SoapAttributeAttribute 類別

定義

指定 XmlSerializer 必須將類別成員序列化為編碼的 SOAP 屬性。Specifies that the XmlSerializer must serialize the class member as an encoded SOAP attribute.

public ref class SoapAttributeAttribute : Attribute
[System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Field | System.AttributeTargets.Parameter | System.AttributeTargets.Property | System.AttributeTargets.ReturnValue)]
public class SoapAttributeAttribute : Attribute
type SoapAttributeAttribute = class
    inherit Attribute
Public Class SoapAttributeAttribute
Inherits Attribute
繼承
SoapAttributeAttribute
屬性

範例

下列範例會序列化包含數個欄位的類別,其中套用了 SoapAttributeAttributeThe following example serializes a class that contains several fields to which a SoapAttributeAttribute is applied.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Xml.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;
using namespace System::Xml::Schema;

//using namespace System::Runtime::Remoting::Metadata;
public ref class Vehicle
{
public:
   String^ licenseNumber;
};


[SoapInclude(Vehicle::typeid)]
public ref class Group
{
public:

   [SoapAttributeAttribute(Namespace="http://www.cpandl.com")]
   String^ GroupName;

   [SoapAttributeAttribute(DataType="base64Binary")]
   array<Byte>^GroupNumber;

   [SoapAttributeAttribute(DataType="date",AttributeName="CreationDate")]
   DateTime Today;

   [SoapElement(DataType="nonNegativeInteger",ElementName="PosInt")]
   String^ PostitiveInt;
   Vehicle^ GroupVehicle;
};

public ref class Run
{
public:
   void SerializeObject( String^ filename )
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class that
      // can generate encoded SOAP messages.
      XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = ReturnSOAPSerializer();
      Group^ myGroup = MakeGroup();

      // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
      XmlTextWriter^ writer = gcnew XmlTextWriter( filename,Encoding::UTF8 );
      writer->Formatting = Formatting::Indented;
      writer->WriteStartElement( "wrapper" );

      // Serialize the class, and close the TextWriter.
      mySerializer->Serialize( writer, myGroup );
      writer->WriteEndElement();
      writer->Close();
   }


private:
   Group^ MakeGroup()
   {
      // Create an instance of the class that will be serialized.
      Group^ myGroup = gcnew Group;

      // Set the Object* properties.
      myGroup->GroupName = ".NET";
      array<Byte>^hexByte = {Convert::ToByte( 100 ),Convert::ToByte( 50 )};
      myGroup->GroupNumber = hexByte;
      DateTime myDate = DateTime(2002,5,2);
      myGroup->Today = myDate;
      myGroup->PostitiveInt = "10000";
      myGroup->GroupVehicle = gcnew Vehicle;
      myGroup->GroupVehicle->licenseNumber = "1234";
      return myGroup;
   }

public:
   void DeserializeObject( String^ filename )
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class that
      // can generate encoded SOAP messages.
      XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = ReturnSOAPSerializer();

      // Reading the file requires an  XmlTextReader.
      XmlTextReader^ reader = gcnew XmlTextReader( filename );
      reader->ReadStartElement( "wrapper" );

      // Deserialize and cast the Object*.
      Group^ myGroup;
      myGroup = safe_cast<Group^>(mySerializer->Deserialize( reader ));
      reader->ReadEndElement();
      reader->Close();
   }

private:
   XmlSerializer^ ReturnSOAPSerializer()
   {
      
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
      XmlTypeMapping^ myMapping = (gcnew SoapReflectionImporter)->ImportTypeMapping( Group::typeid );
      return gcnew XmlSerializer( myMapping );
   }
};

int main()
{
   Run^ test = gcnew Run;
   test->SerializeObject( "SoapAtts.xml" );
   test->DeserializeObject( "SoapAtts.xml" );
}
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.Xml.Schema;

[SoapInclude(typeof(Vehicle))]
public class Group
{
   [SoapAttribute (Namespace = "http://www.cpandl.com")]
   public string GroupName;
   
   [SoapAttribute(DataType = "base64Binary")]
   public Byte [] GroupNumber;

   [SoapAttribute(DataType = "date", AttributeName = "CreationDate")]
   public DateTime Today;
   [SoapElement(DataType = "nonNegativeInteger", ElementName = "PosInt")]
   public string PostitiveInt;

   public Vehicle GroupVehicle;
}
  
public class Vehicle
{
   public string licenseNumber;
}

public class Run
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Run test = new Run();
      test.SerializeObject("SoapAtts.xml");
      test.DeserializeObject("SoapAtts.xml");
   }
   public void SerializeObject(string filename)
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class that
      // can generate encoded SOAP messages.
      XmlSerializer mySerializer =  ReturnSOAPSerializer();

      Group myGroup=MakeGroup();
      // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
      XmlTextWriter writer = 
      new XmlTextWriter(filename, Encoding.UTF8);
      writer.Formatting = Formatting.Indented;
      writer.WriteStartElement("wrapper");
      // Serialize the class, and close the TextWriter.
      mySerializer.Serialize(writer, myGroup);
      writer.WriteEndElement();
      writer.Close();
   }

   private Group MakeGroup(){
      // Create an instance of the class that will be serialized.
      Group myGroup = new Group();

      // Set the object properties.
      myGroup.GroupName = ".NET";

      Byte [] hexByte = new Byte[2]{Convert.ToByte(100),
      Convert.ToByte(50)};
      myGroup.GroupNumber = hexByte;

      DateTime myDate = new DateTime(2002,5,2);
      myGroup.Today = myDate;
      myGroup.PostitiveInt= "10000";
      myGroup.GroupVehicle = new Vehicle();
      myGroup.GroupVehicle.licenseNumber="1234";
      return myGroup;
   }   	

   public void DeserializeObject(string filename)
   {
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class that
      // can generate encoded SOAP messages.
      XmlSerializer mySerializer =  ReturnSOAPSerializer();

      // Reading the file requires an  XmlTextReader.
      XmlTextReader reader= 
      new XmlTextReader(filename);
      reader.ReadStartElement("wrapper");

      // Deserialize and cast the object.
      Group myGroup; 
      myGroup = (Group) mySerializer.Deserialize(reader);
      reader.ReadEndElement();
      reader.Close();
   }
   
   private XmlSerializer ReturnSOAPSerializer(){
      // Create an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
      XmlTypeMapping myMapping = 
      (new SoapReflectionImporter().ImportTypeMapping
      (typeof(Group)));
       return new XmlSerializer(myMapping);
   }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Serialization
Imports System.Xml.Schema

<SoapInclude(GetType(Vehicle))> _
Public Class Group

   <SoapAttribute (Namespace:= "http:'www.cpandl.com")> _
   Public GroupName As String    
   <SoapAttribute(DataType:= "base64Binary")> _
   Public GroupNumber() As  Byte 

   <SoapAttribute(DataType:= "date", AttributeName:= "CreationDate")> _
   Public Today As DateTime 
   <SoapElement(DataType:= "nonNegativeInteger", _
   ElementName:= "PosInt")> _
   Public PostitiveInt As String 

   Public GroupVehicle As Vehicle 
End Class
  
Public Class Vehicle
   Public licenseNumber As String 
End Class

Public Class Run

   Shared Sub Main()
   
      Dim test As Run = New Run()
      test.SerializeObject("SoapAtts.xml")
      test.DeserializeObject("SoapAtts.xml")
   End Sub
   
   Public Sub SerializeObject(filename As String)
   
      ' Create an instance of the XmlSerializer Class that
      ' can generate encoded SOAP messages.
      Dim mySerializer As XmlSerializer  =  ReturnSOAPSerializer()

      Dim myGroup As Group = MakeGroup()
      ' Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
      Dim writer As XmlTextWriter = _
      New XmlTextWriter(filename, Encoding.UTF8)
      writer.Formatting = Formatting.Indented
      writer.WriteStartElement("wrapper")
      ' Serialize the Class, and close the TextWriter.
      mySerializer.Serialize(writer, myGroup)
      writer.WriteEndElement()
      writer.Close()
   End Sub

   Private Function MakeGroup() As Group 
      ' Create an instance of the Class that will be serialized.
      Dim myGroup As Group = New Group()

      ' Set the object properties.
      myGroup.GroupName = ".NET"

      Dim hexByte() As Byte= New Byte(1){Convert.ToByte(100), _
      Convert.ToByte(50)}
      myGroup.GroupNumber = hexByte

      Dim myDate As DateTime = New DateTime(2002,5,2)
      myGroup.Today = myDate
      myGroup.PostitiveInt= "10000"
      myGroup.GroupVehicle = New Vehicle()
      myGroup.GroupVehicle.licenseNumber="1234"
      return myGroup
   End Function   	

   Public Sub DeserializeObject(filename As String)
      ' Create an instance of the XmlSerializer Class that
      ' can generate encoded SOAP messages.
      Dim mySerializer As XmlSerializer =  ReturnSOAPSerializer()

      ' Reading the file requires an  XmlTextReader.
      Dim reader As XmlTextReader = _
      New XmlTextReader(filename)
      reader.ReadStartElement("wrapper")

      ' Deserialize and cast the object.
      Dim myGroup As Group 
      myGroup = _
      CType(mySerializer.Deserialize(reader), Group)
      reader.ReadEndElement()
      reader.Close()

   End Sub
   
   private Function ReturnSOAPSerializer() As XmlSerializer 
      ' Create an instance of the XmlSerializer Class.
      Dim myMapping As XmlTypeMapping = _
      (New SoapReflectionImporter().ImportTypeMapping _
      (GetType(Group)))
       return New XmlSerializer(myMapping)
   End Function
End Class

備註

SoapAttributeAttribute 類別屬於一系列屬性,可控制 XmlSerializer 如何將物件序列化或還原序列化為編碼的 SOAP XML。The SoapAttributeAttribute class belongs to a family of attributes that controls how the XmlSerializer serializes, or deserializes, an object as encoded SOAP XML. 產生的 XML 會符合全球資訊網協會檔的第5節,簡單物件存取通訊協定(SOAP) 1.1The resulting XML conforms to section 5 of the World Wide Web Consortium document, Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) 1.1. 如需類似屬性的完整清單,請參閱控制編碼 SOAP 序列化的屬性For a complete list of similar attributes, see Attributes That Control Encoded SOAP Serialization.

若要將物件序列化為編碼的 SOAP 訊息,您必須使用以 SoapReflectionImporter 類別的 ImportTypeMapping 方法建立的 XmlTypeMapping 來建立 XmlSerializerTo serialize an object as an encoded SOAP message, you must construct the XmlSerializer using an XmlTypeMapping created with the ImportTypeMapping method of the SoapReflectionImporter class.

將 [SoapAttributeAttribute] 套用至 [公用] 欄位,以指定 XmlSerializer 將欄位序列化為 XML 屬性。Apply the SoapAttributeAttribute to a public field to specify that the XmlSerializer serializes the field as an XML attribute. 您可以藉由設定 AttributeName 屬性來指定屬性的替代名稱。You can specify an alternative name of the attribute by setting the AttributeName property. 如果屬性必須指定特定的 XML 架構定義語言(XSD)資料類型,請設定 DataTypeSet the DataType if the attribute must be given a specific XML Schema definition language (XSD) data type. 如果屬性屬於特定的 XML 命名空間,請設定 Namespace 屬性。If the attribute belongs to a specific XML namespace, set the Namespace property.

如需使用屬性的詳細資訊,請參閱屬性For more information about using attributes, see Attributes

注意

您可以使用程式碼中的文字 SoapAttribute,而不是較長的 SoapAttributeAttributeYou can use the word SoapAttribute in your code instead of the longer SoapAttributeAttribute.

建構函式

SoapAttributeAttribute()

初始化 SoapAttributeAttribute 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the SoapAttributeAttribute class.

SoapAttributeAttribute(String)

使用指定的值做為 XML 屬性的名稱,初始化 SoapAttributeAttribute 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the SoapAttributeAttribute class using the specified value as the name of the XML attribute.

屬性

AttributeName

取得或設定 XmlSerializer 產生之 XML 屬性的名稱。Gets or sets the name of the XML attribute generated by the XmlSerializer.

DataType

取得或設定 XmlSerializer 所產生之 SOAP 屬性的 XML 結構描述定義語言 (XSD) 資料型別。Gets or sets the XML Schema definition language (XSD) data type of the SOAP attribute generated by the XmlSerializer.

Namespace

取得或設定 XML 屬性的 XML 命名空間。Gets or sets the XML namespace of the XML attribute.

TypeId

在衍生類別中實作時,取得這個 Attribute 的唯一識別碼。When implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute.

(繼承來源 Attribute)

方法

Equals(Object)

傳回值,這個值指出此執行個體是否與指定的物件相等。Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object.

(繼承來源 Attribute)
GetHashCode()

傳回這個執行個體的雜湊碼。Returns the hash code for this instance.

(繼承來源 Attribute)
GetType()

取得目前執行個體的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(繼承來源 Object)
IsDefaultAttribute()

在衍生類別中覆寫時,表示這個執行個體的值是衍生類別的預設值。When overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class.

(繼承來源 Attribute)
Match(Object)

在衍生類別中覆寫時,會傳回值,表示這個執行個體是否等於指定物件。When overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object.

(繼承來源 Attribute)
MemberwiseClone()

建立目前 Object 的淺層複本 (Shallow Copy)。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(繼承來源 Object)
ToString()

傳回代表目前物件的字串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(繼承來源 Object)

明確介面實作

_Attribute.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

將一組名稱對應至一組對應的分派識別項 (Dispatch Identifier)。Maps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers.

(繼承來源 Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

擷取物件的類型資訊,可以用來取得介面的類型資訊。Retrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface.

(繼承來源 Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32)

擷取物件提供的類型資訊介面數目 (0 或 1)。Retrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1).

(繼承來源 Attribute)
_Attribute.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr)

提供物件所公開的屬性和方法的存取權。Provides access to properties and methods exposed by an object.

(繼承來源 Attribute)

適用於

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