Page.RegisterAsyncTask(PageAsyncTask) 方法

定義

向頁面註冊新的非同步工作。Registers a new asynchronous task with the page.

public:
 void RegisterAsyncTask(System::Web::UI::PageAsyncTask ^ task);
public void RegisterAsyncTask (System.Web.UI.PageAsyncTask task);
member this.RegisterAsyncTask : System.Web.UI.PageAsyncTask -> unit
Public Sub RegisterAsyncTask (task As PageAsyncTask)

參數

task
PageAsyncTask

定義非同步工作的 PageAsyncTaskA PageAsyncTask that defines the asynchronous task.

例外狀況

非同步工作為 nullThe asynchronous task is null.

範例

下列程式碼範例將示範如何使用 AsyncTimeout 屬性搭配 ExecuteRegisteredAsyncTasksRegisterAsyncTask 方法。The following code example demonstrates the use of the AsyncTimeout property with the ExecuteRegisteredAsyncTasks and RegisterAsyncTask methods. 請注意開始、結束和超時處理常式的使用。Note the use of beginning, ending, and time-out handlers. 在此範例中,導入了人工延遲,以示範非同步工作超過 AsyncTimeout 屬性中所指定之工作所配置時間的情況。In the example, an artificial delay is introduced to demonstrate the situation of an asynchronous task exceeding the allotted time for the task as specified in the AsyncTimeout property. 在真實世界的案例中,非同步工作可用來執行資料庫呼叫或產生映射; 例如,如果工作未在指定的時間內執行,則超時處理常式會提供正常降低的效能。In a real-world scenario, an asynchronous task could be used to perform database calls or image generation, for example, and the time-out handler provides graceful degradation if the task is not performed in a specified amount of time.

<%@ Page Language="C#" AsyncTimeout="2"%>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    // Define the asynchronuous task.
    Samples.AspNet.CS.Controls.MyAsyncTask mytask =    
      new Samples.AspNet.CS.Controls.MyAsyncTask();
    PageAsyncTask asynctask = new PageAsyncTask(mytask.OnBegin, mytask.OnEnd, mytask.OnTimeout, null);

    // Register the asynchronous task.
    Page.RegisterAsyncTask(asynctask);
      
    // Execute the register asynchronous task.
    Page.ExecuteRegisteredAsyncTasks();

    TaskMessage.InnerHtml = mytask.GetAsyncTaskProgress();

  }
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Asynchronous Task Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div>
      <span id="TaskMessage" runat="server">
      </span>
    </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>
<%@ Page Language="VB" AsyncTimeout="2"%>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Protected Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs)
    
    ' Define the asynchronuous task.
    Dim mytask As New Samples.AspNet.VB.Controls.MyAsyncTask()
    Dim asynctask As New PageAsyncTask(AddressOf mytask.OnBegin, AddressOf mytask.OnEnd, AddressOf mytask.OnTimeout, DBNull.Value)

    ' Register the asynchronous task.
    Page.RegisterAsyncTask(asynctask)
      
    ' Execute the register asynchronous task.
    Page.ExecuteRegisteredAsyncTasks()

    TaskMessage.InnerHtml = mytask.GetAsyncTaskProgress()
    
  End Sub
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Asynchronous Task Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    <div>
      <span id="TaskMessage" runat="server">
      </span>
    </div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>
using System;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Threading;

namespace Samples.AspNet.CS.Controls
{
    public class MyAsyncTask
    {
        private String _taskprogress;
        private AsyncTaskDelegate _dlgt;

        // Create delegate.
        protected delegate void AsyncTaskDelegate();

        public String GetAsyncTaskProgress()
        {
            return _taskprogress;
        }
        public void DoTheAsyncTask()
        {
            // Introduce an artificial delay to simulate a delayed 
            // asynchronous task. Make this greater than the 
            // AsyncTimeout property.
            Thread.Sleep(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(5.0));
        }

        // Define the method that will get called to
        // start the asynchronous task.
        public IAsyncResult OnBegin(object sender, EventArgs e,
            AsyncCallback cb, object extraData)
        {
            _taskprogress = "Beginning async task.";

            _dlgt = new AsyncTaskDelegate(DoTheAsyncTask);
            IAsyncResult result = _dlgt.BeginInvoke(cb, extraData);

                        return result;
        }

        // Define the method that will get called when
        // the asynchronous task is ended.
        public void OnEnd(IAsyncResult ar)
        {
            _taskprogress = "Asynchronous task completed.";
            _dlgt.EndInvoke(ar);
        }

        // Define the method that will get called if the task
        // is not completed within the asynchronous timeout interval.
        public void OnTimeout(IAsyncResult ar)
        {
            _taskprogress = "Ansynchronous task failed to complete " +
                "because it exceeded the AsyncTimeout parameter.";
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Web
Imports System.Web.UI
Imports System.Threading

Namespace Samples.AspNet.VB.Controls

    Public Class MyAsyncTask

        Private _taskprogress As String
        Private _dlgt As AsyncTaskDelegate

        ' Create delegate.
        Delegate Function AsyncTaskDelegate()

        Public Function GetAsyncTaskProgress() As String
            Return _taskprogress
        End Function

        Public Function DoTheAsyncTask()

            ' Introduce an artificial delay to simulate a delayed 
            ' asynchronous task. Make this greater than the 
            ' AsyncTimeout property.
            Thread.Sleep(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(5.0))

        End Function


        ' Define the method that will get called to
        ' start the asynchronous task.
        Public Function OnBegin(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs, ByVal cb As AsyncCallback, ByVal extraData As Object) As IAsyncResult

            _taskprogress = "Beginning async task."

            Dim _dlgt As New AsyncTaskDelegate(AddressOf DoTheAsyncTask)
            Dim result As IAsyncResult = _dlgt.BeginInvoke(cb, extraData)
            Return result

        End Function 'OnBegin

        ' Define the method that will get called when
        ' the asynchronous task is ended.
        Public Sub OnEnd(ByVal ar As IAsyncResult)

            _taskprogress = "Asynchronous task completed."
            _dlgt.EndInvoke(ar)

        End Sub

        ' Define the method that will get called if the task
        ' is not completed within the asynchronous timeout interval.
        Public Sub OnTimeout(ByVal ar As IAsyncResult)

            _taskprogress = "Ansynchronous task failed to complete because " & _
            "it exceeded the AsyncTimeout parameter."

        End Sub

    End Class

End Namespace

備註

使用 PageAsyncTask 類別定義非同步工作。Define an asynchronous task using the PageAsyncTask class. 定義工作時,請使用 RegisterAsyncTask 方法,在頁面上註冊工作。When the task is defined, use the RegisterAsyncTask method to register the task with the page. 註冊工作之後,叫用 ExecuteRegisteredAsyncTasks 方法以開始非同步工作。After registering the task, invoke the ExecuteRegisteredAsyncTasks method to begin the asynchronous task.

RegisterAsyncTask 方法可以同時與同步和非同步頁面搭配使用。The RegisterAsyncTask method can be used with both synchronous and asynchronous pages.

適用於

另請參閱