XmlArrayItemAttribute 建構函式

定義

初始化 XmlArrayItemAttribute 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the XmlArrayItemAttribute class.

多載

XmlArrayItemAttribute()

初始化 XmlArrayItemAttribute 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the XmlArrayItemAttribute class.

XmlArrayItemAttribute(String)

初始化 XmlArrayItemAttribute 類別的新執行個體,指定 XML 文件中產生的 XML 項目名稱。Initializes a new instance of the XmlArrayItemAttribute class and specifies the name of the XML element generated in the XML document.

XmlArrayItemAttribute(Type)

初始化 XmlArrayItemAttribute 類別的新執行個體,指定可插入序列化陣列的 TypeInitializes a new instance of the XmlArrayItemAttribute class and specifies the Type that can be inserted into the serialized array.

XmlArrayItemAttribute(String, Type)

初始化 XmlArrayItemAttribute 類別的新執行個體,指定 XML 文件中產生的 XML 項目名稱,以及可插入所產生之 XML 文件的 TypeInitializes a new instance of the XmlArrayItemAttribute class and specifies the name of the XML element generated in the XML document and the Type that can be inserted into the generated XML document.

XmlArrayItemAttribute()

初始化 XmlArrayItemAttribute 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the XmlArrayItemAttribute class.

public:
 XmlArrayItemAttribute();
public XmlArrayItemAttribute ();
Public Sub New ()

範例

下列範例會序列化名為 Transportation 的類別,其中包含名為 MyVehicles 的欄位,這個欄位會傳回物件的陣列 VehicleThe following example serializes a class named Transportation that contains a field named MyVehicles that returns an array of Vehicle objects. 此範例會將套用 XmlArrayItemAttribute 至欄位,讓 XmlSerializer 能夠將 Car 衍生自類別的類別實例插入 Vehicle 陣列中。The example applies the XmlArrayItemAttribute to the field, allowing the XmlSerializer to insert instances of the Car class, which is derived from the Vehicle class, into the array.

#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;

public ref class Vehicle
{
public:
   String^ id;
};

public ref class Car: public Vehicle
{
public:
   String^ Maker;
};

public ref class Transportation
{
public:

   [XmlArrayItem,
   XmlArrayItem(Car::typeid,ElementName="Automobile")]
   array<Vehicle^>^MyVehicles;
};

void SerializeObject( String^ filename )
{
   // Creates an XmlSerializer for the Transportation class. 
   XmlSerializer^ MySerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( Transportation::typeid );

   // Writing the XML file to disk requires a TextWriter.
   TextWriter^ myTextWriter = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );

   // Creates the object to serialize.
   Transportation^ myTransportation = gcnew Transportation;

   // Creates objects to add to the array.
   Vehicle^ myVehicle = gcnew Vehicle;
   myVehicle->id = "A12345";
   Car^ myCar = gcnew Car;
   myCar->id = "Car 34";
   myCar->Maker = "FamousCarMaker";
   array<Vehicle^>^temp = {myVehicle,myCar};
   myTransportation->MyVehicles = temp;

   // Serializes the object, and closes the StreamWriter.
   MySerializer->Serialize( myTextWriter, myTransportation );
   myTextWriter->Close();
}

void DeserializeObject( String^ filename )
{
   // Creates an XmlSerializer instance.
   XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( Transportation::typeid );
   FileStream^ myFileStream = gcnew FileStream( filename,FileMode::Open );
   Transportation^ myTransportation = dynamic_cast<Transportation^>(mySerializer->Deserialize( myFileStream ));
   for ( int i = 0; i < myTransportation->MyVehicles->Length; i++ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( myTransportation->MyVehicles[ i ]->id );
   }
}

int main()
{
   SerializeObject( "XmlArrayItem1.xml" );
   DeserializeObject( "XmlArrayItem1.xml" );
}
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Serialization;

public class Vehicle
{
   public string id;
}
public class Car:Vehicle
{
   public string Maker;
}

public class Transportation
{
   [XmlArrayItem(),
   XmlArrayItem(typeof(Car), ElementName = "Automobile")]
   public Vehicle[] MyVehicles;
}

public class Run
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Run test = new Run();
      test.SerializeObject("XmlArrayItem1.xml");
      test.DeserializeObject("XmlArrayItem1.xml");
   }

   private void SerializeObject(string filename){
      // Creates an XmlSerializer for the Transportation class.
      XmlSerializer MySerializer = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Transportation));

      // Writing the XML file to disk requires a TextWriter.
      TextWriter myTextWriter = new StreamWriter(filename);

      // Creates the object to serialize.
      Transportation myTransportation = new Transportation();

      // Creates objects to add to the array.
      Vehicle myVehicle= new Vehicle() ;
      myVehicle.id = "A12345";

      Car myCar = new Car();
      myCar.id = "Car 34";
      myCar.Maker = "FamousCarMaker";

      myTransportation.MyVehicles =
      new Vehicle[2] {myVehicle, myCar};

      // Serializes the object, and closes the StreamWriter.
      MySerializer.Serialize(myTextWriter, myTransportation);
      myTextWriter.Close();
   }

   private void DeserializeObject(string filename)
   {
      // Creates an XmlSerializer instance.
      XmlSerializer mySerializer = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Transportation));
      FileStream myFileStream = new FileStream(filename,FileMode.Open);
      Transportation myTransportation =
      (Transportation) mySerializer.Deserialize(myFileStream);

      for(int i = 0; i < myTransportation.MyVehicles.Length;i++)
      {
         Console.WriteLine(myTransportation.MyVehicles[i].id);
      }
   }
 }
Option Explicit
Option Strict

Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Serialization


Public Class Vehicle
    Public id As String
End Class

Public Class Car
    Inherits Vehicle
    Public Maker As String
End Class

Public Class Transportation
    <XmlArrayItem(), _
     XmlArrayItem(GetType(Car), ElementName := "Automobile")> _
    Public MyVehicles() As Vehicle
End Class


Public Class Run
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim test As New Run()
        test.SerializeObject("XmlArrayItem1.xml")
        test.DeserializeObject("XmlArrayItem1.xml")
    End Sub
    
    
    Private Sub SerializeObject(ByVal filename As String)
        ' Creates an XmlSerializer for the Transportation class. 
        Dim MySerializer As New XmlSerializer(GetType(Transportation))
        
        ' Writing the XML file to disk requires a TextWriter.
        Dim myTextWriter As New StreamWriter(filename)
        
        ' Creates the object to serialize.
        Dim myTransportation As New Transportation()
        
        ' Creates objects to add to the array.
        Dim myVehicle As New Vehicle()
        myVehicle.id = "A12345"
        
        Dim myCar As New Car()
        myCar.id = "Car 34"
        myCar.Maker = "FamousCarMaker"
        
        myTransportation.MyVehicles = New Vehicle() {myVehicle, myCar}
        
        ' Serializes the object, and closes the StreamWriter.
        MySerializer.Serialize(myTextWriter, myTransportation)
        myTextWriter.Close()
    End Sub
    
    
    Private Sub DeserializeObject(ByVal filename As String)
        ' Create an XmlSerializer instance.
        Dim mySerializer As New XmlSerializer(GetType(Transportation))
        Dim myFileStream As New FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open)
        Dim myTransportation As Transportation = _
            CType(mySerializer.Deserialize(myFileStream), Transportation)
        
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myTransportation.MyVehicles.Length - 1
            Console.WriteLine(myTransportation.MyVehicles(i).id)
        Next i
    End Sub
End Class

XmlArrayItemAttribute(String)

初始化 XmlArrayItemAttribute 類別的新執行個體,指定 XML 文件中產生的 XML 項目名稱。Initializes a new instance of the XmlArrayItemAttribute class and specifies the name of the XML element generated in the XML document.

public:
 XmlArrayItemAttribute(System::String ^ elementName);
public XmlArrayItemAttribute (string elementName);
new System.Xml.Serialization.XmlArrayItemAttribute : string -> System.Xml.Serialization.XmlArrayItemAttribute
Public Sub New (elementName As String)

參數

elementName
String

XML 項目的名稱。The name of the XML element.

範例

下列範例會序列化名為 Transportation 的類別,其中包含名為 MyVehicles 的欄位,這個欄位會傳回物件的陣列 VehicleThe following example serializes a class named Transportation that contains a field named MyVehicles that returns an array of Vehicle objects. 此範例會將套用 XmlArrayItemAttribute 至欄位,讓 XmlSerializer 能夠將 Car 衍生自類別的類別實例插入 Vehicle 陣列中。The example applies the XmlArrayItemAttribute to the field, allowing the XmlSerializer to insert instances of the Car class, which is derived from the Vehicle class, into the array. 套用屬性時,此範例會 ElementName 使用參數來設定屬性 elementNameWhile applying the attribute, the example sets the ElementName property using the elementName parameter.

#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;

public ref class Vehicle
{
public:
   String^ id;
};

public ref class Car: public Vehicle
{
public:
   String^ Maker;
};

public ref class Transportation
{
public:

   [XmlArrayItem(ElementName="Transportation"),
   XmlArrayItem(Car::typeid,ElementName="Automobile")]
   array<Vehicle^>^MyVehicles;
};

void SerializeObject( String^ filename )
{
   // Creates an XmlSerializer for the Transportation class.
   XmlSerializer^ MySerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( Transportation::typeid );

   // Writing the XML file to disk requires a TextWriter.
   TextWriter^ myTextWriter = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );
   Transportation^ myTransportation = gcnew Transportation;
   Vehicle^ myVehicle = gcnew Vehicle;
   myVehicle->id = "A12345";
   Car^ myCar = gcnew Car;
   myCar->id = "Car 34";
   myCar->Maker = "FamousCarMaker";
   array<Vehicle^>^myVehicles = {myVehicle,myCar};
   myTransportation->MyVehicles = myVehicles;

   // Serializes the object, and closes the StreamWriter.
   MySerializer->Serialize( myTextWriter, myTransportation );
   myTextWriter->Close();
}

void DeserializeObject( String^ filename )
{
   // Creates the serializer with the type to deserialize.
   XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( Transportation::typeid );
   FileStream^ myFileStream = gcnew FileStream( filename,FileMode::Open );
   Transportation^ myTransportation = dynamic_cast<Transportation^>(mySerializer->Deserialize( myFileStream ));
   for ( int i = 0; i < myTransportation->MyVehicles->Length; i++ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( myTransportation->MyVehicles[ i ]->id );
   }
}

int main()
{
   SerializeObject( "XmlArrayItem2.xml" );
   DeserializeObject( "XmlArrayItem2.xml" );
}
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Serialization;

public class Vehicle
{
   public string id;
}
public class Car:Vehicle
{
   public string Maker;
}

public class Transportation
{
   [XmlArrayItem(ElementName = "Transportation"),
   XmlArrayItem(typeof(Car), ElementName = "Automobile")]
   public Vehicle[] MyVehicles;
}

public class Run
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Run test= new Run();
      test.SerializeObject("XmlArrayItem2.xml");
      test.DeserializeObject("XmlArrayItem2.xml");
   }

   private void SerializeObject(string filename)
   {
      // Creates an XmlSerializer for the Transportation class.
      XmlSerializer MySerializer =
      new XmlSerializer(typeof(Transportation));

      // Writing the XML file to disk requires a TextWriter.
      TextWriter myTextWriter = new StreamWriter(filename);

      Transportation myTransportation = new Transportation();

      Vehicle myVehicle= new Vehicle() ;
      myVehicle.id = "A12345";

      Car myCar = new Car();
      myCar.id = "Car 34";
      myCar.Maker = "FamousCarMaker";

      Vehicle [] myVehicles = {myVehicle, myCar};
      myTransportation.MyVehicles = myVehicles;

      // Serializes the object, and closes the StreamWriter.
      MySerializer.Serialize(myTextWriter, myTransportation);
      myTextWriter.Close();
   }

   private void DeserializeObject(string filename)
   {
      // Creates the serializer with the type to deserialize.
      XmlSerializer mySerializer =
      new XmlSerializer(typeof(Transportation));
      FileStream myFileStream = new FileStream(filename,FileMode.Open);
      Transportation myTransportation =
      (Transportation) mySerializer.Deserialize(myFileStream);

      for(int i = 0;i < myTransportation.MyVehicles.Length;i++)
      {
         Console.WriteLine(myTransportation.MyVehicles[i].id);
      }
   }
}

Option Explicit
Option Strict

Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Serialization


Public Class Vehicle
    Public id As String
End Class

Public Class Car
    Inherits Vehicle
    Public Maker As String
End Class

Public Class Transportation
    <XmlArrayItem(ElementName := "Transportation"), _
     XmlArrayItem(GetType(Car), ElementName := "Automobile")> _
    Public MyVehicles() As Vehicle
End Class

Public Class Run
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim test As New Run()
        test.SerializeObject("XmlArrayItem2.xml")
        test.DeserializeObject("XmlArrayItem2.xml")
    End Sub    
    
    Private Sub SerializeObject(ByVal filename As String)
        ' Creates an XmlSerializer for the Transportation class.
        Dim MySerializer As New XmlSerializer(GetType(Transportation))
        
        ' Writing the XML file to disk requires a TextWriter.
        Dim myTextWriter As New StreamWriter(filename)
        
        Dim myTransportation As New Transportation()
        
        Dim myVehicle As New Vehicle()
        myVehicle.id = "A12345"
        
        Dim myCar As New Car()
        myCar.id = "Car 34"
        myCar.Maker = "FamousCarMaker"
        
        Dim myVehicles() As Vehicle = {myVehicle, myCar}
        myTransportation.MyVehicles = myVehicles
        
        ' Serializes the object, and closes the StreamWriter.
        MySerializer.Serialize(myTextWriter, myTransportation)
        myTextWriter.Close()
    End Sub
        
    Private Sub DeserializeObject(ByVal filename As String)
        ' Create the serializer with the type to deserialize.
        Dim mySerializer As New XmlSerializer(GetType(Transportation))
        Dim myFileStream As New FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open)
        Dim myTransportation As Transportation = _
            CType(mySerializer.Deserialize(myFileStream), Transportation)
        
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myTransportation.MyVehicles.Length - 1
            Console.WriteLine(myTransportation.MyVehicles(i).id)
        Next i
    End Sub
End Class

備註

這個多載會設定 ElementName 屬性。This overload sets the ElementName property.

如果您想要產生的 XML 專案名稱與成員的識別碼不同,請使用此多載。Use this overload if you want the name of the generated XML element to differ from the member's identifier.

包含命名空間的 XML 檔可以包含一個以上的專案名稱版本。An XML document that includes namespaces can contain more than one version of an element name. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 ElementName 屬性。For details, see the ElementName property.

XmlArrayItemAttribute(Type)

初始化 XmlArrayItemAttribute 類別的新執行個體,指定可插入序列化陣列的 TypeInitializes a new instance of the XmlArrayItemAttribute class and specifies the Type that can be inserted into the serialized array.

public:
 XmlArrayItemAttribute(Type ^ type);
public XmlArrayItemAttribute (Type type);
new System.Xml.Serialization.XmlArrayItemAttribute : Type -> System.Xml.Serialization.XmlArrayItemAttribute
Public Sub New (type As Type)

參數

type
Type

要序列化的物件的 TypeThe Type of the object to serialize.

範例

下列範例會序列化名為 Transportation 的類別,其中包含名為 MyVehicles 的欄位,這個欄位會傳回物件的陣列 VehicleThe following example serializes a class named Transportation that contains a field named MyVehicles that returns an array of Vehicle objects. 此範例會將套用 XmlArrayItemAttribute 至欄位,讓 XmlSerializer 能夠將 Car 衍生自類別的類別實例插入 Vehicle 陣列中。The example applies the XmlArrayItemAttribute to the field, allowing the XmlSerializer to insert instances of the Car class, which is derived from the Vehicle class, into the array. 套用屬性時,此範例會 Type 使用參數來設定屬性 typeWhile applying the attribute, the example sets the Type property using the type parameter.

#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;

public ref class Vehicle
{
public:
   String^ id;
};

public ref class Car: public Vehicle
{
public:
   String^ Maker;
};

public ref class Transportation
{
public:

   [XmlArrayItem(Vehicle::typeid),
   XmlArrayItem(Car::typeid)]
   array<Vehicle^>^MyVehicles;
};

void SerializeObject( String^ filename )
{
   // Creates an XmlSerializer. 
   XmlSerializer^ MySerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( Transportation::typeid );

   // Writing the XML file to disk requires a TextWriter.
   TextWriter^ myTextWriter = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );
   Transportation^ myTransportation = gcnew Transportation;
   Vehicle^ myVehicle = gcnew Vehicle;
   myVehicle->id = "A12345";
   Car^ myCar = gcnew Car;
   myCar->id = "Car 34";
   myCar->Maker = "FamousCarMaker";
   array<Vehicle^>^myVehicles = {myVehicle,myCar};
   myTransportation->MyVehicles = myVehicles;

   // Serializes the object, and closes the StreamWriter.
   MySerializer->Serialize( myTextWriter, myTransportation );
   myTextWriter->Close();
}

void DeserializeObject( String^ filename )
{
   // Creates the serializer with the type to deserialize.
   XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( Transportation::typeid );
   FileStream^ myFileStream = gcnew FileStream( filename,FileMode::Open );
   Transportation^ myTransportation = dynamic_cast<Transportation^>(mySerializer->Deserialize( myFileStream ));
   for ( int i = 0; i < myTransportation->MyVehicles->Length; i++ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( myTransportation->MyVehicles[ i ]->id );
   }
}

int main()
{
   SerializeObject( "XmlArrayItem3.xml" );
   DeserializeObject( "XmlArrayItem3.xml" );
}
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Serialization;

public class Vehicle
{
   public string id;
}
public class Car:Vehicle
{
   public string Maker;
}

public class Transportation
{
   [XmlArrayItem(typeof(Vehicle)),
   XmlArrayItem(typeof(Car))]
   public Vehicle[] MyVehicles;
}

public class Run
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Run test= new Run();
      test.SerializeObject("XmlArrayItem3.xml");
      test.DeserializeObject("XmlArrayItem3.xml");
   }

   private void SerializeObject(string filename)
   {
       // Creates an XmlSerializer.
      XmlSerializer MySerializer =
      new XmlSerializer(typeof(Transportation));

      // Writing the XML file to disk requires a TextWriter.
      TextWriter myTextWriter = new StreamWriter(filename);

      Transportation myTransportation = new Transportation();

      Vehicle myVehicle= new Vehicle() ;
      myVehicle.id = "A12345";

      Car myCar = new Car();
      myCar.id = "Car 34";
      myCar.Maker = "FamousCarMaker";

      Vehicle [] myVehicles = {myVehicle, myCar};
      myTransportation.MyVehicles = myVehicles;

      // Serializes the object, and closes the StreamWriter.
      MySerializer.Serialize(myTextWriter, myTransportation);
      myTextWriter.Close();
   }

   private void DeserializeObject(string filename)
   {
      // Creates the serializer with the type to deserialize.
      XmlSerializer mySerializer =
      new XmlSerializer(typeof(Transportation));
      FileStream myFileStream = new FileStream(filename,FileMode.Open);
      Transportation myTransportation =
      (Transportation) mySerializer.Deserialize(myFileStream);

      for(int i = 0;i < myTransportation.MyVehicles.Length;i++)
      {
         Console.WriteLine(myTransportation.MyVehicles[i].id);
      }
   }
}

Option Explicit
Option Strict

Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Serialization


Public Class Vehicle
    Public id As String
End Class

Public Class Car
    Inherits Vehicle
    Public Maker As String
End Class

Public Class Transportation
    <XmlArrayItem(GetType(Vehicle)), _
     XmlArrayItem(GetType(Car))> _
    Public MyVehicles() As Vehicle
End Class


Public Class Run
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim test As New Run()
        test.SerializeObject("XmlArrayItem3.xml")
        test.DeserializeObject("XmlArrayItem3.xml")
    End Sub    
    
    Private Sub SerializeObject(ByVal filename As String)
        ' Creates an XmlSerializer object. 
        Dim MySerializer As New XmlSerializer(GetType(Transportation))
        
        ' Writing the XML file to disk requires a TextWriter.
        Dim myTextWriter As New StreamWriter(filename)
        
        Dim myTransportation As New Transportation()
        
        Dim myVehicle As New Vehicle()
        myVehicle.id = "A12345"
        
        Dim myCar As New Car()
        myCar.id = "Car 34"
        myCar.Maker = "FamousCarMaker"
        
        Dim myVehicles() As Vehicle =  {myVehicle, myCar}
        myTransportation.MyVehicles = myVehicles
        
        ' Serializes the object, and closes the StreamWriter.
        MySerializer.Serialize(myTextWriter, myTransportation)
        myTextWriter.Close()
    End Sub    
    
    Private Sub DeserializeObject(ByVal filename As String)
        ' Creates the serializer with the type to deserialize.
        Dim mySerializer As New XmlSerializer(GetType(Transportation))
        Dim myFileStream As New FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open)
        Dim myTransportation As Transportation = _
            CType(mySerializer.Deserialize(myFileStream), Transportation)
        
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myTransportation.MyVehicles.Length - 1
            Console.WriteLine(myTransportation.MyVehicles(i).id)
        Next i
    End Sub
End Class

XmlArrayItemAttribute(String, Type)

初始化 XmlArrayItemAttribute 類別的新執行個體,指定 XML 文件中產生的 XML 項目名稱,以及可插入所產生之 XML 文件的 TypeInitializes a new instance of the XmlArrayItemAttribute class and specifies the name of the XML element generated in the XML document and the Type that can be inserted into the generated XML document.

public:
 XmlArrayItemAttribute(System::String ^ elementName, Type ^ type);
public XmlArrayItemAttribute (string elementName, Type type);
new System.Xml.Serialization.XmlArrayItemAttribute : string * Type -> System.Xml.Serialization.XmlArrayItemAttribute
Public Sub New (elementName As String, type As Type)

參數

elementName
String

XML 項目的名稱。The name of the XML element.

type
Type

要序列化的物件的 TypeThe Type of the object to serialize.

範例

下列範例會序列化名為 Transportation 的類別,其中包含名為 MyVehicles 的欄位,這個欄位會傳回物件的陣列 VehicleThe following example serializes a class named Transportation that contains a field named MyVehicles that returns an array of Vehicle objects. 此範例會將套用 XmlArrayItemAttribute 至欄位,讓 XmlSerializer 能夠將 Car 衍生自類別的類別實例插入 Vehicle 陣列中。The example applies the XmlArrayItemAttribute to the field, allowing the XmlSerializer to insert instances of the Car class, which is derived from the Vehicle class, into the array. 套用屬性時,範例會 ElementName 使用參數來設定屬性 elementName ,並 Type 使用 type 參數來設定屬性。While applying the attribute, the example sets the ElementName property using the elementName parameter, and the Type property using the type parameter.

#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;

public ref class Vehicle
{
public:
   String^ id;
};

public ref class Car: public Vehicle
{
public:
   String^ Maker;
};

public ref class Transportation
{
public:

   [XmlArray]
   [XmlArrayItem("Transport",Vehicle::typeid),
   XmlArrayItem("Automobile",Car::typeid)]
   array<Vehicle^>^MyVehicles;
};

void SerializeObject( String^ filename )
{
   // Creates an XmlSerializer for the Transportation class.
   XmlSerializer^ MySerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( Transportation::typeid );

   // Writing the XML file to disk requires a TextWriter.
   TextWriter^ myTextWriter = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );
   Transportation^ myTransportation = gcnew Transportation;
   Vehicle^ myVehicle = gcnew Vehicle;
   myVehicle->id = "A12345";
   Car^ myCar = gcnew Car;
   myCar->id = "Car 34";
   myCar->Maker = "FamousCarMaker";
   array<Vehicle^>^myVehicles = {myVehicle,myCar};
   myTransportation->MyVehicles = myVehicles;

   // Serializes the object, and closes the StreamWriter.
   MySerializer->Serialize( myTextWriter, myTransportation );
   myTextWriter->Close();
}

void DeserializeObject( String^ filename )
{
   // Creates an XmlSerializer.
   XmlSerializer^ mySerializer = gcnew XmlSerializer( Transportation::typeid );
   FileStream^ myFileStream = gcnew FileStream( filename,FileMode::Open );
   Transportation^ myTransportation = dynamic_cast<Transportation^>(mySerializer->Deserialize( myFileStream ));
   for ( int i = 0; i < myTransportation->MyVehicles->Length; i++ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( myTransportation->MyVehicles[ i ]->id );
   }
}

int main()
{
   SerializeObject( "XmlArrayItem4.xml" );
   DeserializeObject( "XmlArrayItem4.xml" );
}
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Serialization;

public class Vehicle
{
   public string id;
}
public class Car:Vehicle
{
   public string Maker;
}

public class Transportation
{
   [XmlArray]
   [XmlArrayItem("Transport", typeof(Vehicle)),
   XmlArrayItem("Automobile", typeof(Car))]
   public Vehicle[] MyVehicles;
}

public class Run
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Run test= new Run();
      test.SerializeObject("XmlArrayItem4.xml");
      test.DeserializeObject("XmlArrayItem4.xml");
   }

   private void SerializeObject(string filename)
   {
       // Creates an XmlSerializer for the Transportation class.
      XmlSerializer MySerializer =
      new XmlSerializer(typeof(Transportation));

      // Writing the XML file to disk requires a TextWriter.
      TextWriter myTextWriter = new StreamWriter(filename);

      Transportation myTransportation = new Transportation();

      Vehicle myVehicle= new Vehicle() ;
      myVehicle.id = "A12345";

      Car myCar = new Car();
      myCar.id = "Car 34";
      myCar.Maker = "FamousCarMaker";

      Vehicle [] myVehicles = {myVehicle, myCar};
      myTransportation.MyVehicles = myVehicles;

      // Serializes the object, and closes the StreamWriter.
      MySerializer.Serialize(myTextWriter, myTransportation);
      myTextWriter.Close();
   }

   private void DeserializeObject(string filename)
   {
      // Creates an XmlSerializer.
      XmlSerializer mySerializer =
      new XmlSerializer(typeof(Transportation));
      FileStream myFileStream = new FileStream(filename,FileMode.Open);
      Transportation myTransportation =
      (Transportation) mySerializer.Deserialize(myFileStream);

      for(int i = 0;i < myTransportation.MyVehicles.Length;i++)
      {
         Console.WriteLine(myTransportation.MyVehicles[i].id);
      }
   }
}

Option Explicit
Option Strict

Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Serialization


Public Class Vehicle
    Public id As String
End Class

Public Class Car
    Inherits Vehicle
    Public Maker As String
End Class

Public Class Transportation
    <XmlArray(), _
     XmlArrayItem("Transport", GetType(Vehicle)), _
     XmlArrayItem("Automobile", GetType(Car))> _
    Public MyVehicles() As Vehicle
End Class


Public Class Run
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim test As New Run()
        test.SerializeObject("XmlArrayItem4.xml")
        test.DeserializeObject("XmlArrayItem4.xml")
    End Sub    
    
    Private Sub SerializeObject(ByVal filename As String)
        ' Creates an XmlSerializer for the Transportation class.
        Dim MySerializer As New XmlSerializer(GetType(Transportation))
        
        ' Writing the XML file to disk requires a TextWriter.
        Dim myTextWriter As New StreamWriter(filename)
        
        Dim myTransportation As New Transportation()
        
        Dim myVehicle As New Vehicle()
        myVehicle.id = "A12345"
        
        Dim myCar As New Car()
        myCar.id = "Car 34"
        myCar.Maker = "FamousCarMaker"
        
        Dim myVehicles() As Vehicle =  {myVehicle, myCar}
        myTransportation.MyVehicles = myVehicles
        
        ' Serializes the object, and closes the StreamWriter.
        MySerializer.Serialize(myTextWriter, myTransportation)
        myTextWriter.Close()
    End Sub    
    
    Private Sub DeserializeObject(ByVal filename As String)
        ' Creates an XmlSerializer.
        Dim mySerializer As New XmlSerializer(GetType(Transportation))
        Dim myFileStream As New FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open)
        Dim myTransportation As Transportation = _
            CType(mySerializer.Deserialize(myFileStream), Transportation)
        
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myTransportation.MyVehicles.Length - 1
            Console.WriteLine(myTransportation.MyVehicles(i).id)
        Next i
    End Sub
End Class

備註

這個多載會設定 ElementNameType 屬性。This overload sets the ElementName and the Type properties.

如果您想要產生的 XML 專案名稱與成員的識別碼不同,請使用此多載。Use this overload if you want the name of the generated XML element to differ from the member's identifier.

包含命名空間的 XML 檔可以包含一個以上的專案名稱版本。An XML document that includes namespaces can contain more than one version of an element name. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 ElementName 屬性。For details, see the ElementName property.

適用於