管理郵件使用者Manage mail users

郵件使用者類似於郵件連絡人。 這兩者都擁有外部電子郵件地址,也都包含 Exchange 或 Exchange Online 組織外的人員相關資訊,而這些資訊都可顯示在共用通訊錄和其他通訊清單中。 不過,和郵件連絡人不同的是,郵件使用者在您的 Exchange 或 Office 365 組織中具有登入認證,並且可以存取資源。 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 收件者Mail users are similar to mail contacts. Both have external email addresses and both contain information about people outside your Exchange or Exchange Online organization that can be displayed in the shared address book and other address lists. However, unlike a mail contact, a mail user has logon credentials in your Exchange or Office 365 organization and can access resources. For more information, see Recipients.

開始之前有哪些須知?What do you need to know before you begin?

  • 預估完成時間:2 分鐘。Estimated time to complete: 2 minutes.

  • 您必須已獲指派權限,才能執行此程序或這些程序。若要查看您需要的權限,請參閱 Mailbox Permissions主題中的「收件者佈建權限」一節。You need to be assigned permissions before you can perform this procedure or procedures. To see what permissions you need, see the "Recipient Provisioning Permissions" section in the Mailbox Permissions topic.

  • 如需適用於此主題中程序的快速鍵相關資訊,請參閱 Exchange 系統管理中心的鍵盤快速鍵For information about keyboard shortcuts that may apply to the procedures in this topic, see Keyboard shortcuts in the Exchange admin center.

提示

有問題嗎?在 Exchange 論壇中尋求協助。 論壇的網址為:Exchange ServerExchange OnlineExchange Online Protection。.Having problems? Ask for help in the Exchange forums. Visit the forums at Exchange Server,Exchange Online, or Exchange Online Protection..

您要執行的工作What do you want to do?

建立郵件使用者Create a mail user

使用 EAC 建立郵件使用者Use the EAC to create a mail user

  1. 在 EAC 中,瀏覽至 [收件者 > 連絡人 > 新增 > 郵件使用者In the EAC, navigate to Recipients > Contacts > New > Mail user.

  2. 在 [新郵件使用者] 頁面中*別名] 方塊中輸入的郵件使用者的別名。別名不可超過 64 個字元和必須是唯一的樹系中。需要此方塊。On the New mail user page, in the * Alias box, type the alias for the mail user. The alias can't exceed 64 characters and must be unique in the forest. This box is required.

  3. 執行下列其中一項操作,指定郵件使用者的電子郵件地址類型:Do one of the following to specify the email address type for the mail user:

    • 若要指定郵件使用者的外部電子郵件地址 SMTP 電子郵件地址,請按一下 [ SMTP]。To specify an SMTP email address for the mail user's external email address, click SMTP.

      注意

      Exchange 驗證正確的格式設定的 SMTP 地的址。如果項目是使用 SMTP 格式不一致,當您按一下 [儲存] 以建立郵件使用者將會顯示錯誤訊息。Exchange validates SMTP addresses for correct formatting. If your entry is inconsistent with the SMTP format, an error message will be displayed when you click Save to create the mail user.

    • 若要指定自訂地址類型,請按一下選項按鈕,然後輸入自訂地址類型。 例如,您可以指定 X.500、GroupWise 或 Lotus Notes 地址。To specify a custom address type, click the option button and then type the custom address type. For example, you can specify an X.500, GroupWise, or Lotus Notes address.

  4. *外部的電子郵件地址] 方塊中輸入郵件使用者的外部電子郵件地址。電子郵件傳送給此郵件使用者會轉接到這個電子郵件地址。需要此方塊。In the * External email address box, type the mail user's external email address. Email sent to this mail user is forwarded to this email address. This box is required.

  5. 選取下列其中一個選項:Select one of the following options:

    • 現有使用者選取 [啟用現有使用者的郵件功能。Existing user Select to mail-enable an existing user.

      按一下 [瀏覽] 以開啟 [選取使用者-整個樹系] 對話方塊。此對話方塊會顯示未啟用郵件功能或沒有信箱的組織中的使用者帳戶清單。選取您想要啟用郵件功能的使用者帳戶,然後按一下 [確定]。如果您選取這個選項,您不需要因為這項資訊已經存在於 Active Directory 提供使用者帳戶資訊。Click Browse to open the Select User - Entire Forest dialog box. This dialog box displays a list of user accounts in the organization that aren't mail-enabled or don't have mailboxes. Select the user account you want to mail-enable, and then click OK. If you select this option, you don't have to provide user account information because this information already exists in Active Directory.

    • 新的使用者選取 [Active Directory 中建立新的使用者帳戶及擁有郵件功能的使用者。如果您選取這個選項,您必須提供必要的使用者帳戶資訊。New user Select to create a new user account in Active Directory and mail-enable the user. If you select this option, you'll have to provide the required user account information.

  6. 如果您在步驟 5 中選取新的使用者,填妥下列方塊在新的郵件使用者] 頁面上。否則請跳至步驟 7。If you selected New User in Step 5, complete the following boxes on the New mail user page. Otherwise skip to Step 7.

    • 名字使用此方塊可輸入郵件使用者的名字。First name Use this box to type the first name of the mail user.

    • 縮寫使用此方塊可輸入郵件使用者的縮寫。Initials Use this box to type the initials of the mail user.

    • 姓氏使用此方塊可輸入郵件使用者的姓氏。Last name Use this box to type the last name of the mail user.

    • *顯示名稱使用此方塊可輸入使用者的顯示名稱。這是在 EAC 中與您組織的通訊錄中的 [連絡人] 清單中所列的名稱。根據預設,此方塊會填入您在 [名字縮寫姓氏] 方塊中輸入的名稱。如果您未使用這些方塊,您必須仍輸入名稱在此方塊因為有必要。名稱不可超過 64 個字元。* Display name Use this box to type a display name for the user. This is the name that's listed in the contacts list in the EAC and in your organization's address book. By default, this box is populated with the names you enter in the First name, Initials, and Last name boxes. If you didn't use those boxes, you must still type a name in this box because it's required. The name can't exceed 64 characters.

    • *名稱使用此方塊可輸入郵件使用者的名稱。這是目錄服務中所列的名稱。此方塊也會填入您在 [名字縮寫姓氏] 方塊中輸入的名稱。如果您未使用這些方塊,您仍必須在因為此方塊所輸入的名稱。此名稱也不可超過 64 個字元。* Name Use this box to type a name for the mail user. This is the name that's listed in the directory service. This box is also populated with the names you enter in the First name, Initials, and Last name boxes. If you didn't use those boxes, you must still type a name because this box is required. This name also can't exceed 64 characters.

      注意

      [名稱] 方塊中只有 Exchange Server 中。無法在 Exchange Online 中使用。The Name box is only available in Exchange Server. It isn't available in Exchange Online.

    • 組織單位您可以選取組織單位 (OU) 以外的預設值 (也就是收件者範圍)。如果收件者範圍會設為樹系中,預設值是設定為 [使用者] 容器中包含 EAC 執行所在之電腦的網域。如果收件者範圍會設為特定的網域,預設會選取該網域中的 [使用者] 容器。如果收件者範圍會設為特定的 OU,預設會選取該 OU。Organizational unit You can select an organizational unit (OU) other than the default (which is the recipient scope). If the recipient scope is set to the forest, the default value is set to the Users container in the domain that contains the computer on which the EAC is running. If the recipient scope is set to a specific domain, the Users container in that domain is selected by default. If the recipient scope is set to a specific OU, that OU is selected by default.

      若要選取不同的 OU,按一下 [瀏覽]。對話方塊顯示樹系所指定範圍內所有的 Ou。選取您要的 OU,然後按一下 [確定]To select a different OU, click Browse. The dialog box displays all OUs in the forest that are within the specified scope. Select the OU you want, and then click OK.

      注意

      Exchange Server 中只有 [組織單位] 方塊中。無法在 Exchange Online 中使用。The Organizational unit box is only available in Exchange Server. It isn't available in Exchange Online.

    • *使用者登入名稱使用此方塊可輸入郵件使用者會使用登入網域的名稱。使用者登入名稱所組成的左側的使用者名稱在 (@) 符號和右邊的後置詞。通常,尾碼為所在的使用者帳戶的網域名稱。* User logon name Use this box to type the name that the mail user will use to log on to the domain. The user logon name consists of a user name on the left side of the at (@) symbol and a suffix on the right side. Typically, the suffix is the domain name the user account resides in.

      注意

      在 Exchange Online 中,此方塊會標示為使用者識別碼In Exchange Online, this box is labeled as User ID.

    • *新密碼使用此方塊可輸入郵件使用者必須登入網域中使用的密碼。* New Password Use this box to type the password that the mail user must use to log on to the domain.

      注意

      請確定您提供的密碼符合您要在其中建立使用者帳戶之網域的密碼長度、複雜性和歷程記錄需求。Make sure that the password you supply complies with the password length, complexity, and history requirements of the domain you're creating the user account in.

    • *確認密碼使用此方塊來確認您在 [密碼] 方塊中輸入密碼。* Confirm password Use this box to confirm the password that you typed in the Password box.

    • 必須在下次登入時變更密碼如果您想重設密碼時第一次登入至網域的郵件使用者,選取此核取方塊。Require password change on next logon Select this check box if you want mail users to reset the password when they first log on to the domain.

      如果您選取此核取方塊,新的郵件使用者第一次登入時,就會出現一個提示變更密碼的對話方塊。 順利變更密碼後,郵件使用者才能執行任何工作。If you select this check box, at first logon, the new mail user will be prompted with a dialog box in which to change the password. The mail user won't be allowed to perform any tasks until the password is changed successfully.

  7. 完成作業後,按一下 [儲存]**** 建立郵件使用者。When you've finished, click Save to create the mail user.

使用命令介面建立郵件使用者Use the Shell to create a mail user

本範例會建立具有郵件功能的使用者帳戶為 Jeffrey Zeng 的 Exchange Server 詳細資料:This example creates a mail-enabled user account for Jeffrey Zeng in Exchange Server with the following details:

  • 名稱和顯示名稱為 Jeffrey Zeng。The name and display name is Jeffrey Zeng.

  • 別名為 jeffreyz。The alias is jeffreyz.

  • 外部電子郵件地址為 jzeng@tailspintoys.com。The external email address is jzeng@tailspintoys.com.

  • 名字為 Jeffrey,姓氏為 Zeng。The first name is Jeffrey and the last name is Zeng.

  • 登入名稱為 jeffreyz@contoso.com。The logon name is jeffreyz@contoso.com.

  • 密碼為 Pa$$word1。The password is Pa$$word1.

  • 郵件使用者將在預設的 OU 中建立。 若要指定其他的 OU,請使用 OrganizationalUnit 參數。The mail user will be created in the default OU. To specify a different OU, you can use the OrganizationalUnit parameter.

New-MailUser -Name "Jeffrey Zeng" -Alias jeffreyz -ExternalEmailAddress jzeng@tailspintoys.com -FirstName Jeffrey -LastName Zeng -UserPrincipalName jeffreyz@contoso.com -Password (ConvertTo-SecureString -String 'Pa$$word1' -AsPlainText -Force)

此範例會在 Exchange Online 中為 Rene Valdes 建立具有郵件功能的使用者帳戶。This example creates a mail-enabled user account for Rene Valdes in Exchange Online.

New-MailUser -Name "Rene Valdes" -Alias renev -ExternalEmailAddress renevaldes@fineartschool.edu -FirstName Rene -LastName Valdes -MicrosoftOnlineServicesID renev@contoso.com -Password (ConvertTo-SecureString -String 'P@ssw0rd' -AsPlainText -Force)

如何才能了解這是否正常運作?How do you know this worked?

若要確認是否已成功建立郵件使用者,請執行下列其中一項操作:To verify that you've successfully created a mail user, do one of the following:

  • 在 EAC 中,瀏覽至 [收件者 > 連絡人。新的郵件使用者會顯示在連絡人清單中。[連絡人類型] 下方類型是郵件使用者In the EAC, navigate to Recipients > Contacts. The new mail user is displayed in the list of contacts. Under Contact Type, the type is Mail user.

  • 在命令介面中,執行下列命令以顯示新郵件使用者的相關資訊。In the Shell, run the following command to display information about the new mail user.

    Get-MailUser <Name> | FL Name,RecipientTypeDetails,ExternalEmailAddress
    

變更郵件使用者內容Change mail user properties

在您建立郵件使用者之後,可以使用 EAC 或命令介面進行變更並設定其他內容。After you create a mail user, you can make changes and set additional properties by using the EAC or the Shell.

可同時間變更多個使用者信箱的內容。 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 使用 EAC 大量編輯郵件使用者You can also change properties for multiple user mailboxes at the same time. For more information, see Use the EAC to bulk edit mail users.

完成這項工作的預估時間隨著要檢視或變更的內容數目而不同。The estimated time to complete this task will vary based on the number of properties you want to view or change.

使用 EAC 變更使用者信箱內容Use the EAC to change user mailbox properties

  1. 在 EAC 中,瀏覽至 [收件者 > 連絡人In the EAC, navigate to Recipients > Contacts.

  2. 在連絡人清單中,按一下您想要變更其內容的郵件使用者] 和 [編輯編輯圖示In the list of contacts, click the mail user that you want to change the properties for, and then click EditEdit icon.

  3. 在郵件使用者內容頁面上,按一下下列其中一個區段以檢視或變更內容。On the mail user properties page, click one of the following sections to view or change properties.

一般General

使用 [一般] 區段來檢視或變更郵件使用者的基本資訊。Use the General section to view or change basic information about the mail user.

  • 名字縮寫姓氏First name, Initials, Last name

  • *名稱這是 Active Directory 中所列的名稱。如果您變更此名稱,則不可超過 64 個字元。* Name This is the name that's listed in Active Directory. If you change this name, it can't exceed 64 characters.

  • *顯示名稱* * * 此名稱會出現在貴組織的通訊錄,在 [收件者: 往返: 電子郵件,並在 EAC 中的連絡人清單中的行。這個名稱不能包含空白空格之前或之後的顯示名稱。* Display name **** This name appears in your organization's address book, on the To: and From: lines in email, and in the list of contacts in the EAC. This name can't contain empty spaces before or after the display name.

  • *使用者登入名稱這是使用者來登入網域名稱。在 Exchange Online 中,這是使用者用來登入 Office 365 使用者識別碼。* User logon name This is the name that the user uses to log on to the domain. In Exchange Online, this is the User ID that the user uses to sign in to Office 365.

  • 隱藏通訊清單選取此核取方塊以防止出現通訊錄和其他 Exchange 組織中所定義的地址清單中的郵件使用者。選取此核取方塊之後,使用者仍然可以傳送郵件給收件者所使用的電子郵件地址。Hide from address lists Select this check box to prevent the mail user from appearing in the address book and other address lists that are defined in your Exchange organization. After you select this check box, users can still send messages to the recipient by using the email address.

  • 必須在下次登入時變更密碼如果您想重設密碼下次登入網域使用者,選取此核取方塊。Require password change on next logon Select this check box if you want the user to reset their password the next time they log on to the domain.

    注意

    在 Exchange Online 中沒有此方塊。This box isn't available in Exchange Online.

按一下 [更多選項] 來檢視或變更這些額外的內容:Click More options to view or change these additional properties:

  • 組織單位此唯讀方塊顯示包含郵件使用者帳戶的組織單位 (OU)。您必須使用 Active Directory 使用者及電腦帳戶移至不同的 OU。Organizational unit This read-only box displays the organizational unit (OU) that contains the mail user account. You have to use Active Directory Users and Computers to move the account to a different OU.

    注意

    在 Exchange Online 中沒有此方塊。This box isn't available in Exchange Online.

  • 自訂屬性這個區段會顯示的郵件使用者定義的自訂屬性。若要指定自訂屬性的值,請按一下 [編輯編輯圖示。您可以指定收件者最多 15 個自訂屬性。Custom attributes This section displays the custom attributes defined for the mail user. To specify custom attribute values, click EditEdit icon. You can specify up to 15 custom attributes for the recipient.

連絡人資訊Contact Information

使用連絡人資訊] 區段來檢視或變更使用者的連絡人資訊。在此頁面上的資訊會顯示在通訊錄中。按一下 [更多選項] 以顯示 [其他] 方塊。Use the Contact Information section to view or change the user's contact information. The information on this page is displayed in the address book. Click More options to display additional boxes.

提示

您可以使用縣/市方塊來建立動態通訊群組、 電子郵件地址原則或通訊清單的收件者條件。You can use the State/Province box to create recipient conditions for dynamic distribution groups, email address policies, or address lists.

組織Organization

使用 [組織] 區段中的使用者角色的詳細的資訊記錄在組織中。此資訊會顯示在通訊錄中。此外,您可以建立可從例如 Outlook 的電子郵件用戶端存取虛擬組織圖。Use the Organization section to record detailed information about the user's role in the organization. This information is displayed in the address book. Also, you can create a virtual organization chart that's accessible from email clients such as Outlook.

  • 標題使用此方塊來檢視或變更收件者的職稱。Title Use this box to view or change the recipient's title.

  • 部門使用此方塊來檢視或變更使用者的運作的部門。您可以使用此方塊來建立動態通訊群組、 電子郵件地址原則] 中的收件者條件或通訊清單。Department Use this box to view or change the department in which the user works. You can use this box to create recipient conditions for dynamic distribution groups, email address policies, or address lists.

  • 公司使用此方塊來檢視或變更其運作之使用者的公司。您可以使用此方塊來建立動態通訊群組、 電子郵件地址原則] 中的收件者條件或通訊清單。Company Use this box to view or change the company for which the user works. You can use this box to create recipient conditions for dynamic distribution groups, email address policies, or address lists.

  • 管理員若要新增管理員],按一下 [瀏覽]。在選取 [管理員] 中選取的人員,並再按一下 [確定]Manager To add a manager, click Browse. In Select Manager, select a person, and then click OK.

  • 直屬員工您無法修改此方塊。直屬是向特定管理員報告的使用者。如果您已指定使用者的管理員,該使用者會顯示為直屬主管的信箱的詳細資料。例如,黃管理 Chris 和 Kate,使得黃 Chris 和 Kate、 指定在 [管理員] 方塊中,Chris 和 Kate 會出現在 [部屬] 方塊中的黃之帳戶的屬性。Direct reports You can't modify this box. A direct report is a user who reports to a specific manager. If you've specified a manager for the user, that user appears as a direct report in the details of the manager's mailbox. For example, Kari manages Chris and Kate, so Kari is specified in the Manager box for Chris and Kate, and Chris and Kate appear in the Direct reports box in the properties of Kari's account.

電子郵件地址Email Addresses

使用 [電子郵件地址] 區段可檢視或變更郵件使用者相關聯的電子郵件地址。這包括郵件使用者的主要 SMTP 位址,其外部電子郵件地址和任何相關聯的 proxy 位址。主要 SMTP 位址 (也稱為的預設回覆地址) 會顯示在粗體文字的地址清單中,在 [類型] 欄中的大寫SMTP值。根據預設,建立郵件使用者後,主要的 SMTP 地址和外部的電子郵件地址都相同。Use the Email Addresses section to view or change the email addresses associated with the mail user. This includes the mail user's primary SMTP address, their external email address, and any associated proxy addresses. The primary SMTP address (also known as the default reply address) is displayed in bold text in the address list, with the uppercase SMTP value in the Type column. By default, after the mail user is created, the primary SMTP address and the external email address are the same.

  • 新增按一下 [* * 新增 * 新增圖示新增為此信箱的新電子郵件地址。選取下列其中一個下列地址類型:Add* Click ** Add **Add Icon to add a new email address for this mailbox. Select one of following address types:

    • SMTP這是預設的地址類型。按一下此按鈕,然後輸入新的 SMTP 位址中*電子郵件地址] 方塊中。SMTP This is the default address type. Click this button and then type the new SMTP address in the * Email address box.

    • 自訂位址類型按一下此按鈕並輸入下列其中一個中支援的非 SMTP 電子郵件地址類型*電子郵件地址] 方塊中。Custom address type Click this button and type one of the supported non-SMTP email address types in the * Email address box.

      注意

      除了 X.400 位址以外,Exchange 不會驗證自訂位址的格式是否正確。您必須確保指定的自訂位址符合該位址類型的格式需求。With the exception of X.400 addresses, Exchange doesn't validate custom addresses for correct formatting. You must make sure that the custom address you specify complies with the format requirements for that address type.

  • 設定外部的電子郵件地址使用此方塊可變更郵件使用者的外部地址。電子郵件傳送給此郵件使用者會轉接到這個電子郵件地址。Set the external email address Use this box to change the mail user's external address. Email sent to this mail user is forwarded to this email address.

  • 根據電子郵件地址原則套用到此收件者的電子郵件地址會自動更新選取此核取方塊已自動更新的收件者的電子郵件地址根據電子郵件地址原則您組織中的所做的變更。預設會選取此方塊。Automatically update email addresses based on the email address policy applied to this recipient Select this check box to have the recipient's email addresses automatically updated based on changes made to email address policies in your organization. This box is selected by default.

    注意

    在 Exchange Online 中沒有此核取方塊。This check box isn't available in Exchange Online.

郵件流程設定Mail Flow Settings

使用 [郵件流程設定] 區段中檢視或變更下列設定:Use the Mail Flow Settings section to view or change the following settings:

  • 郵件大小限制這些設定會控制郵件使用者可以傳送及接收的郵件的大小。按一下 [檢視詳細資料檢視及變更的傳送和接收的郵件大小上限。Message Size Restrictions These settings control the size of messages that the mail user can send and receive. Click View details to view and change maximum size for sent and received messages.

    • 已傳送郵件若要指定這位使用者所傳送的郵件大小上限,郵件大小上限 (KB) 核取方塊並] 方塊中輸入一個值。郵件大小必須是介於 0 到 2097151 KB 之間。如果使用者傳送郵件大於指定之大小時,會傳回郵件描述性的錯誤訊息的使用者。Sent messages To specify a maximum size for messages sent by this user, select the Maximum message size (KB) check box and type a value in the box. The message size must be between 0 and 2,097,151 KB. If the user sends a message larger than the specified size, the message will be returned to the user with a descriptive error message.

    • 已接收的郵件若要指定這位使用者所接收的郵件大小上限,郵件大小上限 (KB) 核取方塊並] 方塊中輸入一個值。郵件大小必須是介於 0 到 2097151 KB 之間。如果使用者會收到一則訊息大於所指定的大小,郵件會傳回給寄件者與描述性的錯誤訊息。Received messages To specify a maximum size for messages received by this user, select the Maximum message size (KB) check box and type a value in the box. The message size must be between 0 and 2,097,151 KB. If the user receives a message larger than the specified size, the message will be returned to the sender with a descriptive error message.

  • 郵件傳遞限制這些設定控制可以傳送電子郵件到此郵件使用者的人員。按一下 [檢視詳細資料檢視及變更這些限制。Message Delivery Restrictions These settings control who can send email messages to this mail user. Click View details to view and change these restrictions.

    • 接受郵件的來源使用此區段來指定誰可以傳送郵件給此位使用者。Accept messages from Use this section to specify who can send messages to this user.

    • 所有寄件者選取此選項可指定使用者可以接受來自所有寄件者的郵件。這包括兩個寄件者的 Exchange 組織與外部寄件者。預設會選取此選項。此選項的外部使用者只有當包含清除 [需要驗證所有寄件者] 核取方塊。如果您選取此核取方塊,就會拒絕來自外部使用者的郵件。All senders Select this option to specify that the user can accept messages from all senders. This includes both senders in your Exchange organization and external senders. This option is selected by default. This option includes external users only if you clear the Require that all senders are authenticated check box. If you select this check box, messages from external users will be rejected.

    • 僅寄件者下列清單中選取此選項可指定使用者可以接受郵件僅來自指定寄件者 Exchange 組織中一組。按一下 [新增新增圖示以顯示 [選取收件者] 頁面上,顯示 Exchange 組織中的所有收件者清單。選取您想要的收件者、 將其新增至清單,然後按一下 [確定]。您也可以搜尋特定收件者的 [搜尋] 方塊中輸入收件者的名稱,然後按一下 [搜尋搜尋圖示Only senders in the following list Select this option to specify that the user can accept messages only from a specified set of senders in your Exchange organization. Click AddAdd Icon to display the Select Recipients page, which displays a list of all recipients in your Exchange organization. Select the recipients you want, add them to the list, and then click OK. You can also search for a specific recipient by typing the recipient's name in the search box and then clicking SearchSearch icon.

    • 需要驗證所有寄件者選取此選項可防止匿名使用者傳送郵件給使用者。Require that all senders are authenticated Select this option to prevent anonymous users from sending messages to the user.

    • 拒絕來自郵件傳送郵件給此使用者這個區段可用來封鎖對象。Reject messages from Use this section to block people from sending messages to this user.

    • 任何寄件者選取此選項可指定信箱將不會拒絕來自 Exchange 組織中任何寄件者的郵件。預設會選取此選項。No senders Select this option to specify that the mailbox won't reject messages from any senders in the Exchange organization. This option is selected by default.

    • 下列清單中的寄件者選取此選項可指定信箱會拒絕來自指定組 Exchange 組織中的寄件者的郵件。按一下 [新增新增圖示以顯示 [選取收件者] 頁面上,顯示 Exchange 組織中的所有收件者清單。選取您想要的收件者、 將其新增至清單,然後按一下 [確定]。您也可以搜尋特定收件者的 [搜尋] 方塊中輸入收件者的名稱,然後按一下 [搜尋搜尋圖示Senders in the following list Select this option to specify that the mailbox will reject messages from a specified set of senders in your Exchange organization. Click AddAdd Icon to display the Select Recipients page, which displays a list of all recipients in your Exchange organization. Select the recipients you want, add them to the list, and then click OK. You can also search for a specific recipient by typing the recipient's name in the search box and then clicking SearchSearch icon.

成員隸屬Member Of

使用 [成員屬於] 區段中檢視此使用者所屬的安全性群組或通訊群組清單。您無法變更此頁面上的成員資格資訊。請注意使用者可能會符合您組織中的一或多個動態通訊群組的準則。不過,動態通訊群組未顯示在此頁面上因為其成員資格的計算每次它們用。Use the Member Of section to view a list of the distribution groups or security groups to which this user belongs. You can't change membership information on this page. Note that the user may match the criteria for one or more dynamic distribution groups in your organization. However, dynamic distribution groups aren't displayed on this page because their membership is calculated each time they're used.

郵件提示MailTip

使用 [提示] 區段可新增郵件提示的潛在的問題的警示使用者之前將訊息傳送給此收件者。郵件提示是由此收件者 」 新增至 [收件者]、 [副本] 或 [密件副本] 行中的新的電子郵件時顯示在資訊列中的文字。Use the MailTip section to add a MailTip to alert users of potential issues before they send a message to this recipient. A MailTip is text that's displayed in the InfoBar when this recipient is added to the To, Cc, or Bcc lines of a new email message.

注意

「寄件提醒」可以包含 HTML 標記,但是不允許指令碼。 自訂郵件提示的長度不能超過 175 個顯示的字元。 HTML 標記則不包括在此限制內。MailTips can include HTML tags, but scripts aren't allowed. The length of a custom MailTip can't exceed 175 displayed characters. HTML tags aren't counted in the limit.

使用命令介面變更郵件使用者內容Use the Shell to change mail user properties

郵件使用者的屬性儲存在 Active Directory 與 Exchange 中。一般會使用Get-userSet-user指令程式來檢視和變更組織和連絡人資訊內容。使用Get-mailuserSet-mailuser指令程式來檢視或變更郵件相關屬性,例如電子郵件地址、 郵件提示、 自訂屬性及郵件使用者上是否隱藏地址清單。Properties for a mail user are stored in both Active Directory and Exchange. In general, use the Get-User and Set-User cmdlets to view and change organization and contact information properties. Use the Get-MailUser and Set-MailUser cmdlets to view or change mail-related properties, such email addresses, the MailTip, custom attributes, and whether the mail user is hidden from address lists.

使用Get-mailuserSet-mailuser指令程式來檢視和變更郵件使用者的屬性。資訊,請參閱下列主題:Use the Get-MailUser and Set-MailUser cmdlets to view and change properties for mail users. For information, see the following topics:

以下是一些使用命令介面變更郵件使用者內容的範例。Here are some examples of using the Shell to change mail user properties.

此範例會設定 Pilar Pinilla 的外部電子郵件地址。This example sets the external email address for Pilar Pinilla.

Set-MailUser "Pilar Pinilla" -ExternalEmailAddress pilarp@tailspintoys.com

此範例會在組織的通訊錄中隱藏所有郵件使用者。This example hides all mail users from the organization's address book.

Get-MailUser | Set-MailUser -HiddenFromAddressListsEnabled $true

此範例會將所有郵件使用者的 [公司] 內容設定為 [Contoso]。This example sets the Company property for all mail users to Contoso.

Get-User -ResultSize unlimited -Filter {(RecipientTypeDetails -eq 'mailuser')} | Set-User -Company Contoso

此範例會將 [公司] 內容中值為 [Contoso] 的所有郵件使用者的 [CustomAttribute1] 內容設定為 [ContosoEmployee] 這個值。This example sets the CustomAttribute1 property to a value of ContosoEmployee for all mail users that have a value of Contoso in the Company property.

Get-User -ResultSize unlimited -Filter {(RecipientTypeDetails -eq 'mailuser') -and (Company -eq 'Contoso')}| Set-MailUser -CustomAttribute1 ContosoEmployee

如何才能了解這是否正常運作?How do you know this worked?

若要確認是否已成功變更郵件使用者的內容,請執行下列動作:To verify that you've successfully changed properties for mail users, do the following:

  • 在 EAC 中,選取 [郵件使用者] 和 [編輯編輯圖示來檢視您已變更的屬性。In the EAC, select the mail user and then click EditEdit icon to view the property that you changed.

  • 在命令介面中,使用 Get-UserGet-MailUser 指令程式來驗證變更。 使用命令介面的其中一項優點是,您可以檢視多個郵件連絡人的內容。In the Shell, use the Get-User and Get-MailUser cmdlets to verify the changes. One advantage of using the Shell is that you can view multiple properties for multiple mail contacts.

    Get-MailUser | Fl Name,CustomAttribute1 
    

    在上述所有郵件連絡人的 [公司] 內容設為 [Contoso] 的範例中,執行下列命令以驗證變更:In the example above where the Company property was set to Contoso for all mail contacts, run the following command to verify the changes:

    Get-User -ResultSize unlimited -Filter {(RecipientTypeDetails -eq 'mailuser')} | FL Name,Company
    

    在上述所有郵件使用者的 [CustomAttribute1] 內容設為 [ContosoEmployee] 的範例中,執行下列命令以驗證變更。In the example above where all mail users had the CustomAttribute1 property set to ContosoEmployee, run the following command to verify the changes.

    Get-MailUser | Fl Name,CustomAttribute1 
    

大量編輯郵件使用者Bulk edit mail users

您也可以使用 EAC 變更為多位郵件使用者選取的內容。 當您從 EAC 的連絡人清單中選取兩位或多位郵件使用者時,可以大量編輯的內容就會顯示在 [詳細資料] 窗格中。 變更其中一項內容時,變更將套用於所有選取的收件者。You can also use the EAC to change selected properties for multiple mail users. When you select two or more mail users from the contacts list in the EAC, the properties that can be bulk edited are displayed in the Details pane. When you change one of these properties, the change is applied to all selected recipients.

當您大量編輯郵件使用者時,可以變更下列內容範圍:When you bulk edit mail users, you can change the following property areas:

  • 連絡人資訊變更街道、 郵遞區號和城市名稱等共用的屬性。Contact Information Change shared properties such as street, postal code, and city name.

  • 組織變更部門名稱、 公司名稱以及所選的郵件連絡人或郵件使用者直屬主管等共用的屬性。Organization Change shared properties such as department name, company name, and the manager that the selected mail contacts or mail users report to.

使用 EAC 大量編輯郵件使用者Use the EAC to bulk edit mail users

  1. 在 EAC 中,瀏覽至 [收件者 > 連絡人In the EAC, navigate to Recipients > Contacts.

  2. 在連絡人清單中,選取兩位或多位郵件使用者。 您無法大量編輯郵件連絡人和郵件使用者的組合。In the list of contacts, select two or more mail users. You can't bulk edit a combination of mail contacts and mail users.

    提示

    您可以按住 Shift 鍵,並依序按一下您要編輯的第一位和最後一位郵件使用者,以選取多位相鄰的郵件使用者。 您也可以按住 Ctrl 鍵,並按一下您要編輯的每一位郵件使用者,以選取多位郵件使用者。You can select multiple adjacent mail users by holding down the Shift key and clicking the first mail user, and then clicking the last mail user you want to edit. You can also select multiple mail users by holding down the Ctrl key and clicking each one that you want to edit.

  3. 在 [詳細資料] 窗格的 [大量編輯]**** 下,按一下 [連絡人資訊]**** 或 [組織]**** 下的 [更新]*In the Details pane, under *Bulk Edit, click Update under Contact Information or Organization.

  4. 在內容頁上進行變更,然後儲存您的變更。Make the changes on the properties page and then save your changes.

如何知道這是否正常運作?How do you know this worked?

若要確認是否已成功大量編輯郵件使用者,請執行下列其中一項操作:To verify that you've successfully bulk edited mail users, do one of the following:

  • 在 EAC 中,選取每個郵件使用者,您想大量編輯] 和 [編輯編輯圖示來檢視您已變更的屬性。In the EAC, select each of the mail users that you bulk edited and then click EditEdit icon to view the properties that you changed.

  • 在命令介面中使用Get-user指令程式來確認所做的變更。例如,之後在 EAC 中用於變更名為 a 材料 Corporation 廠商公司主管和所有郵件使用者的 office 大量編輯功能。若要確認這些變更,您無法在命令介面中執行下列命令:In the Shell, use the Get-User cmdlet to verify the changes. For example, say you used the bulk edit feature in the EAC to change the manager and the office for all mail users from a vendor company named A. Datum Corporation. To verify these changes, you could run the following command in the Shell:

    Get-User -ResultSize unlimited -Filter {(RecipientTypeDetails -eq 'mailuser') -and (Company -eq 'Adatum')} | fl Name,Office,Manager
    

使用目錄同步處理來管理 Exchange Online 中的郵件使用者Use directory synchronization to manage mail users in Exchange Online

本節提供使用目錄同步處理 Exchange Online 中管理電子郵件使用者相關資訊。目錄同步處理的混合式客戶與內部部署和雲端託管信箱,且完全託管的 Exchange Online 客戶其 Active Directory 為內部部署。This section provides information about managing email users by using directory synchronization in Exchange Online. Directory synchronization is available for hybrid customers with on-premises and cloud-hosted mailboxes, and for fully hosted Exchange Online customers whose Active Directory is on-premises.

注意

如果您使用目錄同步作業來管理收件者,您仍可在 Office 365 系統管理中心 中新增和管理使用者,但這些使用者不會和您的內部部署 Active Directory 同步處理。這是因為目錄同步作業只會從內部部署 Active Directory 同步收件者至雲端。If you use directory synchronization to manage your recipients, you can still add and manage users in the Office 365 admin center, but they will not be synchronized with your on-premises Active Directory. This is because directory synchronization only syncs recipients from your on-premises Active Directory to the cloud.

注意

使用目錄同步處理建議搭配下列功能: > Outlook 安全寄件者和封鎖寄件者清單時進行同步處理服務,這些清單會高於垃圾郵件篩選服務中。這可讓使用者管理自己的安全寄件者和每個使用者或每個網域為基礎的封鎖的寄件者清單。>目錄架構邊緣封鎖 (DBEB) 如需關於 DBEB,請參閱 <使用目錄架構邊緣封鎖以拒絕郵件傳送至無效收件者。> 才可存取使用者垃圾郵件隔離區的使用者垃圾郵件隔離區的使用者必須具備有效的 Office 365 使用者識別碼和密碼。具有內部部署信箱的客戶必須是有效的電子郵件使用者。>傳輸規則使用目錄同步處理、 現有的 Active Directory 使用者和群組會自動上傳至雲端,以及您可以建立傳輸規則之目標/特定使用者或群組而不需要時以手動方式將其新增到透過 EAC 或遠端 Windows PowerShell。請注意,動態通訊群組無法透過目錄同步作業進行同步處理。Using directory synchronization is recommended for use with the following features: > Outlook safe sender and blocked sender lists When synchronized to the service, these lists will take precedence over spam filtering in the service. This lets users manage their own safe sender and blocked sender lists on a per-user or per-domain basis. > Directory Based Edge Blocking (DBEB) For more information about DBEB, see Use Directory Based Edge Blocking to reject messages sent to invalid recipients. > End user spam quarantine In order to access the end user spam quarantine, end users must have a valid Office 365 user ID and password. Customers with on-premises mailboxes must be valid email users. > Transport rules When you use directory synchronization, your existing Active Directory users and groups are automatically uploaded to the cloud, and you can then create Transport rules that target specific users and/or groups without having to manually add them via the EAC or remote Windows PowerShell. Note that dynamic distribution groups can't be synchronized via directory synchronization.

開始之前Before you begin

取得必要權限,並做好目錄同步處理的準備工作,如為目錄同步作業做好準備所說明。Get the necessary permissions and prepare for directory synchronization, as described in Prepare for directory synchronization.

同步處理使用者目錄To synchronize user directories

  1. 啟動目錄同步處理,如啟動目錄同步處理所說明。Activate directory synchronization, as described in Activate directory synchronization.

  2. 設定目錄同步處理電腦,如設定您的目錄同步處理電腦所說明。Set up your directory synchronization computer, as described in Set up your directory sync computer.

  3. 同步處理您的目錄,如使用設定精靈同步處理您的目錄所說明。Synchronize your directories, as described in Use the Configuration Wizard to sync your directories.

    重要

    完成 Azure Active Directory 同步處理工具設定精靈 之後,您的 Active Directory 樹系中會建立 MSOL_AD_SYNC 帳戶。此帳戶將用來讀取和同步處理您的內部部署 Active Directory 資訊。為了讓目錄同步作業能夠正確運作,請確定有開啟您的本機目錄同步作業伺服器上的 TCP 443。When you finish the Azure Active Directory Sync Tool Configuration Wizard, the MSOL_AD_SYNC account is created in your Active Directory forest. This account is used to read and synchronize your on-premises Active Directory information. In order for directory synchronization to work correctly, make sure that TCP 443 on your local directory synchronization server is open.

  4. 啟動已同步處理的使用者,如啟用同步處理的使用者所說明。Activate synced users, as described in Activate synced users.

  5. 管理目錄同步處理,如管理目錄同步作業所說明。Manage directory synchronization, as described in Manage directory synchronization.

  6. 確認的 Exchange Online 已正確同步處理。在 EAC 中,移至 [收件者 > 連絡人並檢視使用者清單從內部部署環境正確同步處理。Verify that Exchange Online is synchronizing correctly. In the EAC, go to Recipients > Contacts and view that the list of users was correctly synchronized from your on-premises environment.