在您的拓撲中為 Lync Server 2013 定義選用的 Director 拓撲Define optional Director topologies in your topology for Lync Server 2013

 

主題上次修改日期: 2012-09-08Topic Last Modified: 2012-09-08

Lync Server 2013 Director 可以是單一實例伺服器,也可以以多個 Director 的負載平衡集區形式進行安裝,以獲得較高的可用性和容量。Lync Server 2013 Directors can be single-instance servers or they can be installed as a load-balanced pool of multiple Directors for higher availability and capacity. 支援硬體負載平衡和網域名稱系統 (DNS) 負載平衡。Both hardware load balancing and Domain Name System (DNS) load balancing are supported. 本主題說明如何設定 Director 集區的 DNS 負載平衡。This topic explains how to configure DNS load balancing for Director pools.

若要在您新增或移除伺服器角色時順利發行、啟用或停用拓撲,您應該以 RTCUniversalServerAdminsDomain Admins 群組成員的使用者身分登入。To successfully publish, enable, or disable a topology when you add or remove a server role, you should be logged on as a user who is a member of the RTCUniversalServerAdmins and Domain Admins groups. 您也可以委派適當的系統管理員權力,以加入伺服器角色。You can also delegate the proper administrator rights and permissions for adding server roles. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Standard Edition server 或 Enterprise Edition server 部署檔中的 Lync server 2013 中的委派設定許可權For details, see Delegate setup permissions in Lync Server 2013 in the Standard Edition server or Enterprise Edition server Deployment documentation. 針對其他設定變更,只需要 RTCUniversalServerAdmins 群組中的成員資格。For other configuration changes, only membership in the RTCUniversalServerAdmins group is required.

本主題說明為兩個 Director 拓撲定義及發行拓撲的步驟:This topic describes the steps to define and publish the topology for the two Director topologies:

  • 若要定義 Director (單一實例) To define the Director (single instance)

  • 若要定義 Director (多個 Director 集區) To define the Director (multiple Director pool)

若要定義 Director (單一實例) To define the Director (single instance)

  1. 啟動拓撲產生器:依序按一下 [ 開始]、[ 所有程式]、[ Microsoft Lync server 2013],然後按一下 [ Lync server 拓撲產生器]。Start Topology Builder: Click Start, click All Programs, click Microsoft Lync Server 2013, and then click Lync Server Topology Builder.

  2. 在 [歡迎] 頁面上,按一下 [ 從現有的部署下載拓撲]。On the welcome page, click Download Topology from Existing Deployment.

  3. 在 [ 另存拓撲 ] 對話方塊中,輸入現有拓撲的本機複本名稱和位置,然後按一下 [ 儲存]。In the Save Topology As dialog box, type the name and location of the local copy of the existing topology, and then click Save.

  4. 展開您計畫加入 Director 的網站,以滑鼠右鍵按一下 [ Director集區],然後按一下 [ 新增 director 集區]。Expand the site in which you plan to add the Director, right-click Director pools, and then click New Director Pool.

  5. 在 [ 定義 Director 集區 FQDN ] 對話方塊中,執行下列動作:In the Define the Director pool FQDN dialog box, do the following:

    • 在 [ 集區 FQDN] 中,輸入 Director 集區的 FQDN。In Pool FQDN, type the FQDN for the Director pool.

    • 按一下 [單一電腦集區],然後按 [下一步]Click Single computer pool, and then click Next.

  6. 在 [ 定義檔案共用 ] 對話方塊中,執行下列其中一項操作:In the Define the file share dialog box, do one of the following:

    1. 若要使用現有的檔案共用,請按一下 [ 使用先前定義的檔案共用],然後從清單中選取檔案共用,然後按 [下一步]To use an existing file share, click Use a previously defined file share, select a file share from the list, and then click Next.

    2. 若要建立新的檔案共用,請按一下 [ 定義新的檔案共用],並在 [ 檔案伺服器 FQDN] 中輸入檔案共用位置的 FQDN,在 [檔案 共用] 中輸入共用的名稱,然後按 [下一步]To create a new file share, click Define a new file share, type the FQDN for the location of the file share in File Server FQDN, type the name of the share in File Share, and then click Next.

    重要

    您在此步驟中所指定或建立的檔案共用,必須存在或在發佈拓撲之前建立。The file share that you specify or create in this step must exist or be created prior to publishing the topology.
    指派給 Director 的檔案共用實際上並未使用,因此您可以指派組織中任何集區的檔案共用。The file share assigned to a Director is not actually used, so you can assign the file share of any pool in the organization.

  7. 在 [ 指定 Web 服務 URL ] 對話方塊的 [ 外部基礎 URL] 中,指定 director 的 FQDN,然後按一下 [完成]In the Specify the Web Services URL dialog box, in External Base URL, specify the FQDN for the Directors, and then click Finish.

    重要

    此名稱必須可從網際網路 DNS 伺服器解析,並指向反向 proxy 的公用 IP 位址,該位址會偵聽該 URL 的 HTTP/HTTPS 要求,並將其代理至該 Director 上的外部 Web 服務虛擬目錄。The name must be resolvable from Internet DNS servers and point to the public IP address of the reverse proxy, which listens for HTTP/HTTPS requests to that URL and proxies them to the external Web Services virtual directory on that Director.

    警告

    如果您有一個以上的前端集區或前端伺服器,則外部 Web 服務 FQDN 必須是唯一的。If you have more than one Front End pool or Front End Server the external Web services FQDN must be unique. 例如,如果您將前端伺服器的外部 Web 服務 FQDN 定義為 pool01.contoso.com,則無法將 pool01.contoso.com 用於另一個前端集區或前端伺服器。For example, if you define the external Web services FQDN of a Front End Server as pool01.contoso.com, you cannot use pool01.contoso.com for another Front End pool or Front End Server. 如果您也要部署 Director,則為任何 Director 或 Director 集區定義的外部 Web 服務 FQDN,都必須與任何其他 Director 或 Director 集區以及任何前端集區或前端伺服器都是唯一的。If you are also deploying Directors, the external Web services FQDN defined for any Director or Director pool must be unique from any other Director or Director pool as well as any Front End pool or Front End Server. 如果決定使用自行定義的 FQDN 來覆寫內部 web 服務,則每個 FQDN 必須與其他任何前端集區、Director 或 Director 集區是唯一的。If decide to override the Internal web services with a self-defined FQDN, each FQDN must be unique from any other Front End pool, Director or a Director pool.

  8. 發行拓撲。Publish the topology.

若要定義 Director (多個 Director 集區) To define the Director (multiple Director pool)

  1. 啟動拓撲產生器:依序按一下 [ 開始]、[ 所有程式]、[ Microsoft Lync server 2013],然後按一下 [ Lync server 拓撲產生器]。Start Topology Builder: Click Start, click All Programs, click Microsoft Lync Server 2013, and then click Lync Server Topology Builder.

  2. 在 [歡迎] 頁面上,按一下 [ 從現有的部署下載拓撲]。On the welcome page, click Download Topology from Existing Deployment.

  3. 在 [ 另存拓撲 ] 對話方塊中,輸入現有拓撲的本機複本名稱和位置,然後按一下 [ 儲存]。In the Save Topology As dialog box, type the name and location of the local copy of the existing topology, and then click Save.

  4. 展開您計畫加入 Director 的網站,以滑鼠右鍵按一下 [ Director集區],然後按一下 [ 新增 director 集區]。Expand the site in which you plan to add the Director, right-click Director pools, and then click New Director Pool.

  5. 在 [ 定義 Director 集區 FQDN ] 對話方塊中,執行下列動作:In the Define the Director pool FQDN dialog box, do the following:

    • 在 [ 集區 FQDN] 中,輸入 Director 集區的 FQDN。In Pool FQDN, type the FQDN for the Director pool.

    • 按一下 [多部電腦集區]****,然後按 [下一步]****。Click Multiple computer pool, and then click Next.

  6. 在 [ 定義此集區中的電腦 ] 對話方塊中,執行下列動作:In the Define the computers in this pool dialog box, do the following:

    • 指定第一個集區成員的電腦 FQDN,然後按一下 [ 新增]。Specify the computer FQDN of the first pool member, and then click Add.

    • 針對您要新增的每一部電腦重複上述步驟。Repeat the previous step for each computer that you want to add. 完成後,請按 [下一步]When you are finished, click Next.

  7. 在 [ 定義檔案共用 ] 對話方塊中,執行下列其中一項操作:In the Define the file share dialog box, do one of the following:

    • 若要使用現有的檔案共用,請按一下 [ 使用先前定義的檔案共用],然後從清單中選取檔案共用,然後按 [下一步]To use an existing file share, click Use a previously defined file share, select a file share from the list, and then click Next.

    • 若要建立新的檔案共用,請按一下 [ 定義新的檔案共用],並在 [ 檔案伺服器 FQDN] 中輸入檔案共用位置的 FQDN,在 [檔案 共用] 中輸入共用的名稱,然後按 [下一步]To create a new file share, click Define a new file share, type the FQDN for the location of the file share in File Server FQDN, type the name of the share in File Share, and then click Next.

    重要

    您在此步驟中所指定或建立的檔案共用,必須存在或在發佈拓撲之前建立。The file share that you specify or create in this step must exist or be created prior to publishing the topology.
    指派給 Director 的檔案共用實際上並未使用,因此您可以指派組織中任何集區的檔案共用。The file share assigned to a Director is not actually used, so you can assign the file share of any pool in the organization.

  8. 在 [ 指定 Web 服務 URL ] 對話方塊的 [ 外部基礎 URL] 中,指定 director 的 FQDN,然後按一下 [完成]In the Specify the Web Services URL dialog box, in External Base URL, specify the FQDN for the Directors, and then click Finish.

    重要

    此名稱必須可從網際網路 DNS 伺服器解析,並指向反向 proxy 的公用 IP 位址,該位址會偵聽傳送至該 URL 的 HTTP/HTTPS 要求,並將其代理至該 Director 集區上的外部 Web 服務虛擬目錄。The name must be resolvable from Internet DNS servers and point to the public IP address of the reverse proxy, which listens for HTTP/HTTPS requests sent to that URL and proxies them to the external Web Services virtual directory on that Director pool.

    警告

    如果您有一個以上的前端集區或前端伺服器,則外部 Web 服務 FQDN 必須是唯一的。If you have more than one Front End pool or Front End Server the external Web services FQDN must be unique. 例如,如果您將前端伺服器的外部 Web 服務 FQDN 定義為 pool01.contoso.com,則無法將 pool01.contoso.com 用於另一個前端集區或前端伺服器。For example, if you define the external Web services FQDN of a Front End Server as pool01.contoso.com, you cannot use pool01.contoso.com for another Front End pool or Front End Server. 如果您也要部署 Director,則為任何 Director 或 Director 集區定義的外部 Web 服務 FQDN,都必須與任何其他 Director 或 Director 集區以及任何前端集區或前端伺服器都是唯一的。If you are also deploying Directors, the external Web services FQDN defined for any Director or Director pool must be unique from any other Director or Director pool as well as any Front End pool or Front End Server. 如果決定使用自行定義的 FQDN 來覆寫內部 web 服務,則每個 FQDN 必須與其他任何前端集區、Director 或 Director 集區是唯一的。If decide to override the Internal web services with a self-defined FQDN, each FQDN must be unique from any other Front End pool, Director or a Director pool.

  9. 發行拓撲。Publish the topology.