CustomAttributeBuilder 類別

定義

協助建立自訂屬性 (Attribute)。Helps build custom attributes.

public ref class CustomAttributeBuilder
public ref class CustomAttributeBuilder : System::Runtime::InteropServices::_CustomAttributeBuilder
public class CustomAttributeBuilder
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterface(System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterfaceType.None)]
public class CustomAttributeBuilder : System.Runtime.InteropServices._CustomAttributeBuilder
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterface(System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterfaceType.None)]
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public class CustomAttributeBuilder : System.Runtime.InteropServices._CustomAttributeBuilder
type CustomAttributeBuilder = class
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterface(System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterfaceType.None)>]
type CustomAttributeBuilder = class
    interface _CustomAttributeBuilder
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterface(System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterfaceType.None)>]
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)>]
type CustomAttributeBuilder = class
    interface _CustomAttributeBuilder
Public Class CustomAttributeBuilder
Public Class CustomAttributeBuilder
Implements _CustomAttributeBuilder
繼承
CustomAttributeBuilder
屬性
實作

範例

下列程式碼範例將示範如何使用 CustomAttributeBuilderThe following code sample illustrates the use of CustomAttributeBuilder.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Reflection::Emit;

// We will apply this custom attribute to our dynamic type.
public ref class ClassCreator: public Attribute
{
private:
   String^ creator;

public:

   property String^ Creator 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return creator;
      }

   }
   ClassCreator( String^ name )
   {
      this->creator = name;
   }

};


// We will apply this dynamic attribute to our dynamic method.
public ref class DateLastUpdated: public Attribute
{
private:
   String^ dateUpdated;

public:

   property String^ DateUpdated 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return dateUpdated;
      }

   }
   DateLastUpdated( String^ theDate )
   {
      this->dateUpdated = theDate;
   }

};

Type^ BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod()
{
   AppDomain^ currentDomain = Thread::GetDomain();
   AssemblyName^ myAsmName = gcnew AssemblyName;
   myAsmName->Name = "MyAssembly";
   AssemblyBuilder^ myAsmBuilder = currentDomain->DefineDynamicAssembly( myAsmName, AssemblyBuilderAccess::Run );
   ModuleBuilder^ myModBuilder = myAsmBuilder->DefineDynamicModule( "MyModule" );
   
   // First, we'll build a type with a custom attribute attached.
   TypeBuilder^ myTypeBuilder = myModBuilder->DefineType( "MyType", TypeAttributes::Public );
   array<Type^>^temp6 = {String::typeid};
   array<Type^>^ctorParams = temp6;
   ConstructorInfo^ classCtorInfo = ClassCreator::typeid->GetConstructor( ctorParams );
   array<Object^>^temp0 = {"Joe Programmer"};
   CustomAttributeBuilder^ myCABuilder = gcnew CustomAttributeBuilder( classCtorInfo,temp0 );
   myTypeBuilder->SetCustomAttribute( myCABuilder );
   
   // Now, let's build a method and add a custom attribute to it.
   array<Type^>^temp1 = gcnew array<Type^>(0);
   MethodBuilder^ myMethodBuilder = myTypeBuilder->DefineMethod( "HelloWorld", MethodAttributes::Public, nullptr, temp1 );
   array<Type^>^temp7 = {String::typeid};
   ctorParams = temp7;
   classCtorInfo = DateLastUpdated::typeid->GetConstructor( ctorParams );
   array<Object^>^temp2 = {DateTime::Now.ToString()};
   CustomAttributeBuilder^ myCABuilder2 = gcnew CustomAttributeBuilder( classCtorInfo,temp2 );
   myMethodBuilder->SetCustomAttribute( myCABuilder2 );
   ILGenerator^ myIL = myMethodBuilder->GetILGenerator();
   myIL->EmitWriteLine( "Hello, world!" );
   myIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ret );
   return myTypeBuilder->CreateType();
}

int main()
{
   Type^ myType = BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod();
   Object^ myInstance = Activator::CreateInstance( myType );
   array<Object^>^customAttrs = myType->GetCustomAttributes( true );
   Console::WriteLine( "Custom Attributes for Type 'MyType':" );
   Object^ attrVal = nullptr;
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = customAttrs->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ customAttr = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      array<Object^>^temp3 = gcnew array<Object^>(0);
      attrVal = ClassCreator::typeid->InvokeMember( "Creator", BindingFlags::GetProperty, nullptr, customAttr, temp3 );
      Console::WriteLine( "-- Attribute: [{0} = \"{1}\"]", customAttr, attrVal );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( "Custom Attributes for Method 'HelloWorld()' in 'MyType':" );
   customAttrs = myType->GetMember( "HelloWorld" )[ 0 ]->GetCustomAttributes( true );
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum2 = customAttrs->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum2->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ customAttr = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum2->Current);
      array<Object^>^temp4 = gcnew array<Object^>(0);
      attrVal = DateLastUpdated::typeid->InvokeMember( "DateUpdated", BindingFlags::GetProperty, nullptr, customAttr, temp4 );
      Console::WriteLine( "-- Attribute: [{0} = \"{1}\"]", customAttr, attrVal );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( "---" );
   array<Object^>^temp5 = gcnew array<Object^>(0);
   Console::WriteLine( myType->InvokeMember( "HelloWorld", BindingFlags::InvokeMethod, nullptr, myInstance, temp5 ) );
}

using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Reflection.Emit;

// We will apply this custom attribute to our dynamic type.
public class ClassCreator: Attribute

{
   private string creator;
   public string Creator
   {
    get
    {
       return creator;
    }
   }	

   public ClassCreator(string name)
   {
      this.creator = name;
   }
}

// We will apply this dynamic attribute to our dynamic method.
public class DateLastUpdated: Attribute

{
   private string dateUpdated;
   public string DateUpdated
   {
    get
    {
       return dateUpdated;
    }
   }

   public DateLastUpdated(string theDate)
   {
    this.dateUpdated = theDate;
   }
}

class MethodBuilderCustomAttributesDemo

{

   public static Type BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod()
   {
    
    AppDomain currentDomain = Thread.GetDomain();
    
    AssemblyName myAsmName = new AssemblyName();
    myAsmName.Name = "MyAssembly";

    AssemblyBuilder myAsmBuilder = currentDomain.DefineDynamicAssembly(
                       myAsmName, AssemblyBuilderAccess.Run);

    ModuleBuilder myModBuilder = myAsmBuilder.DefineDynamicModule("MyModule");

    // First, we'll build a type with a custom attribute attached.

    TypeBuilder myTypeBuilder = myModBuilder.DefineType("MyType",
                        TypeAttributes.Public);
    
    Type[] ctorParams = new Type[] { typeof(string) };
    ConstructorInfo classCtorInfo = typeof(ClassCreator).GetConstructor(ctorParams);

    CustomAttributeBuilder myCABuilder = new CustomAttributeBuilder(
                        classCtorInfo,
                        new object[] { "Joe Programmer" });

    myTypeBuilder.SetCustomAttribute(myCABuilder);

    // Now, let's build a method and add a custom attribute to it.

    MethodBuilder myMethodBuilder = myTypeBuilder.DefineMethod("HelloWorld",
                    MethodAttributes.Public,
                    null,
                    new Type[] { });

    ctorParams = new Type[] { typeof(string) };
    classCtorInfo = typeof(DateLastUpdated).GetConstructor(ctorParams);

    CustomAttributeBuilder myCABuilder2 = new CustomAttributeBuilder(
                        classCtorInfo,
                        new object[] { DateTime.Now.ToString() });

    myMethodBuilder.SetCustomAttribute(myCABuilder2);

    ILGenerator myIL = myMethodBuilder.GetILGenerator();

    myIL.EmitWriteLine("Hello, world!");
    myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ret);

    return myTypeBuilder.CreateType();
   }

   public static void Main()
   {

    Type myType = BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod();

    object myInstance = Activator.CreateInstance(myType);

    object[] customAttrs = myType.GetCustomAttributes(true);

    Console.WriteLine("Custom Attributes for Type 'MyType':");

    object attrVal = null;

    foreach (object customAttr in customAttrs)
    {
       attrVal = typeof(ClassCreator).InvokeMember("Creator",
                      BindingFlags.GetProperty,
                      null, customAttr, new object[] { });
       Console.WriteLine("-- Attribute: [{0} = \"{1}\"]", customAttr, attrVal);
        }

    Console.WriteLine("Custom Attributes for Method 'HelloWorld()' in 'MyType':");

    customAttrs = myType.GetMember("HelloWorld")[0].GetCustomAttributes(true);	

    foreach (object customAttr in customAttrs)
    {
       attrVal = typeof(DateLastUpdated).InvokeMember("DateUpdated",
                      BindingFlags.GetProperty,
                      null, customAttr, new object[] { });
       Console.WriteLine("-- Attribute: [{0} = \"{1}\"]", customAttr, attrVal);
        }

    Console.WriteLine("---");

    Console.WriteLine(myType.InvokeMember("HelloWorld",
              BindingFlags.InvokeMethod,
              null, myInstance, new object[] { }));
   }
}


Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Reflection.Emit

 _


' We will apply this custom attribute to our dynamic type.
Public Class ClassCreator

   Inherits Attribute
   
   Private creator As String
   
   Public ReadOnly Property GetCreator() As String
      Get
         Return creator
      End Get
   End Property
   
   
   Public Sub New(name As String)
      Me.creator = name
   End Sub

End Class
 _ 

' We will apply this dynamic attribute to our dynamic method.
Public Class DateLastUpdated

   Inherits Attribute
   
   Private dateUpdated As String
   
   Public ReadOnly Property GetDateUpdated() As String
      Get
         Return dateUpdated
      End Get
   End Property
   
   
   Public Sub New(theDate As String)
      Me.dateUpdated = theDate
   End Sub

End Class
 _ 

Class MethodBuilderCustomAttributesDemo
   
   Public Shared Function BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod() As Type
      
      Dim currentDomain As AppDomain = Thread.GetDomain()
      
      Dim myAsmName As New AssemblyName()
      myAsmName.Name = "MyAssembly"
      
      Dim myAsmBuilder As AssemblyBuilder = currentDomain.DefineDynamicAssembly(myAsmName, _
                            AssemblyBuilderAccess.Run)
      
      Dim myModBuilder As ModuleBuilder = myAsmBuilder.DefineDynamicModule("MyModule")
      
      ' First, we'll build a type with a custom attribute attached.
      Dim myTypeBuilder As TypeBuilder = myModBuilder.DefineType("MyType", _
                            TypeAttributes.Public)
      
      Dim ctorParams() As Type = {GetType(String)}
      Dim classCtorInfo As ConstructorInfo = GetType(ClassCreator).GetConstructor(ctorParams)
      
      Dim myCABuilder As New CustomAttributeBuilder(classCtorInfo, _
                        New Object() {"Joe Programmer"})
      
      myTypeBuilder.SetCustomAttribute(myCABuilder)
      
      ' Now, let's build a method and add a custom attribute to it.
      Dim myMethodBuilder As MethodBuilder = myTypeBuilder.DefineMethod("HelloWorld", _
                    MethodAttributes.Public, Nothing, New Type() {})
      
      ctorParams = New Type() {GetType(String)}
      classCtorInfo = GetType(DateLastUpdated).GetConstructor(ctorParams)
      
      Dim myCABuilder2 As New CustomAttributeBuilder(classCtorInfo, _
                        New Object() {DateTime.Now.ToString()})
      
      myMethodBuilder.SetCustomAttribute(myCABuilder2)
      
      Dim myIL As ILGenerator = myMethodBuilder.GetILGenerator()
      
      myIL.EmitWriteLine("Hello, world!")
      myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ret)
      
      Return myTypeBuilder.CreateType()

   End Function 'BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod
    
   
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      
      Dim myType As Type = BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod()
      
      Dim myInstance As Object = Activator.CreateInstance(myType)
      
      Dim customAttrs As Object() = myType.GetCustomAttributes(True)
      
      Console.WriteLine("Custom Attributes for Type 'MyType':")
      
      Dim attrVal As Object = Nothing
      
      Dim customAttr As Object
      For Each customAttr In  customAttrs
         attrVal = GetType(ClassCreator).InvokeMember("GetCreator", _
                        BindingFlags.GetProperty, _
                        Nothing, customAttr, New Object() {})
         Console.WriteLine("-- Attribute: [{0} = ""{1}""]", customAttr, attrVal)
      Next customAttr
      
      Console.WriteLine("Custom Attributes for Method 'HelloWorld()' in 'MyType':")
      
      customAttrs = myType.GetMember("HelloWorld")(0).GetCustomAttributes(True)
      
      For Each customAttr In  customAttrs
         attrVal = GetType(DateLastUpdated).InvokeMember("GetDateUpdated", _
                        BindingFlags.GetProperty, _
                        Nothing, customAttr, New Object() {})
         Console.WriteLine("-- Attribute: [{0} = ""{1}""]", customAttr, attrVal)
      Next customAttr
      
      Console.WriteLine("---")
      
      Console.WriteLine(myType.InvokeMember("HelloWorld", BindingFlags.InvokeMethod, _
                        Nothing, myInstance, New Object() {}))
   End Sub

End Class

備註

使用由函式 CustomAttributeBuilder 傳回的物件來描述自訂屬性。Use the CustomAttributeBuilder object returned by the constructor to describe the custom attribute. CustomAttributeSetCustomAttribute 在該 builder 實例上呼叫方法,將與產生器實例產生關聯。Associate the CustomAttribute with a builder instance by calling the SetCustomAttribute method on that builder instance. 例如,藉 CustomAttributeBuilder AssemblyCultureAttribute 由提供的函式 AssemblyCultureAttribute 和其引數,建立以描述的實例。For example, create a CustomAttributeBuilder to describe an instance of AssemblyCultureAttribute by supplying the constructor of AssemblyCultureAttribute and its argument. 然後 SetCustomAttribute 在上呼叫 AssemblyBuilder ,以建立關聯。Then call SetCustomAttribute on an AssemblyBuilder to establish the association.

建構函式

CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[])

指定自訂屬性的建構函式與建構函式的引數,初始化 CustomAttributeBuilder 類別的執行個體。Initializes an instance of the CustomAttributeBuilder class given the constructor for the custom attribute and the arguments to the constructor.

CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], FieldInfo[], Object[])

初始化 CustomAttributeBuilder 類別的執行個體,該類別指定了自訂屬性的建構函式、建構函式的引數,以及一組命名的欄位/值配對。Initializes an instance of the CustomAttributeBuilder class given the constructor for the custom attribute, the arguments to the constructor, and a set of named field/value pairs.

CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], PropertyInfo[], Object[])

初始化 CustomAttributeBuilder 類別的執行個體,該類別指定了自訂屬性的建構函式、建構函式的引數,以及一組命名的屬性或值配對。Initializes an instance of the CustomAttributeBuilder class given the constructor for the custom attribute, the arguments to the constructor, and a set of named property or value pairs.

CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], PropertyInfo[], Object[], FieldInfo[], Object[])

初始化 CustomAttributeBuilder 類別的執行個體,該類別指定了自訂屬性的建構函式、建構函式的引數、一組命名的屬性或值配對,以及一組命名的欄位或值配對。Initializes an instance of the CustomAttributeBuilder class given the constructor for the custom attribute, the arguments to the constructor, a set of named property or value pairs, and a set of named field or value pairs.

方法

Equals(Object)

判斷指定的物件是否等於目前的物件。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(繼承來源 Object)
GetHashCode()

做為預設雜湊函式。Serves as the default hash function.

(繼承來源 Object)
GetType()

取得目前執行個體的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(繼承來源 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

建立目前 Object 的淺層複製。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(繼承來源 Object)
ToString()

傳回代表目前物件的字串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(繼承來源 Object)

明確介面實作

_CustomAttributeBuilder.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

將一組名稱對應至一組對應的分派識別項 (Dispatch Identifier)。Maps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers.

_CustomAttributeBuilder.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

擷取物件的類型資訊,可以用來取得介面的類型資訊。Retrieves the type information for an object, which can then be used to get the type information for an interface.

_CustomAttributeBuilder.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32)

擷取物件提供的類型資訊介面數目 (0 或 1)。Retrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1).

_CustomAttributeBuilder.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr)

提供物件所公開的屬性和方法的存取權。Provides access to properties and methods exposed by an object.

適用於