建立探索信箱Create a discovery mailbox

Microsoft Exchange Server 安裝程式會建立預設探索信箱。在 Exchange Online 中,預設也會建立探索信箱。探索信箱會做為 Exchange 系統管理中心 (EAC) 中的就地 eDiscovery搜尋目標信箱。您可以建立所需的其他探索信箱。建立新的探索信箱後,您必須將完整存取權限指派給適當的使用者,讓他們可以存取 eDiscovery 搜尋結果複製到探索信箱。Microsoft Exchange Server Setup creates a discovery mailbox by default. In Exchange Online, a discovery mailbox is also created by default. Discovery mailboxes are used as target mailboxes for In-Place eDiscovery searches in the Exchange admin center (EAC). You can create additional discovery mailboxes as required. After you create a new discovery mailbox, you will have to assign Full Access permissions to the appropriate users so they can access eDiscovery search results that are copied to the discovery mailbox.

警告

探索管理員將 eDiscovery 搜尋的結果複製到探索信箱之後,信箱可能就會包含敏感資訊。您應該控制對探索信箱的存取權,並確定只有授權的使用者才能存取這些信箱。After a discovery manager copies the results of an eDiscovery search to a discovery mailbox, the mailbox can potentially contain sensitive information. You should control access to discovery mailboxes and make sure only authorized users can access them.

如需詳細資訊,請參閱 探索信箱For more information, see Discovery mailboxes.

開始之前有哪些須知?What do you need to know before you begin?

  • 預估完成時間:3 分鐘。Estimated time to complete: 3 minutes.

  • 您必須獲得權限才能執行此程序或程序。若您需要哪些權限,請參閱訊息原則及符合性權限主題中的 「 建立探索信箱 」 項目。You need to be assigned permissions before you can perform this procedure or procedures. To see what permissions you need, see the "Creating discovery mailboxes" entry in Messaging policy and compliance permissions topic.

  • 探索信箱擁有 50 GB 的信箱儲存配額。無法增加此儲存配額。Discovery mailboxes have a mailbox storage quota of 50 gigabytes (GB). This storage quota can't be increased.

  • 您無法使用 EAC 來建立探索信箱或指派權限對其進行存取。您必須使用命令介面。Office 365 中使用遠端 PowerShell 連線至 Exchange Online 組織。You can't use the EAC to create a discovery mailbox or assign permissions to access it. You have to use the Shell. In Office 365, use Remote PowerShell connected to your Exchange Online organization.

  • 如需適用於此主題中程序的快速鍵相關資訊,請參閱 Exchange 系統管理中心的鍵盤快速鍵For information about keyboard shortcuts that may apply to the procedures in this topic, see Keyboard shortcuts in the Exchange admin center.

提示

有問題嗎?在 Exchange 論壇中尋求協助。 論壇的網址為:Exchange ServerExchange OnlineExchange Online ProtectionHaving problems? Ask for help in the Exchange forums. Visit the forums at Exchange Server,Exchange Online, or Exchange Online Protection.

您要執行的工作What do you want to do?

(選用)步驟 1: 連線至 Exchange Online 使用遠端 PowerShell(Optional) Step 1: Connect to Exchange Online using remote PowerShell

您只需要有 Exchange Online 或 Office 365 組織執行此步驟。如果您有 Exchange Server 組織、 移至下一個步驟及 Exchange 管理命令介面中執行命令。You only need to perform this step if you have an Exchange Online or Office 365 organization. If you have an Exchange Server organization, go to the next step and run the command in the Exchange Management Shell.

  1. 在您的本機電腦上開啟 Windows PowerShell,並執行下列命令。On your local computer, open Windows PowerShell and run the following command.

    $UserCredential = Get-Credential
    

    Windows PowerShell 認證要求] 對話方塊中,輸入使用者名稱與 Office 365 全域管理員帳戶密碼,並再按一下 [確定]In the Windows PowerShell Credential Request dialog box, type user name and password for an Office 365 global admin account, and then click OK.

  2. 執行下列命令。Run the following command.

    $Session = New-PSSession -ConfigurationName Microsoft.Exchange -ConnectionUri https://outlook.office365.com/powershell-liveid/ -Credential $UserCredential -Authentication Basic -AllowRedirection
    
  3. 執行下列命令。Run the following command.

    Import-PSSession $Session
    
  4. 若要確認您已連線至 Exchange Online 組織,執行下列命令以取得貴組織中所有信箱的清單:To verify that you're connected to your Exchange Online organization, run the following command to get a list of all the mailboxes in your organization.

    Get-Mailbox
    

如需詳細資訊或如果您無法連線到您的 Exchange Online 組織,請參閱使用遠端 PowerShell 連線到 Exchange OnlineFor more information or if you have problems connecting to your Exchange Online organization, see Connect to Exchange Online using remote PowerShell.

步驟 2: 建立探索信箱Step 2: Create a discovery mailbox

此範例會建立名為 SearchResults 的探索信箱。This example creates a discovery mailbox named SearchResults.

New-Mailbox -Name SearchResults -Discovery 

如需詳細的語法及參數資訊,請參閱 new-MailboxFor detailed syntax and parameter information, see new-Mailbox.

若要顯示 Exchange 組織中的所有探索信箱清單,請執行下列命令:To display a list of all discovery mailboxes in an Exchange organization, run the following command:

Get-Mailbox -Resultsize unlimited -Filter {RecipientTypeDetails -eq "DiscoveryMailbox"}

如需詳細的語法及參數資訊,請參閱 Get-MailboxFor detailed syntax and parameter information, see Get-Mailbox.

步驟 3: 指派權限給探索信箱Step 3: Assign permissions to a discovery mailbox

您必須明確指派給使用者或群組的必要權限來開啟您建立探索信箱。若要指派給使用者或群組的權限將開啟探索信箱和檢視搜尋結果中使用下列語法:You have to explicitly assign users or groups the necessary permissions to open a discovery mailbox that you've created. Use the following syntax to assign a user or group permissions to open a discovery mailbox and view search results:

Add-MailboxPermission <Name of the discovery mailbox> -User <Name of user or group> -AccessRights FullAccess -InheritanceType all

例如,下列命令會將完整存取權指派給 Litigation Managers 群組,讓群組成員可以開啟 Fabrikam Litigation 探索信箱。For example, the following command assigns the Full Access permission to the Litigation Managers group, so members of the group can open the Fabrikam Litigation discovery mailbox.

Add-MailboxPermission "Fabrikam Litigation" -User "Litigation Managers" -AccessRights FullAccess -InheritanceType all

如需詳細的語法及參數資訊,請參閱 Add-MailboxPermissionFor detailed syntax and parameter information, see Add-MailboxPermission.

其他資訊More information

  • 根據預設,[探索管理] 角色群組的成員只有預設 [探索搜尋信箱] 的完整存取權。如果您想要讓成員開啟所建立的探索信箱,則必須對 [探索管理] 角色群組明確指派完整存取權。By default, members of the Discovery Management role group only have Full Access permission to the default Discovery Search Mailbox. You will have to explicitly assign the Full Access permission to the Discovery Management role group if you want members to open a discovery mailbox that you've created.

  • 雖然使用者會出現在 Exchange 通訊清單中,但是無法將電子郵件傳送至探索信箱。使用傳遞限制可禁止將電子郵件傳遞至探索信箱。這可保留複製到探索信箱的搜尋結果的完整性。Although visible in Exchange address lists, users can't send email to a discovery mailbox. Email delivery to discovery mailboxes is prohibited with delivery restrictions. This preserves the integrity of search results copied to a discovery mailbox.

  • 探索信箱無法用於其他目的或轉換成另一種類型的信箱。A discovery mailbox can't be repurposed or converted to another type of mailbox.

  • 您可以移除探索信箱,如同移除任何其他類型的信箱一般。You can remove a discovery mailbox as you would any other type of mailbox.