Lync Server 2013 中的必要工作As-needed tasks in Lync Server 2013

 

主題上次修改日期: 2014-08-18Topic Last Modified: 2014-08-18

請視需要執行下列工作。Perform the following tasks as necessary. 它們經常也包含在標準程式中:They are frequently also covered by standard procedures:

  • **完整安全性審核   **您可以定期執行此審核,以回應郵件系統的升級或重新設計,或是回應嘗試的 (或成功的) 安全性破壞。**Full Security Auditing   **You can perform this audit regularly, in response to an upgrade or redesign of the messaging system, or in response to an attempted (or successful) security breach. 此程式可能會包含伺服器及防火牆上的埠掃描、安全性修正程式的核查,以及協力廠商的滲透測試。The procedure may involve port scans on servers and firewalls, audits of security fixes, and third-party penetration tests.

  • 取代憑證,使其到期    檢查 Lync Server 憑證是一項正常的周任務,也就是管理員應該有所有憑證到期日記錄的步驟。Replace Certificates about to Expire   Checking Lync Server Certificates is one of regular weekly tasks, and as part of the procedure an administrator should have a record of all certificates’ expiry dates. 這筆記錄可讓系統管理員在特定憑證到期時建立通知,並視需要更換。This record enables an administrator to create a notification when a particular certificate is about to be expired and replaced as needed.

  • 更新效能基準    在升級或設定變更之後更新效能基準。Updating Performance Baselines   Update performance baselines after an upgrade or configuration change. 您的組織可以使用基準來測量效能變更,並偵測影響系統效能的問題。Your organization can use baselines to measure performance changes and to detect issues that affect system performance.

  • 管理企業版集     區部署個別的伺服器時,已完成組織環境中的 Enterprise pool、Standard Edition 伺服器及其他任何伺服器的初始設定。Managing Enterprise Pool   Initial configuration of Enterprise pools, Standard Edition servers, and any other servers in your organization's environment were done during deployment of the individual servers. Standard Edition server 和 Enterprise pool 的伺服器及集區的部署後管理包括下列工作:Post-deployment management of servers and pools for Standard Edition servers and Enterprise pools includes the following tasks:

    • 管理前端伺服器Managing Front End Servers

    • 管理 Web 會議Managing Web Conferencing

    • 管理會議Managing Conferencing

    • 變更服務帳戶認證Changing Service Account Credentials

    • 管理資料庫Managing Databases

    • 啟動和停止服務以及停用伺服器角色Starting and Stopping Services and Deactivating Server Roles

    • 移除伺服器和伺服器角色、移除集區,以及解除委任伺服器與集區Removing Servers and Server Roles, Removing Pools, and Decommissioning Servers and Pools

  • 管理使用量    您可以設定 Lync Server 2013,以提供最適合貴組織的功能。Managing Usage   You can configure Lync Server 2013 to provide the features and functionality that are most appropriate for your organization. 其中包括下列項目:This includes the following:

    • 管理內部部署 Web 會議會議的支援Managing Support for On-Premise Web Conferencing Meetings

    • 管理通訊群組的使用以傳送立即訊息Managing the Use of Distribution Groups to Send Instant Messages

    • 管理連絡人、目前狀態及查詢Managing Contacts, Presence, and Queries

    • 設定用戶端版本篩選Configuring Client Version Filtering

    • 設定智慧 IM 篩選Configuring Intelligent IM Filtering

    • 設定封存、詳細通話記錄和會議規範Configuring Archiving, Call Detail Recording, and Meeting Compliance

  • 管理 Edge Server 連線能力    持續管理提供外部連線所需的伺服器及設定包括下列各項:Managing Edge Server Connectivity   Ongoing management of the servers and settings required to provide external connectivity includes the following:

    • 管理內部伺服器和 Edge Server 之間的連線Managing Connectivity between Internal Servers and Edge Servers

    • 設定 Edge Server 的內部及外部介面和憑證Configuring Internal and External Interfaces and Certificates for Edge Servers

    • 管理同盟合作夥伴存取Managing Federated Partner Access

  • 管理通訊錄    管理通訊錄服務器包含下列專案:Administering the Address Book   Administering Address Book Servers includes the following:

    • 設定通訊錄服務器電話正常化Configuring Address Book Server phone normalization

    • 從命令列管理通訊錄服務器Managing the Address Book Server from the command line

  • 管理使用者帳戶    管理使用者帳戶包括下列專案:Managing User Accounts   Management of user accounts includes the following:

    • 啟用 Lync Server 的使用者帳戶Enabling User Accounts for Lync Server

    • 使用嚮導設定 Lync Server 使用者Configuring Lync Server Users using the Wizard

    • 設定個別的 Lync Server 使用者帳戶屬性Configuring Individual Lync Server User Account Properties

    • 搜尋 Lync Server 使用者Searching for Lync Server Users

    • 移動 Lync Server 使用者Moving Lync Server Users

    • 刪除 Lync Server 使用者Deleting Lync Server Users

  • 分析 Lync Server 2013 記錄     檔一種非常有用的工具(一般用於疑難排解)是「lync Server 2013 記錄」工具,詳細資訊請參閱使用 Lync server 2013 記錄工具Analyzing Lync Server 2013 Log Files   One very helpful tool, generally used for troubleshooting, is the Lync Server 2013 Logging Tool described in detail in Using Lync Server 2013 Logging Tool.

因為「記錄」工具會以每個伺服器為基礎來產生記錄檔 () ,如果電腦上已安裝 Microsoft Office Server 12 資源套件工具,則可以使用 Snooper 工具來查看及分析這些記錄檔。Because the Logging Tool generates log files (on a per-server basis), these log files can be viewed and analyzed by using the Snooper tool, if the Microsoft Office Server 12 Resource Kit Tools are installed on the computer. 否則,也可以使用文字編輯器來分析記錄檔,此編輯器的透明度不如使用 Snooper 實用程式複雜。Otherwise, logs can also be analyzed by using a text editor, which is much less transparent and more complex than using the Snooper utility.

若要查看及分析通訊協定訊息To View and Analyze Protocol Messages

在記錄工具中,當您結束調試會話時,請按一下 [分析記錄檔] 以使用 Snooper 工具來查看記錄檔。In the Logging Tool, when you have ended the debug session, click Analyze Log Files to view the log files by using the Snooper tool. 您可以分析下列元件的通訊協定記錄:You can analyze protocol logs for the following components:

  • Lync Server SipStack (SIP) Lync Server SipStack (SIP)

  • Lync Server S4 (SIP) Lync Server S4 (SIP)

  • Lync Server 會議信號流量 (C3P) (包括 MCU 基礎 C3P 和 Focus C3P)Lync Server Conferencing signaling traffic (C3P), including MCU Infra C3P and Focus C3P

  • Lync Server Web 會議流量 (PSOM) Lync Server Web conferencing traffic (PSOM)

  • Lync Server 整合通訊用戶端平臺用戶端 (UCCP) Lync Server Unified Communications Client Platform client (UCCP)

  • 封存資料庫的錯誤報表Error reports from the archiving database

若要協助組織所需任務的效能,請參閱 As-Needed 作業檢查清單。To help organize the performance of as-needed tasks, see As-Needed Operations Checklist.

重要

如需詳細的系統管理和管理程式,請參閱 Microsoft Lync Server 2013 管理指南。For detailed administration and management procedures, see the Microsoft Lync Server 2013 Administration Guide.

備份 (及還原) 原則或配置設定Backup (and restore) policies or configuration settings

Lync Server 2013 可讓您備份及還原整個系統。Lync Server 2013 lets you back up and restore the whole system. Iif 您要備份 (,然後可能是天的還原) 單一原則或單一的設定集集合、檢索適當的原則,然後將該物件以管道傳送至 Export-Clixml Cmdlet,該物件會將原則資訊儲存為 XML 檔案:Iif you want to back up (and then maybe someday restore) a single policy or a single collection of configuration settings, retrieve the appropriate policy, and then pipe that object to the Export-Clixml cmdlet, which saves the policy information as an XML file:

Get-CsClientPolicy -Identity "RedmondClientPolicy" | Export-Clixml -Path C:\Backup\RedmondClientPolicy.xml

您現在可以試驗 RedmondClientPolicy,並變更許多設定。You may now experiment with RedmondClientPolicy and change lots of the settings. 如果您決定改為還原舊的原則,請輸入:If you decide instead to restore the old policy, enter:

$x = Import-Clixml -Path C:\Backup\RedmondClientPolicy.xml

Set-CsClientPolicy -Instance $x

請注意,此方法適用于大部分的原則及設定,但不會使用某些較複雜的專案(包含多個子物件的專案) (例如路由設定設定,其中包含許多不同的語音路由) 。Note that this approach will work for most policies and settings but it won't work with some of the more complex items—items that contain multiple sub-objects (like routing configuration settings, which contain many separate voice routes).