如何:傳回工作的值How to: Return a Value from a Task

這個範例示範如何使用 System.Threading.Tasks.Task<TResult> 類型從 Result 屬性傳回值。This example shows how to use the System.Threading.Tasks.Task<TResult> type to return a value from the Result property. 它需要有 C:\Users\Public\Pictures\Sample Pictures\ 目錄存在,且其中包含檔案。It requires that the C:\Users\Public\Pictures\Sample Pictures\ directory exists, and that it contains files.

範例Example

using System;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        // Return a value type with a lambda expression
        Task<int> task1 = Task<int>.Factory.StartNew(() => 1);
        int i = task1.Result;

        // Return a named reference type with a multi-line statement lambda.
        Task<Test> task2 = Task<Test>.Factory.StartNew(() =>
        {
            string s = ".NET";
            double d = 4.0;
            return new Test { Name = s, Number = d };
        });
        Test test = task2.Result;

        // Return an array produced by a PLINQ query
        Task<string[]> task3 = Task<string[]>.Factory.StartNew(() =>
        {
            string path = @"C:\Users\Public\Pictures\Sample Pictures\";
            string[] files = System.IO.Directory.GetFiles(path);

            var result = (from file in files.AsParallel()
                          let info = new System.IO.FileInfo(file)
                          where info.Extension == ".jpg"
                          select file).ToArray();

            return result;
        });

        foreach (var name in task3.Result)
            Console.WriteLine(name);
    }
    class Test
    {
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public double Number { get; set; }
    }
}
Imports System.Threading.Tasks

Module Module1

    Sub Main()
        ReturnAValue()

        Console.WriteLine("Press any key to exit.")
        Console.ReadKey()

    End Sub

    Sub ReturnAValue()

        ' Return a value type with a lambda expression
        Dim task1 = Task(Of Integer).Factory.StartNew(Function() 1)
        Dim i As Integer = task1.Result

        ' Return a named reference type with a multi-line statement lambda.
        Dim task2 As Task(Of Test) = Task.Factory.StartNew(Function()
                                                               Dim s As String = ".NET"
                                                               Dim d As Integer = 4
                                                               Return New Test With {.Name = s, .Number = d}
                                                           End Function)

        Dim myTest As Test = task2.Result
        Console.WriteLine(myTest.Name & ": " & myTest.Number)

        ' Return an array produced by a PLINQ query.
        Dim task3 As Task(Of String())= Task(Of String()).Factory.StartNew(Function()

                                                           Dim path = "C:\Users\Public\Pictures\Sample Pictures\"
                                                           Dim files = System.IO.Directory.GetFiles(path)

                                                           Dim result = (From file In files.AsParallel()
                                                                Let info = New System.IO.FileInfo(file)
                                                                Where info.Extension = ".jpg"
                                                                Select file).ToArray()
                                                           Return result
                                                       End Function)

        For Each name As String In task3.Result
            Console.WriteLine(name)
        Next
    End Sub

    Class Test
        Public Name As String
        Public Number As Double
    End Class
End Module

Result 屬性會封鎖呼叫執行緒,直到工作完成。The Result property blocks the calling thread until the task finishes.

若要查看如何傳遞一個 System.Threading.Tasks.Task<TResult> 的結果到接續工作,請參閱使用接續工作鏈結工作To see how to pass the result of one System.Threading.Tasks.Task<TResult> to a continuation task, see Chaining Tasks by Using Continuation Tasks.

請參閱See also