階層式通訊錄Hierarchical address books

階層式通訊錄 (HAB) 可讓使用者使用組織階層,在其通訊錄中尋找收件者。使用者通常受限於預設全域通訊清單 (GAL) 與其收件者內容,而 GAL 的結構通常無法反映出組織中收件者彼此之間的管理或階層關係。如果能夠自訂 HAB,對應到組織獨特的業務結構,就能提供使用者有效的方法來尋找內部收件者。The hierarchical address book (HAB) allows end users to look for recipients in their address book using an organizational hierarchy. Normally, users are limited to the default global address list (GAL) and its recipient properties and the structure of the GAL often doesn't reflect the management or seniority relationships of recipients in your organization. Being able to customize an HAB that maps to your organization's unique business structure provides your users with an efficient method for locating internal recipients.

使用階層式通訊錄Using hierarchical address books

在 HAB 中,根組織 (例如 Contoso, Ltd) 位於最上層。在最上層底下,您可以新增幾個子層來建立自訂的 HAB,分成事業單位、部門或其他任何想指定的組織層。下圖顯示 Contoso, Ltd 的 HAB,結構如下:In an HAB, your root organization (for example, Contoso, Ltd) is used as the top-level tier. Under this top-level tier, you can add several child tiers to create a customized HAB that's segmented by division, department, or any other organizational tier you want to specify. The following figure illustrates an HAB for Contoso, Ltd with the following structure:

  • 最上層代表根組織 Contoso, Ltd。The top-level tier represents the root organization Contoso, Ltd.

  • 第二層子層代表 Contoso, Ltd 內的事業單位:Corporate Office、Product Support Organization 和 Sales & Marketing Organization。The second-level child tiers represent the business divisions within Contoso, Ltd: Corporate Office, Product Support Organization, and Sales & Marketing Organization.

  • 第三層子層代表 Corporate Office 事業單位內的部門:Human Resources、Accounting Group 和 Administration Group。The third-level child tiers represent departments within the Corporate Office division: Human Resources, Accounting Group, and Administration Group.

Contoso, Ltd 的 HAB 範例Example HAB for Contoso, Ltd

階層式通訊錄對話方塊

您可以使用 SeniorityIndex 參數,在階層結構另外再新增一層。建立 HAB 時,請使用 SeniorityIndex 在這些組織層依階級排列個別收件者或組織群組。此排名會指定收件者或群組顯示在 HAB 中的順序。例如,在前面的範例中,針對 Corporate Office 事業單位中的收件者, SeniorityIndex 參數設定如下:You can provide an additional level of hierarchical structure by using the SeniorityIndex parameter. When creating an HAB, use the SeniorityIndex parameter to rank individual recipients or organizational groups by seniority within these organizational tiers. This ranking specifies the order in which the recipients or groups are displayed in the HAB. For example, in the preceding example, the SeniorityIndex parameter for the recipients in the Corporate Office division is set to the following:

  • David Hamilton 為 100100 for David Hamilton

  • Rajesh M. Patel 為 5050 for Rajesh M. Patel

  • Amy Alberts 為 2525 for Amy Alberts

注意

如果 SeniorityIndex 參數未設定,或對於兩個或多個使用者來說是相等,則 HAB 排序順序會使用 PhoneticDisplayName 參數值以遞增英文字母順序來列出使用者。如果 PhoneticDisplayName 參數值未設定,則 HAB 排序順序預設為 DisplayName 參數值,並以遞增英文字母順序列出使用者。If the SeniorityIndex parameter isn't set or is equal for two or more users, the HAB sorting order uses the PhoneticDisplayName parameter value to list the users in ascending alphabetical order. If the PhoneticDisplayName parameter value isn't set, the HAB sorting order defaults to the DisplayName parameter value and lists the users in ascending alphabetical order.

設定階層式通訊錄Configuring hierarchical address books

詳細的指示來建立 HABs 並包含啟用或停用階層式通訊錄的主題。一般步驟如下所示:Detailed instructions for creating HABs are included in the topic Enable or disable hierarchical address books. The general steps are as follows:

  1. 建立將用於根組織 (最上層) 的通訊群組。您可以視需要使用 Exchange 樹系中現有的組織單位作為通訊群組。Create a distribution group that will be used for the root organization (top-level tier). If desired, you can use an existing organizational unit in your Exchange forest for the distribution group.

  2. 為子層建立通訊群組,並將它們指定為 HAB 的成員。修改這些群組的 SeniorityIndex 參數,讓它們以正確的階層順序列在根組織內。Create distribution groups for the child tiers and designate them as members of the HAB. Modify the SeniorityIndex parameter of these groups so they're listed in the proper hierarchical order within the root organization.

  3. 新增組織成員。修改成員的 SeniorityIndex 參數,讓它們以正確的階層順序列在子層內。Add organization members. Modify the SeniorityIndex parameter of the members so they're listed in the proper hierarchical order within the child tiers.

  4. 為提供無障礙支援,您可以使用 PhoneticDisplayName 參數,指定 DisplayName 參數的語音讀法。For accessibility purposes, you can use the PhoneticDisplayName parameter, which specifies a phonetic pronunciation of the DisplayName parameter.