SessionStateUtility 類別

定義

提供工作階段狀態模組和工作階段狀態存放區提供者所使用的 Helper 方法,以管理 ASP.NET 應用程式的工作階段資訊。Provides helper methods used by session-state modules and session-state store providers to manage session information for an ASP.NET application. 此類別無法獲得繼承。This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class SessionStateUtility abstract sealed
public static class SessionStateUtility
type SessionStateUtility = class
Public Class SessionStateUtility
繼承
SessionStateUtility

範例

下列程式碼範例示範自訂會話狀態模組的執行,使用將會話資訊儲存在記憶體中 HashtableThe following code example shows a custom session-state module implementation that stores session information in memory using a Hashtable. 此模組會使用 SessionStateUtility 類別來參考目前的 HttpContextSessionIDManager 、取出目前的 HttpStaticObjectsCollection ,以及引發 ASP.NET 應用程式的 global.asax 檔中定義的 Session_OnEnd 事件。The module uses the SessionStateUtility class to reference the current HttpContext and SessionIDManager, retrieve the current HttpStaticObjectsCollection, and raise the Session_OnEnd event defined in the Global.asax file for the ASP.NET application. 此應用程式不會防止同步 Web 要求使用相同的會話識別碼。This application does not prevent simultaneous Web requests from using the same session identifier.

using System;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.SessionState;
using System.Collections;
using System.Threading;
using System.Web.Configuration;
using System.Configuration;

namespace Samples.AspNet.SessionState
{

    public sealed class MySessionStateModule : IHttpModule, IDisposable
    {
        private Hashtable pSessionItems = new Hashtable();
        private Timer pTimer;
        private int pTimerSeconds = 10;
        private bool pInitialized = false;
        private int pTimeout;
        private HttpCookieMode pCookieMode = HttpCookieMode.UseCookies;
        private ReaderWriterLock pHashtableLock = new ReaderWriterLock();
        private ISessionIDManager pSessionIDManager;
        private SessionStateSection pConfig;

        // The SessionItem class is used to store data for a particular session along with
        // an expiration date and time. SessionItem objects are added to the local Hashtable
        // in the OnReleaseRequestState event handler and retrieved from the local Hashtable
        // in the OnAcquireRequestState event handler. The ExpireCallback method is called
        // periodically by the local Timer to check for all expired SessionItem objects in the
        // local Hashtable and remove them.

        private class SessionItem
        {
            internal SessionStateItemCollection Items;
            internal HttpStaticObjectsCollection StaticObjects;
            internal DateTime Expires;
        }

        //
        // IHttpModule.Init
        //

        public void Init(HttpApplication app)
        {
            // Add event handlers.
            app.AcquireRequestState += new EventHandler(this.OnAcquireRequestState);
            app.ReleaseRequestState += new EventHandler(this.OnReleaseRequestState);

            // Create a SessionIDManager.
            pSessionIDManager = new SessionIDManager();
            pSessionIDManager.Initialize();

            // If not already initialized, initialize timer and configuration.
            if (!pInitialized)
            {
                lock (typeof(MySessionStateModule))
                {
                    if (!pInitialized)
                    {
                        // Create a Timer to invoke the ExpireCallback method based on
                        // the pTimerSeconds value (e.g. every 10 seconds).

                        pTimer = new Timer(new TimerCallback(this.ExpireCallback),
                                           null,
                                           0,
                                           pTimerSeconds * 1000);

                        // Get the configuration section and set timeout and CookieMode values.
                        Configuration cfg =
                          WebConfigurationManager.OpenWebConfiguration(System.Web.Hosting.HostingEnvironment.ApplicationVirtualPath);
                        pConfig = (SessionStateSection)cfg.GetSection("system.web/sessionState");

                        pTimeout = (int)pConfig.Timeout.TotalMinutes;
                        pCookieMode = pConfig.Cookieless;

                        pInitialized = true;
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        //
        // IHttpModule.Dispose
        //

        public void Dispose()
        {
            if (pTimer != null)
            {
                this.pTimer.Dispose();
               ((IDisposable)pTimer).Dispose();
            }
        }

        //
        // Called periodically by the Timer created in the Init method to check for 
        // expired sessions and remove expired data.
        //

        void ExpireCallback(object state)
        {
            try
            {
                pHashtableLock.AcquireWriterLock(Int32.MaxValue);

                this.RemoveExpiredSessionData();
            }
            finally
            {
                pHashtableLock.ReleaseWriterLock();
            }
        }

        //
        // Recursivly remove expired session data from session collection.
        //
        private void RemoveExpiredSessionData()
        {
            string sessionID;

            foreach (DictionaryEntry entry in pSessionItems)
            {
                SessionItem item = (SessionItem)entry.Value;

                if ( DateTime.Compare(item.Expires, DateTime.Now)<=0 )
                {
                    sessionID = entry.Key.ToString();
                    pSessionItems.Remove(entry.Key);

                    HttpSessionStateContainer stateProvider =
                      new HttpSessionStateContainer(sessionID,
                                                   item.Items,
                                                   item.StaticObjects,
                                                   pTimeout,
                                                   false,
                                                   pCookieMode,
                                                   SessionStateMode.Custom,
                                                   false);

                    SessionStateUtility.RaiseSessionEnd(stateProvider, this, EventArgs.Empty);
                    this.RemoveExpiredSessionData();
                    break;
                }
            }
        }

        //
        // Event handler for HttpApplication.AcquireRequestState
        //

        private void OnAcquireRequestState(object source, EventArgs args)
        {
            HttpApplication app = (HttpApplication)source;
            HttpContext context = app.Context;
            bool isNew = false;
            string sessionID;
            SessionItem sessionData = null;
            bool supportSessionIDReissue = true;

            pSessionIDManager.InitializeRequest(context, false, out supportSessionIDReissue);
            sessionID = pSessionIDManager.GetSessionID(context);

            if (sessionID != null)
            {
                try
                {
                    pHashtableLock.AcquireReaderLock(Int32.MaxValue);
                    sessionData = (SessionItem)pSessionItems[sessionID];

                    if (sessionData != null)
                       sessionData.Expires = DateTime.Now.AddMinutes(pTimeout);
                }
                finally
                {
                    pHashtableLock.ReleaseReaderLock();
                }
            }
            else
            {
                bool redirected, cookieAdded;

                sessionID = pSessionIDManager.CreateSessionID(context);
                pSessionIDManager.SaveSessionID(context, sessionID, out redirected, out cookieAdded);

                if (redirected)
                    return;
            }

            if (sessionData == null)
            {
                // Identify the session as a new session state instance. Create a new SessionItem
                // and add it to the local Hashtable.

                isNew = true;

                sessionData = new SessionItem();

                sessionData.Items = new SessionStateItemCollection();
                sessionData.StaticObjects = SessionStateUtility.GetSessionStaticObjects(context);
                sessionData.Expires = DateTime.Now.AddMinutes(pTimeout);

                try
                {
                    pHashtableLock.AcquireWriterLock(Int32.MaxValue);
                    pSessionItems[sessionID] = sessionData;
                }
                finally
                {
                    pHashtableLock.ReleaseWriterLock();
                }
            }

            // Add the session data to the current HttpContext.
            SessionStateUtility.AddHttpSessionStateToContext(context,
                             new HttpSessionStateContainer(sessionID,
                                                          sessionData.Items,
                                                          sessionData.StaticObjects,
                                                          pTimeout,
                                                          isNew,
                                                          pCookieMode,
                                                          SessionStateMode.Custom,
                                                          false));

            // Execute the Session_OnStart event for a new session.
            if (isNew && Start != null)
            {
                Start(this, EventArgs.Empty);
            }
        }

        //
        // Event for Session_OnStart event in the Global.asax file.
        //

        public event EventHandler Start;

        //
        // Event handler for HttpApplication.ReleaseRequestState
        //

        private void OnReleaseRequestState(object source, EventArgs args)
        {
            HttpApplication app = (HttpApplication)source;
            HttpContext context = app.Context;
            string sessionID;

            // Read the session state from the context
            HttpSessionStateContainer stateProvider =
              (HttpSessionStateContainer)(SessionStateUtility.GetHttpSessionStateFromContext(context));

            // If Session.Abandon() was called, remove the session data from the local Hashtable
            // and execute the Session_OnEnd event from the Global.asax file.
            if (stateProvider.IsAbandoned)
            {
                try
                {
                    pHashtableLock.AcquireWriterLock(Int32.MaxValue);

                    sessionID = pSessionIDManager.GetSessionID(context);
                    pSessionItems.Remove(sessionID);
                }
                finally
                {
                    pHashtableLock.ReleaseWriterLock();
                }

                SessionStateUtility.RaiseSessionEnd(stateProvider, this, EventArgs.Empty);
            }

            SessionStateUtility.RemoveHttpSessionStateFromContext(context);
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Web
Imports System.Web.SessionState
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Web.Configuration
Imports System.Configuration

Namespace Samples.AspNet.SessionState

    Public NotInheritable Class MySessionStateModule
        Implements IHttpModule, IDisposable

        Private pSessionItems As Hashtable = New Hashtable()
        Private pTimer As Timer
        Private pTimerSeconds As Integer = 10
        Private pInitialized As Boolean = False
        Private pTimeout As Integer
        Private pCookieMode As HttpCookieMode = HttpCookieMode.UseCookies
        Private pHashtableLock As ReaderWriterLock = New ReaderWriterLock()
        Private pSessionIDManager As ISessionIDManager
        Private pConfig As SessionStateSection


        ' The SessionItem class is used to store data for a particular session along with
        ' an expiration date and time. SessionItem objects are added to the local Hashtable
        ' in the OnReleaseRequestState event handler and retrieved from the local Hashtable
        ' in the OnAcquireRequestState event handler. The ExpireCallback method is called
        ' periodically by the local Timer to check for all expired SessionItem objects in the
        ' local Hashtable and remove them. 
        Private Class SessionItem
            Friend Items As SessionStateItemCollection
            Friend StaticObjects As HttpStaticObjectsCollection
            Friend Expires As DateTime
        End Class



        '
        ' IHttpModule.Init
        '
        
    Public Sub Init(ByVal app As HttpApplication) Implements IHttpModule.Init
            ' Add event handlers.
            AddHandler app.AcquireRequestState, New EventHandler(AddressOf Me.OnAcquireRequestState)
            AddHandler app.ReleaseRequestState, New EventHandler(AddressOf Me.OnReleaseRequestState)

            ' Create a SessionIDManager.
            pSessionIDManager = New SessionIDManager()
            pSessionIDManager.Initialize()

            ' If not already initialized, initialize timer and configuration.
            If Not pInitialized Then
                SyncLock GetType(MySessionStateModule)
                    If Not pInitialized Then
                        ' Create a Timer to invoke the ExpireCallback method based on
                        ' the pTimerSeconds value (e.g. every 10 seconds).
                        pTimer = New Timer(New TimerCallback(AddressOf Me.ExpireCallback), _
                                           Nothing, _
                                           0, _
                                           pTimerSeconds * 1000)

                        ' Get the configuration section and set timeout and CookieMode values.
                        Dim cfg As System.Configuration.Configuration = _
                          WebConfigurationManager.OpenWebConfiguration( _
                            System.Web.Hosting.HostingEnvironment.ApplicationVirtualPath)
                        pConfig = CType(cfg.GetSection("system.web/sessionState"), SessionStateSection)

                        pTimeout = CInt(pConfig.Timeout.TotalMinutes)
                        pCookieMode = pConfig.Cookieless

                        pInitialized = True
                    End If
                End SyncLock
            End If
        End Sub



        '
        ' IHttpModule.Dispose
        '
        Public Sub Dispose() Implements IHttpModule.Dispose, IDisposable.Dispose
            If Not pTimer Is Nothing Then CType(pTimer, IDisposable).Dispose()
        End Sub


        '
        ' Called periodically by the Timer created in the Init method to check for 
        ' expired sessions and remove expired data.
        '
        Sub ExpireCallback(ByVal state As Object)
            Try
                pHashtableLock.AcquireWriterLock(Int32.MaxValue)

                Me.RemoveExpiredSessionData()

            Finally
                pHashtableLock.ReleaseWriterLock()
            End Try

        End Sub

        '
        ' Recursivly remove expired session data from session collection.
        '
        Private Sub RemoveExpiredSessionData()
            Dim sessionID As String
            Dim entry As DictionaryEntry

            For Each entry In pSessionItems
                Dim item As SessionItem = CType(entry.Value, SessionItem)

                If DateTime.Compare(item.Expires, DateTime.Now) <= 0 Then
                    sessionID = entry.Key.ToString()
                    pSessionItems.Remove(entry.Key)

                    Dim stateProvider As HttpSessionStateContainer = _
                      New HttpSessionStateContainer(sessionID, _
                                                   item.Items, _
                                                   item.StaticObjects, _
                                                   pTimeout, _
                                                   False, _
                                                   pCookieMode, _
                                                   SessionStateMode.Custom, _
                                                   False)

                    SessionStateUtility.RaiseSessionEnd(stateProvider, Me, EventArgs.Empty)
                    Me.RemoveExpiredSessionData()
                    Exit For
                End If
            Next entry
        End Sub


        
        '
        ' Event handler for HttpApplication.AcquireRequestState
        '
        Private Sub OnAcquireRequestState(ByVal [source] As Object, ByVal args As EventArgs)
            Dim app As HttpApplication = CType([source], HttpApplication)
            Dim context As HttpContext = app.Context
            Dim isNew As Boolean = False
            Dim sessionID As String
            Dim sessionData As SessionItem = Nothing
            Dim supportSessionIDReissue As Boolean = True

            pSessionIDManager.InitializeRequest(context, False, supportSessionIDReissue)
            sessionID = pSessionIDManager.GetSessionID(context)


            If Not (sessionID Is Nothing) Then
                Try
                    pHashtableLock.AcquireReaderLock(Int32.MaxValue)
                    sessionData = CType(pSessionItems(sessionID), SessionItem)

                    If Not (sessionData Is Nothing) Then
                        sessionData.Expires = DateTime.Now.AddMinutes(pTimeout)
                    End If
                Finally
                    pHashtableLock.ReleaseReaderLock()
                End Try
            Else
                Dim redirected, cookieAdded As Boolean

                sessionID = pSessionIDManager.CreateSessionID(context)
                pSessionIDManager.SaveSessionID(context, sessionID, redirected, cookieAdded)

                If redirected Then Return
            End If
            If sessionData Is Nothing Then
                ' Identify the session as a new session state instance. Create a new SessionItem
                ' and add it to the local Hashtable.
                isNew = True

                sessionData = New SessionItem()

                sessionData.Items = New SessionStateItemCollection()
                sessionData.StaticObjects = SessionStateUtility.GetSessionStaticObjects(context)
                sessionData.Expires = DateTime.Now.AddMinutes(pTimeout)

                Try
                    pHashtableLock.AcquireWriterLock(Int32.MaxValue)
                    pSessionItems(sessionID) = sessionData
                Finally
                    pHashtableLock.ReleaseWriterLock()
                End Try
            End If

            ' Add the session data to the current HttpContext.
            SessionStateUtility.AddHttpSessionStateToContext(context, _
                             New HttpSessionStateContainer(sessionID, _
                                                          sessionData.Items, _
                                                          sessionData.StaticObjects, _
                                                          pTimeout, _
                                                          isNew, _
                                                          pCookieMode, _
                                                          SessionStateMode.Custom, _
                                                          False))

            ' Execute the Session_OnStart event for a new session.
            If isNew Then RaiseEvent Start(Me, EventArgs.Empty)
        End Sub


        '
        ' Event for Session_OnStart event in the Global.asax file.
        '
    Public Event Start As EventHandler


    
        '
        ' Event handler for HttpApplication.ReleaseRequestState
        '
        Private Sub OnReleaseRequestState(ByVal [source] As Object, ByVal args As EventArgs)
            Dim app As HttpApplication = CType([source], HttpApplication)
            Dim context As HttpContext = app.Context
            Dim sessionID As String

            ' Read the session state from the context
            Dim stateProvider As HttpSessionStateContainer = _
               CType(SessionStateUtility.GetHttpSessionStateFromContext(context), HttpSessionStateContainer)

            ' If Session.Abandon() was called, remove the session data from the local Hashtable
            ' and execute the Session_OnEnd event from the Global.asax file.
            If stateProvider.IsAbandoned Then
                Try
                    pHashtableLock.AcquireWriterLock(Int32.MaxValue)

                    sessionID = pSessionIDManager.GetSessionID(context)
                    pSessionItems.Remove(sessionID)
                Finally
                    pHashtableLock.ReleaseWriterLock()
                End Try

                SessionStateUtility.RaiseSessionEnd(stateProvider, Me, EventArgs.Empty)
            End If

          SessionStateUtility.RemoveHttpSessionStateFromContext(context)
        End Sub
    
    End Class
End Namespace

若要在 ASP.NET 應用程式中使用此自訂會話狀態模組,您可以取代 SessionStateModule Web.config 檔案中的現有參考,如下列範例所示。To use this custom session-state module in an ASP.NET application, you can replace the existing SessionStateModule reference in the Web.config file, as shown in the following example.

<configuration>
  <system.web>
    <httpModules>
      <remove name="Session" />
      <add name="Session"
      type="Samples.AspNet.SessionState.MySessionStateModule" />
    </httpModules>
  </system.web>
</configuration>

備註

SessionStateUtility類別會提供會話狀態模組或會話狀態存放區提供者所使用的靜態 helper 方法。The SessionStateUtility class provides static helper methods that are used by a session-state module or a session-state store provider. 應用程式開發人員不需要從程式碼中呼叫這些方法。Application developers will not need to call these methods from their code.

下表說明會話狀態模組和會話狀態存放區提供者使用方法的方式。The following table describes the ways the session-state module and session-state store provider use the methods.

方法Method 用途Use
GetHttpSessionStateFromContext 方法GetHttpSessionStateFromContext method 自訂會話狀態模組可用於抓取現有會話的會話資訊,或建立新會話的會話資訊。Can be used by custom session-state modules to either retrieve session information for an existing session or create session information for a new session.
AddHttpSessionStateToContext 方法AddHttpSessionStateToContext method 由會話狀態模組呼叫,以將會話資料加入至目前的 HttpContext ,並透過屬性讓應用程式程式碼可以使用它 SessionCalled by the session-state module to add the session data to the current HttpContext and make it available to application code through the Session property.
RemoveHttpSessionStateFromContext 方法RemoveHttpSessionStateFromContext method 在要求結尾的或事件期間,由會話狀態模組呼叫 ReleaseRequestState EndRequest ,以清除目前的會話資料 HttpContextCalled by the session-state module during the ReleaseRequestState or EndRequest events at the end of a request, to clear session data from the current HttpContext.
GetSessionStaticObjects 方法GetSessionStaticObjects method 由會話狀態模組呼叫,以 StaticObjects 根據 global.asax 檔中定義的物件取得集合的參考。Called by the session-state module to get a reference to the StaticObjects collection based on objects defined in the Global.asax file. HttpStaticObjectsCollection傳回的集合會包含在加入至目前的會話資料中 HttpContextThe HttpStaticObjectsCollection collection returned is included with the session data added to the current HttpContext.

會話資料會以 HttpContext HttpSessionStateContainer 物件或任何有效的介面實作為物件,傳遞至目前的或從中取出 IHttpSessionStateSession data is passed to and retrieved from the current HttpContext as an HttpSessionStateContainer object or any valid implementation of the IHttpSessionState interface.

如需有關如何執行會話狀態存放區提供者的詳細資訊,請參閱 執行會話狀態存放區提供者For information about implementing a session-state store provider, see Implementing a Session-State Store Provider.

屬性

SerializationSurrogateSelector

取得或設定會用於工作階段序列化自訂的序列化 Surrogate 選取器。Gets or sets a serialization surrogate selector that is used for session serialization customization.

方法

AddHttpSessionStateToContext(HttpContext, IHttpSessionState)

將工作階段資料套用至目前要求的內容。Applies the session data to the context for the current request.

GetHttpSessionStateFromContext(HttpContext)

從目前要求的內容擷取工作階段資料。Retrieves session data from the context for the current request.

GetSessionStaticObjects(HttpContext)

取得對指定內容之靜態物件集合的參考。Gets a reference to the static objects collection for the specified context.

IsSessionStateReadOnly(HttpContext)

取得值,這個值指出指定 HttpContext 的工作階段狀態是否為唯讀。Gets a value which indicates whether the session state is read-only for the specified HttpContext.

IsSessionStateRequired(HttpContext)

取得值,這個值指出指定 HttpContext 的工作階段狀態是否為必要的。Gets a value which indicates whether the session state is required for the specified HttpContext.

RaiseSessionEnd(IHttpSessionState, Object, EventArgs)

執行在 ASP.NET 應用程式的 Global.asax 檔案中所定義的 Session_OnEnd 事件。Executes the Session_OnEnd event defined in the Global.asax file for the ASP.NET application.

RemoveHttpSessionStateFromContext(HttpContext)

從指定的內容中移除工作階段資料。Removes session data from the specified context.

適用於

另請參閱