作法:不使用分鏡腳本而建立屬性的動畫How to: Animate a Property Without Using a Storyboard

這個範例示範將動畫套用至屬性的一種方式, 而不Storyboard使用。This example shows one way to apply an animation to a property without using a Storyboard.

注意

Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML)Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML) 中無法使用此功能。This functionality is not available in Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML)Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML). 如需以動畫顯示 XAMLXAML 中屬性的詳細資訊,請參閱使用分鏡腳本建立屬性的動畫For information about animating a property in XAMLXAML, see Animate a Property by Using a Storyboard.

若要將本機動畫套用至屬性, 請使用BeginAnimation方法。To apply a local animation to a property, use the BeginAnimation method. 這個方法會採用兩個參數DependencyProperty :, 指定要建立動畫的屬性, 以及要套用至該屬性的動畫。This method takes two parameters: a DependencyProperty that specifies the property to animate, and the animation to apply to that property.

範例Example

下列範例示範如何以動畫顯示的寬度和背景色彩ButtonThe following example shows how to animate the width and background color of a Button.

/*

   This sample demonstrates how to apply non-storyboard animations to a property.
   To animate in markup, you must use storyboards.

*/

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Windows;
using namespace System::Windows::Navigation;
using namespace System::Windows::Media;
using namespace System::Windows::Media::Animation;
using namespace System::Windows::Shapes;
using namespace System::Windows::Controls;


namespace Microsoft {
   namespace Samples {
      namespace Animation {
         namespace LocalAnimations {
            // Create the demonstration.
            public ref class LocalAnimationExample : Page {

            public: 
               LocalAnimationExample ()
               {
                  WindowTitle = "Local Animation Example";
                  StackPanel^ myStackPanel = gcnew StackPanel();
                  myStackPanel->Margin = Thickness(20);

                  // Create and set the Button.
                  Button^ aButton = gcnew Button();
                  aButton->Content = "A Button";

                  // Animate the Button's Width.
                  DoubleAnimation^ myDoubleAnimation = gcnew DoubleAnimation();
                  myDoubleAnimation->From = 75;
                  myDoubleAnimation->To = 300;
                  myDoubleAnimation->Duration = Duration(TimeSpan::FromSeconds(5));
                  myDoubleAnimation->AutoReverse = true;
                  myDoubleAnimation->RepeatBehavior = RepeatBehavior::Forever;

                  // Apply the animation to the button's Width property.
                  aButton->BeginAnimation(Button::WidthProperty, myDoubleAnimation);

                  // Create and animate a Brush to set the button's Background.
                  SolidColorBrush^ myBrush = gcnew SolidColorBrush();
                  myBrush->Color = Colors::Blue;

                  ColorAnimation^ myColorAnimation = gcnew ColorAnimation();
                  myColorAnimation->From = Colors::Blue;
                  myColorAnimation->To = Colors::Red;
                  myColorAnimation->Duration = Duration(TimeSpan::FromMilliseconds(7000));
                  myColorAnimation->AutoReverse = true;
                  myColorAnimation->RepeatBehavior = RepeatBehavior::Forever;

                  // Apply the animation to the brush's Color property.
                  myBrush->BeginAnimation(SolidColorBrush::ColorProperty, myColorAnimation);
                  aButton->Background = myBrush;

                  // Add the Button to the panel.
                  myStackPanel->Children->Add(aButton);
                  this->Content = myStackPanel;
               };
            };
         }
      }
   }
}
/*

   This sample demonstrates how to apply non-storyboard animations to a property.
   To animate in markup, you must use storyboards.

*/

using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Navigation;
using System.Windows.Media;
using System.Windows.Media.Animation;
using System.Windows.Shapes;
using System.Windows.Controls;

namespace Microsoft.Samples.Animation.LocalAnimations
{

    // Create the demonstration.
    public class LocalAnimationExample : Page 
    {

        public LocalAnimationExample()
        {

            WindowTitle = "Local Animation Example";
            StackPanel myStackPanel = new StackPanel();
            myStackPanel.Margin = new Thickness(20);                     

            // Create and set the Button.
            Button aButton = new Button();
            aButton.Content = "A Button";

            // Animate the Button's Width.
            DoubleAnimation myDoubleAnimation = new DoubleAnimation();
            myDoubleAnimation.From = 75;
            myDoubleAnimation.To = 300;
            myDoubleAnimation.Duration =  new Duration(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(5));
            myDoubleAnimation.AutoReverse = true;
            myDoubleAnimation.RepeatBehavior = RepeatBehavior.Forever;
            
            // Apply the animation to the button's Width property.
            aButton.BeginAnimation(Button.WidthProperty, myDoubleAnimation);       

            // Create and animate a Brush to set the button's Background.
            SolidColorBrush myBrush = new SolidColorBrush();
            myBrush.Color = Colors.Blue;            

            ColorAnimation myColorAnimation = new ColorAnimation();
            myColorAnimation.From = Colors.Blue;
            myColorAnimation.To = Colors.Red;
            myColorAnimation.Duration =  new Duration(TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(7000));
            myColorAnimation.AutoReverse = true;
            myColorAnimation.RepeatBehavior = RepeatBehavior.Forever;

            // Apply the animation to the brush's Color property.
            myBrush.BeginAnimation(SolidColorBrush.ColorProperty, myColorAnimation);           
            aButton.Background = myBrush;

            // Add the Button to the panel.
            myStackPanel.Children.Add(aButton);
            this.Content = myStackPanel;
        }
    }
}
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
'''This sample demonstrates how to apply non-storyboard animations to a property.
'''To animate in markup, you must use storyboards.
'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''

Imports System.Windows
Imports System.Windows.Navigation
Imports System.Windows.Media
Imports System.Windows.Media.Animation
Imports System.Windows.Shapes
Imports System.Windows.Controls

Namespace Microsoft.Samples.Animation.LocalAnimations

    ' Create the demonstration.
    Public Class LocalAnimationExample
        Inherits Page

        Public Sub New()

            WindowTitle = "Animate Property Example"
            Dim myStackPanel As New StackPanel()
            myStackPanel.Margin = New Thickness(20)

            ' Create and set the Button.
            Dim aButton As New Button()
            aButton.Content = "A Button"

            ' Animate the Button's Width.
            Dim myDoubleAnimation As New DoubleAnimation()
            myDoubleAnimation.From = 75
            myDoubleAnimation.To = 300
            myDoubleAnimation.Duration = New Duration(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(5))
            myDoubleAnimation.AutoReverse = True
            myDoubleAnimation.RepeatBehavior = RepeatBehavior.Forever

            ' Apply the animation to the button's Width property.
            aButton.BeginAnimation(Button.WidthProperty, myDoubleAnimation)

            ' Create and animate a Brush to set the button's Background.
            Dim myBrush As New SolidColorBrush()
            myBrush.Color = Colors.Blue

            Dim myColorAnimation As New ColorAnimation()
            myColorAnimation.From = Colors.Blue
            myColorAnimation.To = Colors.Red
            myColorAnimation.Duration = New Duration(TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(7000))
            myColorAnimation.AutoReverse = True
            myColorAnimation.RepeatBehavior = RepeatBehavior.Forever

            ' Apply the animation to the brush's Color property.
            myBrush.BeginAnimation(SolidColorBrush.ColorProperty, myColorAnimation)
            aButton.Background = myBrush

            ' Add the Button to the panel.
            myStackPanel.Children.Add(aButton)
            Me.Content = myStackPanel
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace

命名空間中的各種動畫類別System.Windows.Media.Animation都存在, 以動畫顯示不同類型的屬性。A variety of animation classes in the System.Windows.Media.Animation namespace exist for animating different types of properties. 如需將屬性顯示為動畫的詳細資訊,請參閱動畫概觀For more information about animating properties, see Animation Overview. 如需相依性屬性 (這些範例所示的內容類型) 和其功能的詳細資訊,請參閱相依性屬性概觀For more information about dependency properties (the type of properties that are shown in these examples) and their features, see Dependency Properties Overview.

還有其他方式可建立動畫, 而Storyboard不使用物件。如需詳細資訊, 請參閱屬性動畫技術總覽There are other ways to animate without using Storyboard objects; for more information, see Property Animation Techniques Overview.

另請參閱See also