XmlTextAttribute 類別

定義

表示 XmlSerializer 在序列化或還原序列化包含它的類別之後,應該將成員視為 XML 文字。Indicates to the XmlSerializer that the member must be treated as XML text when the class that contains it is serialized or deserialized.

public ref class XmlTextAttribute : Attribute
[System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Field | System.AttributeTargets.Parameter | System.AttributeTargets.Property | System.AttributeTargets.ReturnValue)]
public class XmlTextAttribute : Attribute
type XmlTextAttribute = class
    inherit Attribute
Public Class XmlTextAttribute
Inherits Attribute
繼承
XmlTextAttribute
屬性

範例

#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;
using namespace System::IO;

public ref class Group1
{
public:

   // The XmlTextAttribute with type set to string informs the 
   // XmlSerializer that strings should be serialized as XML text.

   [XmlText(String::typeid)]
   [XmlElement(Int32::typeid)]
   [XmlElement(Double::typeid)]
   array<Object^>^All;
   Group1()
   {
      array<Object^>^temp = {321,"One",2,3.0,"Two"};
      All = temp;
   }
};

public enum class GroupType
{
   Small, Medium, Large
};

public ref class Group2
{
public:

   [XmlText(Type=GroupType::typeid)]
   GroupType Type;
};

public ref class Group3
{
public:

   [XmlText(Type=DateTime::typeid)]
   DateTime CreationTime;
   Group3()
   {
      CreationTime = DateTime::Now;
   }
};

public ref class Test
{
public:
   static void main()
   {
      Test^ t = gcnew Test;
      t->SerializeArray( "XmlText1.xml" );
      t->SerializeEnum( "XmlText2.xml" );
      t->SerializeDateTime( "XmlText3.xml" );
   }

private:
   void SerializeArray( String^ filename )
   {
      XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( Group1::typeid );
      Group1^ myGroup1 = gcnew Group1;
      TextWriter^ writer = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );
      ser->Serialize( writer, myGroup1 );
      writer->Close();
   }

   void SerializeEnum( String^ filename )
   {
      XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( Group2::typeid );
      Group2^ myGroup = gcnew Group2;
      myGroup->Type = GroupType::Medium;
      TextWriter^ writer = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );
      ser->Serialize( writer, myGroup );
      writer->Close();
   }

   void SerializeDateTime( String^ filename )
   {
      XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( Group3::typeid );
      Group3^ myGroup = gcnew Group3;
      TextWriter^ writer = gcnew StreamWriter( filename );
      ser->Serialize( writer, myGroup );
      writer->Close();
   }
};

int main()
{
   Test::main();
}
using System;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.IO;

public class Group1{
   // The XmlTextAttribute with type set to string informs the 
   // XmlSerializer that strings should be serialized as XML text.
   [XmlText(typeof(string))]
   [XmlElement(typeof(int))]  
   [XmlElement(typeof(double))]
   public object [] All= new object []{321, "One", 2, 3.0, "Two" };
}

public class Group2{
   [XmlText(Type = typeof(GroupType))]
   public GroupType Type;
}
public enum GroupType{
   Small,
   Medium,
   Large
}

public class Group3{
   [XmlText(Type=typeof(DateTime))]
   public DateTime CreationTime = DateTime.Now;
}

public class Test{
   static void Main(){
      Test t = new Test();
      t.SerializeArray("XmlText1.xml");
      t.SerializeEnum("XmlText2.xml");
      t.SerializeDateTime("XmlText3.xml");
   }

   private void SerializeArray(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group1));
      Group1 myGroup1 = new Group1();

      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup1);
      writer.Close();
   }

   private void SerializeEnum(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group2));
      Group2 myGroup = new Group2();
      myGroup.Type = GroupType.Medium;
      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup);
      writer.Close();
   }

   private void SerializeDateTime(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group3));
      Group3 myGroup = new Group3();
      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup);
      writer.Close();
   }   
}
Imports System.Xml.Serialization
Imports System.IO


Public Class Group1
   ' The XmlTextAttribute with type set to String informs the 
   ' XmlSerializer that strings should be serialized as XML text.
   <XmlText(GetType(String)), _
   XmlElement(GetType(integer)), _  
   XmlElement(GetType(double))> _
   public All () As Object = _
   New Object (){321, "One", 2, 3.0, "Two" }
End Class


Public Class Group2
   <XmlText(GetType(GroupType))> _
   public Type As GroupType 
End Class

Public Enum GroupType
   Small
   Medium
   Large
End Enum

Public Class Group3
   <XmlText(GetType(DateTime))> _
   Public CreationTime As DateTime = DateTime.Now
End Class

Public Class Test
   Shared Sub Main()
      Dim t As Test = New Test()
      t.SerializeArray("XmlText1.xml")
      t.SerializeEnum("XmlText2.xml")
      t.SerializeDateTime("XmlText3.xml")
   End Sub

   Private Sub SerializeArray(filename As String)
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer = New XmlSerializer(GetType(Group1))
      Dim myGroup1 As Group1 = New Group1()

      Dim writer As TextWriter = New StreamWriter(filename)

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup1)
      writer.Close()
   End Sub

   Private Sub SerializeEnum(filename As String)
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer = New XmlSerializer(GetType(Group2))
      Dim myGroup As Group2 = New Group2()
      myGroup.Type = GroupType.Medium
      Dim writer As TextWriter = New StreamWriter(filename)

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup)
      writer.Close()
   End Sub

   Private Sub SerializeDateTime(filename As String)
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer = new XmlSerializer(GetType(Group3))
      Dim myGroup As Group3 = new Group3()
      Dim writer As TextWriter = new StreamWriter(filename)

      ser.Serialize(writer, myGroup)
      writer.Close()
   End Sub
End Class

備註

XmlTextAttribute 屬於一系列屬性,可控制 XmlSerializer 如何序列化和還原序列化物件(透過其 SerializeDeserialize 方法)。The XmlTextAttribute belongs to a family of attributes that controls how the XmlSerializer serializes and deserializes an object (through its Serialize and Deserialize methods). 如需類似屬性的完整清單,請參閱控制 XML 序列化的屬性For a complete list of similar attributes, see Attributes That Control XML Serialization.

只有一個 XmlTextAttribute 類別的實例可以套用至類別。Only one instance of the XmlTextAttribute class can be applied in a class.

您可以將 XmlTextAttribute 套用至公用欄位,以及會傳回基本和列舉類型的公用讀取/寫入屬性。You can apply the XmlTextAttribute to public fields and public read/write properties that return primitive and enumeration types.

您可以將 XmlTextAttribute 套用至傳回字串陣列的欄位或屬性。You can apply the XmlTextAttribute to a field or property that returns an array of strings. 您也可以將屬性(attribute)套用至 Object 類型的陣列,但您必須將 Type 屬性設定為 string。You can also apply the attribute to an array of type Object but you must set the Type property to string. 在此情況下,插入陣列中的任何字串都會序列化為 XML 文字。In that case, any strings inserted into the array are serialized as XML text.

XmlTextAttribute 也可以套用至傳回 XmlNode 的欄位或 XmlNode 物件的陣列。The XmlTextAttribute can also be applied to a field that returns an XmlNode or an array of XmlNode objects.

根據預設,XmlSerializer 會將類別成員序列化為 XML 元素。By default, the XmlSerializer serializes a class member as an XML element. 不過,如果您將 XmlTextAttribute 套用至成員,則 XmlSerializer 會將其值轉譯為 XML 文字。However, if you apply the XmlTextAttribute to a member, the XmlSerializer translates its value into XML text. 這表示值會編碼為 XML 元素的內容。This means that the value is encoded into the content of an XML element.

從 XML 架構定義(XSD)檔案建立類別時, Xml 架構定義工具(xsd.exe)偶爾會產生 XmlTextAttributeThe XML Schema Definition Tool (Xsd.exe) occasionally generates the XmlTextAttribute when creating classes from an XML Schema definition (XSD) file. 當架構包含混合內容的 complexType 時,就會發生這種情況;在此情況下,對應的類別會包含一個成員,以傳回套用 XmlTextAttribute 的字串陣列。This occurs when the schema contains a complexType with mixed content; in that case, the corresponding class contains a member that returns a string array to which the XmlTextAttribute is applied. 例如,當 Xml Schema Definition 工具處理此架構時:For example, when the Xml Schema Definition tool processes this schema:

<xs:schema attributeFormDefault="qualified" elementFormDefault="qualified" targetNamespace=""   
xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">  
  <xs:element name="LinkList" type="LinkList" />  
  <xs:complexType name="LinkList" mixed="true">  
    <xs:sequence>  
      <xs:element minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1" name="id" type="xs:int" />  
      <xs:element minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1" name="name" type="xs:string" />  
      <xs:element minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1" name="next" type="LinkList" />  
    </xs:sequence>  
  </xs:complexType>  
</xs:schema>  

會產生下列類別(已移除額外的空格和備註):the following class is generated (extra spaces and remarks have been removed):

[System.CodeDom.Compiler.GeneratedCodeAttribute("xsd", "2.0.50727.42")]
[System.SerializableAttribute()]
[System.Diagnostics.DebuggerStepThroughAttribute()]
[System.ComponentModel.DesignerCategoryAttribute("code")]
[System.Xml.Serialization.XmlRootAttribute(Namespace = "", IsNullable = false)]
public partial class LinkList
{

    private int idField;
    private string nameField;
    private LinkList nextField;
    private string[] textField;

    public int id
    {
        get
        {
            return this.idField;
        }
        set
        {
            this.idField = value;
        }
    }

    public string name
    {
        get
        {
            return this.nameField;
        }
        set
        {
            this.nameField = value;
        }
    }

    public LinkList next
    {
        get
        {
            return this.nextField;
        }
        set
        {
            this.nextField = value;
        }
    }

    [System.Xml.Serialization.XmlTextAttribute()]
    public string[] Text
    {
        get
        {
            return this.textField;
        }
        set
        {
            this.textField = value;
        }
    }
}
<System.CodeDom.Compiler.GeneratedCodeAttribute("xsd", "2.0.50727.42"), _
 System.SerializableAttribute(), _
 System.Diagnostics.DebuggerStepThroughAttribute(), _
 System.ComponentModel.DesignerCategoryAttribute("code"), _
 System.Xml.Serialization.XmlRootAttribute([Namespace]:="", IsNullable:=False)> _
Partial Public Class LinkList
    Private idField As Integer
    Private nameField As String
    Private nextField As LinkList
    Private textField() As String
    Public Property id() As Integer
        Get
            Return Me.idField
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            Me.idField = value
        End Set
    End Property
    Public Property name() As String
        Get
            Return Me.nameField
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            Me.nameField = value
        End Set
    End Property
    Public Property [next]() As LinkList
        Get
            Return Me.nextField
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As LinkList)
            Me.nextField = value
        End Set
    End Property
    <System.Xml.Serialization.XmlTextAttribute()> _
    Public Property Text() As String()
        Get
            Return Me.textField
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String())
            Me.textField = value
        End Set
    End Property
End Class

如需使用屬性的詳細資訊,請參閱屬性For more information about using attributes, see Attributes.

注意

您可以使用程式碼中的文字 XmlText,而不是較長的 XmlTextAttributeYou can use the word XmlText in your code instead of the longer XmlTextAttribute.

建構函式

XmlTextAttribute()

初始化 XmlTextAttribute 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the XmlTextAttribute class.

XmlTextAttribute(Type)

初始化 XmlTextAttribute 類別的新執行個體。Initializes a new instance of the XmlTextAttribute class.

屬性

DataType

取得或設定 XmlSerializer 所產生之文字的XML 結構描述定義語言 (XSD) 資料型別。Gets or sets the XML Schema definition language (XSD) data type of the text generated by the XmlSerializer.

Type

取得或設定成員的型別。Gets or sets the type of the member.

TypeId

在衍生類別中實作時,取得這個 Attribute 的唯一識別碼。When implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute.

(繼承來源 Attribute)

方法

Equals(Object)

傳回值,這個值指出此執行個體是否與指定的物件相等。Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object.

(繼承來源 Attribute)
GetHashCode()

傳回這個執行個體的雜湊碼。Returns the hash code for this instance.

(繼承來源 Attribute)
GetType()

取得目前執行個體的 TypeGets the Type of the current instance.

(繼承來源 Object)
IsDefaultAttribute()

在衍生類別中覆寫時,表示這個執行個體的值是衍生類別的預設值。When overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class.

(繼承來源 Attribute)
Match(Object)

在衍生類別中覆寫時,會傳回值,表示這個執行個體是否等於指定物件。When overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object.

(繼承來源 Attribute)
MemberwiseClone()

建立目前 Object 的淺層複本 (Shallow Copy)。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(繼承來源 Object)
ToString()

傳回代表目前物件的字串。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(繼承來源 Object)

明確介面實作

_Attribute.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

將一組名稱對應至一組對應的分派識別項 (Dispatch Identifier)。Maps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers.

(繼承來源 Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

擷取物件的類型資訊,可以用來取得介面的類型資訊。Retrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface.

(繼承來源 Attribute)
_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32)

擷取物件提供的類型資訊介面數目 (0 或 1)。Retrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1).

(繼承來源 Attribute)
_Attribute.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr)

提供物件所公開的屬性和方法的存取權。Provides access to properties and methods exposed by an object.

(繼承來源 Attribute)

適用於

另請參閱