PropertyAttributes 列舉

定義

定義屬性 (Attribute),其可能與屬性 (Property) 有關聯。Defines the attributes that can be associated with a property. 這些屬性 (Attribute) 值都被定義在 corhdr.h 中。These attribute values are defined in corhdr.h.

此列舉具有 FlagsAttribute 個屬性允許以位元方式合併其成員值。

public enum class PropertyAttributes
[System.Flags]
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
[System.Serializable]
public enum PropertyAttributes
type PropertyAttributes = 
Public Enum PropertyAttributes
繼承
PropertyAttributes
屬性

欄位

HasDefault 4096

指定屬性具有預設值。Specifies that the property has a default value.

None 0

指定沒有屬性 (Attribute) 與屬性 (Property) 有關。Specifies that no attributes are associated with a property.

Reserved2 8192

保留的。Reserved.

Reserved3 16384

保留的。Reserved.

Reserved4 32768

保留的。Reserved.

ReservedMask 62464

指定保留旗標僅供執行階段使用。Specifies a flag reserved for runtime use only.

RTSpecialName 1024

指定中繼資料 (Metadata) 內部應用程式開發介面檢查名稱編碼方式。Specifies that the metadata internal APIs check the name encoding.

SpecialName 512

指定屬性為特殊屬性,具有描述屬性是如何特殊的名稱。Specifies that the property is special, with the name describing how the property is special.

範例

下列範例會建立三個屬性, 並PropertyAttributes顯示列舉的值。The following example builds three properties and displays the PropertyAttributes enumerated value. 請注意, 唯讀屬性沒有 setter, 因此無法變更Caption = statementNote that the read-only property has no setter and thus cannot be changed by.Caption = statement.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

// Define three properties: one read-write, one default,
// and one read only. 
// Define a read-write property.
public ref class Aproperty
{
private:
   String^ caption;

public:
   Aproperty()
      : caption( "A Default caption" )
   {}


   property String^ Caption 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return caption;
      }

      void set( String^ value )
      {
         if ( caption != value )
         {
            caption = value;
         }
      }

   }

};


// Define a default property.
public ref class Bproperty
{
private:
   String^ caption;

public:
   Bproperty()
      : caption( "B Default caption" )
   {}

public:
   property String^ Item
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return "1";
      }

   }

   property String^ Caption 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return caption;
      }

      void set( String^ value )
      {
         if ( caption != value )
         {
            caption = value;
         }
      }

   }

};


// Define a read-only property.
public ref class Cproperty
{
private:
   String^ caption;

public:
   Cproperty()
      : caption( "C Default caption" )
   {}


   property String^ Caption 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return caption;
      }

   }

};

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "\nReflection.PropertyAttributes" );
   
   // Determine whether a property exists, and change its value.
   Aproperty^ Mypropertya = gcnew Aproperty;
   Bproperty^ Mypropertyb = gcnew Bproperty;
   Cproperty^ Mypropertyc = gcnew Cproperty;
   Console::Write( "\n1. Mypropertya->Caption = {0}", Mypropertya->Caption );
   Console::Write( "\n1. Mypropertyb->Caption = {0}", Mypropertyb->Caption );
   Console::Write( "\n1. Mypropertyc->Caption = {0}", Mypropertyc->Caption );
   
   // Only Mypropertya can be changed, as Mypropertyb is read-only.
   Mypropertya->Caption = "A- This is changed.";
   Mypropertyb->Caption = "B- This is changed.";
   
   // Note that Mypropertyc is not changed because it is read only
   Console::Write( "\n\n2. Mypropertya->Caption = {0}", Mypropertya->Caption );
   Console::Write( "\n2. Mypropertyb->Caption = {0}", Mypropertyb->Caption );
   Console::Write( "\n2. Mypropertyc->Caption = {0}", Mypropertyc->Caption );
   
   // Get the PropertyAttributes enumeration of the property.
   // Get the type.
   Type^ MyTypea = Type::GetType( "Aproperty" );
   Type^ MyTypeb = Type::GetType( "Bproperty" );
   Type^ MyTypec = Type::GetType( "Cproperty" );

   // Get the property attributes.
   PropertyInfo^ Mypropertyinfoa = MyTypea->GetProperty( "Caption" );
   PropertyAttributes Myattributesa = Mypropertyinfoa->Attributes;
   PropertyInfo^ Mypropertyinfob = MyTypeb->GetProperty( "Item" );
   PropertyAttributes Myattributesb = Mypropertyinfob->Attributes;
   PropertyInfo^ Mypropertyinfoc = MyTypec->GetProperty( "Caption" );
   PropertyAttributes Myattributesc = Mypropertyinfoc->Attributes;

   // Display the property attributes value.
   Console::Write( "\n\na- {0}", Myattributesa );
   Console::Write( "\nb- {0}", Myattributesb );
   Console::Write( "\nc- {0}", Myattributesc );
   return 0;
}

// This example displays the following output to the console
//
// Reflection.PropertyAttributes
//
// 1. Mypropertya.Caption = A Default caption
// 1. Mypropertyb.Caption = B Default caption
// 1. Mypropertyc.Caption = C Default caption
//
// 2. Mypropertya.Caption = A- This is changed.
// 2. Mypropertyb.Caption = B- This is changed.
// 2. Mypropertyc.Caption = C Default caption
//
// a- None
// b- None
// c- None
using System;
using System.Reflection;
 
 // Define three properties: one read-write, one default,
 // and one read only. 
public class Aproperty  
    // Define a read-write property.
{
    private string caption = "A Default caption";
    public string Caption
    {
        get{return caption;}
        set
        {
            if (caption != value){caption = value;}
        }
    }
}
public class Bproperty  
    // Define a default property.
{
    private string caption  = "B Default caption";
    public string this [int index]
    {
        get {return "1";}
    }
    public string Caption
    {
  
        get{return caption;}
        set
        {
            if (caption != value){caption = value;}
        }
    }
}
public class Cproperty  
    // Define a read-only property.
{
    private string caption = "C Default caption";
    public string Caption
    {
        get{return caption;}
        // No setting is allowed, because this is a read-only property.
    }
}
  
class propertyattributesenum
{
    public static int Main(string[] args)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("\nReflection.PropertyAttributes");
  
        // Determine whether a property exists, and change its value.
        Aproperty Mypropertya = new Aproperty();
        Bproperty Mypropertyb = new Bproperty();
        Cproperty Mypropertyc = new Cproperty();
  
      
        Console.Write("\n1. Mypropertya.Caption = " + Mypropertya.Caption );
      
        Console.Write("\n1. Mypropertyb.Caption = " + Mypropertyb.Caption );
      
        Console.Write("\n1. Mypropertyc.Caption = " + Mypropertyc.Caption );
  
        // Only Mypropertya can be changed, as Mypropertyb is read-only.
        Mypropertya.Caption = "A- This is changed.";
        Mypropertyb.Caption = "B- This is changed.";
        // Note that Mypropertyc is not changed because it is read only
  
        Console.Write("\n\n2. Mypropertya.Caption = " + Mypropertya.Caption );
  
        Console.Write("\n2. Mypropertyb.Caption = " + Mypropertyb.Caption );
 
        Console.Write("\n2. Mypropertyc.Caption = " + Mypropertyc.Caption );
  
        // Get the PropertyAttributes enumeration of the property.
        // Get the type.
        Type MyTypea = Type.GetType("Aproperty");
        Type MyTypeb = Type.GetType("Bproperty");
        Type MyTypec = Type.GetType("Cproperty");
  
        // Get the property attributes.
        PropertyInfo Mypropertyinfoa = MyTypea.GetProperty("Caption");
        PropertyAttributes Myattributesa = Mypropertyinfoa.Attributes;
        PropertyInfo Mypropertyinfob = MyTypeb.GetProperty("Item");
        PropertyAttributes Myattributesb = Mypropertyinfob.Attributes;
        PropertyInfo Mypropertyinfoc = MyTypec.GetProperty("Caption");
        PropertyAttributes Myattributesc = Mypropertyinfoc.Attributes;
  
        // Display the property attributes value.
      
        Console.Write("\n\na- " + Myattributesa.ToString());

        Console.Write("\nb- " + Myattributesb.ToString());

        Console.Write("\nc- " + Myattributesc.ToString());
        return 0;
    }
}

// This example displays the following output to the console
//
// Reflection.PropertyAttributes
//
// 1. Mypropertya.Caption = A Default caption
// 1. Mypropertyb.Caption = B Default caption
// 1. Mypropertyc.Caption = C Default caption
//
// 2. Mypropertya.Caption = A- This is changed.
// 2. Mypropertyb.Caption = B- This is changed.
// 2. Mypropertyc.Caption = C Default caption
//
// a- None
// b- None
// c- None
Imports System.Reflection

' Make three properties, one read-write, one default,
' and one read-only. 
Public Class Aproperty
    ' Define a read-write property.
    Private myCaption As String = "A Default caption"

    Public Property Caption() As String
        Get
            Return myCaption
        End Get
        Set(ByVal Value As String)
            If myCaption <> value Then
                myCaption = value
            End If
        End Set
    End Property
End Class

Public Class Bproperty
    ' Define a default property.
    Private myCaption As String = "B Default caption"

    Default Public ReadOnly Property Item(ByVal index As Integer) As String
        Get
            Return "1"
        End Get
    End Property

    Public Property Caption() As String

        Get
            Return myCaption
        End Get
        Set(ByVal Value As String)
            If myCaption <> value Then
                myCaption = value
            End If
        End Set
    End Property
End Class

Public Class Cproperty
    ' Define a read-only property.
    Private myCaption As String = "C Default caption"

    Public ReadOnly Property Caption() As String
        Get
            Return myCaption
        End Get
        'No setting is allowed because this property is read-only.
    End Property
End Class


Class propertyattributesenum

    Public Shared Function Main() As Integer
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.CrLf & "Reflection.PropertyAttributes")

        ' Determine whether a property exists, and change its value.
        Dim Mypropertya As New Aproperty()
        Dim Mypropertyb As New Bproperty()
        Dim Mypropertyc As New Cproperty()

        Console.Write(ControlChars.CrLf & "1. Mypropertya.Caption = " & _
           Mypropertya.Caption)

        Console.Write(ControlChars.CrLf & "1. Mypropertyb.Caption = " & _
           Mypropertyb.Caption)

        Console.Write(ControlChars.CrLf & "1. Mypropertyc.Caption = " & _
           Mypropertyc.Caption)

        ' Only Mypropertya can be changed because Mypropertyb is read-only.
        Mypropertya.Caption = "A- This is changed."
        Mypropertyb.Caption = "B- This is changed."
        ' Note that Mypropertyc is not changed, because it is read-only.
        Console.Write(ControlChars.CrLf & ControlChars.CrLf & _
           "2. Mypropertya.Caption = " & Mypropertya.Caption)

        Console.Write(ControlChars.CrLf & "2. Mypropertyb.Caption = " & _
           Mypropertyb.Caption)

        Console.Write(ControlChars.CrLf + "2. Mypropertyc.Caption = " & _
           Mypropertyc.Caption)

        ' Get the PropertyAttributes Enumeration of the property.
        ' Get the type.
        Dim MyTypea As Type = Type.GetType("Aproperty")
        Dim MyTypeb As Type = Type.GetType("Bproperty")
        Dim MyTypec As Type = Type.GetType("Cproperty")

        ' Get the property attributes.
        Dim Mypropertyinfoa As PropertyInfo = MyTypea.GetProperty("Caption")
        Dim Myattributesa As PropertyAttributes = Mypropertyinfoa.Attributes
        Dim Mypropertyinfob As PropertyInfo = MyTypeb.GetProperty("Item")
        Dim Myattributesb As PropertyAttributes = Mypropertyinfob.Attributes
        Dim Mypropertyinfoc As PropertyInfo = MyTypec.GetProperty("Caption")
        Dim Myattributesc As PropertyAttributes = Mypropertyinfoc.Attributes

        ' Display the property attributes value.
        Console.Write(ControlChars.CrLf & ControlChars.CrLf & "a- " & _
           Myattributesa.ToString())

        Console.Write(ControlChars.CrLf & "b- " & Myattributesb.ToString())

        Console.Write(ControlChars.CrLf & "c- " & Myattributesc.ToString())
        Return 0
    End Function'    End Function
End Class

' This example displays the following output to the console
'
' Reflection.PropertyAttributes
'
' 1. Mypropertya.Caption = A Default caption
' 1. Mypropertyb.Caption = B Default caption
' 1. Mypropertyc.Caption = C Default caption
'
' 2. Mypropertya.Caption = A- This is changed.
' 2. Mypropertyb.Caption = B- This is changed.
' 2. Mypropertyc.Caption = C Default caption
'
' a- None
' b- None
' c- None

備註

若要取得PropertyAttributes, 請先取得類別TypeTo get the PropertyAttributes, first get the class Type. TypePropertyInfo取得。From the Type, get the PropertyInfo. PropertyInfoAttributes取得。From the PropertyInfo, get the Attributes.

列舉值是一個數位, 代表在方法上實作為屬性的位 OR。The enumerated value is a number representing the bitwise OR of the attributes implemented on the method.

適用於