StringBuilder.EnsureCapacity(Int32) 方法

定義

請確定這個 StringBuilder 執行個體的容量至少是某一指定的值。Ensures that the capacity of this instance of StringBuilder is at least the specified value.

public:
 int EnsureCapacity(int capacity);
public int EnsureCapacity (int capacity);
member this.EnsureCapacity : int -> int
Public Function EnsureCapacity (capacity As Integer) As Integer

參數

capacity
Int32

要確定的最大容量。The minimum capacity to ensure.

傳回

這個執行個體的新容量。The new capacity of this instance.

例外狀況

capacity 小於零。capacity is less than zero.

-或--or-

加大此執行個體的值可能會超過 MaxCapacityEnlarging the value of this instance would exceed MaxCapacity.

範例

下列範例示範 EnsureCapacity 方法。The following example demonstrates the EnsureCapacity method.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;
int main()
{
   StringBuilder^ sb1 = gcnew StringBuilder( "abc" );
   StringBuilder^ sb2 = gcnew StringBuilder( "abc",16 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "a1) sb1->Length = {0}, sb1->Capacity = {1}", sb1->Length, sb1->Capacity );
   Console::WriteLine( "a2) sb2->Length = {0}, sb2->Capacity = {1}", sb2->Length, sb2->Capacity );
   Console::WriteLine( "a3) sb1 = \"{0}\", sb2 = \"{1}\"", sb1, sb2 );
   Console::WriteLine( "a4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1->Equals( sb2 ) );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Ensure sb1 has a capacity of at least 50 characters." );
   sb1->EnsureCapacity( 50 );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "b1) sb1->Length = {0}, sb1->Capacity = {1}", sb1->Length, sb1->Capacity );
   Console::WriteLine( "b2) sb2->Length = {0}, sb2->Capacity = {1}", sb2->Length, sb2->Capacity );
   Console::WriteLine( "b3) sb1 = \"{0}\", sb2 = \"{1}\"", sb1, sb2 );
   Console::WriteLine( "b4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1->Equals( sb2 ) );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Set the length of sb1 to zero." );
   Console::WriteLine( "Set the capacity of sb2 to 51 characters." );
   sb1->Length = 0;
   sb2->Capacity = 51;
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "c1) sb1->Length = {0}, sb1->Capacity = {1}", sb1->Length, sb1->Capacity );
   Console::WriteLine( "c2) sb2->Length = {0}, sb2->Capacity = {1}", sb2->Length, sb2->Capacity );
   Console::WriteLine( "c3) sb1 = \"{0}\", sb2 = \"{1}\"", sb1, sb2 );
   Console::WriteLine( "c4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1->Equals( sb2 ) );
}

/*
The example displays the following output:

a1) sb1->Length = 3, sb1->Capacity = 16
a2) sb2->Length = 3, sb2->Capacity = 16
a3) sb1 = "abc", sb2 = "abc"
a4) sb1 equals sb2: True

Ensure sb1 has a capacity of at least 50 characters.

b1) sb1->Length = 3, sb1->Capacity = 50
b2) sb2->Length = 3, sb2->Capacity = 16
b3) sb1 = "abc", sb2 = "abc"
b4) sb1 equals sb2: False

Set the length of sb1 to zero.
Set the capacity of sb2 to 51 characters.

c1) sb1->Length = 0, sb1->Capacity = 50
c2) sb2->Length = 3, sb2->Capacity = 51
c3) sb1 = "", sb2 = "abc"
c4) sb1 equals sb2: False
*/
using System;
using System.Text;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    StringBuilder sb1 = new StringBuilder("abc");
    StringBuilder sb2 = new StringBuilder("abc", 16);

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("a1) sb1.Length = {0}, sb1.Capacity = {1}", sb1.Length, sb1.Capacity);
    Console.WriteLine("a2) sb2.Length = {0}, sb2.Capacity = {1}", sb2.Length, sb2.Capacity);
    Console.WriteLine("a3) sb1.ToString() = \"{0}\", sb2.ToString() = \"{1}\"", 
                           sb1.ToString(),       sb2.ToString());
    Console.WriteLine("a4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1.Equals(sb2));

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("Ensure sb1 has a capacity of at least 50 characters.");
    sb1.EnsureCapacity(50);

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("b1) sb1.Length = {0}, sb1.Capacity = {1}", sb1.Length, sb1.Capacity);
    Console.WriteLine("b2) sb2.Length = {0}, sb2.Capacity = {1}", sb2.Length, sb2.Capacity);
    Console.WriteLine("b3) sb1.ToString() = \"{0}\", sb2.ToString() = \"{1}\"", 
                           sb1.ToString(),       sb2.ToString());
    Console.WriteLine("b4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1.Equals(sb2));

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("Set the length of sb1 to zero.");
    Console.WriteLine("Set the capacity of sb2 to 51 characters.");
    sb1.Length = 0;
    sb2.Capacity = 51;

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("c1) sb1.Length = {0}, sb1.Capacity = {1}", sb1.Length, sb1.Capacity);
    Console.WriteLine("c2) sb2.Length = {0}, sb2.Capacity = {1}", sb2.Length, sb2.Capacity);
    Console.WriteLine("c3) sb1.ToString() = \"{0}\", sb2.ToString() = \"{1}\"", 
                           sb1.ToString(),       sb2.ToString());
    Console.WriteLine("c4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1.Equals(sb2));
    }
}
/*
The example displays the following output:

a1) sb1.Length = 3, sb1.Capacity = 16
a2) sb2.Length = 3, sb2.Capacity = 16
a3) sb1.ToString() = "abc", sb2.ToString() = "abc"
a4) sb1 equals sb2: True

Ensure sb1 has a capacity of at least 50 characters.

b1) sb1.Length = 3, sb1.Capacity = 50
b2) sb2.Length = 3, sb2.Capacity = 16
b3) sb1.ToString() = "abc", sb2.ToString() = "abc"
b4) sb1 equals sb2: False

Set the length of sb1 to zero.
Set the capacity of sb2 to 51 characters.

c1) sb1.Length = 0, sb1.Capacity = 50
c2) sb2.Length = 3, sb2.Capacity = 51
c3) sb1.ToString() = "", sb2.ToString() = "abc"
c4) sb1 equals sb2: False
*/
Imports System.Text

Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim sb1 As New StringBuilder("abc")
      Dim sb2 As New StringBuilder("abc", 16)
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("a1) sb1.Length = {0}, sb1.Capacity = {1}", sb1.Length, sb1.Capacity)
      Console.WriteLine("a2) sb2.Length = {0}, sb2.Capacity = {1}", sb2.Length, sb2.Capacity)
      Console.WriteLine("a3) sb1.ToString() = ""{0}"", sb2.ToString() = ""{1}""", _
                             sb1.ToString(),           sb2.ToString())
      Console.WriteLine("a4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1.Equals(sb2))
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Ensure sb1 has a capacity of at least 50 characters.")
      sb1.EnsureCapacity(50)
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("b1) sb1.Length = {0}, sb1.Capacity = {1}", sb1.Length, sb1.Capacity)
      Console.WriteLine("b2) sb2.Length = {0}, sb2.Capacity = {1}", sb2.Length, sb2.Capacity)
      Console.WriteLine("b3) sb1.ToString() = ""{0}"", sb2.ToString() = ""{1}""", _
                             sb1.ToString(),           sb2.ToString())
      Console.WriteLine("b4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1.Equals(sb2))
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Set the length of sb1 to zero.")
      Console.WriteLine("Set the capacity of sb2 to 51 characters.")
      sb1.Length = 0
      sb2.Capacity = 51
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("c1) sb1.Length = {0}, sb1.Capacity = {1}", sb1.Length, sb1.Capacity)
      Console.WriteLine("c2) sb2.Length = {0}, sb2.Capacity = {1}", sb2.Length, sb2.Capacity)
      Console.WriteLine("c3) sb1.ToString() = ""{0}"", sb2.ToString() = ""{1}""", _
                             sb1.ToString(),           sb2.ToString())
      Console.WriteLine("c4) sb1 equals sb2: {0}", sb1.Equals(sb2))
   End Sub 
End Class
'The example displays the following output:
'       a1) sb1.Length = 3, sb1.Capacity = 16
'       a2) sb2.Length = 3, sb2.Capacity = 16
'       a3) sb1.ToString() = "abc", sb2.ToString() = "abc"
'       a4) sb1 equals sb2: True
'       
'       Ensure sb1 has a capacity of at least 50 characters.
'       
'       b1) sb1.Length = 3, sb1.Capacity = 50
'       b2) sb2.Length = 3, sb2.Capacity = 16
'       b3) sb1.ToString() = "abc", sb2.ToString() = "abc"
'       b4) sb1 equals sb2: False
'       
'       Set the length of sb1 to zero.
'       Set the capacity of sb2 to 51 characters.
'       
'       c1) sb1.Length = 0, sb1.Capacity = 50
'       c2) sb2.Length = 3, sb2.Capacity = 51
'       c3) sb1.ToString() = "", sb2.ToString() = "abc"
'       c4) sb1 equals sb2: False

備註

如果目前容量小於 capacity 參數,則會重新配置這個實例的記憶體,以保留至少 capacity 的字元數;否則,就不會變更任何記憶體。If the current capacity is less than the capacity parameter, memory for this instance is reallocated to hold at least capacity number of characters; otherwise, no memory is changed.

適用於