Exchange 2013/Exchange 2007 混合式部署中的混合式管理Hybrid management in Exchange 2013/Exchange 2007 hybrid deployments

在 Exchange 2007 內部部署組織中安裝執行 Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 的伺服器時,系統會自動將 Exchange 2013 管理工具安裝在伺服器上。您將使用下列工具來設定與管理內部部署 Exchange 與 Exchange Online 組織的混合功能:When you install a server running Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 in your Exchange 2007 on-premises organization, the Exchange 2013 management tools are automatically installed on the server. You'll use the following tools to configure and manage hybrid functionality for both the on-premises Exchange and the Exchange Online organization:

  • Exchange 系統管理中心 EAC 是 Exchange 2013 隨附的 Web 管理主控台,不僅易於使用,而且可針對內部部署、線上或混合 Exchange 部署最佳化。EAC 補強了 Exchange 管理主控台 (EMC) 和 Exchange 控制台 (ECP) 等 Exchange Server 2007 管理介面。Exchange admin center The EAC is a web-based management console included with Exchange 2013 that's easy to use and is optimized for on-premises, online, or hybrid Exchange deployments. The EAC supplements the Exchange Management Console (EMC) and the Exchange Control Panel (ECP) interfaces that you use to manage Exchange Server 2007.

  • Exchange 管理命令介面Exchange 管理命令介面 是 Windows PowerShell 式的命令列介面。Exchange Management Shell The Exchange Management Shell is a Windows PowerShell-based command-line interface.

Exchange 系統管理中心The Exchange admin center

EAC 可讓您在內部部署 Exchange 伺服器與 Exchange Online 組織中,執行許多部署工作及最常見的日常系統管理工作。預設會在每一部 Exchange 2013 伺服器上安裝。此外,由於這是一個 Web 管理主控台,因此您還可以使用網路中其他電腦上的 Web 瀏覽器或透過網際網路使用 ECP 虛擬目錄 URL 來存取它。The EAC enables you to perform many deployment tasks and most common day-to-day administrative tasks on both the on-premises Exchange servers and the Exchange Online organization. It's installed by default on every Exchange 2013 server. In addition, because it's a web-based management console, you can also access it by using a web browser on other computers in your network or via the Internet by using the ECP virtual directory URL.

重要

如果想要使用信箱位於 Exchange 2007 信箱伺服器上的帳戶 (如網域系統管理員帳戶) 來存取 EAC,則必須在瀏覽器中使用下列網址來存取 EAC: > https:// <FQDN of Exchange 2013 Client Access server>/ECP? ExchClientVer=15If you want to access the EAC using an account with a mailbox located on an Exchange 2007 Mailbox server (such as a domain administrator account), you must use the following address in your browser to access the EAC: > https:// <FQDN of Exchange 2013 Client Access server>/ECP? ExchClientVer=15

您可以藉由選取 Office 365 [跨單位導覽] 索引標籤存取 EAC 中的 Exchange Online 組織。跨單位導覽可讓您在 Exchange Online 與內部部署 Exchange 組織之間輕鬆切換。如果您已設定混合部署,則選取 [Office 365] 索引標籤可讓您管理 Exchange Online 組織和收件者物件。如果您沒有 Exchange Online 組織,則選取 Office 365 連結會將您導向 Office 365 註冊頁面。You access the Exchange Online organization in the EAC by selecting the Office 365 cross-premises navigation tab. The cross-premises navigation allows you to easily switch between your Exchange Online and your on-premises Exchange organizations. If you've configured a hybrid deployment, selecting the Office 365 tab allows you to manage the Exchange Online organization and recipient objects. If you don't have an Exchange Online organization, selecting the Office 365 link will direct you to the Office 365 sign-up page.

如需 EAC 的相關資訊,請參閱 Exchange Administration CenterFor more information about the EAC, see Exchange Administration Center.

Exchange 管理命令介面The Exchange Management Shell

Exchange 管理命令介面 可讓您執行 EAC 可執行的任何工作,以及只能在 Exchange 管理命令介面中執行的其他一些工作。Exchange 管理命令介面 是安裝 Exchange 2013 管理工具時安裝在電腦上的 Windows PowerShell 指令碼和指令程式的集合。只有在您使用 Exchange 管理命令介面 圖示開啟 Exchange 管理命令介面 時,才會載入這些指令碼和指令程式。如果您直接開啟 Windows PowerShell,則不會載入 Exchange 指令碼和指令程式,您也無法管理內部部署組織。The Exchange Management Shell enables you to perform any task that the EAC does and some additional tasks that can only be performed in the Exchange Management Shell. The Exchange Management Shell is a collection of Windows PowerShell scripts and cmdlets that are installed on a computer when the Exchange 2013 management tools are installed. These scripts and cmdlets are only loaded when you open the Exchange Management Shell using the Exchange Management Shell icon. If you open Windows PowerShell directly, the Exchange scripts and cmdlets aren't loaded and you won't be able to manage your on-premises organization.

注意

您可以對本機內部部署組織建立手動的 Windows PowerShell 連線,這類似手動連線到以下的 Exchange Online 組織。不過,強烈建議您使用 Exchange 管理命令介面 圖示來開啟 Exchange 管理命令介面,以管理內部部署 Exchange 伺服器。You can create a manual Windows PowerShell connection to your local on-premises organization, similar to how you manually connect to the Exchange Online organization below. However, we strongly recommend that you use the Exchange Management Shell icon to open the Exchange Management Shell to manage your on-premises Exchange servers.

當您在已安裝管理工具的電腦上使用 Exchange 管理命令介面 圖示開啟 Exchange 管理命令介面 時,您可以管理內部部署組織。不過,當您使用此圖示開啟 Exchange 管理命令介面 時,無法管理 Exchange Online 組織。這是因為使用 Exchange 管理命令介面 圖示開啟 Exchange 管理命令介面 時,將自動連線至本機 Exchange 伺服器。When you open the Exchange Management Shell using the Exchange Management Shell icon on a computer that has the management tools installed, you can manage your on-premises organization. However, you can't manage the Exchange Online organization when you open the Exchange Management Shell using this icon. This is because opening the Exchange Management Shell using the Exchange Management Shell icon automatically connects you to a local Exchange server.

如果要使用 Windows PowerShell 來管理 Exchange Online 組織,您必須直接開啟 Windows PowerShell,而不是透過 Exchange 管理命令介面 圖示開啟。當您開啟 Windows PowerShell 時,可以手動指定想要連線的目標。建立手動連線時,您會在 Office 365 租用戶組織中指定管理員帳戶,然後執行命令來建立連線。建立連線後,就可以使用您有權限執行的 Exchange 指令程式。若要深入了解,請參閱使用 Windows PowerShellIf you want to manage the Exchange Online organization using Windows PowerShell, you must open Windows PowerShell directly and not via the Exchange Management Shell icon. When you open Windows PowerShell, you can then manually specify where you want to connect. When you create a manual connection, you specify an administrator account in the Office 365 tenant organization, and then you run a command to create a connection. When the connection is established, the Exchange cmdlets you have permissions to run are made available to you. Learn more at Use Windows PowerShell.

如果您才剛接觸 Exchange 管理命令介面,而且想要瞭解 Exchange 管理命令介面 的運作方式、命令語法等基礎概念,請參閱 Exchange Management ShellIf you're new to the Exchange Management Shell and want to learn the basics about how the Exchange Management Shell works, command syntax, and more, see Exchange Management Shell.