KnownTypeAttribute.MethodName 屬性

定義

取得方法名稱,這個方法將傳回應該要在序列化或還原序列化期間進行辨識之型別的清單。Gets the name of a method that will return a list of types that should be recognized during serialization or deserialization.

public:
 property System::String ^ MethodName { System::String ^ get(); };
public string MethodName { get; }
public string? MethodName { get; }
member this.MethodName : string
Public ReadOnly Property MethodName As String

屬性值

String

String,其中包含由 KnownTypeAttribute 類別所定義型別上的方法名稱。A String that contains the name of the method on the type defined by the KnownTypeAttribute class.

範例

下列範例會使用 methodName 參數來識別型別中的方法,而此型別包含了 Type 物件的陣列。The following example uses the methodName parameter to identify a method in the type that contains an array of Type objects.

namespace KnownTypeAttributeExample
{
    using System;
    using System.Xml;
    using System.Collections.Generic;
    using System.Text;
    using System.Runtime.Serialization;
    using System.IO;
    // The constructor names the method that returns an array
    // of types that can be used during deserialization.
    [KnownTypeAttribute("KnownTypes")]
    [DataContract]
    public class Employee
    {
        public Employee(string newFName, string newLName)
        {
            FirstName = newFName;
            LastName = newLName;
        }
        [DataMember]
        internal string FirstName;
        [DataMember]
        internal string LastName;
        [DataMember]
        internal int id;
        [DataMember]
        internal Manager Boss;

        // This method returns the array of known types.
        static Type[] KnownTypes()
        {
            return new Type[]{typeof(Manager), typeof(Employee)};
        }
    }

    [DataContract]
    public class Manager : Employee
    {
        // Call the base class's constructor.
        public Manager(string newFName, string newLName)
            : base(newFName, newLName)
        { }

        [DataMember]
        internal Employee[] Reports;
    }

    class Program
    {
        public static void Main()
        {
            try
            {
                Serialize("person1.xml");
                Deserialize("person1.xml");
            }
            catch (SerializationException se)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}",
                se.Message, se.StackTrace);
            }
            finally
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to exit....");
                Console.ReadLine();
            }
        }

        static void Serialize(string path)
        {
            Employee emp = new Employee("John", "Peoples");
            emp.id = 3001;
            Manager theBoss = new Manager("Michiyo", "Sato");
            theBoss.id = 41;
            emp.Boss = theBoss;

            DataContractSerializer ser =
                new DataContractSerializer(typeof(Employee));

            FileStream fs =
                new FileStream(path, FileMode.OpenOrCreate);
            ser.WriteObject(fs, emp);
            fs.Close();
        }
        static void Deserialize(string path)
        {
            DataContractSerializer ser =
                new DataContractSerializer(typeof(Employee));
            FileStream fs = new FileStream(path,
            FileMode.Open);
            Employee p = (Employee)ser.ReadObject(fs);

            Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}, id:{2}", p.FirstName,
                p.LastName, p.id);
            fs.Close();
        }
    }
}
' The constructor names the method that returns an array 
' of types that can be used during deserialization.
<KnownTypeAttribute("KnownTypes"), DataContract()>  _
Public Class Employee
    Public Sub New(ByVal newFName As String, ByVal newLName As String) 
        FirstName = newFName
        LastName = newLName
    
    End Sub
    <DataMember()>  _
    Friend FirstName As String
    <DataMember()>  _
    Friend LastName As String
    <DataMember()>  _
    Friend id As Integer
    <DataMember()>  _
    Friend Boss As Manager
    
    ' This method returns the array of known types.
    Shared Function KnownTypes() As Type() 
        Return New Type() {GetType(Manager), GetType(Employee)}
    
    End Function 
End Class 

<DataContract()>  _
Public Class Manager
    Inherits Employee
    
    ' Call the base class's constructor.
    Public Sub New(ByVal newFName As String, ByVal newLName As String) 
        MyBase.New(newFName, newLName)
    
    End Sub 
    
    <DataMember()>  _
    Friend Reports() As Employee
End Class 

Class Program

    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        Try
            Serialize("person1.xml")
            Deserialize("person1.xml")
        Catch se As SerializationException
            Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", se.Message, se.StackTrace)
        Finally
            Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to exit....")
            Console.ReadLine()
        End Try
    
    End Sub 
    
    Shared Sub Serialize(ByVal path As String) 
        Dim emp As New Employee("John", "Peoples")
        emp.id = 3001
        Dim theBoss As New Manager("Michiyo", "Sato")
        theBoss.id = 41
        emp.Boss = theBoss

        Dim ser As New DataContractSerializer(GetType(Employee))
        
        Dim fs As New FileStream(path, FileMode.OpenOrCreate)
        ser.WriteObject(fs, emp)
        fs.Close()
    
    End Sub 
    
    Shared Sub Deserialize(ByVal path As String) 
        Dim ser As New DataContractSerializer(GetType(Employee))
        Dim fs As New FileStream(path, FileMode.Open)
        Dim p As Employee = CType(ser.ReadObject(fs), Employee)
        
        Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}, id:{2}", p.FirstName, p.LastName, p.id)
        fs.Close()
    
    End Sub 
End Class 

備註

此方法必須存在於已套用 KnownTypeAttribute 的類別或結構上,而且必須是靜態的、不能接受任何參數,同時還必須傳回任何會實作泛型 IEnumerable<T> 介面之型別的執行個體,例如 Collection<T> 類別或是 Type 物件陣列。The method must exist on the class or structure that the KnownTypeAttribute is applied to, must be static, must accept no parameters, and must return an instance of any type that implements the generic IEnumerable<T> interface, such as the Collection<T> class, or an array of Type objects.

如果已經為型別載入資料合約,就會針對每個應用程式定義域呼叫一次這個方法。The method is called once per application domain when the data contract is loaded for the type.

適用於