在 Lync Server 2013 中管理 SIP 主幹服務提供者的位置Managing locations for SIP trunk service providers in Lync Server 2013


主題上次修改日期: 2012-10-02Topic Last Modified: 2012-10-02

若要將 Lync Server 設定為自動在網路中尋找用戶端,您必須使用網路線路圖填入位置資訊服務資料庫,併發布位置,或連結至已經包含正確對應的外部資料庫。To configure Lync Server to automatically locate clients within a network, you need to either populate the Location Information service database with a network wiremap and publish the locations, or link to an external database that already contains the correct mappings. 在此程式中,您必須使用 E9-1-1 服務提供者驗證位置的市政位址。As part of this process, you need to validate the civic addresses of the locations with your E9-1-1 service provider. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱部署檔中的在 Lync Server 2013 中設定位置資料庫For details, see Configure the location database in Lync Server 2013 in the Deployment documentation.

您可以使用 ERL) (包含市政位址及大樓內的特定位址) (的 [緊急回應] 位置,填入位置資訊服務資料庫。You populate the Location Information service database with an Emergency Response Location (ERL), which consists of a civic address and the specific address within a building. 位置資訊服務 位置 欄位是大樓內的特定位置,其最大長度為20個字元 (包含空格) 。The Location Information service Location field, which is the specific location within a building, has a maximum length of 20 characters (including spaces). 在此有限長度內,嘗試包含下列專案:Within that limited length, try to include the following:

  • 易於辨識的名稱,可識別911呼叫者的位置,以協助確保緊急回應程式在到達市政位址時立即找到特定位置。An easy-to-understand name that identifies the location of the 911 caller to help ensure that emergency responders find the specific location promptly when they arrive at the civic address. 此位置名稱可以包含大樓編號、底價編號、翼標示符、會議室編號等等。This location name may include a building number, floor number, wing designator, room number, and so on. 避免只有員工知道的昵稱,這可能會造成緊急回應程式進入錯誤的位置。Avoid nicknames known only to employees, which might cause emergency responders to go to the wrong location.

  • 一個位置識別碼,可協助使用者輕鬆查看其 Lync 用戶端是否已挑選正確的位置。A location identifier that helps users to easily see that their Lync client picked up the correct location. Lync 用戶端會自動連接並顯示其頁首中已探索的 位置城市 欄位。The Lync client automatically concatenates and displays the discovered Location and City fields in its header. 最佳作法是將大樓的街道位址新增至每個位置識別碼 (例如,"第一層 <street number> " ) 。A good practice is to add the street address of the building to each location identifier (for example, "1st Floor <street number>"). 沒有街道位址,「第一層」等一般位置識別碼可以套用到城市中的任何辦公樓。Without the street address, a generic location identifier such as "1st Floor" could apply to any building in the city.

  • 如果位置是由無線存取點所決定,您可以在 (附近新增文字,例如,「接近第一層1234」 ) 。If the location is approximate because it’s determined by a wireless access point, you can add the word Near (for example, "Near 1st Floor 1234").


新增至中央位置資料庫的位置直到使用 Lync Server 管理命令介面命令加以發佈,而且會複製到集區的本機存放區,才可供用戶端使用。Locations added to the central location database are not available to the client until they are published by using a Lync Server Management Shell command and are replicated to the pool's local stores. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱部署檔中的 從 Lync Server 2013 發佈位置資料庫For details, see Publish the location database from Lync Server 2013 in the Deployment documentation.

下列各節討論在填充及維護位置資料庫時,需要考慮的考慮事項。The following sections discuss considerations that you need to take into account when populating and maintaining the location database.

填充位置資料庫Populating the Location Database

下列問題可協助您決定如何填入位置資料庫。The following questions can help you determine how to populate the location database.

  • 您將使用哪個程式填入位置資料庫?What process will you use to populate the location database?
    資料存在的位置,以及您需要採取哪些步驟將資料轉換成位置資料庫所需的格式?Where does the data exist, and what steps do you need to take to convert the data into the format required by the location database? 是否要使用 CSV 檔案個別新增位置,還是大量使用 CSV 檔案?Will you add locations individually, or in bulk, by using a CSV file?
  • 您是否有已包含位置對應的協力廠商資料庫?Do you have a third party database that already contains a mapping of locations?
    使用 Lync Server 的次要位置資訊服務選項來連線至協力廠商資料庫,您可以使用離線平臺來分組和管理位置。By using Lync Server's Secondary Location Information service option to connect to a third-party database, you can group and manage locations by using an offline platform. 這種方法的好處是,除了將位置與網路識別碼相關聯之外,也可以將位置與使用者產生關聯。A benefit to this approach is that in addition to associating locations to network identifiers, you can associate locations to a user. 這表示位置資訊服務可以傳回多個來自次要位置資訊服務的位址給 Lync Server 用戶端。This means that the Location Information service can return multiple addresses, originating from the Secondary Location Information service, to a Lync Server client. 然後,使用者可以選擇最適合的位置。The user can then choose the most appropriate location.

    若要與位置資訊服務整合,協力廠商資料庫必須遵循 Lync Server 位置要求/回應架構。To integrate with the Location Information service, the third-party database must follow the Lync Server Location Request/Response schema. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱中的「 [ MS-E911WS ] : E911 支援通訊協定規格的 Web 服務」 https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?linkid=213819For details, see "[MS-E911WS]: Web Service for E911 Support Protocol Specification" at https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?linkid=213819. 如需部署次要位置資訊服務的詳細資訊,請參閱部署檔中的 Configure a 輔 Location information service In Lync Server 2013For details about deploying a Secondary Location Information service, see Configure a secondary Location Information service in Lync Server 2013 in the Deployment documentation.

如需有關填充位置資料庫的詳細資訊,請參閱部署檔中的在 Lync Server 2013 中設定位置資料庫For details about populating the location database, see Configure the location database in Lync Server 2013 in the Deployment documentation.

維護位置資料庫Maintaining the Location Database

填滿位置資料庫之後,您需要開發一個策略,以在網路設定變更時更新資料庫。After you populate the location database, you need to develop a strategy for updating the database as the network configuration changes. 下列問題可協助您決定如何維護位置資料庫。The following questions will help you determine how to maintain the location database.

  • 您將如何更新位置資料庫?How will you update the location database?
    有幾個案例需要更新位置資料庫,包括新增 Wap、office recabling (產生不同的切換指派) 及子網擴充。There are several scenarios that require an update to the location database, including adding WAPs, office recabling (resulting in different switch assignments), and subnet expansion. 您是否會直接更新每個個別位置,或是使用 CSV 檔案執行所有位置的大量更新?Will you directly update each individual location, or will you perform a bulk update of all the locations by using a CSV file?
  • 您是否會使用 SNMP 應用程式,將 Lync 用戶端 MAC 位址與埠及切換識別碼對應?Will you use an SNMP application to match Lync client MAC addresses to port and switch identifiers?
    如果您使用 SNMP 應用程式,則必須開發手動程式,以在 SNMP 應用程式和位置資料庫之間保持切換底盤及埠資訊的一致性。If you use an SNMP application, you need to develop a manual process for keeping the switch chassis and port information consistent between the SNMP application and the location database. 如果 SNMP 應用程式傳回資料庫中未包含的主機殼 IP 位址或埠識別碼,則位置資訊服務將無法傳回用戶端的位置。If the SNMP application returns a chassis IP address or port ID that is not included in the database, the Location Information service will not be able to return a location to the client.