X509Certificate2.FriendlyName 屬性

定義

取得或設定憑證的相關別名 (Alias)。Gets or sets the associated alias for a certificate.

public:
 property System::String ^ FriendlyName { System::String ^ get(); void set(System::String ^ value); };
public string FriendlyName { get; set; }
member this.FriendlyName : string with get, set
Public Property FriendlyName As String

屬性值

String

憑證的易記名稱。The certificate's friendly name.

例外狀況

憑證無法讀取。The certificate is unreadable.

範例

下列程式碼範例會建立命令列可執行檔,它會將憑證檔案作為引數,並將各種憑證屬性列印到主控台。The following code example creates a command-line executable that takes a certificate file as an argument and prints various certificate properties to the console.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Security::Permissions;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography::X509Certificates;

//Reads a file.
array<Byte>^ ReadFile( String^ fileName )
{
   FileStream^ f = gcnew FileStream( fileName,FileMode::Open,FileAccess::Read );
   int size = (int)f->Length;
   array<Byte>^data = gcnew array<Byte>(size);
   size = f->Read( data, 0, size );
   f->Close();
   return data;
}

[SecurityPermissionAttribute(SecurityAction::LinkDemand, Unrestricted = true)]
int main()
{
   array<String^>^args = Environment::GetCommandLineArgs();

   //Test for correct number of arguments.
   if ( args->Length < 2 )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Usage: CertInfo <filename>" );
      return  -1;
   }

   try
   {
      System::Security::Cryptography::X509Certificates::X509Certificate2 ^ x509 =
            gcnew System::Security::Cryptography::X509Certificates::X509Certificate2;

      //Create X509Certificate2 object from .cer file.
      array<Byte>^rawData = ReadFile( args[ 1 ] );

      x509->Import(rawData);

      //Print to console information contained in the certificate.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Subject: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->Subject );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Issuer: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->Issuer );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Version: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->Version );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Valid Date: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->NotBefore );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Expiry Date: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->NotAfter );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Thumbprint: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->Thumbprint );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Serial Number: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->SerialNumber );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Friendly Name: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->PublicKey->Oid->FriendlyName );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Public Key Format: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->PublicKey->EncodedKeyValue->Format(true) );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Raw Data Length: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->RawData->Length );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Certificate to string: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->ToString( true ) );
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}Certificate to XML String: {1}{0}", Environment::NewLine, x509->PublicKey->Key->ToXmlString( false ) );

      //Add the certificate to a X509Store.
      X509Store ^ store = gcnew X509Store;
      store->Open( OpenFlags::MaxAllowed );
      store->Add( x509 );
      store->Close();
   }
   catch ( DirectoryNotFoundException^ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Error: The directory specified could not be found." );
   }
   catch ( IOException^ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Error: A file in the directory could not be accessed." );
   }
   catch ( NullReferenceException^ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "File must be a .cer file. Program does not have access to that type of file." );
   }

}

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Permissions;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;

class CertInfo
{
    //Reads a file.
    internal static byte[] ReadFile (string fileName)
    {
        FileStream f = new FileStream(fileName, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read);
        int size = (int)f.Length;
        byte[] data = new byte[size];
        size = f.Read(data, 0, size);
        f.Close();
        return data;
    }
    //Main method begins here.
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        //Test for correct number of arguments.
        if (args.Length < 1)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Usage: CertInfo <filename>");
            return;
        }
        try
        {
            X509Certificate2 x509 = new X509Certificate2();
            //Create X509Certificate2 object from .cer file.
            byte[] rawData = ReadFile(args[0]);
            x509.Import(rawData);

            //Print to console information contained in the certificate.
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Subject: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.Subject);
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Issuer: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.Issuer);
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Version: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.Version);
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Valid Date: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.NotBefore);
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Expiry Date: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.NotAfter);
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Thumbprint: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.Thumbprint);
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Serial Number: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.SerialNumber);
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Friendly Name: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.PublicKey.Oid.FriendlyName);
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Public Key Format: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.PublicKey.EncodedKeyValue.Format(true));
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Raw Data Length: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.RawData.Length);
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Certificate to string: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.ToString(true));
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Certificate to XML String: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.PublicKey.Key.ToXmlString(false));

            //Add the certificate to a X509Store.
            X509Store store = new X509Store();
            store.Open(OpenFlags.MaxAllowed);
            store.Add(x509);
            store.Close();
        }
        catch (DirectoryNotFoundException)
        {
               Console.WriteLine("Error: The directory specified could not be found.");
        }
        catch (IOException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Error: A file in the directory could not be accessed.");
        }
        catch (NullReferenceException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("File must be a .cer file. Program does not have access to that type of file.");
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Permissions
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates

Class CertInfo

    'Reads a file.
    Friend Shared Function ReadFile(ByVal fileName As String) As Byte()
        Dim f As New FileStream(fileName, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read)
        Dim size As Integer = Fix(f.Length)
        Dim data(size - 1) As Byte
        size = f.Read(data, 0, size)
        f.Close()
        Return data

    End Function 

    <SecurityPermission(SecurityAction.LinkDemand, Unrestricted:=True)> _
    Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)
        'Test for correct number of arguments.
        If args.Length < 1 Then
            Console.WriteLine("Usage: CertInfo <filename>")
            Return
        End If
        Try
            Dim x509 As New X509Certificate2()
            'Create X509Certificate2 object from .cer file.
            Dim rawData As Byte() = ReadFile(args(0))
            
            x509.Import(rawData)

            'Print to console information contained in the certificate.
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Subject: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.Subject)
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Issuer: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.Issuer)
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Version: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.Version)
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Valid Date: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.NotBefore)
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Expiry Date: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.NotAfter)
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Thumbprint: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.Thumbprint)
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Serial Number: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.SerialNumber)
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Friendly Name: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.PublicKey.Oid.FriendlyName)
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Public Key Format: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.PublicKey.EncodedKeyValue.Format(True))
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Raw Data Length: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.RawData.Length)
            Console.WriteLine("{0}Certificate to string: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.ToString(True))

            Console.WriteLine("{0}Certificate to XML String: {1}{0}", Environment.NewLine, x509.PublicKey.Key.ToXmlString(False))

            'Add the certificate to a X509Store.
            Dim store As New X509Store()
            store.Open(OpenFlags.MaxAllowed)
            store.Add(x509)
            store.Close()

        Catch dnfExcept As DirectoryNotFoundException
            Console.WriteLine("Error: The directory specified could not be found.")
        Catch ioExpcept As IOException
            Console.WriteLine("Error: A file in the directory could not be accessed.")
        Catch nrExcept As NullReferenceException
            Console.WriteLine("File must be a .cer file. Program does not have access to that type of file.")
        End Try

    End Sub
End Class

備註

易記名稱是 x.509 憑證存放區中可設定的屬性。Friendly names are properties in the X.509 certificate store that can be set. 它們可用來讓使用者將別名與憑證建立關聯,以便能夠輕鬆地識別它們。They are used to enable a user to associate aliases with certificates so they can be easily identified.

如果憑證不存在易記名稱,則會傳回空字串 ( "" ) 。If no friendly name exists for the certificate, an empty string ("") is returned.

適用於