to instantiate a BigInteger object whose value is in the range of one of the existing numeric types only. 您可以具 BigInteger 現化物件,其值可能會以三種方式的其中一種來超過現有數數值型別的範圍:You can instantiate a BigInteger object whose value can exceed the range of the existing numeric types in one of three ways:

  • 您可以使用 new 關鍵字,並將任何大小的位元組陣列提供給此函式 BigInteger.BigIntegerYou can use the new keyword and provide a byte array of any size to the BigInteger.BigInteger constructor. 例如:For example:

    byte[] byteArray = { 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0};
    BigInteger newBigInt = new BigInteger(byteArray);
    Console.WriteLine("The value of newBigInt is {0} (or 0x{0:x}).", newBigInt);
    // The example displays the following output:
    //   The value of newBigInt is 4759477275222530853130 (or 0x102030405060708090a).
    
    Dim byteArray() As Byte = { 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0}
    Dim newBigInt As New BigInteger(byteArray)
    Console.WriteLine("The value of newBigInt is {0} (or 0x{0:x}).", newBigInt)    
    ' The example displays the following output:
    '   The value of newBigInt is 4759477275222530853130 (or 0x102030405060708090a).
    
  • 您可以呼叫 ParseTryParse 方法,將數位的字串表示轉換成 BigIntegerYou can call the Parse or TryParse methods to convert the string representation of a number to a BigInteger. 例如:For example:

    string positiveString = "91389681247993671255432112000000";
    string negativeString = "-90315837410896312071002088037140000";
    BigInteger posBigInt = 0;
    BigInteger negBigInt = 0;
    
    try {
       posBigInt = BigInteger.Parse(positiveString);
       Console.WriteLine(posBigInt);
    }
    catch (FormatException)
    {
       Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert the string '{0}' to a BigInteger value.",
                         positiveString);
    }
    
    if (BigInteger.TryParse(negativeString, out negBigInt))
      Console.WriteLine(negBigInt);
    else
       Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert the string '{0}' to a BigInteger value.",
                          negativeString);
    
    // The example displays the following output:
    //   9.1389681247993671255432112E+31
    //   -9.0315837410896312071002088037E+34
    
    Dim positiveString As String = "91389681247993671255432112000000"
    Dim negativeString As string = "-90315837410896312071002088037140000"
    Dim posBigInt As BigInteger = 0
    Dim negBigInt As BigInteger = 0
    
    Try
       posBigInt = BigInteger.Parse(positiveString)
       Console.WriteLine(posBigInt)
    Catch e As FormatException
       Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert the string '{0}' to a BigInteger value.", _
                         positiveString)
    End Try
    
    If BigInteger.TryParse(negativeString, negBigInt) Then
      Console.WriteLine(negBigInt)
    Else
       Console.WriteLine("Unable to convert the string '{0}' to a BigInteger value.", _
                          negativeString)
    End If         
    ' The example displays the following output:
    '   9.1389681247993671255432112E+31
    '   -9.0315837410896312071002088037E+34
    
  • 您可以 static Shared 在 Visual Basic) 方法中呼叫 (BigInteger ,在數值運算式上執行某些作業,並傳回計算 BigInteger 結果。You can call a static (Shared in Visual Basic) BigInteger method that performs some operation on a numeric expression and returns a calculated BigInteger result. 下列範例會藉由 cube UInt64.MaxValue ,並將結果指派給來執行此動作 BigIntegerThe following example does this by cubing UInt64.MaxValue and assigning the result to a BigInteger.

    BigInteger number = BigInteger.Pow(UInt64.MaxValue, 3);
    Console.WriteLine(number);
    // The example displays the following output:
    //    6277101735386680762814942322444851025767571854389858533375
    
    Dim number As BigInteger = BigInteger.Pow(UInt64.MaxValue, 3)
    Console.WriteLine(number)
    ' The example displays the following output:
      ' 6277101735386680762814942322444851025767571854389858533375
    

未初始化的值 BigIntegerZeroThe uninitialized value of a BigInteger is Zero.

執行 BigInteger 值的作業Performing Operations on BigInteger Values

您可以使用實例,就 BigInteger 像使用任何其他整數型別一樣。You can use a BigInteger instance as you would use any other integral type. BigInteger 多載標準數值運算子,可讓您執行基本數學運算,例如加法、減法、除法、乘法、減法、負和一元否定。BigInteger overloads the standard numeric operators to enable you to perform basic mathematical operations such as addition, subtraction, division, multiplication, subtraction, negation, and unary negation. 您也可以使用標準數值運算子來比較兩個 BigInteger 值。You can also use the standard numeric operators to compare two BigInteger values with each other. 和其他整數類資料類型一樣, BigInteger 也支援位 AndOrXOr 、左移和右移運算子。Like the other integral types, BigInteger also supports the bitwise And, Or, XOr, left shift, and right shift operators. 針對不支援自訂運算子的語言,此 BigInteger 結構也會提供對等的方法來執行數學運算。For languages that do not support custom operators, the BigInteger structure also provides equivalent methods for performing mathematical operations. 其中包括、、、、 Add Divide Multiply Negate Subtract 和數個其他專案。These include Add, Divide, Multiply, Negate, Subtract, and several others.

結構的許多成員會 BigInteger 直接對應到其他整數類型的成員。Many members of the BigInteger structure correspond directly to members of the other integral types. 此外, BigInteger 也會新增如下的成員:In addition, BigInteger adds members such as the following:

其中許多額外的成員都對應至類別的成員 Math ,以提供使用基本數數值型別的功能。Many of these additional members correspond to the members of the Math class, which provides the functionality to work with the primitive numeric types.

可變動性和 BigInteger 結構Mutability and the BigInteger Structure

下列範例會將物件具現化 BigInteger ,然後將其值遞增一。The following example instantiates a BigInteger object and then increments its value by one.

BigInteger number = BigInteger.Multiply(Int64.MaxValue, 3);
number++;
Console.WriteLine(number);
Dim number As BigInteger = BigInteger.Multiply(Int64.MaxValue, 3)
number += 1
Console.WriteLine(number)

雖然此範例似乎會修改現有物件的值,但這並不是這樣。Although this example appears to modify the value of the existing object, this is not the case. BigInteger 物件是不可變的,這表示在內部,通用語言執行時間實際上會建立新的 BigInteger 物件,並為其指派一個大於先前值的值。BigInteger objects are immutable, which means that internally, the common language runtime actually creates a new BigInteger object and assigns it a value one greater than its previous value. 這個新物件接著會傳回給呼叫者。This new object is then returned to the caller.

注意

.NET Framework 中的其他數數值型別也是不可變的。The other numeric types in the .NET Framework are also immutable. 不過,因為 BigInteger 類型沒有上限或下限,所以其值可能會變得非常大,而且對效能有顯著的影響。However, because the BigInteger type has no upper or lower bounds, its values can grow extremely large and have a measurable impact on performance.

雖然此程式對呼叫端而言是透明的,但它確實會產生效能上的負面影響。Although this process is transparent to the caller, it does incur a performance penalty. 在某些情況下,尤其是在迴圈中以非常大的值執行重複的作業時, BigInteger 效能可能會有很大的影響。In some cases, especially when repeated operations are performed in a loop on very large BigInteger values, that performance penalty can be significant. 例如,在下列範例中,會重複執行一次作業達一百萬次,而且 BigInteger 每次作業成功時,值會遞增一。For example, in the following example, an operation is performed repetitively up to a million times, and a BigInteger value is incremented by one every time the operation succeeds.

BigInteger number = Int64.MaxValue ^ 5;
int repetitions = 1000000;
// Perform some repetitive operation 1 million times.
for (int ctr = 0; ctr <= repetitions; ctr++)
{
   // Perform some operation. If it fails, exit the loop.
   if (! SomeOperationSucceeds()) break;
   // The following code executes if the operation succeeds.
   number++;
}
Dim number As BigInteger = Int64.MaxValue ^ 5
Dim repetitions As Integer = 1000000
' Perform some repetitive operation 1 million times.
For ctr As Integer = 0 To repetitions
   ' Perform some operation. If it fails, exit the loop.
   If Not SomeOperationSucceeds() Then Exit For
   ' The following code executes if the operation succeeds.
   number += 1
Next

在這種情況下,您可以執行變數的所有中繼指派,以改善效能 Int32In such a case, you can improve performance by performing all intermediate assignments to an Int32 variable. 然後,當迴圈結束時,可以將變數的最終值指派給 BigInteger 物件。The final value of the variable can then be assigned to the BigInteger object when the loop exits. 下列範例提供一個實例。The following example provides an illustration.

BigInteger number = Int64.MaxValue ^ 5;
int repetitions = 1000000;
int actualRepetitions = 0;
// Perform some repetitive operation 1 million times.
for (int ctr = 0; ctr <= repetitions; ctr++)
{
   // Perform some operation. If it fails, exit the loop.
   if (! SomeOperationSucceeds()) break;
   // The following code executes if the operation succeeds.
   actualRepetitions++;
}
number += actualRepetitions;
Dim number As BigInteger = Int64.MaxValue ^ 5
Dim repetitions As Integer = 1000000
Dim actualRepetitions As Integer = 0
' Perform some repetitive operation 1 million times.
For ctr As Integer = 0 To repetitions
   ' Perform some operation. If it fails, exit the loop.
   If Not SomeOperationSucceeds() Then Exit For
   ' The following code executes if the operation succeeds.
   actualRepetitions += 1
Next
number += actualRepetitions

使用位元組陣列和十六進位字串Working with Byte Arrays and Hexadecimal Strings

如果您將 BigInteger 值轉換為位元組陣列,或將位元組陣列轉換成 BigInteger 值,您必須考慮位元組的順序。If you convert BigInteger values to byte arrays, or if you convert byte arrays to BigInteger values, you must consider the order of bytes. BigInteger結構預期位元組陣列中的個別位元組會以位元組由大到小的順序出現, (也就是說,值的低序位位元組優先于較高順序的位元組) 。The BigInteger structure expects the individual bytes in a byte array to appear in little-endian order (that is, the lower-order bytes of the value precede the higher-order bytes). 您可以藉 BigInteger 由呼叫方法來反復存取值, ToByteArray 然後將產生的位元組陣列傳遞給函式 BigInteger(Byte[]) ,如下列範例所示。You can round-trip a BigInteger value by calling the ToByteArray method and then passing the resulting byte array to the BigInteger(Byte[]) constructor, as the following example shows.

BigInteger number = BigInteger.Pow(Int64.MaxValue, 2);
Console.WriteLine(number);

// Write the BigInteger value to a byte array.
byte[] bytes = number.ToByteArray();

// Display the byte array.
foreach (byte byteValue in bytes)
   Console.Write("0x{0:X2} ", byteValue);
Console.WriteLine();

// Restore the BigInteger value from a Byte array.
BigInteger newNumber = new BigInteger(bytes);
Console.WriteLine(newNumber);
// The example displays the following output:
//    8.5070591730234615847396907784E+37
//    0x01 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x00 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0x3F
//
//    8.5070591730234615847396907784E+37
Dim number As BigInteger = BigInteger.Pow(Int64.MaxValue, 2)     
Console.WriteLine(number)

' Write the BigInteger value to a byte array.
Dim bytes() As Byte = number.ToByteArray()

' Display the byte array.
For Each byteValue As Byte In bytes
   Console.Write("0x{0:X2} ", byteValue)
Next   
Console.WriteLine()

' Restore the BigInteger value from a Byte array.
Dim newNumber As BigInteger = New BigInteger(bytes)
Console.WriteLine(newNumber)               
' The example displays the following output:
'    8.5070591730234615847396907784E+37
'    0x01 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x00 0x00 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0xFF 0x3F
'    
'    8.5070591730234615847396907784E+37

若要 BigInteger 從代表某個其他整數類型值的位元組陣列具現化值,您可以將整數值傳遞給 BitConverter.GetBytes 方法,然後將產生的位元組陣列傳遞給此函式 BigInteger(Byte[])To instantiate a BigInteger value from a byte array that represents a value of some other integral type, you can pass the integral value to the BitConverter.GetBytes method, and then pass the resulting byte array to the BigInteger(Byte[]) constructor. 下列範例 BigInteger 會從代表值的位元組陣列中具現化值 Int16The following example instantiates a BigInteger value from a byte array that represents an Int16 value.

short originalValue = 30000;
Console.WriteLine(originalValue);

// Convert the Int16 value to a byte array.
byte[] bytes = BitConverter.GetBytes(originalValue);

// Display the byte array.
foreach (byte byteValue in bytes)
   Console.Write("0x{0} ", byteValue.ToString("X2"));
Console.WriteLine();

// Pass byte array to the BigInteger constructor.
BigInteger number = new BigInteger(bytes);
Console.WriteLine(number);
// The example displays the following output:
//       30000
//       0x30 0x75
//       30000
Dim originalValue As Short = 30000
Console.WriteLine(originalValue)

' Convert the Int16 value to a byte array.
Dim bytes() As Byte = BitConverter.GetBytes(originalValue)

' Display the byte array.
For Each byteValue As Byte In bytes
   Console.Write("0x{0} ", byteValue.ToString("X2"))
Next    
Console.WriteLine() 

' Pass byte array to the BigInteger constructor.
Dim number As BigInteger = New BigInteger(bytes)
Console.WriteLine(number)
' The example displays the following output:
'       30000
'       0x30 0x75
'       30000

BigInteger結構假設負數值是使用兩個補數標記法儲存的。The BigInteger structure assumes that negative values are stored by using two's complement representation. 由於 BigInteger 結構代表沒有固定長度的數值,因此,此函式一律會將 BigInteger(Byte[]) 陣列中最後一個位元組的最大位解釋為正負號位。Because the BigInteger structure represents a numeric value with no fixed length, the BigInteger(Byte[]) constructor always interprets the most significant bit of the last byte in the array as a sign bit. 若要防止函式 BigInteger(Byte[]) 混淆具有正值正負號和大小標記法之負值的二補數標記法,則位元組陣列中最後一個位元組的最大有效位通常會設定為值為0的額外位元組。To prevent the BigInteger(Byte[]) constructor from confusing the two's complement representation of a negative value with the sign and magnitude representation of a positive value, positive values in which the most significant bit of the last byte in the byte array would ordinarily be set should include an additional byte whose value is 0. 例如,0xC0 0xBD 0xF0 0xFF 是-1000000 或4293967296的位元組由大到小的十六進位標記法。For example, 0xC0 0xBD 0xF0 0xFF is the little-endian hexadecimal representation of either -1,000,000 or 4,293,967,296. 因為這個陣列中最後一個位元組的最大位是 on,所以此位元組陣列的值會 BigInteger(Byte[]) 以-1000000 的形式來解讀。Because the most significant bit of the last byte in this array is on, the value of the byte array would be interpreted by the BigInteger(Byte[]) constructor as -1,000,000. 若要具 BigInteger 現化,其值為正數,則必須將其元素為 0XC0 0XBD 0XF0 0xff 0x00 的位元組陣列傳遞至函式。To instantiate a BigInteger whose value is positive, a byte array whose elements are 0xC0 0xBD 0xF0 0xFF 0x00 must be passed to the constructor. 下列範例將說明這點。The following example illustrates this.

int negativeNumber = -1000000;
uint positiveNumber = 4293967296;

byte[] negativeBytes = BitConverter.GetBytes(negativeNumber);
BigInteger negativeBigInt = new BigInteger(negativeBytes);
Console.WriteLine(negativeBigInt.ToString("N0"));

byte[] tempPosBytes = BitConverter.GetBytes(positiveNumber);
byte[] positiveBytes = new byte[tempPosBytes.Length + 1];
Array.Copy(tempPosBytes, positiveBytes, tempPosBytes.Length);
BigInteger positiveBigInt = new BigInteger(positiveBytes);
Console.WriteLine(positiveBigInt.ToString("N0"));
// The example displays the following output:
//    -1,000,000
//    4,293,967,296
Dim negativeNumber As Integer = -1000000
Dim positiveNumber As UInteger = 4293967296

Dim negativeBytes() As Byte = BitConverter.GetBytes(negativeNumber) 
Dim negativeBigInt As New BigInteger(negativeBytes)
Console.WriteLine(negativeBigInt.ToString("N0"))

Dim tempPosBytes() As Byte = BitConverter.GetBytes(positiveNumber)
Dim positiveBytes(tempposBytes.Length) As Byte
Array.Copy(tempPosBytes, positiveBytes, tempPosBytes.Length)
Dim positiveBigInt As New BigInteger(positiveBytes)
Console.WriteLine(positiveBigInt.ToString("N0")) 
' The example displays the following output:
'    -1,000,000
'    4,293,967,296      

方法從正值建立的位元組陣列 ToByteArray 包含這個額外的零值位元組。Byte arrays created by the ToByteArray method from positive values include this extra zero-value byte. 因此, BigInteger 結構可以藉由將值指派給,然後從位元組陣列進行還原,來成功地來回行程值,如下列範例所示。Therefore, the BigInteger structure can successfully round-trip values by assigning them to, and then restoring them from, byte arrays, as the following example shows.

BigInteger positiveValue = 15777216;
BigInteger negativeValue  = -1000000;

Console.WriteLine("Positive value: " + positiveValue.ToString("N0"));
byte[] bytes = positiveValue.ToByteArray();

foreach (byte byteValue in bytes)
   Console.Write("{0:X2} ", byteValue);
Console.WriteLine();
positiveValue = new BigInteger(bytes);
Console.WriteLine("Restored positive value: " + positiveValue.ToString("N0"));

Console.WriteLine();

Console.WriteLine("Negative value: " + negativeValue.ToString("N0"));
bytes = negativeValue.ToByteArray();
foreach (byte byteValue in bytes)
   Console.Write("{0:X2} ", byteValue);
Console.WriteLine();
negativeValue = new BigInteger(bytes);
Console.WriteLine("Restored negative value: " + negativeValue.ToString("N0"));
// The example displays the following output:
//       Positive value: 15,777,216
//       C0 BD F0 00
//       Restored positive value: 15,777,216
//
//       Negative value: -1,000,000
//       C0 BD F0
//       Restored negative value: -1,000,000
Dim positiveValue As BigInteger = 15777216
Dim negativeValue As BigInteger = -1000000

Console.WriteLine("Positive value: " + positiveValue.ToString("N0"))
Dim bytes() As Byte = positiveValue.ToByteArray()
For Each byteValue As Byte In bytes
   Console.Write("{0:X2} ", byteValue)
Next
Console.WriteLine()
positiveValue = New BigInteger(bytes)
Console.WriteLine("Restored positive value: " + positiveValue.ToString("N0"))

Console.WriteLine()
   
Console.WriteLIne("Negative value: " + negativeValue.ToString("N0"))
bytes = negativeValue.ToByteArray()
For Each byteValue As Byte In bytes
   Console.Write("{0:X2} ", byteValue)
Next
Console.WriteLine()
negativeValue = New BigInteger(bytes)
Console.WriteLine("Restored negative value: " + negativeValue.ToString("N0"))
' The example displays the following output:
'       Positive value: 15,777,216
'       C0 BD F0 00
'       Restored positive value: 15,777,216
'       
'       Negative value: -1,000,000
'       C0 BD F0
'       Restored negative value: -1,000,000

不過,您可能需要將這個額外的零值位元組新增至由開發人員動態建立的位元組陣列,或是將不帶正負號的整數轉換為位元組陣列的方法所傳回的位元組陣列 (例如 BitConverter.GetBytes(UInt16)BitConverter.GetBytes(UInt32)BitConverter.GetBytes(UInt64)) 。However, you may need to add this additional zero-value byte to byte arrays that are created dynamically by the developer or that are returned by methods that convert unsigned integers to byte arrays (such as BitConverter.GetBytes(UInt16), BitConverter.GetBytes(UInt32), and BitConverter.GetBytes(UInt64)).

剖析十六進位字串時, BigInteger.Parse(String, NumberStyles)BigInteger.Parse(String, NumberStyles, IFormatProvider) 方法會假設如果已設定字串中第一個位元組的最高有效位,或字串的第一個十六進位數位代表位元組值的較低四個位,則會使用兩個補數表示來表示值。When parsing a hexadecimal string, the BigInteger.Parse(String, NumberStyles) and BigInteger.Parse(String, NumberStyles, IFormatProvider) methods assume that if the most significant bit of the first byte in the string is set, or if the first hexadecimal digit of the string represents the lower four bits of a byte value, the value is represented by using two's complement representation. 例如,"FF01" 和 "F01" 都代表十進位值-255。For example, both "FF01" and "F01" represent the decimal value -255. 若要區分正值與負值,正值應包含前置零。To differentiate positive from negative values, positive values should include a leading zero. 方法的相關多載 ToString (當傳遞 "X" 格式字串時)會將前置零加入至傳回之正值的十六進位字串。The relevant overloads of the ToString method, when they are passed the "X" format string, add a leading zero to the returned hexadecimal string for positive values. 這可讓您 BigInteger 使用和方法來來回行程值 ToString Parse ,如下列範例所示。This makes it possible to round-trip BigInteger values by using the ToString and Parse methods, as the following example shows.

BigInteger negativeNumber = -1000000;
BigInteger positiveNumber  = 15777216;

string negativeHex = negativeNumber.ToString("X");
string positiveHex = positiveNumber.ToString("X");

BigInteger negativeNumber2, positiveNumber2;
negativeNumber2 = BigInteger.Parse(negativeHex,
                                   NumberStyles.HexNumber);
positiveNumber2 = BigInteger.Parse(positiveHex,
                                   NumberStyles.HexNumber);

Console.WriteLine("Converted {0:N0} to {1} back to {2:N0}.",
                   negativeNumber, negativeHex, negativeNumber2);
Console.WriteLine("Converted {0:N0} to {1} back to {2:N0}.",
                   positiveNumber, positiveHex, positiveNumber2);
// The example displays the following output:
//       Converted -1,000,000 to F0BDC0 back to -1,000,000.
//       Converted 15,777,216 to 0F0BDC0 back to 15,777,216.
Dim negativeNumber As BigInteger = -1000000
Dim positiveNumber As BigInteger = 15777216

Dim negativeHex As String = negativeNumber.ToString("X")
Dim positiveHex As string = positiveNumber.ToString("X")

Dim negativeNumber2, positiveNumber2 As BigInteger 
negativeNumber2 = BigInteger.Parse(negativeHex, 
                                   NumberStyles.HexNumber)
positiveNumber2 = BigInteger.Parse(positiveHex,
                                   NumberStyles.HexNumber)

Console.WriteLine("Converted {0:N0} to {1} back to {2:N0}.", 
                   negativeNumber, negativeHex, negativeNumber2)                                         
Console.WriteLine("Converted {0:N0} to {1} back to {2:N0}.", 
                   positiveNumber, positiveHex, positiveNumber2)                                         
' The example displays the following output:
'       Converted -1,000,000 to F0BDC0 back to -1,000,000.
'       Converted 15,777,216 to 0F0BDC0 back to 15,777,216.

不過,藉由呼叫其他整數類型的方法或包含參數之方法的多載所建立的十六進位字串, ToString ToString toBase 並不會指出值的正負號或衍生自十六進位字串的源資料類型。However, the hexadecimal strings created by calling the ToString methods of the other integral types or the overloads of the ToString method that include a toBase parameter do not indicate the sign of the value or the source data type from which the hexadecimal string was derived. BigInteger從這類字串成功具現化值需要一些額外的邏輯。Successfully instantiating a BigInteger value from such a string requires some additional logic. 下列範例提供一個可能的執行。The following example provides one possible implementation.

using System;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Numerics;

public struct HexValue
{
   public int Sign;
   public string Value;
}

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      uint positiveNumber = 4039543321;
      int negativeNumber = -255423975;

      // Convert the numbers to hex strings.
      HexValue hexValue1, hexValue2;
      hexValue1.Value = positiveNumber.ToString("X");
      hexValue1.Sign = Math.Sign(positiveNumber);

      hexValue2.Value = Convert.ToString(negativeNumber, 16);
      hexValue2.Sign = Math.Sign(negativeNumber);

      // Round-trip the hexadecimal values to BigInteger values.
      string hexString;
      BigInteger positiveBigInt, negativeBigInt;

      hexString = (hexValue1.Sign == 1 ? "0" : "") + hexValue1.Value;
      positiveBigInt = BigInteger.Parse(hexString, NumberStyles.HexNumber);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted {0} to {1} and back to {2}.",
                        positiveNumber, hexValue1.Value, positiveBigInt);

      hexString = (hexValue2.Sign == 1 ? "0" : "") + hexValue2.Value;
      negativeBigInt = BigInteger.Parse(hexString, NumberStyles.HexNumber);
      Console.WriteLine("Converted {0} to {1} and back to {2}.",
                        negativeNumber, hexValue2.Value, negativeBigInt);
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       Converted 4039543321 to F0C68A19 and back to 4039543321.
//       Converted -255423975 to f0c68a19 and back to -255423975.
Imports System.Globalization
Imports System.Numerics

Public Structure HexValue
   Public Sign As Integer
   Public Value As String
End Structure
   
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim positiveNumber As UInteger = 4039543321
      Dim negativeNumber As Integer = -255423975

      ' Convert the numbers to hex strings.
      Dim hexValue1, hexValue2 As HexValue
      hexValue1.Value = positiveNumber.ToString("X")
      hexValue1.Sign = Math.Sign(positiveNumber)
      
      hexValue2.Value = Convert.ToString(negativeNumber, 16)
      hexValue2.Sign = Math.Sign(negativeNumber)
      
      ' Round-trip the hexadecimal values to BigInteger values.
      Dim hexString As String
      Dim positiveBigInt, negativeBigInt As BigInteger
      
      hexString = CStr(IIf(hexValue1.Sign = 1, "0", "")) + hexValue1.Value
      positiveBigInt = BigInteger.Parse(hexString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)      
      Console.WriteLine("Converted {0} to {1} and back to {2}.", 
                        positiveNumber, hexValue1.Value, positiveBigInt)

      hexString = CStr(IIf(hexValue2.Sign = 1, "0", "")) + hexValue2.Value
      negativeBigInt = BigInteger.Parse(hexString, NumberStyles.HexNumber)      
      Console.WriteLine("Converted {0} to {1} and back to {2}.", 
                        negativeNumber, hexValue2.Value, negativeBigInt)

   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Converted 4039543321 to F0C68A19 and back to 4039543321.
'       Converted -255423975 to f0c68a19 and back to -255423975.

建構函式

BigInteger(Byte[])

使用位元組陣列中的值,初始化 BigInteger 結構的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the BigInteger structure using the values in a byte array.

BigInteger(Decimal)

使用 BigInteger 值,初始化 Decimal 結構的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the BigInteger structure using a Decimal value.

BigInteger(Double)

使用雙精確度浮點值,初始化 BigInteger 結構的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the BigInteger structure using a double-precision floating-point value.

BigInteger(Int32)

使用 32 位元帶正負號的整數值,初始化 BigInteger 結構的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the BigInteger structure using a 32-bit signed integer value.

BigInteger(Int64)

使用 64 位元帶正負號的整數值,初始化 BigInteger 結構的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the BigInteger structure using a 64-bit signed integer value.

BigInteger(ReadOnlySpan<Byte>, Boolean, Boolean)

使用唯讀位元組範圍中的值並選擇性指出是否帶正負號與無大小順序的位元組順序,來初始化 BigInteger 結構的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the BigInteger structure using the values in a read-only span of bytes, and optionally indicating the signing encoding and the endianness byte order.

BigInteger(Single)

使用單精確度浮點值,初始化 BigInteger 結構的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the BigInteger structure using a single-precision floating-point value.

BigInteger(UInt32)

使用不帶正負號的 32 位元整數值,初始化 BigInteger 結構的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the BigInteger structure using an unsigned 32-bit integer value.

BigInteger(UInt64)

使用不帶正負號的 64 位元整數值,初始化 BigInteger 結構的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the BigInteger structure with an unsigned 64-bit integer value.

屬性

IsEven

表示目前 BigInteger 物件的值是否為偶數。Indicates whether the value of the current BigInteger object is an even number.

IsOne

表示目前 BigInteger 物件的值是否為 OneIndicates whether the value of the current BigInteger object is One.

IsPowerOfTwo

表示目前 BigInteger 物件的值是否為二乘冪。Indicates whether the value of the current BigInteger object is a power of two.

IsZero

表示目前 BigInteger 物件的值是否為 ZeroIndicates whether the value of the current BigInteger object is Zero.

MinusOne

取得表示數字負一 (-1) 的值。Gets a value that represents the number negative one (-1).

One

取得表示數字一 (1) 的值。Gets a value that represents the number one (1).

Sign

取得數字,這個數字表示目前 BigInteger 物件的正負號 (負數、正數或零)。Gets a number that indicates the sign (negative, positive, or zero) of the current BigInteger object.

Zero

取得表示數字 0 (零) 的值。Gets a value that represents the number 0 (zero).

方法

Abs(BigInteger)

取得 BigInteger 物件的絕對值。Gets the absolute value of a BigInteger object.

Add(BigInteger, BigInteger)

兩個 BigInteger 值相加,並傳回結果。Adds two BigInteger values and returns the result.

Compare(BigInteger, BigInteger)

比較兩個 BigInteger 值並傳回整數,這個整數表示第一個值小於、等於或大於第二個值。Compares two BigInteger values and returns an integer that indicates whether the first value is less than, equal to, or greater than the second value.

CompareTo(BigInteger)

比較這個執行個體與第二個 BigInteger,並且傳回整數,這個整數表示這個執行個體的值小於、等於或大於指定之物件的值。Compares this instance to a second BigInteger and returns an integer that indicates whether the value of this instance is less than, equal to, or greater than the value of the specified object.

CompareTo(Int64)

比較這個執行個體與帶正負號的 64 位元整數,並且傳回整數,這個整數表示這個執行個體的值小於、等於或大於帶正負號 64 位元整數的值。Compares this instance to a signed 64-bit integer and returns an integer that indicates whether the value of this instance is less than, equal to, or greater than the value of the signed 64-bit integer.

CompareTo(Object)

比較這個執行個體與特定物件,並且傳回一個整數,指出這個執行個體的值是小於、等於或大於特定物件的值。Compares this instance to a specified object and returns an integer that indicates whether the value of this instance is less than, equal to, or greater than the value of the specified object.

CompareTo(UInt64)

比較這個執行個體與不帶正負號的 64 位元整數,並且傳回整數,這個整數表示這個執行個體的值小於、等於或大於不帶正負號 64 位元整數的值。Compares this instance to an unsigned 64-bit integer and returns an integer that indicates whether the value of this instance is less than, equal to, or greater than the value of the unsigned 64-bit integer.

Divide(BigInteger, BigInteger)

某個 BigInteger 值除以另一個值,並且傳回結果。Divides one BigInteger value by another and returns the result.

DivRem(BigInteger, BigInteger, BigInteger)

某個 BigInteger 值除以另一個值,傳回結果,並在輸出參數中傳回餘數。Divides one BigInteger value by another, returns the result, and returns the remainder in an output parameter.

Equals(BigInteger)

傳回值,這個值表示目前執行個體與指定的 BigInteger 物件是否有相同的值。Returns a value that indicates whether the current instance and a specified BigInteger object have the same value.

Equals(Int64)

傳回值,這個值表示目前執行個體與帶正負號的 64 位元整數是否有相同的值。Returns a value that indicates whether the current instance and a signed 64-bit integer have the same value.

Equals(Object)

傳回值,這個值表示目前執行個體與指定的物件是否有相同的值。Returns a value that indicates whether the current instance and a specified object have the same value.

Equals(UInt64)

傳回值,這個值表示目前執行個體與不帶正負號的 64 位元整數是否有相同的值。Returns a value that indicates whether the current instance and an unsigned 64-bit integer have the same value.

GetBitLength()

取得目前執行個體沒有正負號位元的最短二補數表示所需的位元數目。Gets the number of bits required for shortest two's complement representation of the current instance without the sign bit.

GetByteCount(Boolean)

取得將由 ToByteArray(Boolean, Boolean)TryWriteBytes(Span<Byte>, Int32, Boolean, Boolean) 輸出的位元組數。Gets the number of bytes that will be output by ToByteArray(Boolean, Boolean) and TryWriteBytes(Span<Byte>, Int32, Boolean, Boolean).

GetHashCode()

傳回目前 BigInteger 物件的雜湊碼。Returns the hash code for the current BigInteger object.

GreatestCommonDivisor(BigInteger, BigInteger)

求兩個 BigInteger 值的最大公因數。Finds the greatest common divisor of two BigInteger values.

Log(BigInteger)

傳回指定數字的自然 (底數為 e) 對數。Returns the natural (base e) logarithm of a specified number.

Log(BigInteger, Double)

傳回指定底數中指定數字的對數。Returns the logarithm of a specified number in a specified base.

Log10(BigInteger)

傳回指定數字的以 10 為底數的對數。Returns the base 10 logarithm of a specified number.

Max(BigInteger, BigInteger)

傳回兩個 BigInteger 值的較大值。Returns the larger of two BigInteger values.

Min(BigInteger, BigInteger)

傳回兩個 BigInteger 值的較小值。Returns the smaller of two BigInteger values.

ModPow(BigInteger, BigInteger, BigInteger)

一個數目自乘至另一個數目的乘冪後,執行模數除法。Performs modulus division on a number raised to the power of another number.

Multiply(BigInteger, BigInteger)

傳回兩個 BigInteger 值的乘積。Returns the product of two BigInteger values.

Negate(BigInteger)

將指定的 BigInteger 值變換正負號。Negates a specified BigInteger value.

Parse(ReadOnlySpan<Char>, NumberStyles, IFormatProvider)

將所指定唯讀字元範圍中具有所指定樣式的數字表示法轉換為其 BigInteger 對等項目。Converts the representation of a number, contained in the specified read-only span of characters, in a specified style to its BigInteger equivalent.

Parse(String)

將數字的字串表示,轉換為其相等的 BigIntegerConverts the string representation of a number to its BigInteger equivalent.

Parse(String, IFormatProvider)

將使用指定特定文化特性格式之數字的字串表示轉換為其相等的 BigIntegerConverts the string representation of a number in a specified culture-specific format to its BigInteger equivalent.

Parse(String, NumberStyles)

將指定樣式中數字的字串表示轉換為其相等的 BigIntegerConverts the string representation of a number in a specified style to its BigInteger equivalent.

Parse(String, NumberStyles, IFormatProvider)

將數字的字串表示 (使用指定樣式和特定文化特性的格式) 轉換為其相等的 BigIntegerConverts the string representation of a number in a specified style and culture-specific format to its BigInteger equivalent.

Pow(BigInteger, Int32)

BigInteger 值自乘至指定之值的乘冪。Raises a BigInteger value to the power of a specified value.

Remainder(BigInteger, BigInteger)

對兩個 BigInteger 值執行整數除法運算,並傳回餘數。Performs integer division on two BigInteger values and returns the remainder.

Subtract(BigInteger, BigInteger)

某個 BigInteger 值減去另一個值,並且傳回結果。Subtracts one BigInteger value from another and returns the result.

ToByteArray()

BigInteger 值轉換成位元組陣列。Converts a BigInteger value to a byte array.

ToByteArray(Boolean, Boolean)

使用盡可能最少的位元組數,傳回這個 BigInteger 的值作為位元組陣列。Returns the value of this BigInteger as a byte array using the fewest number of bytes possible. 如果值為零,則傳回其元素為 0x00 的一個位元組陣列。If the value is zero, returns an array of one byte whose element is 0x00.

ToString()

將目前 BigInteger 物件的數值,轉換為其相等的字串表示。Converts the numeric value of the current BigInteger object to its equivalent string representation.

ToString(IFormatProvider)

使用指定的文化特性特定格式資訊,將目前 BigInteger 物件的數值轉換為其對等字串表示。Converts the numeric value of the current BigInteger object to its equivalent string representation by using the specified culture-specific formatting information.

ToString(String)

使用指定的格式,將目前 BigInteger 物件的值,轉換為其相等字串表示。Converts the numeric value of the current BigInteger object to its equivalent string representation by using the specified format.

ToString(String, IFormatProvider)

使用指定的格式和特定文化特性的格式資訊,將目前 BigInteger 物件的數值,轉換為其相等的字串表示。Converts the numeric value of the current BigInteger object to its equivalent string representation by using the specified format and culture-specific format information.

TryFormat(Span<Char>, Int32, ReadOnlySpan<Char>, IFormatProvider)

將此大整數執行個體的格式設定為字元範圍。Formats this big integer instance into a span of characters.

TryParse(ReadOnlySpan<Char>, BigInteger)

嘗試將所指定唯讀字元範圍中包含的數字表示法轉換為其 BigInteger 對等項目,並傳回指出轉換是否成功的值。Tries to convert the representation of a number contained in the specified read-only character span, to its BigInteger equivalent, and returns a value that indicates whether the conversion succeeded.

TryParse(ReadOnlySpan<Char>, NumberStyles, IFormatProvider, BigInteger)

嘗試將數字的字串表示轉換成其相等的 BigInteger,並傳回一個值表示轉換是否成功。Tries to convert the string representation of a number to its BigInteger equivalent, and returns a value that indicates whether the conversion succeeded.

TryParse(String, BigInteger)

嘗試將數字的字串表示轉換成其相等的 BigInteger,並傳回一個值表示轉換是否成功。Tries to convert the string representation of a number to its BigInteger equivalent, and returns a value that indicates whether the conversion succeeded.

TryParse(String, NumberStyles, IFormatProvider, BigInteger)

使用指定的文化特性特定格式資訊和格式樣式,將日期和時間的指定字串表示轉換為其對等的 BigInteger,並傳回值,這個值表示轉換是否成功。Tries to convert the string representation of a number in a specified style and culture-specific format to its BigInteger equivalent, and returns a value that indicates whether the conversion succeeded.

TryWriteBytes(Span<Byte>, Int32, Boolean, Boolean)

使用盡可能最少位元組數來複製這個 BigInteger 的值,作為位元組由小到大的二補數位元組。Copies the value of this BigInteger as little-endian twos-complement bytes, using the fewest number of bytes possible. 如果值為零,則輸出其元素為 0x00 的一個位元組。If the value is zero, outputs one byte whose element is 0x00.

運算子

Addition(BigInteger, BigInteger)

兩個指定之 BigInteger 物件的值相加。Adds the values of two specified BigInteger objects.

BitwiseAnd(BigInteger, BigInteger)

對兩個 BigInteger 值執行位元 And 運算。Performs a bitwise And operation on two BigInteger values.

BitwiseOr(BigInteger, BigInteger)

對兩個 BigInteger 值執行位元 Or 運算。Performs a bitwise Or operation on two BigInteger values.

Decrement(BigInteger)

BigInteger 值遞減 1。Decrements a BigInteger value by 1.

Division(BigInteger, BigInteger)

使用整數除法,將指定的 BigInteger 值除以另一個指定的 BigInteger 值。Divides a specified BigInteger value by another specified BigInteger value by using integer division.

Equality(BigInteger, BigInteger)

傳回值,這個值表示兩個 BigInteger 物件的值是否相等。Returns a value that indicates whether the values of two BigInteger objects are equal.

Equality(BigInteger, Int64)

傳回值,這個值表示 BigInteger 值與帶正負號長整數值是否相等。Returns a value that indicates whether a BigInteger value and a signed long integer value are equal.

Equality(BigInteger, UInt64)

傳回值,這個值表示 BigInteger 值與不帶正負號長整數值是否相等。Returns a value that indicates whether a BigInteger value and an unsigned long integer value are equal.

Equality(Int64, BigInteger)

傳回值,這個值表示帶正負號長整數值與 BigInteger 值是否相等。Returns a value that indicates whether a signed long integer value and a BigInteger value are equal.

Equality(UInt64, BigInteger)

傳回值,這個值表示不帶正負號長整數值與 BigInteger 值是否相等。Returns a value that indicates whether an unsigned long integer value and a BigInteger value are equal.

ExclusiveOr(BigInteger, BigInteger)

對兩個 BigInteger 值執行位元互斥 Or (XOr) 運算。Performs a bitwise exclusive Or (XOr) operation on two BigInteger values.

Explicit(BigInteger to Byte)

定義從 BigInteger 物件到不帶正負號位元組值的明確轉換。Defines an explicit conversion of a BigInteger object to an unsigned byte value.

Explicit(BigInteger to Decimal)

定義從 BigInteger 物件到 Decimal 值的明確轉換。Defines an explicit conversion of a BigInteger object to a Decimal value.

Explicit(BigInteger to Double)

定義從 BigInteger 物件到 Double 值的明確轉換。Defines an explicit conversion of a BigInteger object to a Double value.

Explicit(BigInteger to Int16)

定義從 BigInteger 物件到 16 位元帶正負號整數值的明確轉換。Defines an explicit conversion of a BigInteger object to a 16-bit signed integer value.

Explicit(BigInteger to Int32)

定義從 BigInteger 物件到 32 位元帶正負號整數值的明確轉換。Defines an explicit conversion of a BigInteger object to a 32-bit signed integer value.

Explicit(BigInteger to Int64)

定義從 BigInteger 物件到 64 位元帶正負號整數值的明確轉換。Defines an explicit conversion of a BigInteger object to a 64-bit signed integer value.

Explicit(BigInteger to SByte)

定義從 BigInteger 物件到帶正負號 8 位元值的明確轉換。Defines an explicit conversion of a BigInteger object to a signed 8-bit value.

此應用程式開發介面不符合 CLS 標準。This API is not CLS-compliant. 符合規範的替代項目為 Int16The compliant alternative is Int16.

Explicit(BigInteger to Single)

定義從 BigInteger 物件到單精確度浮點值的明確轉換。Defines an explicit conversion of a BigInteger object to a single-precision floating-point value.

Explicit(BigInteger to UInt16)

定義從 BigInteger 物件到不帶正負號 16 位元整數值的明確轉換。Defines an explicit conversion of a BigInteger object to an unsigned 16-bit integer value.

此應用程式開發介面不符合 CLS 標準。This API is not CLS-compliant. 符合規範的替代項目為 Int32The compliant alternative is Int32.

Explicit(BigInteger to UInt32)

定義從 BigInteger 物件到不帶正負號 32 位元整數值的明確轉換。Defines an explicit conversion of a BigInteger object to an unsigned 32-bit integer value.

此應用程式開發介面不符合 CLS 標準。This API is not CLS-compliant. 符合規範的替代項目為 Int64The compliant alternative is Int64.

Explicit(BigInteger to UInt64)

定義從 BigInteger 物件到不帶正負號 64 位元整數值的明確轉換。Defines an explicit conversion of a BigInteger object to an unsigned 64-bit integer value.

此應用程式開發介面不符合 CLS 標準。This API is not CLS-compliant. 符合規範的替代項目為 DoubleThe compliant alternative is Double.

Explicit(Decimal to BigInteger)

定義從 Decimal 物件到 BigInteger 值的明確轉換。Defines an explicit conversion of a Decimal object to a BigInteger value.

Explicit(Double to BigInteger)

定義從 Double 值到 BigInteger 值的明確轉換。Defines an explicit conversion of a Double value to a BigInteger value.

Explicit(Single to BigInteger)

定義從 Single 值到 BigInteger 值的明確轉換。Defines an explicit conversion of a Single value to a BigInteger value.

GreaterThan(BigInteger, BigInteger)

傳回值,這個值表示 BigInteger 值是否大於另一個 BigInteger 值。Returns a value that indicates whether a BigInteger value is greater than another BigInteger value.

GreaterThan(BigInteger, Int64)

傳回值,這個值表示 BigInteger 是否大於 64 位元帶正負號的整數值。Returns a value that indicates whether a BigInteger is greater than a 64-bit signed integer value.

GreaterThan(BigInteger, UInt64)

傳回值,這個值表示 BigInteger 值是否大於 64 位元不帶正負號的整數。Returns a value that indicates whether a BigInteger value is greater than a 64-bit unsigned integer.

GreaterThan(Int64, BigInteger)

傳回值,這個值表示 64 位元帶正負號的整數是否大於 BigInteger 值。Returns a value that indicates whether a 64-bit signed integer is greater than a BigInteger value.

GreaterThan(UInt64, BigInteger)

傳回值,這個值表示 BigInteger 值是否大於 64 位元不帶正負號的整數。Returns a value that indicates whether a BigInteger value is greater than a 64-bit unsigned integer.

GreaterThanOrEqual(BigInteger, BigInteger)

傳回值,這個值表示 BigInteger 值是否大於或等於另一個 BigInteger 值。Returns a value that indicates whether a BigInteger value is greater than or equal to another BigInteger value.

GreaterThanOrEqual(BigInteger, Int64)

傳回值,這個值表示 BigInteger 值是否大於或等於 64 位元帶正負號的整數值。Returns a value that indicates whether a BigInteger value is greater than or equal to a 64-bit signed integer value.

GreaterThanOrEqual(BigInteger, UInt64)

傳回值,這個值表示 BigInteger 值是否大於或等於 64 位元不帶正負號的整數值。Returns a value that indicates whether a BigInteger value is greater than or equal to a 64-bit unsigned integer value.

GreaterThanOrEqual(Int64, BigInteger)

傳回值,這個值表示 64 位元帶正負號的整數是否大於或等於 BigInteger 值。Returns a value that indicates whether a 64-bit signed integer is greater than or equal to a BigInteger value.

GreaterThanOrEqual(UInt64, BigInteger)

傳回值,這個值表示 64 位元不帶正負號的整數是否大於或等於 BigInteger 值。Returns a value that indicates whether a 64-bit unsigned integer is greater than or equal to a BigInteger value.

Implicit(Byte to BigInteger)

定義從不帶正負號的位元組到 BigInteger 值的隱含轉換。Defines an implicit conversion of an unsigned byte to a BigInteger value.

Implicit(Int16 to BigInteger)

定義從帶正負號的 16 位元整數到 BigInteger 值的隱含轉換。Defines an implicit conversion of a signed 16-bit integer to a BigInteger value.

Implicit(Int32 to BigInteger)

定義從帶正負號的 32 位元整數到 BigInteger 值的隱含轉換。Defines an implicit conversion of a signed 32-bit integer to a BigInteger value.

Implicit(Int64 to BigInteger)

定義從帶正負號的 64 位元整數到 BigInteger 值的隱含轉換。Defines an implicit conversion of a signed 64-bit integer to a BigInteger value.

Implicit(SByte to BigInteger)

定義從 8 位元帶正負號的整數到 BigInteger 值的隱含轉換。Defines an implicit conversion of an 8-bit signed integer to a BigInteger value.

此應用程式開發介面不符合 CLS 標準。This API is not CLS-compliant. 符合規範的替代項目為 BigInteger(Int32)The compliant alternative is BigInteger(Int32).

Implicit(UInt16 to BigInteger)

定義從 16 位元不帶正負號的整數到 BigInteger 值的隱含轉換。Defines an implicit conversion of a 16-bit unsigned integer to a BigInteger value.

此應用程式開發介面不符合 CLS 標準。This API is not CLS-compliant. 符合規範的替代項目為 Implicit(Int32 to BigInteger)The compliant alternative is Implicit(Int32 to BigInteger).

Implicit(UInt32 to BigInteger)

定義從 32 位元不帶正負號的整數到 BigInteger 值的隱含轉換。Defines an implicit conversion of a 32-bit unsigned integer to a BigInteger value.

此應用程式開發介面不符合 CLS 標準。This API is not CLS-compliant. 符合規範的替代項目為 Implicit(Int64 to BigInteger)The compliant alternative is Implicit(Int64 to BigInteger).

Implicit(UInt64 to BigInteger)

定義從 64 位元不帶正負號的整數到 BigInteger 值的隱含轉換。Defines an implicit conversion of a 64-bit unsigned integer to a BigInteger value.

此應用程式開發介面不符合 CLS 標準。This API is not CLS-compliant. 符合規範的替代項目為 DoubleThe compliant alternative is Double.

Increment(BigInteger)

BigInteger 值遞增 1。Increments a BigInteger value by 1.

Inequality(BigInteger, BigInteger)

傳回值,指出兩個 BigInteger 物件是否有不同的值。Returns a value that indicates whether two BigInteger objects have different values.

Inequality(BigInteger, Int64)

傳回值,這個值表示 BigInteger 值與 64 位元帶正負號的整數是否不相等。Returns a value that indicates whether a BigInteger value and a 64-bit signed integer are not equal.

Inequality(BigInteger, UInt64)

傳回值,這個值表示 BigInteger 值與 64 位元不帶正負號的整數是否不相等。Returns a value that indicates whether a BigInteger value and a 64-bit unsigned integer are not equal.

Inequality(Int64, BigInteger)

傳回值,這個值表示 64 位元帶正負號的整數與 BigInteger 值是否不相等。Returns a value that indicates whether a 64-bit signed integer and a BigInteger value are not equal.

Inequality(UInt64, BigInteger)

傳回值,這個值表示 64 位元不帶正負號的整數與 BigInteger 值是否不相等。Returns a value that indicates whether a 64-bit unsigned integer and a BigInteger value are not equal.

LeftShift(BigInteger, Int32)

BigInteger 值向左移動指定的位元數。Shifts a BigInteger value a specified number of bits to the left.

LessThan(BigInteger, BigInteger)

傳回值,這個值表示 BigInteger 值是否小於另一個 BigInteger 值。Returns a value that indicates whether a BigInteger value is less than another BigInteger value.

LessThan(BigInteger, Int64)

傳回值,這個值表示 BigInteger 值是否小於 64 位元帶正負號的整數。Returns a value that indicates whether a BigInteger value is less than a 64-bit signed integer.

LessThan(BigInteger, UInt64)

傳回值,這個值表示 BigInteger 值是否小於 64 位元不帶正負號的整數。Returns a value that indicates whether a BigInteger value is less than a 64-bit unsigned integer.

LessThan(Int64, BigInteger)

傳回值,這個值表示 64 位元帶正負號的整數是否小於 BigInteger 值。Returns a value that indicates whether a 64-bit signed integer is less than a BigInteger value.

LessThan(UInt64, BigInteger)

傳回值,這個值表示 64 位元不帶正負號的整數是否小於 BigInteger 值。Returns a value that indicates whether a 64-bit unsigned integer is less than a BigInteger value.

LessThanOrEqual(BigInteger, BigInteger)

傳回值,這個值表示 BigInteger 值是否小於或等於另一個 BigInteger 值。Returns a value that indicates whether a BigInteger value is less than or equal to another BigInteger value.

LessThanOrEqual(BigInteger, Int64)

傳回值,這個值表示 BigInteger 值是否小於或等於 64 位元帶正負號的整數。Returns a value that indicates whether a BigInteger value is less than or equal to a 64-bit signed integer.

LessThanOrEqual(BigInteger, UInt64)

傳回值,這個值表示 BigInteger 值是否小於或等於 64 位元不帶正負號的整數。Returns a value that indicates whether a BigInteger value is less than or equal to a 64-bit unsigned integer.

LessThanOrEqual(Int64, BigInteger)

傳回值,這個值表示 64 位元帶正負號的整數是否小於或等於 BigInteger 值。Returns a value that indicates whether a 64-bit signed integer is less than or equal to a BigInteger value.

LessThanOrEqual(UInt64, BigInteger)

傳回值,這個值表示 64 位元不帶正負號的整數是否小於或等於 BigInteger 值。Returns a value that indicates whether a 64-bit unsigned integer is less than or equal to a BigInteger value.

Modulus(BigInteger, BigInteger)

傳回從兩個指定的 BigInteger 值相除所得的餘數。Returns the remainder that results from division with two specified BigInteger values.

Multiply(BigInteger, BigInteger)

將兩個指定的 BigInteger 值相乘。Multiplies two specified BigInteger values.

OnesComplement(BigInteger)

傳回 BigInteger 值的位元一進位補數。Returns the bitwise one's complement of a BigInteger value.

RightShift(BigInteger, Int32)

BigInteger 值向右移動指定的位元數。Shifts a BigInteger value a specified number of bits to the right.

Subtraction(BigInteger, BigInteger)

將某個 BigInteger 值減去另一個 BigInteger 值。Subtracts a BigInteger value from another BigInteger value.

UnaryNegation(BigInteger)

將指定的 BigInteger 值變換正負號。Negates a specified BigInteger value.

UnaryPlus(BigInteger)

傳回 BigInteger 運算元的值。Returns the value of the BigInteger operand. (運算元的正負號不會變更)。(The sign of the operand is unchanged.)

明確介面實作

IComparable.CompareTo(Object)

比較這個執行個體與特定物件,並且傳回一個整數,指出這個執行個體的值是小於、等於或大於特定物件的值。Compares this instance to a specified object and returns an integer that indicates whether the value of this instance is less than, equal to, or greater than the value of the specified object.

適用於