TypeBuilder.CreateType 方法

定義

建立這個類別的 Type 物件。Creates a Type object for the class. 定義類別上的欄位和方法之後,呼叫 CreateType 以載入其 Type 物件。After defining fields and methods on the class, CreateType is called in order to load its Type object.

public:
 Type ^ CreateType();
public Type? CreateType ();
public Type CreateType ();
member this.CreateType : unit -> Type
Public Function CreateType () As Type

傳回

Type

傳回這個類別的新 Type 物件。Returns the new Type object for this class.

例外狀況

尚未建立封入類型。The enclosing type has not been created.

-或--or-

這個類型為非抽象,而且包含抽象方法。This type is non-abstract and contains an abstract method.

-或--or-

這個類型不是抽象類別或介面,而且包含沒有方法主體的方法。This type is not an abstract class or an interface and has a method without a method body.

ILGenerator 中有錯誤的標籤內容:您已定義標籤,但未呼叫 MarkLabel(Label)Bad label content in ILGenerator: You have defined a label without calling MarkLabel(Label).

這個類型包含無效的 Microsoft Intermediate Language (MSIL) 程式碼。The type contains invalid Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) code.

-或--or-

使用 1 個位元組位移指定分支目標,但目標與分支的距離大於 127 個位元組。The branch target is specified using a 1-byte offset, but the target is at a distance greater than 127 bytes from the branch.

無法載入這個類型。The type cannot be loaded. 例如,其包含的 static 方法具有呼叫慣例 HasThisFor example, it contains a static method that has the calling convention HasThis.

範例

下列程式碼範例示範如何定義事件的事件處理常式,以便在封 AppDomain.TypeResolveCreateType 類型的呼叫期間呼叫巢狀型別上的方法 CreateTypeThe following code example shows how to define an event handler for the AppDomain.TypeResolve event, in order to call the CreateType method on a nested type during a CreateType call on the enclosing type.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Reflection::Emit;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::Resources;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::IO;

// Helper class called when a resolve type event is raised.
ref class TypeResolveHandler
{
private:
   Module^ m_Module;

public:
   TypeResolveHandler( Module^ mod )
   {
      m_Module = mod;
   }

   Assembly^ ResolveEvent( Object^ sender, ResolveEventArgs^ args );
};

ref class NestedEnum
{
internal:
   static TypeBuilder^ enumType = nullptr;
   static Type^ tNested = nullptr;
   static Type^ tNesting = nullptr;

public:
   static void Main()
   {
      AssemblyName^ asmName = gcnew AssemblyName;
      asmName->Name = "NestedEnum";
      AssemblyBuilder^ asmBuild = Thread::GetDomain()->DefineDynamicAssembly( asmName, AssemblyBuilderAccess::RunAndSave );
      ModuleBuilder^ modBuild = asmBuild->DefineDynamicModule( "ModuleOne", "NestedEnum.dll" );
      
      // Hook up the event listening.
      TypeResolveHandler^ typeResolveHandler = gcnew TypeResolveHandler( modBuild );
      
      // Add a listener for the type resolve events.
      AppDomain^ currentDomain = Thread::GetDomain();
      ResolveEventHandler^ resolveHandler = gcnew ResolveEventHandler( typeResolveHandler, &TypeResolveHandler::ResolveEvent );
      currentDomain->TypeResolve += resolveHandler;
      TypeBuilder^ tb = modBuild->DefineType( "AType", TypeAttributes::Public );
      TypeBuilder^ eb = tb->DefineNestedType( "AnEnum", static_cast<TypeAttributes>(TypeAttributes::NestedPublic | TypeAttributes::Sealed), Enum::typeid, 0 );
      eb->DefineField( "value__", int::typeid, static_cast<FieldAttributes>(FieldAttributes::Private | FieldAttributes::SpecialName) );
      FieldBuilder^ fb = eb->DefineField( "Field1", eb, static_cast<FieldAttributes>(FieldAttributes::Public | FieldAttributes::Literal | FieldAttributes::Static) );
      fb->SetConstant( 1 );
      enumType = eb;
      
      // Comment out this field.
      // When this field is defined, the loader cannot determine the size
      // of the type. Therefore, a TypeResolve event is generated when the
      // nested type is completed.
      tb->DefineField( "Field2", eb, FieldAttributes::Public );
      tNesting = tb->CreateType();
      if ( tNesting == nullptr )
            Console::WriteLine( "NestingType CreateType failed but didn't throw!" );

      try
      {
         tNested = eb->CreateType();
         if ( tNested == nullptr )
                  Console::WriteLine( "NestedType CreateType failed but didn't throw!" );
      }
      catch ( Exception^ ) 
      {
         
         // This is needed because you might have already completed the type in the TypeResolve event.
      }

      if ( tNested != nullptr )
      {
         Type^ x = tNested->DeclaringType;
         if ( x == nullptr )
                  Console::WriteLine( "Declaring type is null." );
         else
                  Console::WriteLine( x->Name );
      }

      asmBuild->Save( "NestedEnum.dll" );
      
      // Remove the listener for the type resolve events.
      currentDomain->TypeResolve -= resolveHandler;
   }

};

Assembly^ TypeResolveHandler::ResolveEvent( Object^ sender, ResolveEventArgs^ args )
{
   Console::WriteLine( args->Name );
   
   // Use args.Name to look up the type name. In this case, you are getting AnEnum.
   try
   {
      NestedEnum::tNested = NestedEnum::enumType->CreateType();
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ) 
   {
      
      // This is needed to throw away InvalidOperationException.
      // Loader might send the TypeResolve event more than once
      // and the type might be complete already.
   }

   
   // Complete the type.
   return m_Module->Assembly;
}

int main()
{
   NestedEnum::Main();
}


using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Reflection.Emit;
using System.Threading;
using System.Text;
using System.Resources;
using System.Collections;
using System.IO;

internal class NestedEnum {
    internal static TypeBuilder enumType = null;
    internal static Type tNested = null;
    internal static Type tNesting = null;

    public static void Main(String[] args) {
    AssemblyName asmName = new AssemblyName();
    asmName.Name = "NestedEnum";
    AssemblyBuilder asmBuild = Thread.GetDomain().DefineDynamicAssembly(asmName, AssemblyBuilderAccess.RunAndSave);
    ModuleBuilder modBuild = asmBuild.DefineDynamicModule("ModuleOne", "NestedEnum.dll");

    // Hook up the event listening.
    TypeResolveHandler typeResolveHandler = new TypeResolveHandler(modBuild);
    // Add a listener for the type resolve events.
    AppDomain currentDomain = Thread.GetDomain();
    ResolveEventHandler resolveHandler = new ResolveEventHandler(typeResolveHandler.ResolveEvent);
    currentDomain.TypeResolve += resolveHandler;

    TypeBuilder tb = modBuild.DefineType("AType", TypeAttributes.Public);
    TypeBuilder eb = tb.DefineNestedType("AnEnum", TypeAttributes.NestedPublic | TypeAttributes.Sealed, typeof(Enum), null);
    eb.DefineField("value__", typeof(int), FieldAttributes.Private | FieldAttributes.SpecialName);
    FieldBuilder fb = eb.DefineField("Field1", eb, FieldAttributes.Public | FieldAttributes.Literal | FieldAttributes.Static);
    fb.SetConstant(1);

    enumType = eb;

    // Comment out this field.
    // When this field is defined, the loader cannot determine the size
    // of the type. Therefore, a TypeResolve event is generated when the
    // nested type is completed.
    tb.DefineField("Field2", eb, FieldAttributes.Public);

    tNesting = tb.CreateType();
    if (tNesting == null)
        Console.WriteLine("NestingType CreateType failed but didn't throw!");	

    try {
        tNested = eb.CreateType();
        if (tNested == null)
        Console.WriteLine("NestedType CreateType failed but didn't throw!");	
    }
    catch {
        // This is needed because you might have already completed the type in the TypeResolve event.
    }

    if (tNested != null) {
        Type x = tNested.DeclaringType;
        if (x == null)
        Console.WriteLine("Declaring type was null.");
        else
        Console.WriteLine(x.Name);
    }

    asmBuild.Save( "NestedEnum.dll" );

    // Remove the listener for the type resolve events.
    currentDomain.TypeResolve -= resolveHandler;
    }
}

// Helper class called when a resolve type event is raised.
internal class TypeResolveHandler
{
    private Module m_Module;

    public TypeResolveHandler(Module mod)
    {
    m_Module = mod;
    }

    public Assembly ResolveEvent(Object sender, ResolveEventArgs args)
    {
    Console.WriteLine(args.Name);
    // Use args.Name to look up the type name. In this case, you are getting AnEnum.
    try {
        NestedEnum.tNested = NestedEnum.enumType.CreateType();
    }
    catch {
        // This is needed to throw away InvalidOperationException.
        // Loader might send the TypeResolve event more than once
        // and the type might be complete already.
    }

    // Complete the type.		
    return m_Module.Assembly;
    }
}

Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Reflection.Emit
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Resources
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.IO

Friend Class NestedEnum
   Friend Shared enumType As TypeBuilder = Nothing
   Friend Shared tNested As Type = Nothing
   Friend Shared tNesting As Type = Nothing
   
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim asmName As New AssemblyName()
      asmName.Name = "NestedEnum"
      Dim asmBuild As AssemblyBuilder = Thread.GetDomain().DefineDynamicAssembly(asmName, AssemblyBuilderAccess.RunAndSave)
      Dim modBuild As ModuleBuilder = asmBuild.DefineDynamicModule("ModuleOne", "NestedEnum.dll")
      
      ' Hook up the event listening.
      Dim typeResolveHandler As New TypeResolveHandler(modBuild)
      ' Add a listener for the type resolve events.
      Dim currentDomain As AppDomain = Thread.GetDomain()
      Dim resolveHandler As ResolveEventHandler = AddressOf typeResolveHandler.ResolveEvent
      AddHandler currentDomain.TypeResolve, resolveHandler 
      
      Dim tb As TypeBuilder = modBuild.DefineType("AType", TypeAttributes.Public)
      Dim eb As TypeBuilder = tb.DefineNestedType("AnEnum", TypeAttributes.NestedPublic Or TypeAttributes.Sealed, GetType([Enum]))
      eb.DefineField("value__", GetType(Integer), FieldAttributes.Private Or FieldAttributes.SpecialName)
      Dim fb As FieldBuilder = eb.DefineField("Field1", eb, FieldAttributes.Public Or FieldAttributes.Literal Or FieldAttributes.Static)
      fb.SetConstant(1)
      
      enumType = eb
      
      ' Comment out this field.
      ' When this field is defined, the loader cannot determine the size
      ' of the type. Therefore, a TypeResolve event is generated when the
      ' nested type is completed.
      tb.DefineField("Field2", eb, FieldAttributes.Public)
      
      tNesting = tb.CreateType()
      If tNesting Is Nothing Then
         Console.WriteLine("NestingType CreateType failed but didn't throw!")
      End If 
      Try
         tNested = eb.CreateType()
         If tNested Is Nothing Then
            Console.WriteLine("NestedType CreateType failed but didn't throw!")
         End If
      Catch
      End Try ' This is needed because you might have already completed the type in the TypeResolve event.
      
      If Not (tNested Is Nothing) Then
         Dim x As Type = tNested.DeclaringType
         If x Is Nothing Then
            Console.WriteLine("Declaring type is Nothing.")
         Else
            Console.WriteLine(x.Name)
         End If
      End If 
      asmBuild.Save("NestedEnum.dll")
      
      ' Remove the listener for the type resolve events.
      RemoveHandler currentDomain.TypeResolve, resolveHandler 
   End Sub
End Class


' Helper class called when a resolve type event is raised.
Friend Class TypeResolveHandler
   Private m_Module As [Module]
   
   
   Public Sub New([mod] As [Module])
      m_Module = [mod]
   End Sub
   
   
   Public Function ResolveEvent(sender As [Object], args As ResolveEventArgs) As [Assembly]
      Console.WriteLine(args.Name)
      ' Use args.Name to look up the type name. In this case, you are getting AnEnum.
      Try
         NestedEnum.tNested = NestedEnum.enumType.CreateType()
      Catch
      End Try ' This is needed to throw away InvalidOperationException.
      ' Loader might send the TypeResolve event more than once
      ' and the type might be complete already.
      
      ' Complete the type.		    
      Return m_Module.Assembly
   End Function 'ResolveEvent
End Class

備註

如果這個型別是嵌套型別,則 CreateType 必須先在封入型別上呼叫方法,然後再對嵌套型別呼叫該方法。If this type is a nested type, the CreateType method must be called on the enclosing type before it is called on the nested type.

如果目前的型別衍生自不完整的型別或不完整的介面,請 CreateType 在父型別和介面型別上呼叫方法,然後再于目前的型別上呼叫它。If the current type derives from an incomplete type or implements incomplete interfaces, call the CreateType method on the parent type and the interface types before calling it on the current type.

如果封入類型包含的欄位是實數值型別定義為巢狀型別 (例如,將列舉定義為巢狀型別) 的欄位,則在封入 CreateType 類型上呼叫方法將會產生 AppDomain.TypeResolve 事件。If the enclosing type contains a field that is a value type defined as a nested type (for example, a field that is an enumeration defined as a nested type), calling the CreateType method on the enclosing type will generate a AppDomain.TypeResolve event. 這是因為在已完成巢狀型別之前,載入器無法判斷封入類型的大小。This is because the loader cannot determine the size of the enclosing type until the nested type has been completed. 呼叫端應定義事件的處理常式 TypeResolve ,藉由 CreateTypeTypeBuilder 代表巢狀型別的物件上呼叫來完成巢狀型別的定義。The caller should define a handler for the TypeResolve event to complete the definition of the nested type by calling CreateType on the TypeBuilder object that represents the nested type. 本主題的程式碼範例說明如何定義這類事件處理常式。The code example for this topic shows how to define such an event handler.

無論呼叫方法多少次,類型都只會建立一次 CreateTypeA type is created only once, no matter how many times the CreateType method is called. 所有呼叫都會傳回相同的 Type 物件。All calls return the same Type object.

適用於