作法:偵測和解決發生衝突的提交內容How to: Detect and Resolve Conflicting Submissions

LINQ to SQLLINQ to SQL 提供了許多資源,以便偵測和解決多位使用者變更資料庫所造成的衝突。provides many resources for detecting and resolving conflicts that stem from multi-user changes to the database. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱如何:管理變更衝突For more information, see How to: Manage Change Conflicts.

範例Example

下列try範例顯示/ ChangeConflictException攔截例外狀況的區塊。catchThe following example shows a try/catch block that catches a ChangeConflictException exception. 主控台視窗中會顯示每個衝突的實體和成員資訊。Entity and member information for each conflict is displayed in the console window.

注意

您必須納入 using System.Reflection 指示詞 (在 Visual Basic 中為 Imports System.Reflection),才能支援資訊擷取。You must include the using System.Reflection directive (Imports System.Reflection in Visual Basic) to support the information retrieval. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 System.ReflectionFor more information, see System.Reflection.

// using System.Reflection;
Northwnd db = new Northwnd(@"c:\northwnd.mdf");

Customer newCust = new Customer();
newCust.City = "Auburn";
newCust.CustomerID = "AUBUR";
newCust.CompanyName = "AubCo";
db.Customers.InsertOnSubmit(newCust);

try
{
    db.SubmitChanges(ConflictMode.ContinueOnConflict);
}
catch (ChangeConflictException e)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Optimistic concurrency error.");
    Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
    Console.ReadLine();
    foreach (ObjectChangeConflict occ in db.ChangeConflicts)
    {
        MetaTable metatable = db.Mapping.GetTable(occ.Object.GetType());
        Customer entityInConflict = (Customer)occ.Object;
        Console.WriteLine("Table name: {0}", metatable.TableName);
        Console.Write("Customer ID: ");
        Console.WriteLine(entityInConflict.CustomerID);
        foreach (MemberChangeConflict mcc in occ.MemberConflicts)
        {
            object currVal = mcc.CurrentValue;
            object origVal = mcc.OriginalValue;
            object databaseVal = mcc.DatabaseValue;
            MemberInfo mi = mcc.Member;
            Console.WriteLine("Member: {0}", mi.Name);
            Console.WriteLine("current value: {0}", currVal);
            Console.WriteLine("original value: {0}", origVal);
            Console.WriteLine("database value: {0}", databaseVal);
        }
    }
}
catch (Exception ee)
{
    // Catch other exceptions.
    Console.WriteLine(ee.Message);
}
finally
{
    Console.WriteLine("TryCatch block has finished.");
}
' Imports System.Reflection

Dim newCust As New Customer()
newCust.City = "Auburn"
newCust.CustomerID = "AUBUR"
newCust.CompanyName = "AubCo"
db.Customers.InsertOnSubmit(newCust)

Try
    db.SubmitChanges(ConflictMode.ContinueOnConflict)

Catch e As ChangeConflictException
    Console.WriteLine("Optimistic concurrency error.")
    Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
    Console.ReadLine()
    For Each occ In db.ChangeConflicts

        Dim metatable As MetaTable = db.Mapping.GetTable(occ.Object.GetType())
        Dim entityInConflict = CType(occ.Object, Customer)
        Console.WriteLine("Table name: {0}", metatable.TableName)
        Console.Write("Customer ID: ")
        Console.WriteLine(entityInConflict.CustomerID)
        For Each mcc In occ.MemberConflicts

            Dim currVal = mcc.CurrentValue
            Dim origVal = mcc.OriginalValue
            Dim databaseVal = mcc.DatabaseValue
            Dim mi = mcc.Member
            Console.WriteLine("Member: {0}", mi.Name)
            Console.WriteLine("current value: {0}", currVal)
            Console.WriteLine("original value: {0}", origVal)
            Console.WriteLine("database value: {0}", databaseVal)
        Next
    Next

Catch ee As Exception
    ' Catch other exceptions.
    Console.WriteLine(ee.Message)
Finally
    Console.WriteLine("TryCatch block has finished.")
End Try

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