Control.Validating 事件

定義

發生於驗證控制項時。Occurs when the control is validating.

public:
 event System::ComponentModel::CancelEventHandler ^ Validating;
public event System.ComponentModel.CancelEventHandler Validating;
member this.Validating : System.ComponentModel.CancelEventHandler 
Public Custom Event Validating As CancelEventHandler 

範例

下列程式碼範例會使用衍生類別 TextBox,並驗證使用者輸入的電子郵件地址。The following code example uses the derived class TextBox and validates an email address that the user enters. 如果電子郵件地址不是標準格式(包含 "@" and ""),驗證就會失敗,並顯示 ErrorProvider 圖示,並取消該事件。If the email address is not in the standard format (containing "@" and "."), the validation fails, an ErrorProvider icon is displayed, and the event is canceled. 這個範例需要在表單上建立 TextBoxErrorProvider 控制項。This example requires that a TextBox and ErrorProvider control have been created on a form.

private:
   void textBox1_Validating( Object^ sender, System::ComponentModel::CancelEventArgs^ e )
   {
      String^ errorMsg;
      if ( !ValidEmailAddress( textBox1->Text, &errorMsg ) )
      {
         // Cancel the event and select the text to be corrected by the user.
         e->Cancel = true;
         textBox1->Select( 0, textBox1->Text->Length );
         
         // Set the ErrorProvider error with the text to display.
         this->errorProvider1->SetError( textBox1, errorMsg );
      }
   }

   void textBox1_Validated( Object^ sender, System::EventArgs^ e )
   {
      // If all conditions have been met, clear the ErrorProvider of errors.
      errorProvider1->SetError( textBox1, "" );
   }

public:
   bool ValidEmailAddress( String^ emailAddress, [Out]interior_ptr<String^> errorMessage )
   {
      // Confirm that the email address String* is not empty.
      if ( emailAddress->Length == 0 )
      {
         *errorMessage = "email address is required.";
         return false;
      }

      // Confirm that there is an "@" and a "." in the email address, and in the correct order.
      if ( emailAddress->IndexOf( "@" ) > -1 )
      {
         if ( emailAddress->IndexOf( ".", emailAddress->IndexOf( "@" ) ) > emailAddress->IndexOf( "@" ) )
         {
            *errorMessage = "";
            return true;
         }
      }

      *errorMessage = "email address must be valid email address format.\n" +
         "For example 'someone@example.com' ";
      return false;
   }
private void textBox1_Validating(object sender, 
                System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs e)
{
   string errorMsg;
   if(!ValidEmailAddress(textBox1.Text, out errorMsg))
   {
      // Cancel the event and select the text to be corrected by the user.
      e.Cancel = true;
      textBox1.Select(0, textBox1.Text.Length);

      // Set the ErrorProvider error with the text to display. 
      this.errorProvider1.SetError(textBox1, errorMsg);
   }
}

private void textBox1_Validated(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
   // If all conditions have been met, clear the ErrorProvider of errors.
   errorProvider1.SetError(textBox1, "");
}
public bool ValidEmailAddress(string emailAddress, out string errorMessage)
{
   // Confirm that the email address string is not empty.
   if(emailAddress.Length == 0)
   {
      errorMessage = "email address is required.";
         return false;
   }

   // Confirm that there is an "@" and a "." in the email address, and in the correct order.
   if(emailAddress.IndexOf("@") > -1)
   {
      if(emailAddress.IndexOf(".", emailAddress.IndexOf("@") ) > emailAddress.IndexOf("@") )
      {
         errorMessage = "";
         return true;
      }
   }
   
   errorMessage = "email address must be valid email address format.\n" +
      "For example 'someone@example.com' ";
      return false;
}
   Private Function ValidEmailAddress(ByVal emailAddress As String, ByRef errorMessage As String) As Boolean
      ' Confirm there is text in the control.
      If textBox1.Text.Length = 0 Then
         errorMessage = "Email address is required."
         Return False

      End If

      ' Confirm that there is an "@" and a "." in the email address, and in the correct order.
      If emailAddress.IndexOf("@") > -1 Then
         If (emailAddress.IndexOf(".", emailAddress.IndexOf("@")) > emailAddress.IndexOf("@")) Then
            errorMessage = ""
            Return True
         End If
      End If

      errorMessage = "Email address must be valid email address format." + ControlChars.Cr + _
        "For example 'someone@example.com' "
      Return False
End Function

   Private Sub textBox1_Validating(ByVal sender As Object, _
   ByVal e As System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs) Handles textBox1.Validating

      Dim errorMsg As String
      If Not ValidEmailAddress(textBox1.Text, errorMsg) Then
         ' Cancel the event and select the text to be corrected by the user.
         e.Cancel = True
         textBox1.Select(0, textBox1.Text.Length)

         ' Set the ErrorProvider error with the text to display. 
         Me.errorProvider1.SetError(textBox1, errorMsg)
      End If
   End Sub


   Private Sub textBox1_Validated(ByVal sender As Object, _
   ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles textBox1.Validated
      ' If all conditions have been met, clear the error provider of errors.
      errorProvider1.SetError(textBox1, "")
   End Sub

備註

當您使用鍵盤(TAB、SHIFT + TAB 等等)來變更焦點時,藉由呼叫 SelectSelectNextControl 方法,或是將 ContainerControl.ActiveControl 屬性設定為目前的表單,焦點事件會依照下列順序發生:When you change the focus by using the keyboard (TAB, SHIFT+TAB, and so on), by calling the Select or SelectNextControl methods, or by setting the ContainerControl.ActiveControl property to the current form, focus events occur in the following order:

  1. Enter

  2. GotFocus

  3. Leave

  4. Validating

  5. Validated

  6. LostFocus

當您使用滑鼠或藉由呼叫 Focus 方法來變更焦點時,焦點事件會依照下列順序發生:When you change the focus by using the mouse or by calling the Focus method, focus events occur in the following order:

  1. Enter

  2. GotFocus

  3. LostFocus

  4. Leave

  5. Validating

  6. Validated

如果 CausesValidation 屬性設為 false,則會隱藏 ValidatingValidated 事件。If the CausesValidation property is set to false, the Validating and Validated events are suppressed.

如果 CancelEventArgsCancel 屬性設定為 Validating 事件委派中的 true,則會隱藏 Validating 事件之後通常會發生的所有事件。If the Cancel property of the CancelEventArgs is set to true in the Validating event delegate, all events that would usually occur after the Validating event are suppressed.

警告

請勿嘗試從 EnterGotFocusLeaveLostFocusValidatingValidated 事件處理常式中設定焦點。Do not attempt to set focus from within the Enter, GotFocus, Leave, LostFocus, Validating, or Validated event handlers. 這麼做可能會導致您的應用程式或作業系統停止回應。Doing so can cause your application or the operating system to stop responding. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱「鍵盤輸入參考」一節中的 WM_KILLFOCUS 主題,以及關於訊息和訊息佇列一文中的「訊息鎖死」一節。For more information, see the WM_KILLFOCUS topic in the "Keyboard Input Reference" section, and the "Message Deadlocks" section of the About Messages and Message Queues article.

如需處理事件的詳細資訊,請參閱處理和引發事件For more information about handling events, see Handling and Raising Events.

適用於

另請參閱