WindowsIdentity.Impersonate 方法

定義

允許程式碼模擬不同的 Windows 使用者。Allows code to impersonate a different Windows user.

多載

Impersonate()

模擬由 WindowsIdentity 物件所代表的使用者。Impersonates the user represented by the WindowsIdentity object.

Impersonate(IntPtr)

模擬由指定使用者語彙基元所表示的使用者。Impersonates the user represented by the specified user token.

Impersonate()

模擬由 WindowsIdentity 物件所代表的使用者。Impersonates the user represented by the WindowsIdentity object.

public:
 virtual System::Security::Principal::WindowsImpersonationContext ^ Impersonate();
public virtual System.Security.Principal.WindowsImpersonationContext Impersonate ();
abstract member Impersonate : unit -> System.Security.Principal.WindowsImpersonationContext
override this.Impersonate : unit -> System.Security.Principal.WindowsImpersonationContext
Public Overridable Function Impersonate () As WindowsImpersonationContext

傳回

物件,表示模擬前的 Windows 使用者,這個物件可以用來還原為原始使用者的內容。An object that represents the Windows user prior to impersonation; this can be used to revert to the original user's context.

例外狀況

匿名識別會嘗試執行模擬。An anonymous identity attempted to perform an impersonation.

發生 Win32 錯誤。A Win32 error occurred.

範例

下列範例示範如何藉由呼叫未受管理的 Win32 LogonUser函式來取得 Windows 帳戶權杖,以及如何使用該 token 來模擬另一位使用者,然後再還原成原始身分識別。The following example demonstrates how to obtain a Windows account token by calling the unmanaged Win32 LogonUser function, and how to use that token to impersonate another user and then revert to the original identity.

// This sample demonstrates the use of the WindowsIdentity class to impersonate a user.
// IMPORTANT NOTES: 
// This sample requests the user to enter a password on the console screen.
// Because the console window does not support methods allowing the password to be masked,
// it will be visible to anyone viewing the screen.
// On Windows Vista and later this sample must be run as an administrator. 

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices;
using namespace System::Security::Principal;
using namespace System::Security::Permissions;


[DllImport("advapi32.dll",SetLastError=true)]
bool LogonUser( String^ lpszUsername, String^ lpszDomain, String^ lpszPassword, int dwLogonType, int dwLogonProvider, IntPtr * phToken );

[DllImport("kernel32.dll",CharSet=CharSet::Auto)]
bool CloseHandle( IntPtr handle );

// Test harness.
// If you incorporate this code into a DLL, be sure to demand FullTrust.

[PermissionSetAttribute(SecurityAction::Demand,Name="FullTrust")]
int main()
{
   IntPtr tokenHandle = IntPtr(0);

   try
   {
      String^ userName;
      String^ domainName;
      
      // Get the user token for the specified user, domain, and password using the 
      // unmanaged LogonUser method.  
      // The local machine name can be used for the domain name to impersonate a user on this machine.
      Console::Write( "Enter the name of the domain on which to log on: " );
      domainName = Console::ReadLine();
      Console::Write( "Enter the login of a user on {0} that you wish to impersonate: ", domainName );
      userName = Console::ReadLine();
      Console::Write( "Enter the password for {0}: ", userName );
      const int LOGON32_PROVIDER_DEFAULT = 0;
      
      //This parameter causes LogonUser to create a primary token.
      const int LOGON32_LOGON_INTERACTIVE = 2;
      const int SecurityImpersonation = 2;
      tokenHandle = IntPtr::Zero;
      
      // Call LogonUser to obtain a handle to an access token.
      bool returnValue = LogonUser( userName, domainName, Console::ReadLine(), LOGON32_LOGON_INTERACTIVE, LOGON32_PROVIDER_DEFAULT,  &tokenHandle );
      Console::WriteLine( "LogonUser called." );
      if ( false == returnValue )
      {
         int ret = Marshal::GetLastWin32Error();
         Console::WriteLine( "LogonUser failed with error code : {0}", ret );
         throw gcnew System::ComponentModel::Win32Exception( ret );
      }
      Console::WriteLine( "Did LogonUser Succeed? {0}", (returnValue ? (String^)"Yes" : "No") );
      Console::WriteLine( "Value of Windows NT token: {0}", tokenHandle );
      
      // Check the identity.
      Console::WriteLine( "Before impersonation: {0}", WindowsIdentity::GetCurrent()->Name );
      
      // The token that is passed to the following constructor must 
      // be a primary token in order to use it for impersonation.
      WindowsIdentity^ newId = gcnew WindowsIdentity( tokenHandle );
      WindowsImpersonationContext^ impersonatedUser = newId->Impersonate();
      
      // Check the identity.
      Console::WriteLine( "After impersonation: {0}", WindowsIdentity::GetCurrent()->Name );
      
      // Stop impersonating the user.
      impersonatedUser->Undo();
      
      // Check the identity.
      Console::WriteLine( "After Undo: {0}", WindowsIdentity::GetCurrent()->Name );
      
      // Free the tokens.
      if ( tokenHandle != IntPtr::Zero )
            CloseHandle( tokenHandle );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Exception occurred. {0}", ex->Message );
   }

}

// This sample demonstrates the use of the WindowsIdentity class to impersonate a user.
// IMPORTANT NOTES:
// This sample requests the user to enter a password on the console screen.
// Because the console window does not support methods allowing the password to be masked,
// it will be visible to anyone viewing the screen.
// On Windows Vista and later this sample must be run as an administrator. 


using System;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Security.Principal;
using System.Security.Permissions;
using Microsoft.Win32.SafeHandles;
using System.Runtime.ConstrainedExecution;
using System.Security;


public class ImpersonationDemo
{
    [DllImport("advapi32.dll", SetLastError = true, CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
    public static extern bool LogonUser(String lpszUsername, String lpszDomain, String lpszPassword,
        int dwLogonType, int dwLogonProvider, out SafeTokenHandle phToken);

    [DllImport("kernel32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
    public extern static bool CloseHandle(IntPtr handle);

    // Test harness.
    // If you incorporate this code into a DLL, be sure to demand FullTrust.
    [PermissionSetAttribute(SecurityAction.Demand, Name = "FullTrust")]
    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        SafeTokenHandle safeTokenHandle;
        try
        {
            string userName, domainName;
            // Get the user token for the specified user, domain, and password using the
            // unmanaged LogonUser method.
            // The local machine name can be used for the domain name to impersonate a user on this machine.
            Console.Write("Enter the name of the domain on which to log on: ");
            domainName = Console.ReadLine();

            Console.Write("Enter the login of a user on {0} that you wish to impersonate: ", domainName);
            userName = Console.ReadLine();

            Console.Write("Enter the password for {0}: ", userName);

            const int LOGON32_PROVIDER_DEFAULT = 0;
            //This parameter causes LogonUser to create a primary token.
            const int LOGON32_LOGON_INTERACTIVE = 2;

            // Call LogonUser to obtain a handle to an access token.
            bool returnValue = LogonUser(userName, domainName, Console.ReadLine(),
                LOGON32_LOGON_INTERACTIVE, LOGON32_PROVIDER_DEFAULT,
                out safeTokenHandle);

            Console.WriteLine("LogonUser called.");

            if (false == returnValue)
            {
                int ret = Marshal.GetLastWin32Error();
                Console.WriteLine("LogonUser failed with error code : {0}", ret);
                throw new System.ComponentModel.Win32Exception(ret);
            }
            using (safeTokenHandle)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Did LogonUser Succeed? " + (returnValue ? "Yes" : "No"));
                Console.WriteLine("Value of Windows NT token: " + safeTokenHandle);

                // Check the identity.
                Console.WriteLine("Before impersonation: "
                    + WindowsIdentity.GetCurrent().Name);
                // Use the token handle returned by LogonUser.
                using (WindowsIdentity newId = new WindowsIdentity(safeTokenHandle.DangerousGetHandle()))
                {
                    using (WindowsImpersonationContext impersonatedUser = newId.Impersonate())
                    {

                        // Check the identity.
                        Console.WriteLine("After impersonation: "
                            + WindowsIdentity.GetCurrent().Name);
                    }
                }
                // Releasing the context object stops the impersonation
                // Check the identity.
                Console.WriteLine("After closing the context: " + WindowsIdentity.GetCurrent().Name);
            }
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Exception occurred. " + ex.Message);
        }

    }
}
public sealed class SafeTokenHandle : SafeHandleZeroOrMinusOneIsInvalid
{
    private SafeTokenHandle()
        : base(true)
    {
    }

    [DllImport("kernel32.dll")]
    [ReliabilityContract(Consistency.WillNotCorruptState, Cer.Success)]
    [SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity]
    [return: MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.Bool)]
    private static extern bool CloseHandle(IntPtr handle);

    protected override bool ReleaseHandle()
    {
        return CloseHandle(handle);
    }
}



' This sample demonstrates the use of the WindowsIdentity class to impersonate a user.
' IMPORTANT NOTES: 
' This sample requests the user to enter a password on the console screen.
' Because the console window does not support methods allowing the password to be masked,
' it will be visible to anyone viewing the screen.
' On Windows Vista and later this sample must be run as an administrator. 

Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices
Imports System.Security.Principal
Imports System.Security.Permissions
Imports Microsoft.Win32.SafeHandles
Imports System.Runtime.ConstrainedExecution
Imports System.Security

Module Module1

    Public Class ImpersonationDemo

        'Private Declare Auto Function LogonUser Lib "advapi32.dll" (ByVal lpszUsername As [String], _
        '    ByVal lpszDomain As [String], ByVal lpszPassword As [String], _
        '    ByVal dwLogonType As Integer, ByVal dwLogonProvider As Integer, _
        '    ByRef phToken As IntPtr) As Boolean

        Private Declare Auto Function LogonUser Lib "advapi32.dll" (ByVal lpszUsername As [String], _
            ByVal lpszDomain As [String], ByVal lpszPassword As [String], _
            ByVal dwLogonType As Integer, ByVal dwLogonProvider As Integer, _
            <Out()> ByRef phToken As SafeTokenHandle) As Boolean

        Public Declare Auto Function CloseHandle Lib "kernel32.dll" (ByVal handle As IntPtr) As Boolean

        ' Test harness.
        ' If you incorporate this code into a DLL, be sure to demand FullTrust.
        <PermissionSetAttribute(SecurityAction.Demand, Name:="FullTrust")> _
        Public Overloads Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)
            Dim safeTokenHandle As SafeTokenHandle = Nothing
            Dim tokenHandle As New IntPtr(0)
            Try


                Dim userName, domainName As String

                ' Get the user token for the specified user, domain, and password using the 
                ' unmanaged LogonUser method.  
                ' The local machine name can be used for the domain name to impersonate a user on this machine.
                Console.Write("Enter the name of a domain on which to log on: ")
                domainName = Console.ReadLine()

                Console.Write("Enter the login of a user on {0} that you wish to impersonate: ", domainName)
                userName = Console.ReadLine()

                Console.Write("Enter the password for {0}: ", userName)

                Const LOGON32_PROVIDER_DEFAULT As Integer = 0
                'This parameter causes LogonUser to create a primary token.
                Const LOGON32_LOGON_INTERACTIVE As Integer = 2

                ' Call LogonUser to obtain a handle to an access token.
                Dim returnValue As Boolean = LogonUser(userName, domainName, Console.ReadLine(), LOGON32_LOGON_INTERACTIVE, LOGON32_PROVIDER_DEFAULT, safeTokenHandle)

                Console.WriteLine("LogonUser called.")

                If False = returnValue Then
                    Dim ret As Integer = Marshal.GetLastWin32Error()
                    Console.WriteLine("LogonUser failed with error code : {0}", ret)
                    Throw New System.ComponentModel.Win32Exception(ret)

                    Return
                End If
                Using safeTokenHandle
                    Dim success As String
                    If returnValue Then success = "Yes" Else success = "No"
                    Console.WriteLine(("Did LogonUser succeed? " + success))
                    Console.WriteLine(("Value of Windows NT token: " + safeTokenHandle.DangerousGetHandle().ToString()))

                    ' Check the identity.
                    Console.WriteLine(("Before impersonation: " + WindowsIdentity.GetCurrent().Name))

                    ' Use the token handle returned by LogonUser.
                    Using newId As New WindowsIdentity(safeTokenHandle.DangerousGetHandle())
                        Using impersonatedUser As WindowsImpersonationContext = newId.Impersonate()

                            ' Check the identity.
                            Console.WriteLine(("After impersonation: " + WindowsIdentity.GetCurrent().Name))

                            ' Free the tokens.
                        End Using
                    End Using
                End Using
            Catch ex As Exception
                Console.WriteLine(("Exception occurred. " + ex.Message))
            End Try
        End Sub
    End Class
End Module

Public NotInheritable Class SafeTokenHandle
    Inherits SafeHandleZeroOrMinusOneIsInvalid

    Private Sub New()
        MyBase.New(True)

    End Sub

    Private Declare Auto Function LogonUser Lib "advapi32.dll" (ByVal lpszUsername As [String], _
            ByVal lpszDomain As [String], ByVal lpszPassword As [String], _
            ByVal dwLogonType As Integer, ByVal dwLogonProvider As Integer, _
            ByRef phToken As IntPtr) As Boolean
    <DllImport("kernel32.dll"), ReliabilityContract(Consistency.WillNotCorruptState, Cer.Success), SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity()> _
    Private Shared Function CloseHandle(ByVal handle As IntPtr) As <MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.Bool)> Boolean

    End Function
    Protected Overrides Function ReleaseHandle() As Boolean
        Return CloseHandle(handle)

    End Function 'ReleaseHandle
End Class

備註

在 Windows NT 平臺上,目前的使用者必須具有足夠的許可權,才能允許模擬。On Windows NT platforms, the current user must have sufficient rights to allow impersonation.

給繼承者的注意事項

因為 Microsoft Windows 98 和 Windows Millennium Edition (Windows Me)平臺沒有使用者權杖,所以無法在這些平臺上進行模擬。Because Microsoft Windows 98 and Windows Millennium Edition (Windows Me) platforms do not have user tokens, impersonation cannot take place on those platforms.

給呼叫者的注意事項

使用Impersonate()之後,請務必Undo()呼叫方法來結束模擬。After using Impersonate(), it is important to call the Undo() method to end the impersonation.

Impersonate(IntPtr)

模擬由指定使用者語彙基元所表示的使用者。Impersonates the user represented by the specified user token.

public:
 static System::Security::Principal::WindowsImpersonationContext ^ Impersonate(IntPtr userToken);
public static System.Security.Principal.WindowsImpersonationContext Impersonate (IntPtr userToken);
static member Impersonate : nativeint -> System.Security.Principal.WindowsImpersonationContext
Public Shared Function Impersonate (userToken As IntPtr) As WindowsImpersonationContext

參數

userToken
IntPtr

Windows 帳戶語彙基元的控制代碼。The handle of a Windows account token. 此權杖通常是透過呼叫非受控程式碼所擷取的,例如對 Windows API LogonUser 函式的呼叫。This token is usually retrieved through a call to unmanaged code, such as a call to the Windows API LogonUser function.

傳回

物件,表示模擬前的 Windows 使用者,這個物件可以用來還原為原始使用者的內容。An object that represents the Windows user prior to impersonation; this object can be used to revert to the original user's context.

例外狀況

Windows 會傳回 Windows NT 狀態碼 STATUS_ACCESS_DENIED。Windows returned the Windows NT status code STATUS_ACCESS_DENIED.

可用的記憶體不足。There is insufficient memory available.

呼叫端沒有正確的權限。The caller does not have the correct permissions.

範例

下列範例示範如何藉由呼叫未受管理的 Win32 LogonUser函式來取得 Windows 帳戶權杖,以及如何使用該 token 來模擬另一位使用者,然後再還原成原始身分識別。The following example demonstrates how to obtain a Windows account token by calling the unmanaged Win32 LogonUser function, and how to use that token to impersonate another user and then revert to the original identity.

// This sample demonstrates the use of the WindowsIdentity class to impersonate a user.
// IMPORTANT NOTES:
// This sample requests the user to enter a password on the console screen.
// Because the console window does not support methods allowing the password to be masked,
// it will be visible to anyone viewing the screen.
// On Windows Vista and later this sample must be run as an administrator. 


using System;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Security.Principal;
using System.Security.Permissions;
using Microsoft.Win32.SafeHandles;
using System.Runtime.ConstrainedExecution;
using System.Security;


public class ImpersonationDemo
{
    [DllImport("advapi32.dll", SetLastError = true, CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
    public static extern bool LogonUser(String lpszUsername, String lpszDomain, String lpszPassword,
        int dwLogonType, int dwLogonProvider, out SafeTokenHandle phToken);

    [DllImport("kernel32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
    public extern static bool CloseHandle(IntPtr handle);

    // Test harness.
    // If you incorporate this code into a DLL, be sure to demand FullTrust.
    [PermissionSetAttribute(SecurityAction.Demand, Name = "FullTrust")]
    public static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        SafeTokenHandle safeTokenHandle;
        try
        {
            string userName, domainName;
            // Get the user token for the specified user, domain, and password using the
            // unmanaged LogonUser method.
            // The local machine name can be used for the domain name to impersonate a user on this machine.
            Console.Write("Enter the name of the domain on which to log on: ");
            domainName = Console.ReadLine();

            Console.Write("Enter the login of a user on {0} that you wish to impersonate: ", domainName);
            userName = Console.ReadLine();

            Console.Write("Enter the password for {0}: ", userName);

            const int LOGON32_PROVIDER_DEFAULT = 0;
            //This parameter causes LogonUser to create a primary token.
            const int LOGON32_LOGON_INTERACTIVE = 2;

            // Call LogonUser to obtain a handle to an access token.
            bool returnValue = LogonUser(userName, domainName, Console.ReadLine(),
                LOGON32_LOGON_INTERACTIVE, LOGON32_PROVIDER_DEFAULT,
                out safeTokenHandle);

            Console.WriteLine("LogonUser called.");

            if (false == returnValue)
            {
                int ret = Marshal.GetLastWin32Error();
                Console.WriteLine("LogonUser failed with error code : {0}", ret);
                throw new System.ComponentModel.Win32Exception(ret);
            }
            using (safeTokenHandle)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Did LogonUser Succeed? " + (returnValue ? "Yes" : "No"));
                Console.WriteLine("Value of Windows NT token: " + safeTokenHandle);

                // Check the identity.
                Console.WriteLine("Before impersonation: "
                    + WindowsIdentity.GetCurrent().Name);
                // Use the token handle returned by LogonUser.
                using (WindowsImpersonationContext impersonatedUser = WindowsIdentity.Impersonate(safeTokenHandle.DangerousGetHandle()))
                {

                    // Check the identity.
                    Console.WriteLine("After impersonation: "
                        + WindowsIdentity.GetCurrent().Name);
                }
                // Releasing the context object stops the impersonation
                // Check the identity.
                Console.WriteLine("After closing the context: " + WindowsIdentity.GetCurrent().Name);
            }
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Exception occurred. " + ex.Message);
        }

    }
}
public sealed class SafeTokenHandle : SafeHandleZeroOrMinusOneIsInvalid
{
    private SafeTokenHandle()
        : base(true)
    {
    }

    [DllImport("kernel32.dll")]
    [ReliabilityContract(Consistency.WillNotCorruptState, Cer.Success)]
    [SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity]
    [return: MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.Bool)]
    private static extern bool CloseHandle(IntPtr handle);

    protected override bool ReleaseHandle()
    {
        return CloseHandle(handle);
    }
}



' This sample demonstrates the use of the WindowsIdentity class to impersonate a user.
' IMPORTANT NOTES: 
' This sample requests the user to enter a password on the console screen.
' Because the console window does not support methods allowing the password to be masked,
' it will be visible to anyone viewing the screen.
' On Windows Vista and later this sample must be run as an administrator. 

Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices
Imports System.Security.Principal
Imports System.Security.Permissions
Imports Microsoft.Win32.SafeHandles
Imports System.Runtime.ConstrainedExecution
Imports System.Security

Module Module1

    Public Class ImpersonationDemo

        'Private Declare Auto Function LogonUser Lib "advapi32.dll" (ByVal lpszUsername As [String], _
        '    ByVal lpszDomain As [String], ByVal lpszPassword As [String], _
        '    ByVal dwLogonType As Integer, ByVal dwLogonProvider As Integer, _
        '    ByRef phToken As IntPtr) As Boolean

        Private Declare Auto Function LogonUser Lib "advapi32.dll" (ByVal lpszUsername As [String], _
            ByVal lpszDomain As [String], ByVal lpszPassword As [String], _
            ByVal dwLogonType As Integer, ByVal dwLogonProvider As Integer, _
            <Out()> ByRef phToken As SafeTokenHandle) As Boolean

        Public Declare Auto Function CloseHandle Lib "kernel32.dll" (ByVal handle As IntPtr) As Boolean

        ' Test harness.
        ' If you incorporate this code into a DLL, be sure to demand FullTrust.
        <PermissionSetAttribute(SecurityAction.Demand, Name:="FullTrust")> _
        Public Overloads Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)
            Dim safeTokenHandle As SafeTokenHandle
            Dim tokenHandle As New IntPtr(0)
            Try


                Dim userName, domainName As String

                ' Get the user token for the specified user, domain, and password using the 
                ' unmanaged LogonUser method.  
                ' The local machine name can be used for the domain name to impersonate a user on this machine.
                Console.Write("Enter the name of a domain on which to log on: ")
                domainName = Console.ReadLine()

                Console.Write("Enter the login of a user on {0} that you wish to impersonate: ", domainName)
                userName = Console.ReadLine()

                Console.Write("Enter the password for {0}: ", userName)

                Const LOGON32_PROVIDER_DEFAULT As Integer = 0
                'This parameter causes LogonUser to create a primary token.
                Const LOGON32_LOGON_INTERACTIVE As Integer = 2

                ' Call LogonUser to obtain a handle to an access token.
                Dim returnValue As Boolean = LogonUser(userName, domainName, Console.ReadLine(), LOGON32_LOGON_INTERACTIVE, LOGON32_PROVIDER_DEFAULT, safeTokenHandle)

                Console.WriteLine("LogonUser called.")

                If False = returnValue Then
                    Dim ret As Integer = Marshal.GetLastWin32Error()
                    Console.WriteLine("LogonUser failed with error code : {0}", ret)
                    Throw New System.ComponentModel.Win32Exception(ret)

                    Return
                End If
                Using safeTokenHandle
                    Dim success As String
                    If returnValue Then success = "Yes" Else success = "No"
                    Console.WriteLine(("Did LogonUser succeed? " + success))
                    Console.WriteLine(("Value of Windows NT token: " + safeTokenHandle.DangerousGetHandle().ToString()))

                    ' Check the identity.
                    Console.WriteLine(("Before impersonation: " + WindowsIdentity.GetCurrent().Name))

                    ' Use the token handle returned by LogonUser.
                    Using impersonatedUser As WindowsImpersonationContext = WindowsIdentity.Impersonate(safeTokenHandle.DangerousGetHandle())

                        ' Check the identity.
                        Console.WriteLine(("After impersonation: " + WindowsIdentity.GetCurrent().Name))

                        ' Free the tokens.
                    End Using
                End Using
            Catch ex As Exception
                Console.WriteLine(("Exception occurred. " + ex.Message))
            End Try
        End Sub
    End Class
End Module

Public NotInheritable Class SafeTokenHandle
    Inherits SafeHandleZeroOrMinusOneIsInvalid

    Private Sub New()
        MyBase.New(True)

    End Sub

    Private Declare Auto Function LogonUser Lib "advapi32.dll" (ByVal lpszUsername As [String], _
            ByVal lpszDomain As [String], ByVal lpszPassword As [String], _
            ByVal dwLogonType As Integer, ByVal dwLogonProvider As Integer, _
            ByRef phToken As IntPtr) As Boolean
    <DllImport("kernel32.dll"), ReliabilityContract(Consistency.WillNotCorruptState, Cer.Success), SuppressUnmanagedCodeSecurity()> _
    Private Shared Function CloseHandle(ByVal handle As IntPtr) As <MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.Bool)> Boolean

    End Function
    Protected Overrides Function ReleaseHandle() As Boolean
        Return CloseHandle(handle)

    End Function 'ReleaseHandle
End Class

備註

在 Windows NT 平臺上,目前的使用者必須具有足夠的許可權,才能允許模擬。On Windows NT platforms, the current user must have sufficient rights to allow impersonation.

注意

呼叫具有值的Impersonate(IntPtr) Zero方法相當於呼叫 Win32 RevertToSelf函數。 userTokenCalling the Impersonate(IntPtr) method with a userToken value of Zero is equivalent to calling the Win32 RevertToSelf function. 如果目前正在模擬另一位使用者,控制權就會還原成原始使用者。If another user is currently being impersonated, control reverts to the original user.

如需呼叫非受控碼的詳細資訊,請參閱使用非受控 DLL函式。For more information about calls to unmanaged code, see Consuming Unmanaged DLL Functions.

給繼承者的注意事項

因為 Microsoft Windows 98 和 Windows Millennium Edition (Windows Me)平臺沒有使用者權杖,所以無法在這些平臺上進行模擬。Because Microsoft Windows 98 and Windows Millennium Edition (Windows Me) platforms do not have user tokens, impersonation cannot take place on those platforms.

給呼叫者的注意事項

使用Impersonate(IntPtr)之後,請務必Undo()呼叫方法來結束模擬。After using Impersonate(IntPtr), it is important to call the Undo() method to end the impersonation.

安全性

SecurityPermission
用於操作主體物件並存取非受控程式碼的功能。for the ability to manipulate the principal object and access unmanaged code. 相關聯的ControlPrincipal列舉:和UnmanagedCodeAssociated enumerations: ControlPrincipal and UnmanagedCode

適用於