Brush Brush Brush Brush Class

定義

定義用來繪製圖形物件的物件。Defines objects used to paint graphical objects. 從描述如何繪製區域之 Brush 衍生的類別。Classes that derive from Brush describe how the area is painted.

public ref class Brush abstract : System::Windows::Media::Animation::Animatable, IFormattable
[System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter(typeof(System.Windows.Media.BrushConverter))]
[System.Windows.Localizability(System.Windows.LocalizationCategory.None, Readability=System.Windows.Readability.Unreadable)]
public abstract class Brush : System.Windows.Media.Animation.Animatable, IFormattable
type Brush = class
    inherit Animatable
    interface IFormattable
    interface DUCE.IResource
Public MustInherit Class Brush
Inherits Animatable
Implements IFormattable
繼承
衍生
屬性
實作

備註

Brush 「繪製」或「填滿」區域及其輸出。A Brush "paints" or "fills" an area with its output. 不同的筆刷具有不同類型的輸出。Different brushes have different types of output. 有些筆刷會以純色繪製區域, 其他則具有漸層、圖樣、影像或繪圖。Some brushes paint an area with a solid color, others with a gradient, pattern, image, or drawing. 下列清單描述不同類型的WPFWPF筆刷:The following list describes the different types of WPFWPF brushes:

預先定義的筆刷Predefined Brushes

使用類別, 即可使用預先定義的純色 ( AliceBlue例如或Red) 繪製物件。 BrushesUse the Brushes class to paint an object using a predefined solid color, such as AliceBlue or Red.

XAML 中的筆刷Brushes in XAML

下表列出可在中Brush XAMLXAML使用的不同類型, 以及它們所支援的語法。The following table lists the different Brush types that can be used in XAMLXAML and the syntax they support. 如需特定筆刷的詳細語法資訊, 請參閱該筆刷的 [類型] 頁面。For detailed syntax information for a specific brush, see that brush's type page.

類別Class 屬性語法Attribute Syntax 物件元素語法Object Element Syntax
SolidColorBrush Yes Yes
DrawingBrush No [是]Yes
ImageBrush No [是]Yes
LinearGradientBrush No [是]Yes
RadialGradientBrush No [是]Yes
VisualBrush No Yes

如需示範如何以純色快速繪製區域的範例, 請參閱如何:使用純色繪製區域。For an example showing how to quickly paint an area with a solid color, see How to: Paint an Area with a Solid Color.

Freezable 功能Freezable Features

筆刷是一種Freezable物件類型。A brush is a type of Freezable object. 如需功能Freezable的相關資訊, 例如凍結和複製, 請參閱可凍結的物件總覽For information about Freezable features, such as freezing and cloning, see the Freezable Objects Overview.

XAML 文字使用方式XAML Text Usage

XAMLXAML需相關資訊, 請參閱備註一節。For XAMLXAML information, see the Remarks section.

給繼承者的注意事項

當您從Brush類別繼承時, 您必須覆CreateInstanceCore()寫方法。When you inherit from the Brush class, you must override the CreateInstanceCore() method. 根據您的類別是否必須執行額外的初始化工作或包含非相依性屬性資料成員而定, 您可能需要Freezable覆寫其他方法。Depending on whether your class must perform additional initialization work or contains non-dependency property data members, you might need to override additional Freezable methods. 如需從Freezable類型繼承的詳細資訊, 請參閱可凍結物件的總覽For more information about inheriting from Freezable types, see the Freezable Objects Overview.

建構函式

Brush() Brush() Brush() Brush()

初始化 Brush 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the Brush class.

欄位

OpacityProperty OpacityProperty OpacityProperty OpacityProperty

識別 Opacity 相依性屬性。Identifies the Opacity dependency property.

RelativeTransformProperty RelativeTransformProperty RelativeTransformProperty RelativeTransformProperty

識別 RelativeTransform 相依性屬性。Identifies the RelativeTransform dependency property.

TransformProperty TransformProperty TransformProperty TransformProperty

識別 Transform 相依性屬性。Identifies the Transform dependency property.

屬性

CanFreeze CanFreeze CanFreeze CanFreeze

取得值,指出是否可以將物件設為不可修改。Gets a value that indicates whether the object can be made unmodifiable.

(Inherited from Freezable)
DependencyObjectType DependencyObjectType DependencyObjectType DependencyObjectType

取得包裝此執行個體之 CLRCLR 型別的 DependencyObjectTypeGets the DependencyObjectType that wraps the CLRCLR type of this instance.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
Dispatcher Dispatcher Dispatcher Dispatcher

取得與這個 Dispatcher 關聯的 DispatcherObjectGets the Dispatcher this DispatcherObject is associated with.

(Inherited from DispatcherObject)
HasAnimatedProperties HasAnimatedProperties HasAnimatedProperties HasAnimatedProperties

取得值,這個值表示是否有一個或多個 AnimationClock 物件與這個物件的任何一個相依性屬性相關聯。Gets a value that indicates whether one or more AnimationClock objects is associated with any of this object's dependency properties.

(Inherited from Animatable)
IsFrozen IsFrozen IsFrozen IsFrozen

取得值,該值表示物件目前是否可修改。Gets a value that indicates whether the object is currently modifiable.

(Inherited from Freezable)
IsSealed IsSealed IsSealed IsSealed

取得值,這個值表示此執行個體目前是否已密封 (唯讀)。Gets a value that indicates whether this instance is currently sealed (read-only).

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
Opacity Opacity Opacity Opacity

取得或設定 Brush 的不透明度。Gets or sets the degree of opacity of a Brush.

RelativeTransform RelativeTransform RelativeTransform RelativeTransform

取得或設定使用相對座標套用到筆刷的轉換。Gets or sets the transformation that is applied to the brush using relative coordinates.

Transform Transform Transform Transform

取得或設定套用到筆刷的轉換。Gets or sets the transformation that is applied to the brush. 在已經對應及定位筆刷輸出之後,套用這個轉換。This transformation is applied after the brush's output has been mapped and positioned.

方法

ApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock) ApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock) ApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock) ApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock)

AnimationClock 套用至指定的 DependencyPropertyApplies an AnimationClock to the specified DependencyProperty. 如果屬性已有動畫效果,即使用 SnapshotAndReplace 遞移式行為。If the property is already animated, the SnapshotAndReplace handoff behavior is used.

(Inherited from Animatable)
ApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock, HandoffBehavior) ApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock, HandoffBehavior) ApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock, HandoffBehavior) ApplyAnimationClock(DependencyProperty, AnimationClock, HandoffBehavior)

AnimationClock 套用至指定的 DependencyPropertyApplies an AnimationClock to the specified DependencyProperty. 如果已建立屬性的動畫,則會使用指定的 HandoffBehaviorIf the property is already animated, the specified HandoffBehavior is used.

(Inherited from Animatable)
BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline)

將動畫套用至指定的 DependencyPropertyApplies an animation to the specified DependencyProperty. 呈現下一個畫面格後,就會啟動動畫。The animation is started when the next frame is rendered. 如果指定的屬性已有動畫效果,即使用 SnapshotAndReplace 遞移式行為。If the specified property is already animated, the SnapshotAndReplace handoff behavior is used.

(Inherited from Animatable)
BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline, HandoffBehavior) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline, HandoffBehavior) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline, HandoffBehavior) BeginAnimation(DependencyProperty, AnimationTimeline, HandoffBehavior)

將動畫套用至指定的 DependencyPropertyApplies an animation to the specified DependencyProperty. 呈現下一個畫面格後,就會啟動動畫。The animation is started when the next frame is rendered. 如果已建立指定之屬性的動畫,則會使用指定的 HandoffBehaviorIf the specified property is already animated, the specified HandoffBehavior is used.

(Inherited from Animatable)
CheckAccess() CheckAccess() CheckAccess() CheckAccess()

判斷呼叫的執行是否可以存取這個 DispatcherObjectDetermines whether the calling thread has access to this DispatcherObject.

(Inherited from DispatcherObject)
ClearValue(DependencyProperty) ClearValue(DependencyProperty) ClearValue(DependencyProperty) ClearValue(DependencyProperty)

清除屬性的區域數值。Clears the local value of a property. 要清除的屬性是由 DependencyProperty 識別項所指定。The property to be cleared is specified by a DependencyProperty identifier.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
ClearValue(DependencyPropertyKey) ClearValue(DependencyPropertyKey) ClearValue(DependencyPropertyKey) ClearValue(DependencyPropertyKey)

清除唯讀屬性的區域數值。Clears the local value of a read-only property. 要清除的屬性是由 DependencyPropertyKey 所指定。The property to be cleared is specified by a DependencyPropertyKey.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
Clone() Clone() Clone() Clone()

建立這個 Brush的可修改複製品,製作這個物件值的深層複本。Creates a modifiable clone of this Brush, making deep copies of this object's values. 當複製相依性屬性時,這個方法會複製資源參考和資料繫結 (但可能無法再解析),但不會複製動畫或它們目前的值。When copying dependency properties, this method copies resource references and data bindings (but they might no longer resolve) but not animations or their current values.

CloneCore(Freezable) CloneCore(Freezable) CloneCore(Freezable) CloneCore(Freezable)

使用基底 (非動畫) 屬性值,將執行個體設為指定 Freezable 的複製品 (深層複製)。Makes the instance a clone (deep copy) of the specified Freezable using base (non-animated) property values.

(Inherited from Freezable)
CloneCurrentValue() CloneCurrentValue() CloneCurrentValue() CloneCurrentValue()

建立這個 Brush 物件的可修改複製品,製作這個物件目前值的深層複本。Creates a modifiable clone of this Brush object, making deep copies of this object's current values. 不會複製資源參考、資料繫結和動畫,但是會複製其目前值。Resource references, data bindings, and animations are not copied, but their current values are.

CloneCurrentValueCore(Freezable) CloneCurrentValueCore(Freezable) CloneCurrentValueCore(Freezable) CloneCurrentValueCore(Freezable)

使用目前的屬性值,讓執行個體成為指定之 Freezable 的可修改複本 (深層複本)。Makes the instance a modifiable clone (deep copy) of the specified Freezable using current property values.

(Inherited from Freezable)
CoerceValue(DependencyProperty) CoerceValue(DependencyProperty) CoerceValue(DependencyProperty) CoerceValue(DependencyProperty)

強制轉型所指定相依性屬性的值。Coerces the value of the specified dependency property. 叫用存在於呼叫 CoerceValueCallback 上相依性屬性之屬性中繼資料內所指定的任何 DependencyObject 函式,就可以達到這一點。This is accomplished by invoking any CoerceValueCallback function specified in property metadata for the dependency property as it exists on the calling DependencyObject.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
CreateInstance() CreateInstance() CreateInstance() CreateInstance()

初始化 Freezable 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the Freezable class.

(Inherited from Freezable)
CreateInstanceCore() CreateInstanceCore() CreateInstanceCore() CreateInstanceCore()

在衍生類別中實作時,建立 Freezable 衍生類別的新執行個體。When implemented in a derived class, creates a new instance of the Freezable derived class.

(Inherited from Freezable)
Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

判斷提供的 DependencyObject 和目前的 DependencyObject 是否相等。Determines whether a provided DependencyObject is equivalent to the current DependencyObject.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
Freeze() Freeze() Freeze() Freeze()

將目前的物件設為不可修改,並將其 IsFrozen 屬性設定為 trueMakes the current object unmodifiable and sets its IsFrozen property to true.

(Inherited from Freezable)
FreezeCore(Boolean) FreezeCore(Boolean) FreezeCore(Boolean) FreezeCore(Boolean)

將這個 Animatable 物件設定為不可修改,或決定是否可以將它設定為不可修改。Makes this Animatable object unmodifiable or determines whether it can be made unmodifiable.

(Inherited from Animatable)
GetAnimationBaseValue(DependencyProperty) GetAnimationBaseValue(DependencyProperty) GetAnimationBaseValue(DependencyProperty) GetAnimationBaseValue(DependencyProperty)

傳回指定之 DependencyProperty 的非動畫實值。Returns the non-animated value of the specified DependencyProperty.

(Inherited from Animatable)
GetAsFrozen() GetAsFrozen() GetAsFrozen() GetAsFrozen()

使用基底 (非動畫) 屬性值,建立 Freezable 的凍結複本。Creates a frozen copy of the Freezable, using base (non-animated) property values. 因為複本已凍結,所以會以傳址方式複製任何凍結子物件。Because the copy is frozen, any frozen sub-objects are copied by reference.

(Inherited from Freezable)
GetAsFrozenCore(Freezable) GetAsFrozenCore(Freezable) GetAsFrozenCore(Freezable) GetAsFrozenCore(Freezable)

使用基底 (非動畫) 屬性值,將執行個體設為所指定 Freezable 的凍結複製品。Makes the instance a frozen clone of the specified Freezable using base (non-animated) property values.

(Inherited from Freezable)
GetCurrentValueAsFrozen() GetCurrentValueAsFrozen() GetCurrentValueAsFrozen() GetCurrentValueAsFrozen()

使用目前屬性值,建立 Freezable 的凍結複本。Creates a frozen copy of the Freezable using current property values. 因為複本已凍結,所以會以傳址方式複製任何凍結子物件。Because the copy is frozen, any frozen sub-objects are copied by reference.

(Inherited from Freezable)
GetCurrentValueAsFrozenCore(Freezable) GetCurrentValueAsFrozenCore(Freezable) GetCurrentValueAsFrozenCore(Freezable) GetCurrentValueAsFrozenCore(Freezable)

將目前執行個體設為所指定 Freezable 的凍結複製品。Makes the current instance a frozen clone of the specified Freezable. 如果物件具有動畫相依性屬性,則會複製這些屬性的目前動畫值。If the object has animated dependency properties, their current animated values are copied.

(Inherited from Freezable)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

取得這個 DependencyObject 的雜湊程式碼。Gets a hash code for this DependencyObject.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
GetLocalValueEnumerator() GetLocalValueEnumerator() GetLocalValueEnumerator() GetLocalValueEnumerator()

建立特定的列舉值,以判斷哪些相依性屬性在此 DependencyObject 上具有本機設定的值。Creates a specialized enumerator for determining which dependency properties have locally set values on this DependencyObject.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

取得目前執行個體的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
GetValue(DependencyProperty) GetValue(DependencyProperty) GetValue(DependencyProperty) GetValue(DependencyProperty)

傳回 DependencyObject 的這個執行個體上之相依性屬性的目前有效值。Returns the current effective value of a dependency property on this instance of a DependencyObject.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
InvalidateProperty(DependencyProperty) InvalidateProperty(DependencyProperty) InvalidateProperty(DependencyProperty) InvalidateProperty(DependencyProperty)

重新評估指定之相依性屬性的有效值。Re-evaluates the effective value for the specified dependency property

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

建立目前 Object 的淺層複本 (Shallow Copy)。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
OnChanged() OnChanged() OnChanged() OnChanged()

目前的 Freezable 物件遭到修改時進行呼叫。Called when the current Freezable object is modified.

(Inherited from Freezable)
OnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject) OnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject) OnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject) OnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject)

確定已為剛剛設定的 DependencyObjectType 資料成員,建立適當的內容指標。Ensures that appropriate context pointers are established for a DependencyObjectType data member that has just been set.

(Inherited from Freezable)
OnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject, DependencyProperty) OnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject, DependencyProperty) OnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject, DependencyProperty) OnFreezablePropertyChanged(DependencyObject, DependencyObject, DependencyProperty)

這個成員支援 Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF)Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) 基礎結構,但是您不可以從程式碼直接使用它。This member supports the Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF)Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) infrastructure and is not intended to be used directly from your code.

(Inherited from Freezable)
OnPropertyChanged(DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs) OnPropertyChanged(DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs) OnPropertyChanged(DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs) OnPropertyChanged(DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs)

覆寫 OnPropertyChanged(DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs)DependencyObject 實作也可以叫用任何 Changed 處理常式,以回應類型 Freezable 的變更相依性屬性。Overrides the DependencyObject implementation of OnPropertyChanged(DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs) to also invoke any Changed handlers in response to a changing dependency property of type Freezable.

(Inherited from Freezable)
ReadLocalValue(DependencyProperty) ReadLocalValue(DependencyProperty) ReadLocalValue(DependencyProperty) ReadLocalValue(DependencyProperty)

傳回相依性屬性的區域值 (如果存在)。Returns the local value of a dependency property, if it exists.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
ReadPreamble() ReadPreamble() ReadPreamble() ReadPreamble()

確定 Freezable 是從有效的執行緒進行存取。Ensures that the Freezable is being accessed from a valid thread. 如果 APIAPI 會讀取非相依性屬性的資料成員,則 Freezable 的繼承者必須在該 API 的開頭呼叫這個方法。Inheritors of Freezable must call this method at the beginning of any APIAPI that reads data members that are not dependency properties.

(Inherited from Freezable)
SetCurrentValue(DependencyProperty, Object) SetCurrentValue(DependencyProperty, Object) SetCurrentValue(DependencyProperty, Object) SetCurrentValue(DependencyProperty, Object)

設定相依性屬性的值,而不需要變更其值來源。Sets the value of a dependency property without changing its value source.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
SetValue(DependencyProperty, Object) SetValue(DependencyProperty, Object) SetValue(DependencyProperty, Object) SetValue(DependencyProperty, Object)

設定相依性屬性的區域值 (由相依性屬性的識別碼所指定)。Sets the local value of a dependency property, specified by its dependency property identifier.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
SetValue(DependencyPropertyKey, Object) SetValue(DependencyPropertyKey, Object) SetValue(DependencyPropertyKey, Object) SetValue(DependencyPropertyKey, Object)

設定唯讀相依性屬性的區域數值 (由相依性屬性的 DependencyPropertyKey 識別項所指定)。Sets the local value of a read-only dependency property, specified by the DependencyPropertyKey identifier of the dependency property.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
ShouldSerializeProperty(DependencyProperty) ShouldSerializeProperty(DependencyProperty) ShouldSerializeProperty(DependencyProperty) ShouldSerializeProperty(DependencyProperty)

傳回值,這個值表示序列化程序是否應該序列化所提供相依性屬性的值。Returns a value that indicates whether serialization processes should serialize the value for the provided dependency property.

(Inherited from DependencyObject)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

傳回這個 Brush 的字串表示。Return string representation of this Brush.

ToString(IFormatProvider) ToString(IFormatProvider) ToString(IFormatProvider) ToString(IFormatProvider)

根據指定的文化特性特定格式資訊,建立這個物件的字串表示。Creates a string representation of this object based on the specified culture-specific formatting information.

VerifyAccess() VerifyAccess() VerifyAccess() VerifyAccess()

請強制執行可以存取這個 DispatcherObject 的呼叫執行緒。Enforces that the calling thread has access to this DispatcherObject.

(Inherited from DispatcherObject)
WritePostscript() WritePostscript() WritePostscript() WritePostscript()

引發 FreezableChanged 事件,並叫用其 OnChanged() 方法。Raises the Changed event for the Freezable and invokes its OnChanged() method. 在任何 API 修改未以相依性屬性儲存的類別成員之後,衍生自 Freezable 的類別應該在 API 的結尾呼叫這個方法。Classes that derive from Freezable should call this method at the end of any API that modifies class members that are not stored as dependency properties.

(Inherited from Freezable)
WritePreamble() WritePreamble() WritePreamble() WritePreamble()

確認 Freezable 未凍結,而且是從有效的執行緒內容進行存取。Verifies that the Freezable is not frozen and that it is being accessed from a valid threading context. 在任何 APIAPI 將資料寫入至非相依性屬性的資料成員之前,Freezable 繼承者應該在 API 的開頭呼叫這個方法。Freezable inheritors should call this method at the beginning of any APIAPI that writes to data members that are not dependency properties.

(Inherited from Freezable)

明確介面實作

IFormattable.ToString(String, IFormatProvider) IFormattable.ToString(String, IFormatProvider) IFormattable.ToString(String, IFormatProvider) IFormattable.ToString(String, IFormatProvider)

使用指定的格式,格式化目前執行個體的值。Formats the value of the current instance using the specified format.

事件

Changed Changed Changed Changed

發生於 Freezable 或所含的物件遭到修改時。Occurs when the Freezable or an object it contains is modified.

(Inherited from Freezable)

適用於

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