DataProtectionScope 列舉

定義

設定 Protect(Byte[], Byte[], DataProtectionScope) 方法要套用的資料保護範圍。Specifies the scope of the data protection to be applied by the Protect(Byte[], Byte[], DataProtectionScope) method.

public enum class DataProtectionScope
public enum DataProtectionScope
type DataProtectionScope = 
Public Enum DataProtectionScope
繼承
DataProtectionScope

欄位

CurrentUser 0

受保護的資料與目前的使用者有關聯。The protected data is associated with the current user. 只有在目前使用者內容中執行的執行緒,才能夠解除資料的保護。Only threads running under the current user context can unprotect the data.

LocalMachine 1

受保護的資料與機器的內容有關聯。The protected data is associated with the machine context. 這台電腦上執行的任何處理序都能夠解除資料的保護。Any process running on the computer can unprotect data. 這個列舉值通常是在伺服器上執行的伺服器特定應用程式中使用,這種狀況不允許不受信任的使用者存取資料。This enumeration value is usually used in server-specific applications that run on a server where untrusted users are not allowed access.

範例

下列程式碼範例顯示如何使用資料保護。The following code example shows how to use data protection.

#using <System.Security.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;

public ref class DataProtectionSample
{
private:

   // Create byte array for additional entropy when using Protect method.
   static array<Byte>^s_aditionalEntropy = {9,8,7,6,5};

public:
   static void Main()
   {
      
      // Create a simple byte array containing data to be encrypted.
      array<Byte>^secret = {0,1,2,3,4,1,2,3,4};
      
      //Encrypt the data.
      array<Byte>^encryptedSecret = Protect( secret );
      Console::WriteLine( "The encrypted byte array is:" );
      PrintValues( encryptedSecret );
      
      // Decrypt the data and store in a byte array.
      array<Byte>^originalData = Unprotect( encryptedSecret );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}The original data is:", Environment::NewLine );
      PrintValues( originalData );
   }

   static array<Byte>^ Protect( array<Byte>^data )
   {
      try
      {
         
         // Encrypt the data using DataProtectionScope.CurrentUser. The result can be decrypted
         //  only by the same current user.
         return ProtectedData::Protect( data, s_aditionalEntropy, DataProtectionScope::CurrentUser );
      }
      catch ( CryptographicException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "Data was not encrypted. An error occurred." );
         Console::WriteLine( e );
         return nullptr;
      }
   }

   static array<Byte>^ Unprotect( array<Byte>^data )
   {
      try
      {
         
         //Decrypt the data using DataProtectionScope.CurrentUser.
         return ProtectedData::Unprotect( data, s_aditionalEntropy, DataProtectionScope::CurrentUser );
      }
      catch ( CryptographicException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "Data was not decrypted. An error occurred." );
         Console::WriteLine( e );
         return nullptr;
      }
   }

   static void PrintValues( array<Byte>^myArr )
   {
      System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = myArr->GetEnumerator();
      while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
      {
         Byte i = safe_cast<Byte>(myEnum->Current);
         Console::Write( "\t{0}", i );
      }

      Console::WriteLine();
   }
};

int main()
{
   DataProtectionSample::Main();
}
using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;

public class DataProtectionSample
{
    // Create byte array for additional entropy when using Protect method.
    static byte [] s_aditionalEntropy = { 9, 8, 7, 6, 5 };

    public static void Main()
    {
        // Create a simple byte array containing data to be encrypted.
        byte [] secret = { 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4 };

        //Encrypt the data.
        byte [] encryptedSecret = Protect( secret );
        Console.WriteLine("The encrypted byte array is:");
        PrintValues(encryptedSecret);

        // Decrypt the data and store in a byte array.
        byte [] originalData = Unprotect( encryptedSecret );
        Console.WriteLine("{0}The original data is:", Environment.NewLine);
        PrintValues(originalData);
    }

    public static byte [] Protect( byte [] data )
    {
        try
        {
            // Encrypt the data using DataProtectionScope.CurrentUser. The result can be decrypted
            // only by the same current user.
            return ProtectedData.Protect( data, s_aditionalEntropy, DataProtectionScope.CurrentUser );
        } 
        catch (CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Data was not encrypted. An error occurred.");
            Console.WriteLine(e.ToString());
            return null;
        }
    }

    public static byte [] Unprotect( byte [] data )
    {
        try
        {
            //Decrypt the data using DataProtectionScope.CurrentUser.
            return ProtectedData.Unprotect( data, s_aditionalEntropy, DataProtectionScope.CurrentUser );
        } 
        catch (CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Data was not decrypted. An error occurred.");
            Console.WriteLine(e.ToString());
            return null;
        }
    }

    public static void PrintValues( Byte[] myArr )  
    {
        foreach ( Byte i in myArr )  
        {
            Console.Write( "\t{0}", i );
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}
Imports System.Security.Cryptography



Public Class DataProtectionSample
    ' Create byte array for additional entropy when using Protect method.
    Private Shared s_aditionalEntropy As Byte() = {9, 8, 7, 6, 5}


    Public Shared Sub Main()
        ' Create a simple byte array containing data to be encrypted.
        Dim secret As Byte() = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4}

        'Encrypt the data.
        Dim encryptedSecret As Byte() = Protect(secret)
        Console.WriteLine("The encrypted byte array is:")
        PrintValues(encryptedSecret)

        ' Decrypt the data and store in a byte array.
        Dim originalData As Byte() = Unprotect(encryptedSecret)
        Console.WriteLine("{0}The original data is:", Environment.NewLine)
        PrintValues(originalData)

    End Sub


    Public Shared Function Protect(ByVal data() As Byte) As Byte()
        Try
            ' Encrypt the data using DataProtectionScope.CurrentUser. The result can be decrypted
            '  only by the same current user.
            Return ProtectedData.Protect(data, s_aditionalEntropy, DataProtectionScope.CurrentUser)
        Catch e As CryptographicException
            Console.WriteLine("Data was not encrypted. An error occurred.")
            Console.WriteLine(e.ToString())
            Return Nothing
        End Try

    End Function


    Public Shared Function Unprotect(ByVal data() As Byte) As Byte()
        Try
            'Decrypt the data using DataProtectionScope.CurrentUser.
            Return ProtectedData.Unprotect(data, s_aditionalEntropy, DataProtectionScope.CurrentUser)
        Catch e As CryptographicException
            Console.WriteLine("Data was not decrypted. An error occurred.")
            Console.WriteLine(e.ToString())
            Return Nothing
        End Try

    End Function


    Public Shared Sub PrintValues(ByVal myArr() As [Byte])
        Dim i As [Byte]
        For Each i In myArr
            Console.Write(vbTab + "{0}", i)
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()

    End Sub
End Class

備註

此列舉會與 ProtectUnprotect 方法搭配使用,以透過加密來保護資料。This enumeration is used with the Protect and Unprotect methods to protect data through encryption.

注意LocalMachine 列舉值允許多個帳戶取消保護資料。Caution The LocalMachine enumeration value allows multiple accounts to unprotect data. 只有當您信任電腦上的每個帳戶時,才使用此值。Use this value only when you trust every account on a computer. 在大部分情況下,您應該使用 CurrentUser 值。For most situations, you should use the CurrentUser value.

適用於