ListViewUpdateEventArgs 類別

定義

提供 ItemUpdating 事件的資料。Provides data for the ItemUpdating event.

public ref class ListViewUpdateEventArgs : System::ComponentModel::CancelEventArgs
public class ListViewUpdateEventArgs : System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs
type ListViewUpdateEventArgs = class
    inherit CancelEventArgs
Public Class ListViewUpdateEventArgs
Inherits CancelEventArgs
繼承
ListViewUpdateEventArgs

範例

下列範例顯示如何使用 NewValues 屬性,確保使用者在資料來源更新之前已提供所有值。The following example shows how to use the NewValues property to make sure that the user has supplied all values before the data source is updated.

重要

這個範例有一個可接受使用者輸入的文字方塊,這可能會造成安全性威脅。This example has a text box that accepts user input, which is a potential security threat. 根據預設,ASP.NET Web 網頁會驗證使用者輸入未包含指令碼或 HTML 項目。By default, ASP.NET Web pages validate that user input does not include script or HTML elements. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Script Exploits Overview (指令碼攻擊概觀)。For more information, see Script Exploits Overview.

<%@ Page language="C#" %>
    
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
    
<script runat="server">
    
  void Page_Load()
  {
    Message.Text = String.Empty;
  }
    
  //<Snippet2>
  void ContactsListView_ItemUpdating(Object sender, ListViewUpdateEventArgs e)
  {
    // Cancel the update operation if any of the fields is empty
    // or null.
    foreach (DictionaryEntry de in e.NewValues)
    {
      // Check if the value is null or empty.
      if (de.Value == null || de.Value.ToString().Trim().Length == 0)
      {
        Message.Text = "Cannot set a field to an empty value.";
        e.Cancel = true;
      }
    }
    
    // Convert the email address to lowercase.
    String emailValue = e.NewValues["EmailAddress"].ToString();
    e.NewValues["EmailAddress"] = emailValue.ToLower();

  }
  //</Snippet2>
  
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>ListView.ItemUpdating Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>ListView.ItemUpdating Example</h3>
            
      <asp:Label ID="Message"
        ForeColor="Red"          
        runat="server"/>
      <br/>

      <asp:ListView ID="ContactsListView" 
        DataSourceID="ContactsDataSource" 
        DataKeyNames="ContactID"
        OnItemUpdating="ContactsListView_ItemUpdating"  
        runat="server">
        <LayoutTemplate>
          <table cellpadding="2" border="1" runat="server" id="tblContacts" width="640px">
            <tr runat="server" id="itemPlaceholder" />
          </table>
          <asp:DataPager runat="server" ID="PeopleDataPager" PageSize="12">
            <Fields>
              <asp:NextPreviousPagerField 
                ShowFirstPageButton="true" ShowLastPageButton="true"
                FirstPageText="|&lt;&lt; " LastPageText=" &gt;&gt;|"
                NextPageText=" &gt; " PreviousPageText=" &lt; " />
            </Fields>
          </asp:DataPager>
        </LayoutTemplate>
        <ItemTemplate>
          <tr runat="server">
            <td valign="top">
              <asp:Label ID="FirstNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("FirstName") %>' />
              <asp:Label ID="LastNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("LastName") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="EmailLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("EmailAddress") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:LinkButton ID="EditButton" runat="server" CommandName="Edit" Text="Edit" />
            </td>
          </tr>
        </ItemTemplate>
        <EditItemTemplate>
          <tr style="background-color:#ADD8E6">
            <td valign="top">
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="FirstNameLabel" 
                AssociatedControlID="FirstNameTextBox" Text="First Name"/>
              <asp:TextBox ID="FirstNameTextBox" runat="server" Width="200px"
                Text='<%#Bind("FirstName") %>' MaxLength="50" /><br />
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="LastNameLabel" 
                AssociatedControlID="LastNameTextBox" Text="Last Name" />
              <asp:TextBox ID="LastNameTextBox" runat="server" Width="200px"
                Text='<%#Bind("LastName") %>' MaxLength="50" /><br />
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="EmailLabel"
                AssociatedControlID="EmailTextBox" Text="Email" />
              <asp:TextBox ID="EmailTextBox" runat="server" Width="200px"
                Text='<%#Bind("EmailAddress") %>' MaxLength="50" />
            </td>
            <td colspan="2" valign="top">
              <asp:LinkButton ID="UpdateButton" runat="server" CommandName="Update" Text="Update" />
              <asp:LinkButton ID="CancelButton" runat="server" CommandName="Cancel" Text="Cancel" />
            </td>
          </tr>
        </EditItemTemplate>
      </asp:ListView>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects      -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET    -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value       -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                                -->
      <asp:SqlDataSource ID="ContactsDataSource" runat="server" 
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString %>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT [ContactID], [FirstName], [LastName], [EmailAddress] 
          FROM Person.Contact"
        UpdateCommand="UPDATE Person.Contact
          Set [FirstName] = @FirstName, [LastName] = @LastName, [EmailAddress] = @EmailAddress 
          WHERE [ContactID] = @ContactID">
      </asp:SqlDataSource>
      
    </form>
  </body>
</html>
<%@ Page language="VB" %>
    
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
    
<script runat="server">
    
  Sub Page_Load()
    Message.Text = String.Empty
  End Sub
  
  '<Snippet2>
  Sub ContactsListView_ItemUpdating(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As ListViewUpdateEventArgs)
    
    ' Cancel the update operation if any of the fields is empty
    ' or null.
    For Each de As DictionaryEntry In e.NewValues
      ' Check if the value is null or empty
      If de.Value Is Nothing OrElse de.Value.ToString().Trim().Length = 0 Then
        Message.Text = "Cannot set a field to an empty value."
        e.Cancel = True
      End If
    Next
    
    ' Convert the email address to lowercase.
    Dim emailValue As String = e.NewValues("EmailAddress").ToString()    
    e.NewValues("EmailAddress") = emailValue.ToLower()
    
  End Sub
  '</Snippet2>
  
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>ListView.ItemUpdating Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>ListView.ItemUpdating Example</h3>
            
      <asp:Label ID="Message"
        ForeColor="Red"          
        runat="server"/>
      <br/>

      <asp:ListView ID="ContactsListView" 
        DataSourceID="ContactsDataSource" 
        DataKeyNames="ContactID"
        OnItemUpdating="ContactsListView_ItemUpdating"  
        runat="server">
        <LayoutTemplate>
          <table cellpadding="2" border="1" runat="server" id="tblContacts" width="640px">
            <tr runat="server" id="itemPlaceholder" />
          </table>
          <asp:DataPager runat="server" ID="PeopleDataPager" PageSize="12">
            <Fields>
              <asp:NextPreviousPagerField 
                ShowFirstPageButton="true" ShowLastPageButton="true"
                FirstPageText="|&lt;&lt; " LastPageText=" &gt;&gt;|"
                NextPageText=" &gt; " PreviousPageText=" &lt; " />
            </Fields>
          </asp:DataPager>
        </LayoutTemplate>
        <ItemTemplate>
          <tr runat="server">
            <td valign="top">
              <asp:Label ID="FirstNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("FirstName") %>' />
              <asp:Label ID="LastNameLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("LastName") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:Label ID="EmailLabel" runat="server" Text='<%#Eval("EmailAddress") %>' />
            </td>
            <td>
              <asp:LinkButton ID="EditButton" runat="server" CommandName="Edit" Text="Edit" />
            </td>
          </tr>
        </ItemTemplate>
        <EditItemTemplate>
          <tr style="background-color:#ADD8E6">
            <td valign="top">
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="FirstNameLabel" 
                AssociatedControlID="FirstNameTextBox" Text="First Name"/>
              <asp:TextBox ID="FirstNameTextBox" runat="server" Width="200px"
                Text='<%#Bind("FirstName") %>' MaxLength="50" /><br />
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="LastNameLabel" 
                AssociatedControlID="LastNameTextBox" Text="Last Name" />
              <asp:TextBox ID="LastNameTextBox" runat="server" Width="200px"
                Text='<%#Bind("LastName") %>' MaxLength="50" /><br />
              <asp:Label runat="server" ID="EmailLabel"
                AssociatedControlID="EmailTextBox" Text="Email" />
              <asp:TextBox ID="EmailTextBox" runat="server" Width="200px"
                Text='<%#Bind("EmailAddress") %>' MaxLength="50" />
            </td>
            <td colspan="2" valign="top">
              <asp:LinkButton ID="UpdateButton" runat="server" CommandName="Update" Text="Update" />
              <asp:LinkButton ID="CancelButton" runat="server" CommandName="Cancel" Text="Cancel" />
            </td>
          </tr>
        </EditItemTemplate>
      </asp:ListView>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects      -->
      <!-- to the AdventureWorks sample database. Use an ASP.NET    -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value       -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                                -->
      <asp:SqlDataSource ID="ContactsDataSource" runat="server" 
        ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorks_DataConnectionString %>"
        SelectCommand="SELECT [ContactID], [FirstName], [LastName], [EmailAddress] 
          FROM Person.Contact"
        UpdateCommand="UPDATE Person.Contact
          Set [FirstName] = @FirstName, [LastName] = @LastName, [EmailAddress] = @EmailAddress 
          WHERE [ContactID] = @ContactID">
      </asp:SqlDataSource>
      
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

備註

ListView ItemUpdatingUpdateItem 呼叫方法時,或按一下專案的 [更新] 按鈕時,但在控制項更新專案之前,控制項就會引發事件 ListViewThe ListView control raises the ItemUpdating event when the UpdateItem method is called or when an item's Update button is clicked, but before the ListView control updates the item. (更新按鈕是 CommandName 屬性設定為 "Update" 的按鈕。 ) 這可讓您提供事件處理方法,以便在每次發生此事件時執行自訂常式,例如取消更新作業。(An Update button is a button whose CommandName property set to "Update".) This enables you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine whenever this event occurs, such as canceling the update operation.

ListViewUpdateEventArgs物件會傳遞至事件處理方法。A ListViewUpdateEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method. 這個物件可讓您判斷目前專案的索引,並指定應該取消更新作業。This object enables you to determine the index of the current item, and to specify that the update operation should be canceled. 若要取消更新作業,請將 Cancel 物件的屬性設定 ListViewUpdateEventArgstrueTo cancel the update operation, set the Cancel property of the ListViewUpdateEventArgs object to true. 您也可以在 Keys OldValues NewValues 將值傳遞給資料來源之前,使用、和集合。You can also work with the Keys, OldValues, and NewValues collections before the values are passed to the data source. 使用這些集合的典型方式是先驗證或對使用者提供的值進行 HTML 編碼,再將這些值儲存在資料來源中。A typical way to use these collections is to validate or to HTML-encode the values that are supplied by the user before these values are stored in the data source. 這有助於防止腳本插入式攻擊。This can help prevent script-injection attacks.

如需 ListViewUpdateEventArgs 類別之執行個體的初始屬性值清單,請參閱 ListViewSelectEventArgs 建構函式。For a list of initial property values for an instance of the ListViewUpdateEventArgs class, see the ListViewSelectEventArgs constructor.

建構函式

ListViewUpdateEventArgs(Int32)

初始化 ListViewUpdateEventArgs 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the ListViewUpdateEventArgs class.

屬性

Cancel

取得或設定值,這個值表示是否應該取消事件。Gets or sets a value indicating whether the event should be canceled.

(繼承來源 CancelEventArgs)
ItemIndex

取得要更新之資料項目的索引。Gets the index of the data item that is being updated.

Keys

取得表示要更新之項目中索引鍵的欄位名稱/值組的字典。Gets a dictionary of field name/value pairs that represent the key or keys of the item to update.

NewValues

取得包含要更新之項目修訂值的字典。Gets a dictionary that contains the revised values of the item to update.

OldValues

取得包含要更新之項目原始值的字典。Gets a dictionary that contains the original values of the item to update.

方法

Equals(Object)

判斷指定的物件是否等於目前的物件。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(繼承來源 Object)
GetHashCode()

做為預設雜湊函式。Serves as the default hash function.

(繼承來源 Object)
GetType()

取得目前執行個體的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(繼承來源 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

建立目前 Object 的淺層複製。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(繼承來源 Object)
ToString()

傳回代表目前物件的字串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(繼承來源 Object)

適用於

另請參閱