在 Lync Server 2013 中安裝及設定觀察程式節點Installing and configuring watcher nodes in Lync Server 2013

 

主題上次修改日期: 2013-11-07Topic Last Modified: 2013-11-07

觀察程式節點 是定期執行 Lync Server 綜合交易的電腦。Watcher nodes are computers that periodically run Lync Server synthetic transactions. 綜合交易 是 Windows PowerShell Cmdlet,用來驗證重要的使用者案例,例如登入系統的功能,或 exchange 立即訊息的功能會如預期般運作。Synthetic transactions are Windows PowerShell cmdlets that verify that key end user scenarios—such as the ability to sign in to the system, or the ability to exchange instant messages—are working as expected. 對於 Lync Server 2013,System Center Operations Manager 可以執行下表所示的綜合交易。For Lync Server 2013, System Center Operations Manager can run the synthetic transactions shown in the following table. 表中顯示三種不同綜合交易類型:There are three different synthetic transaction types shown in the table:

  • 預設值Default. 這些是監看員節點預設會執行的綜合交易。These are the synthetic transactions that a watcher node will run by default. 建立新的監看員節點時,可以選擇指定節點會執行的綜合交易。When you create a new watcher node, you have the option of specifying which synthetic transactions that node will run. (New-CsWatcherNodeConfiguration 指令程式所使用之測試參數的目的。 ) 如果在建立監看員節點時未使用 [測試] 參數,它會自動執行所有預設的綜合交易,而且不會執行任何非預設的綜合交易。(That's the purpose of the Tests parameter used by the New-CsWatcherNodeConfiguration cmdlet.) If you do not use the Tests parameter when the watcher node is created, it will automatically run all the Default synthetic transactions and will not run any of the Non-default synthetic transactions. 舉例而言,這表示監看員節點會設定執行 Test-CsAddressBookService 測試,但是不會設定執行 Test-CsExumConnectivity 測試。That means, for example, that the watcher node will be configured to run the Test-CsAddressBookService test, but will not be configured to run the Test-CsExumConnectivity test.

  • 非預設值Non-default. 如名稱所指,非預設綜合交易為監看員節點依預設不會執行的測試。As the name implies, Non-default synthetic transactions are tests that watcher nodes do not run by default. 不過,可以啟用監看員節點來執行任何非預設綜合交易。However, the watcher node can be enabled to run any of the Non-default synthetic transactions. 您可以在建立監看員節點時 (透過使用 New-CsWatcherNodeConfiguration Cmdlet),或在建立後的任何時點進行啟用。You can do this when you create the watcher node (by using the New-CsWatcherNodeConfiguration cmdlet), or at any time after that. 許多非預設綜合交易需要額外的設定步驟。Many of the Non-default synthetic transactions require extra setup steps. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Lync Server 2013 中的綜合交易的特殊安裝指示For details, see Special setup instructions for synthetic transactions in Lync Server 2013.

  • 擴充Extended. 延伸測試為非預設綜合交易的特別類型。Extended tests are a special type of Non-default synthetic transaction. 與其他綜合交易不同的是,延伸測試在每個行程中可以執行多次。Unlike other synthetic transactions, Extended tests can be run multiple times during each pass. 在驗證如集區的多重公用電話交換網路 (PSTN) 語音路由時,這就非常有用。This can be useful when verifying behavior such as multiple public switched telephone network (PSTN) voice routes for a pool. 只要在監看員節點中新增延伸測試的多個執行個體,即可設定。This can be configured simply by adding multiple instances of an Extended test to a watcher node.

如需將其他綜合交易新增至監看員節點程式的詳細資訊,請參閱 管理 Lync Server 2013 中的監看員節點。For details about the process of adding other synthetic transactions to a watcher node, see Managing watcher nodes in Lync Server 2013. 您可以使用 Lync Server 管理命令介面,從監看員節點中移除綜合交易。You can use the Lync Server Management Shell to remove synthetic transactions from a watcher node.

監看員節點可用的綜合交易包括下列:The synthetic transactions available to watcher nodes include the following:

Cmdlet 名稱 (測試名稱)Cmdlet Name (Test Name) 描述Description 綜合交易類型Synthetic Transaction Type

Test-CsAddressBookService (ABS)Test-CsAddressBookService (ABS)

確認使用者可以查詢不在其連絡人清單中的使用者。Confirms that users are able to look up users that aren’t in their contact list.

預設Default

Test-CsAddressBookWebQuery (ABWQ)Test-CsAddressBookWebQuery (ABWQ)

確認使用者可以透過 HTTP 查詢不在其連絡人清單中的使用者。Confirms that users are able to look up users that aren’t in their contact list via HTTP.

預設Default

Test-CsIM (IM)Test-CsIM (IM)

確認使用者可以傳送對等立即訊息。Confirms that users are able to send peer-to-peer instant messages.

預設Default

Test-CsP2PAV (P2PAV) Test-CsP2PAV (P2PAV)

確認使用者可以撥出對等音訊通話 (僅訊號)。Confirms that users are able to place peer-to-peer audio calls (signaling only).

預設Default

Test-CsPresence (Presence)Test-CsPresence (Presence)

確認使用者可以檢視其他使用者的目前狀態。Confirms that users are able to view other users’ presence.

預設Default

Test-CsRegistration (Registration)Test-CsRegistration (Registration)

確認使用者可以登入 Lync。Confirms that users are able sign in to Lync.

預設Default

Test-CsAudioConferencingProvider (ACP)Test-CsAudioConferencingProvider (ACP)

不會搭配 Lync Server 2013 的內部部署版本使用Not used with the on-premises version of Lync Server 2013

延伸Extended

Test-CsPstnPeerToPeerCall (PSTN)Test-CsPstnPeerToPeerCall (PSTN)

確認使用者可以對企業外人員 (PSTN 號碼) 撥出及接聽通話。Confirms that users are able to place and receive calls with people outside of the enterprise (PSTN numbers).

非預設、延伸Non-default, Extended

Test-CsAVConference (AvConference) Test-CsAVConference (AvConference)

確認使用者可以建立並參與音訊/視訊會議。Confirms that users are able to create and participate in an audio/video conference.

預設Default

Test-CsAVEdgeConnectivity (AVEdgeConnectivity) Test-CsAVEdgeConnectivity (AVEdgeConnectivity)

確認 A/V Edge Server 可以接受對等通話及電話會議的連線。Confirms that the A/V Edge servers are able to accept connections for peer-to-peer calls and conference calls.

非預設Non-default

Test-CsDataConference (DataConference) Test-CsDataConference (DataConference)

確認使用者可以參與資料共同作業會議 (包含如白板及投票等活動的線上會議)。Confirms that users can participate in a data collaboration conference, an online meeting that includes activities such as whiteboards and polls.

非預設Non-default

Test-CsExumConnectivity (ExumConnectivity) Test-CsExumConnectivity (ExumConnectivity)

確認使用者可以連線至 Exchange 整合通訊 (UM) 。Confirms that a user can connect to Exchange Unified Messaging (UM).

非預設Non-default

Test-CsGroupIM (GroupIM) Test-CsGroupIM (GroupIM)

確認使用者可以在會議中傳送立即訊息,並參與有三位或更多位人員的立即訊息交談。Confirms that users are able to send instant messages in conferences and participate in instant message conversations with three or more people.

預設Default

Test-CsGroupIM – TestJoinLauncher (JoinLauncher) Test-CsGroupIM –TestJoinLauncher (JoinLauncher)

確認使用者可以透過網址連結建立並加入排程會議。Confirms that users are able to create and join scheduled meetings via a web address link.

非預設Non-default

Test-CsMCXP2PIM (MCXP2PIM) Test-CsMCXP2PIM (MCXP2PIM)

確認行動裝置使用者可以註冊並傳送立即訊息。Confirms that mobile device users are able to register and send instant messages.

非預設Non-default

Test-CsPersistentChatMessage (PersistentChatMessage) Test-CsPersistentChatMessage (PersistentChatMessage)

確認使用者可以使用 Persistent Chat service 來交換郵件。Confirms that users can exchange messages by using the Persistent Chat service.

非預設Non-default

Test-CsUnifiedContactStore (UnifiedContactStore) Test-CsUnifiedContactStore (UnifiedContactStore)

確認可以透過整合連絡人存放區來存取使用者的連絡人。Confirms that a user's contacts can be accessed through the unified contact store. 整合連絡人存放區提供一種方法,讓使用者維護一組可使用 Lync 2013、Outlook 和/或 Outlook Web Access 存取的連絡人。The unified contact store provides a way for users to maintain a single set of contacts that can be accessed by using Lync 2013, Outlook, and/or Outlook Web Access.

非預設Non-default

Test-CsXmppIM (XmppIM) Test-CsXmppIM (XmppIM)

確認立即訊息可以跨 XMPP (Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol) 閘道傳送。Confirms that an instant message can be sent across the XMPP (Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol) gateway.

非預設Non-default

您不需要安裝觀察程式節點,即可使用 System Center Operations Manager。You do not need to install watcher nodes in order to use System Center Operations Manager. 如果您未安裝這些節點,您仍然可以在發生問題時,從 Lync Server 2013 元件取得即時提醒。If you do not install these nodes, you can still get real-time alerts from Lync Server 2013 components when an issue occurs. (元件和 User Management Pack 不會使用觀察器節點。 ) 不過,如果您想要使用作用中的監控管理元件來監視端對端案例,則必須要有觀察程式節點。(The Component and User Management Pack does not use watcher nodes.) However, watcher nodes are required if you want to monitor end-to-end scenarios by using the Active Monitoring Management pack.

注意

系統管理員也不需要使用或安裝 Operations Manager,就可以手動執行綜合交易。Administrators can also run synthetic transactions manually, without needing to use, or install, Operations Manager. 如需各種 Test-Cs Cmdlet 的詳細資訊,請參閱 Lync Server 2013 Cmdlet 索引For details about the various Test-Cs cmdlets, see the Lync Server 2013 cmdlets index.

視部署大小而定,綜合交易可能會使用大量電腦記憶體及處理器時間。Depending on the size of your deployment, synthetic transactions may use a large amount of computer memory and processor time. 因此,建議您使用專用電腦作為監看員節點。For this reason, we recommend that you use a dedicated computer as a watcher node. 例如,您不應將前端伺服器設定為充當監看員節點。For example, you should not configure a Front End Server to act as a watcher node. 觀察程式節點應該符合下列硬體規格:Watcher nodes should meet the following hardware specifications:

注意

舊版 Microsoft Lync Server 2010 監看員節點無法在具有 Lync Server 2013 觀察者節點的同一部電腦上組合。A legacy Microsoft Lync Server 2010 watcher node cannot be collocated on the same machine with a Lync Server 2013 watcher node. 這是因為 Lync Server 2010 和 Lync Server 2013 的核心系統檔無法安裝在同一部電腦上。This is because the core system files for Lync Server 2010 and Lync Server 2013 cannot be installed on the same computer.
不過,Lync Server 2013 觀察程式節點可以同時監視 Lync Server 2013 和 Lync Server 2010。However, Lync Server 2013 watcher nodes can simultaneously monitor both Lync Server 2013 and Lync Server 2010. 兩個產品版本都支援預設綜合交易。The Default synthetic transactions are supported on both product versions.

Lync Server 2013 觀察程式節點可能會部署在企業內部或外部,以協助確認:Lync Server 2013 watcher nodes may be deployed inside or outside of an enterprise to help verify:


  • 企業內使用者對集區的連線。Connectivity to pools for users inside the enterprise.


  • 於企業外工作的遠端使用者透過周邊網路的連線。Connectivity through perimeter networks for remote users who work outside the enterprise.


  • 對分公司設備的連線。Connectivity to branch office appliances.


  • 企業內和周邊網路中的 Lync Server 2010 的連線能力。Connectivity to Lync Server 2010 inside the enterprise and through perimeter networks.

對於簡化管理,企業內外有不同的驗證選項。Different authentication options are available for inside and outside of the enterprise to help simplify administration. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱設定 監視節點以在 Lync Server 2013 中執行綜合交易For details, see Configuring a watcher node to run synthetic transactions in Lync Server 2013.

若要將電腦設定為監視節點,您必須在安裝 System Center Operations Manager 並匯入 Lync Server 2013 管理套件之後,完成下列步驟。To configure a computer to act as a watcher node, you must complete the following steps after you have installed System Center Operations Manager and imported the Lync Server 2013 management packs.

在您安裝 Lync Server 2013 核心檔案與 System Center agent 檔案之前,您也應該確定觀察程式節點電腦符合安裝 Lync Server 2013 的所有必要條件。Before you install the Lync Server 2013 core files and the System Center agent files, you should also make sure that the watcher node computer meets all the prerequisites for installing Lync Server 2013. 此外,監看員節點電腦還應該安裝下列項目:In addition, the watcher node computer should also have the following items installed:

硬體元件Hardware component 基本需求Minimum requirement

CPUCPU

下列其中之一:One of the following:

  • 64位處理器、四核心2.33GHz 或更高版本64-bit processor, quad-core, 2.33 GHz or higher

  • 64位2路處理器、雙核2.33GHz 或更高版本64-bit 2-way processor, dual-core, 2.33 GHz or higher

記憶體Memory

8 GB8 GB

網路作業系統Network operating system

  • 1個網路介面卡 1 Gbps1 network adapter 1 Gbps

  • Windows Server 2008 R2、Windows Server 2012 或Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2012, or

    Windows Server 2012 R2Windows Server 2012 R2

  • .NET Framework 4.5 的完整版本。The full version of .NET Framework 4.5.

  • Windows Identity Foundation。Windows Identity Foundation.

  • Windows PowerShell 3.0。Windows PowerShell 3.0.

一旦符合所有這些必要條件,就可以執行下列動作來設定監看員節點:As soon as all these prerequisites have been met, you can configure the watcher node by:

  • 在監看員節點電腦上安裝 Lync Server 2013 核心檔案。Installing the Lync Server 2013 core files on the watcher node computer.

  • 在監看員節點電腦上安裝 System Center Operations Manager 代理程式。Installing System Center Operations Manager agent on the watcher node computer.

  • 執行 Watchernode.msi 可執行檔。Running the Watchernode.msi executable file.

  • 使用 CsWatcherNodeConfiguration Cmdlet 設定監看員節點要使用的測試使用者。Using the CsWatcherNodeConfiguration cmdlets to configure test users to be employed by the watcher node.