GridView.RowCommand GridView.RowCommand GridView.RowCommand GridView.RowCommand Event

定義

按一下 GridView 控制項中的按鈕時發生。Occurs when a button is clicked in a GridView control.

public:
 event System::Web::UI::WebControls::GridViewCommandEventHandler ^ RowCommand;
public event System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewCommandEventHandler RowCommand;
member this.RowCommand : System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewCommandEventHandler 
Public Custom Event RowCommand As GridViewCommandEventHandler 

範例

含有原始程式碼的 Visual Studio Web site 專案位於本主題隨附了:下載A Visual Studio Web site project with source code is available to accompany this topic: Download.

下列範例示範如何使用RowCommand事件,以從客戶的名稱新增到GridView若要控制ListBox控制資料列的 [新增] 按鈕按一下時。The following example demonstrates how to use the RowCommand event to add the name of a customer from a GridView control to a ListBox control when a row's Add button is clicked.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void ContactsGridView_RowCommand(Object sender, GridViewCommandEventArgs e)
  {
    // If multiple buttons are used in a GridView control, use the
    // CommandName property to determine which button was clicked.
    if(e.CommandName=="Add")
    {
      // Convert the row index stored in the CommandArgument
      // property to an Integer.
      int index = Convert.ToInt32(e.CommandArgument);

      // Retrieve the row that contains the button clicked 
      // by the user from the Rows collection.
      GridViewRow row = ContactsGridView.Rows[index];

      // Create a new ListItem object for the contact in the row.     
      ListItem item = new ListItem();
      item.Text = Server.HtmlDecode(row.Cells[2].Text) + " " +
        Server.HtmlDecode(row.Cells[3].Text);

      // If the contact is not already in the ListBox, add the ListItem 
      // object to the Items collection of the ListBox control. 
      if (!ContactsListBox.Items.Contains(item))
      {
        ContactsListBox.Items.Add(item);
      }
    }
  }    
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView RowCommand Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>GridView RowCommand Example</h3>

      <table width="100%">
        <tr>
          <td style="width:50%">

            <asp:gridview id="ContactsGridView" 
              datasourceid="ContactsSource"
              allowpaging="true" 
              autogeneratecolumns="false"
              onrowcommand="ContactsGridView_RowCommand"
              runat="server">

              <columns>
                <asp:buttonfield buttontype="Link" 
                  commandname="Add" 
                  text="Add"/>
                <asp:boundfield datafield="ContactID" 
                  headertext="Contact ID"/>
                <asp:boundfield datafield="FirstName" 
                  headertext="First Name"/> 
                <asp:boundfield datafield="LastName" 
                  headertext="Last Name"/>
              </columns>

            </asp:gridview>

          </td>

          <td style="vertical-align:top; width:50%">

            Contacts: <br/>
            <asp:listbox id="ContactsListBox"
              runat="server" Height="200px" Width="200px"/>

          </td>
        </tr>
      </table>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects    -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET  -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value     -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                              -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="ContactsSource"
        selectcommand="Select [ContactID], [FirstName], [LastName] From Person.Contact"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub ContactsGridView_RowCommand(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As GridViewCommandEventArgs)

    ' If multiple buttons are used in a GridView control, use the
    ' CommandName property to determine which button was clicked.
    If e.CommandName = "Add" Then
    
      ' Convert the row index stored in the CommandArgument
      ' property to an Integer.
      Dim index As Integer = Convert.ToInt32(e.CommandArgument)
            
      ' Retrieve the row that contains the button clicked 
      ' by the user from the Rows collection.
      Dim row As GridViewRow = ContactsGridView.Rows(index)
            
      ' Create a new ListItem object for the contact in the row.     
      Dim item As New ListItem()
      item.Text = Server.HtmlDecode(row.Cells(2).Text) & " " & _
        Server.HtmlDecode(row.Cells(3).Text)
            
      ' If the contact is not already in the ListBox, add the ListItem 
      ' object to the Items collection of the ListBox control. 
      If Not ContactsListBox.Items.Contains(item) Then
      
        ContactsListBox.Items.Add(item)
        
      End If
      
    End If
    
  End Sub
    
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>GridView RowCommand Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>GridView RowCommand Example</h3>

      <table width="100%">
        <tr>
          <td style="width:50%">

            <asp:gridview id="ContactsGridView" 
              datasourceid="ContactsSource"
              allowpaging="true" 
              autogeneratecolumns="false"
              onrowcommand="ContactsGridView_RowCommand"
              runat="server">

              <columns>
                <asp:buttonfield buttontype="Link" 
                  commandname="Add" 
                  text="Add"/>
                <asp:boundfield datafield="ContactID" 
                  headertext="Contact ID"/>
                <asp:boundfield datafield="FirstName" 
                  headertext="First Name"/> 
                <asp:boundfield datafield="LastName" 
                  headertext="Last Name"/>
              </columns>

            </asp:gridview>

          </td>

          <td style="vertical-align:top; width:50%">

            Contacts: <br/>
            <asp:listbox id="ContactsListBox"
              runat="server" Height="200px" Width="200px"/>

          </td>
        </tr>
      </table>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects    -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET  -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value     -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                              -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="ContactsSource"
        selectcommand="Select [ContactID], [FirstName], [LastName] From Person.Contact"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

下列範例示範如何使用RowCommand按一下資料列的按鈕時,更新的產品價格的事件。The following example demonstrates how to use the RowCommand event to update the price of a product when a row's button is clicked. 此範例中已啟用分頁功能GridView控制項,並將CommandArgument屬性Button控制項的適當資料列索引。This example has the paging functionality enabled for the GridView control and sets the CommandArgument property of the Button control to the appropriate row index.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void ProductsGridView_RowCommand(Object sender, GridViewCommandEventArgs e)
  {
    // If multiple buttons are used in a GridView control, use the
    // CommandName property to determine which button was clicked.
    if(e.CommandName=="Increase")
    {
      // Convert the row index stored in the CommandArgument
      // property to an Integer.
      int index = Convert.ToInt32(e.CommandArgument);

      // Retrieve the row that contains the button clicked 
      // by the user from the Rows collection.      
      GridViewRow row = ProductsGridView.Rows[index];

      // Calculate the new price.
      Label listPriceTextBox = (Label)row.FindControl("PriceLabel");
      listPriceTextBox.Text = (Convert.ToDouble(listPriceTextBox.Text) * 1.05).ToString();     

      // Update the row.
      ProductsGridView.UpdateRow(index, false);
    }
  }
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView RowCommand Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>GridView RowCommand Example</h3>

      <asp:GridView id="ProductsGridView" 
        DataSourceID="ProductsDataSource"
        DataKeyNames="ProductID"
        AllowPaging="True" 
        OnRowCommand="ProductsGridView_RowCommand"
        AutoGenerateColumns="False"
        runat="server">
        <Columns>
          <asp:BoundField DataField="Name" HeaderText="Product Name" />
          <asp:BoundField DataField="ProductNumber" HeaderText="Product Number" />          
          <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Price">
            <ItemTemplate>
              <asp:Label ID="PriceLabel" runat="server" 
                Text='<%# Bind("ListPrice") %>'>
              </asp:Label>
            </ItemTemplate>
          </asp:TemplateField>
          <asp:TemplateField>
            <ItemTemplate>                
              <asp:Button runat="server" ID="IncreaseButton"
                Text="Increase Price 5%"
                CommandName="Increase"
                CommandArgument="<%# ((GridViewRow) Container).RowIndex %>" />
            </ItemTemplate>
          </asp:TemplateField>
        </Columns>
      </asp:GridView>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects    -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET  -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value     -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                              -->
      <asp:SqlDataSource id="ProductsDataSource"
        SelectCommand="SELECT [ProductID], [Name], [ProductNumber], [ListPrice] 
          FROM Production.Product 
          WHERE ListPrice &lt;&gt; 0"
        UpdateCommand="UPDATE Production.Product SET [ListPrice] = @ListPrice 
          WHERE [ProductID] = @ProductID"
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString %>"
        runat="server" />

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">


  Sub ProductsGridView_RowCommand(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As GridViewCommandEventArgs)

    ' If multiple buttons are used in a GridView control, use the
    ' CommandName property to determine which button was clicked.
    If e.CommandName = "Increase" Then
    
      ' Convert the row index stored in the CommandArgument
      ' property to an Integer.
      Dim index = Convert.ToInt32(e.CommandArgument)
            
      ' Retrieve the row that contains the button clicked 
      ' by the user from the Rows collection.
      Dim row = ProductsGridView.Rows(index)
      
      ' Calculate the new price.
      Dim listPriceTextBox = CType(row.FindControl("PriceLabel"), Label)
      listPriceTextBox.Text = (Convert.ToDouble(listPriceTextBox.Text) * 1.05).ToString()

      ' Update the row.
      ProductsGridView.UpdateRow(index, False)
      
    End If
    
  End Sub
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView RowCommand Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>GridView RowCommand Example</h3>

      <asp:GridView id="ProductsGridView" 
        DataSourceID="ProductsDataSource"
        DataKeyNames="ProductID"
        AllowPaging="True" 
        OnRowCommand="ProductsGridView_RowCommand"
        AutoGenerateColumns="False"
        runat="server">
        <Columns>
          <asp:BoundField DataField="Name" HeaderText="Product Name" />
          <asp:BoundField DataField="ProductNumber" HeaderText="Product Number" />          
          <asp:TemplateField HeaderText="Price">
            <ItemTemplate>
              <asp:Label ID="PriceLabel" runat="server" 
                Text='<%# Bind("ListPrice") %>'>
              </asp:Label>
            </ItemTemplate>
          </asp:TemplateField>
          <asp:TemplateField>
            <ItemTemplate>                
              <asp:Button runat="server" ID="IncreaseButton"
                Text="Increase Price 5%"
                CommandName="Increase"
                CommandArgument="<%# CType(Container, GridViewRow).RowIndex %>" />
            </ItemTemplate>
          </asp:TemplateField>
        </Columns>
      </asp:GridView>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects    -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET  -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value     -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                              -->
      <asp:SqlDataSource id="ProductsDataSource"
        SelectCommand="SELECT [ProductID], [Name], [ProductNumber], [ListPrice] 
          FROM Production.Product 
          WHERE ListPrice &lt;&gt; 0"
        UpdateCommand="UPDATE Production.Product SET [ListPrice] = @ListPrice 
          WHERE [ProductID] = @ProductID"
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString %>"
        runat="server" />

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

備註

RowCommand中按一下按鈕時,會引發事件GridView控制項。The RowCommand event is raised when a button is clicked in the GridView control. 這可讓您提供執行自訂的常式,每當發生此事件的事件處理方法。This enables you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine whenever this event occurs.

按鈕內GridView控制項也可以叫用某些控制項的內建的功能。Buttons within a GridView control can also invoke some of the built-in functionality of the control. 若要執行這些作業的其中一個,設定CommandName下表中的值的其中一個按鈕的屬性。To perform one of these operations, set the CommandName property of a button to one of the values in the following table.

CommandNameCommandName value 描述Description
「 取消 」"Cancel" 取消編輯作業,並傳回GridView唯讀模式的控制項。Cancels an edit operation and returns the GridView control to read-only mode. 引發 RowCancelingEdit 事件。Raises the RowCancelingEdit event.
"Delete""Delete" 刪除目前的記錄。Deletes the current record. 會引發RowDeletingRowDeleted事件。Raises the RowDeleting and RowDeleted events.
[編輯]"Edit" 將目前的記錄放入處於編輯模式。Puts the current record in edit mode. 引發 RowEditing 事件。Raises the RowEditing event.
"Page""Page" 執行在分頁作業。Performs a paging operation. 設定CommandArgument"First","Last"按鈕、"Next"、"Prev"或執行頁碼,以指定的分頁作業類型的屬性。Sets the CommandArgument property of the button to "First", "Last", "Next", "Prev", or a page number to specify the type of paging operation to perform. 會引發PageIndexChangingPageIndexChanged事件。Raises the PageIndexChanging and PageIndexChanged events.
[選取]"Select" 選取目前的記錄。Selects the current record. 會引發SelectedIndexChangingSelectedIndexChanged事件。Raises the SelectedIndexChanging and SelectedIndexChanged events.
「 排序 」"Sort" 排序GridView控制項。Sorts the GridView control. 會引發SortingSorted事件。Raises the Sorting and Sorted events.
「 更新 」"Update" 更新資料來源中目前的資料錄。Updates the current record in the data source. 會引發RowUpdatingRowUpdated事件。Raises the RowUpdating and RowUpdated events.

雖然RowCommand按一下上表中列出的按鈕時,會引發事件,則建議您使用作業的資料表中列出的事件。Although the RowCommand event is raised when a button listed in the previous table is clicked, it is recommended that you use the events listed in the table for the operation.

AGridViewCommandEventArgs物件傳遞至事件處理方法,可讓您判斷所按的按鈕命令引數的命令名稱。A GridViewCommandEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which enables you to determine the command name and command argument of the button clicked.

注意

若要判斷引發事件的資料列的索引,請使用CommandArgument傳遞給事件的事件引數的屬性。To determine the index of the row that raised the event, use the CommandArgument property of the event argument that is passed to the event. ButtonField類別會自動填入CommandArgument具有適當的索引值的屬性。The ButtonField class automatically populates the CommandArgument property with the appropriate index value. 其他的命令按鈕,您必須手動設定CommandArgument命令按鈕的屬性。For other command buttons, you must manually set the CommandArgument property of the command button. 比方說,您可以設定CommandArgument<%# Container.DataItemIndex %>GridView控制項有任何啟用的分頁。For example, you can set the CommandArgument to <%# Container.DataItemIndex %> when the GridView control has no paging enabled.

如需如何處理事件的詳細資訊,請參閱處理和引發事件For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

適用於

另請參閱