Exchange 2013/Exchange 2007 混合部署中的伺服器角色Server roles in Exchange 2013/Exchange 2007 hybrid deployments

當您在 Exchange 2007 組織中設定混合部署時,必須至少安裝一個 Exchange 2013 伺服器,讓它具有現有 Exchange 2007 組織中的 Client Access 和 Mailbox server role。Exchange 2013 Client Access Server 和 Mailbox Server 會協調現有 Exchange 2007 內部部署組織與 Exchange Online 組織之間的通訊。此通訊包括內部部署與 Exchange Online 組織之間的郵件傳輸與訊息傳送功能。When you configure a hybrid deployment in an Exchange 2007 organization, you have to install at least one Exchange 2013 server with the Client Access and Mailbox server roles in your existing Exchange 2007 organization. The Exchange 2013 Client Access and Mailbox servers coordinate communications between your existing Exchange 2007 on-premises organization and the Exchange Online organization. This communication includes message transport and messaging features between the on-premises and Exchange Online organizations.

我們強烈建議您在內部部署組織中安裝多個 Exchange 2013 伺服器,以協助增進混合部署功能的可靠性與可用性。We highly recommend installing more than one Exchange 2013 server in your on-premises organization to help increase reliability and availability of hybrid deployment features.

混合部署中的伺服器角色Server roles in a hybrid deployment

以下是混合式部署中的 Exchange 2013 伺服器角色的快速概觀:Here is a quick overview of the Exchange 2013 server roles in a hybrid deployment:

  • Client Access server role Exchange 2013 Client Access server role 會繼續在您組織中提供 Exchange 2007 Client Access Server 通常會提供的許多相同功能,並附加一些支援混合部署及與 Exchange 2007 共存所需的功能。Client Access Server 還會處理從 Exchange Online 組織傳送至內部部署組織的安全郵件,並且處理傳輸規則、日誌原則,以及對混合式部署中的 Mailbox Server 傳遞的郵件。Client Access Server 上預設會設定專用的接收連接器,以支援安全的混合郵件傳輸。所有的用戶端連線 (包含 Outlook 用戶端存取)、Outlook Web App 和 Outlook 無所不在,現在都透過用戶端存取伺服器角色進行。內部部署與 Exchange Online 組織之間的組織關聯性功能 (例如,空閒/忙碌共用),也是由 Client Access server role 進行處理。Client Access server role The Exchange 2013 Client Access server role continues to provide many of the same functions that are typically provided by Exchange 2007 Client Access servers in your organization with some additions required to support a hybrid deployment and coexistence with Exchange 2007. The Client Access server also handles secure mail messages sent from the Exchange Online organization to the on-premises organization, as well as handling transport rules, journaling policies, and message delivery to Mailbox servers in a hybrid deployment. A dedicated Receive connector is configured by default on the Client Access server to support secure hybrid mail transport. All client connectivity, including Outlook client access, Outlook Web App, and Outlook Anywhere goes through the Client Access server role. Organization relationship features between the on-premises and Exchange Online organizations, such as free/busy sharing, are also handled by the Client Access server role.

    深入了解,用戶端存取服務Learn more at Client Access services.

  • Mailbox server role Exchange 2013 Mailbox server role 會處理從內部部署組織傳送至 Exchange Online 組織的安全郵件。它也可以裝載內部部署收件者信箱,並且藉由 Proxy 透過內部部署 Client Access Server 來與 Exchange Online 組織進行通訊,只是這些用法並不常見。根據預設,Mailbox server role 上會設定專用的傳送連接器,以支援安全的混合郵件傳輸。Mailbox server role The Exchange 2013 Mailbox server role handles secure mail messages sent to the Exchange Online organization from the on-premises organization. Although not typical, it also can host on-premises recipient mailboxes and communicate with the Exchange Online organization by proxy via the on-premises Client Access server. By default, a dedicated Send connector is configured on the Mailbox server role to support secure hybrid mail transport.

    若要深入了解,請參閱 Mailbox ServerLearn more at Mailbox Server.

根據您所希望的混合部署組態而定,Exchange 2013 伺服器上需要安裝下列兩種伺服器角色的其中一種,或兩種都安裝:Depending on the hybrid deployment configuration that you want, an Exchange 2013 server requires one or both of the server roles to be installed on it:

  • 單一 Exchange 伺服器 若您選擇在內部部署組織中安裝單一 Exchange 伺服器,則需要在單一伺服器上同時安裝 Client Access server role 和 Mailbox server role。Single Exchange server If you choose to install a single Exchange server in your on-premises organization, you'll need to install both the Client Access and Mailbox server roles on the single server.

  • 多個 Exchange 伺服器 若您選擇在內部部署組織中安裝一個以上的 Exchange 伺服器,可在內部部署伺服器中多個不同伺服器上安裝伺服器角色。例如,您可以安裝一部已安裝 Mailbox role 和 Client Access role 的 Exchange 2013 伺服器,並且安裝另一部只安裝 Client Access server role 的 Exchange 伺服器。但是,最佳作法與建議的伺服器組態,是在內部部署組織中部署的「每一部」Exchange 2013 伺服器上,同時安裝 Client Access server role 和 Mailbox server role。More than one Exchange server If you choose to install more than one Exchange server in your on-premises organization, you can install the server roles on separate servers in your on-premises organization. For example, you could install one Exchange 2013 server that has the Mailbox and Client Access roles installed and also install another Exchange server that has only the Client Access server role installed. However, the best practice and recommended server configuration is to install both the Client Access and Mailbox server roles on each Exchange 2013 server deployed in your on-premises organization.

可於 了解容量規劃中的多重伺服器角色組態,了解更多關於 Exchange 容量規劃的資訊。Learn more about Exchange capacity planning at Understanding Multiple Server Role Configurations in Capacity Planning.

混合部署中的 Exchange 伺服器功能Exchange server functionality in hybrid deployments

Exchange 伺服器可在混合部署中,為您的內部部署組織提供幾項重要功能:Exchange servers provide several important functions for your on-premises organization in a hybrid deployment:

  • 同盟 Exchange 2013 伺服器可讓您使用 Microsoft Federation Gateway,為您的內部部署組織建立同盟信任。Microsoft Federation Gateway 是 Microsoft 所提供的免費雲端式服務,做為內部部署組織與 Office 365 租用戶組織之間的信任代理。若要在內部部署與 Exchange Online 組織之間的建立組織關聯性,同盟是必要條件。Federation Exchange 2013 servers enable you to create a federation trust for your on-premises organization with the Microsoft Federation Gateway. The Microsoft Federation Gateway is a free, cloud-based service offered by Microsoft that acts as the trust broker between your on-premises organization and the Office 365 tenant organization. Federation is a requirement for creating an organization relationship between the on-premises and the Exchange Online organizations.

    若要深入了解,請參閱 Understanding FederationLearn more at Understanding Federation.

  • 組織關係 具有 Client Access server role 的 Exchange 2013 伺服器,可協助在內部部署與 Exchange Online 組織之間建立組織關係。混合式部署中的其他許多服務都需要組織關聯性,包括內部部署與 Exchange Online 組織之間的行事曆空閒/忙碌資訊共用、郵件追蹤以及信箱移動。Organization relationships Exchange 2013 servers with the Client Access server role enable the creation of organization relationships between the on-premises and Exchange Online organizations. Organization relationships are required for many other services in a hybrid deployment, including calendar free/busy information sharing, message tracking, and mailbox moves between the on-premises and Exchange Online organizations.

    若要深入了解,請參閱 Understanding Federated SharingLearn more at Understanding Federated Sharing.

  • 郵件傳輸 具有 Client Access server role 和 Mailbox server role 的 Exchange 2013 伺服器,會負責混合部署中的郵件傳輸。透過使用傳送及接收連接器,其會做為內送外部郵件的連線端點,而且還為網際網路和 Exchange Online 組織提供外寄郵件傳遞。Message transport Exchange 2013 servers with the Client Access and Mailbox server roles are responsible for message transport in a hybrid deployment. Using Send and Receive connectors, they serve as the connection endpoints for incoming external messages and also provide outbound message delivery to the Internet and the Exchange Online organization.

    深入了解,傳輸選項在 Exchange 2013/Exchange 2007 混合部署Learn more at Transport options in Exchange 2013/Exchange 2007 hybrid deployments.

  • 郵件傳輸安全性 具有 Client Access server role 和 Mailbox server role 的 Exchange 2013 伺服器會使用 Exchange 2013 中的 [網域安全性] 功能,協助確保內部部署與 Exchange Online 組織之間的郵件通訊安全。使用相互傳輸層安全性驗證及郵件通訊加密,可以提高安全性。Message transport security Exchange 2013 servers with the Client Access and Mailbox server roles help to secure message communication between the on-premises and Exchange Online organizations by using the Domain Security functionality in Exchange 2013. Security can be increased by using mutual transport layer security authentication and encryption for message communications.

    若要深入了解,請參閱了解網域安全性Learn more at Understanding Domain Security.

  • Outlook Web App 具有 Client Access server role 的 Exchange 2013 伺服器支援為內部部署信箱和 Exchange Online 信箱的外部連線,設定單一 URL 端點。針對內部部署信箱,Client Access Server 的設定是為 Outlook Web App 要求提供服務。針對 Exchange Online 組織信箱,會將用戶端存取伺服器設定為自動顯示連結,且該連結會連至 Exchange Online 組織上的Outlook Web App 端點。Outlook Web App Exchange 2013 servers with the Client Access server role support configuring a single URL endpoint for external connections to on-premises and Exchange Online mailboxes. For on-premises mailboxes, Client Access servers are configured to service Outlook Web App requests. For Exchange Online organization mailboxes, Client Access servers are configured to automatically display a link to the Outlook Web App endpoint on the Exchange Online organization.

    深入瞭解在 web 上的 OutlookLearn more at Outlook on the web.

Exchange 伺服器拓撲Exchange server topology

若您選擇新增額外的 Exchange 2013 伺服器來支援混合部署,則將 Exchange 伺服器部署至現有 Exchange 2007 組織的方式,會與部署任何其他 Exchange Server 的方式十分類似。為混合部署設定現有的內部部署 Exchange 2007 組織,並不需要任何特殊的 Exchange 伺服器拓撲。不過,您必須在 Exchange 2007 伺服器上安裝 Exchange 2007 Service Pack 3 (SP3) 更新彙總套件 10,並且也安裝 Exchange 2013 累計更新 1 (CU1) 或更新版本,才能啟用與 Office 365 的相容性和完整混合功能。If you add additional Exchange 2013 servers to support your hybrid deployment, the Exchange server is deployed much like any other Exchange server is deployed to your existing Exchange 2007 organization. Configuring your existing on-premises Exchange 2007 organization for a hybrid deployment doesn't require any special Exchange server topology. However, you must install Exchange 2007 Service Pack 3 (SP3) Update Rollup 10 on your Exchange 2007 servers and also install Exchange 2013 Cumulative Update 1 (CU1) or greater to enable compatibility and full hybrid functionality with Office 365.

下表簡要說明設定混合部署後的服務變更。The following table describes briefly the changes in services after configuring a hybrid deployment.

服務Service 混合部署前Before hybrid deployment 混合部署後After hybrid deployment 描述Description
郵件傳輸 (內送和外寄)Message transport (inbound and outbound)
Exchange 2007 Client Access ServerExchange 2007 Client Access server
Office 365 隨附的 Exchange 2013 Client Access Server 或 Exchange Online Protection (EOP)Exchange 2013 Client Access server or Exchange Online Protection (EOP) included with Office 365
網域的 MX (郵件交換程式) 記錄會保持不變或是更新為指向 EOP。The MX (mail exchanger) record for the domain may remain unchanged or be updated to point to EOP.
Outlook Web App 公用 URLOutlook Web App public URL
Exchange 2007 Client Access ServerExchange 2007 Client Access server
Exchange 2013 Client Access ServerExchange 2013 Client Access server
Exchange 2013 Client Access Server 會代理 Outlook Web App 對 Exchange 2007 Client Access Server 提出的內部部署信箱存取要求。Outlook Web App 如果要求存取位在 Exchange Online 上的信箱,就會得到 Exchange Online Outlook Web App URL 的連結。Exchange 2013 Client Access servers proxy Outlook Web App requests for on-premises mailboxes to Exchange 2007 Client Access servers. Outlook Web App requests for mailboxes hosted on Exchange Online are provided with a link to the Exchange Online Outlook Web App URL.

Exchange 伺服器軟體Exchange server software

Exchange 2013 CU1 或更新版本會使用 [混合組態精靈] 來啟用混合部署功能。您可以在安裝額外的 Exchange 2013 伺服器時使用任何 Exchange 2013 CU1 或更新版本媒體。Exchange 2013 CU1 or greater enables hybrid deployment functionality with the Hybrid Configuration wizard. You can use any Exchange 2013 CU1 or greater media when installing additional Exchange 2013 servers.

如需如何下載最新版本的 Exchange Server 的資訊,請參閱exchange 的更新For information on how to download the latest version of Exchange Server, see Updates for Exchange.

重要

設定具有 Exchange 2013 或 2010 和 Office 365 的混合部署時,需要授權混合伺服器。您可以利用 Hybrid Edition 產品金鑰工具,取得用於設定混合部署的免費 Exchange Server 產品金鑰。You need to license your hybrid server when you configure a hybrid deployment with Exchange 2013 or 2010 and Office 365. To obtain a free Exchange Server product key for use in configuring your hybrid deployment, use the Hybrid Edition Product Key tool.