Lync Server 2013 中的新 Persistent Chat Server 功能New Persistent Chat Server features in Lync Server 2013

 

主題上次修改日期: 2012-10-29Topic Last Modified: 2012-10-29

Lync Server 2013,Persistent Chat Server 可讓您加入一段時間內的多方、主題型交談。Lync Server 2013, Persistent Chat Server enables you to participate in multiparty, topic-based conversations that persist over time. Persistent Chat Server 可以協助貴組織執行下列作業:Persistent Chat Server can help your organization do the following:

  • 改進地理位置分散且跨部門之小組間的通訊Improve communication between geographically dispersed and cross-functional teams

  • 擴大資訊傳達和參與範圍Broaden information awareness and participation

  • 改進大組織的通訊Improve communication with your extended organization

  • 緩和資訊超載的狀況Reduce information overload

  • 改進資訊傳達方式Improve information awareness

  • 加強重要知識和資訊的傳播Increase dispersion of important knowledge and information

Lync Server 2013,在 Microsoft 365 或 Office 365 中無法使用 Persistent Chat Server。Lync Server 2013, Persistent Chat Server is not available in Microsoft 365 or Office 365. 目前只有內部部署 Lync 2013 客戶可以使用此功能。At this time, it is available only to on-premise Lync 2013 customers.

在 Lync 2013 中,Persistent Chat 功能已整合至 Lync 2013 用戶端。In Lync 2013, Persistent Chat functionality is integrated into the Lync 2013 client. 因此,使用者可以在 Lync 2013 用戶端中存取立即訊息/目前狀態、Audio/Video、會議及持續聊天。As a result, users have access to Instant Messaging/Presence, Audio/Video, Conferencing, and Persistent Chat all in the Lync 2013 client. 如需 Lync 2013 用戶端的詳細資訊,請參閱 https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?linkid=270877For more information about the Lync 2013 client, see https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/p/?linkid=270877.

本主題說明新版本的 Lync Server 2013、Persistent Chat Server 和舊版 (Microsoft Lync Server 2010,Group Chat) 之間的功能變更,包括:This topic describes feature changes between the new version of Lync Server 2013, Persistent Chat Server and the previous version (Microsoft Lync Server 2010, Group Chat), including:

  • 在 Lync Server 控制台中提供管理體驗,並消除群組聊天管理工具Provide an administrative experience in Lync Server Control Panel, and eliminate the Group Chat Admin Tool

  • 透過消除群組聊天設定工具,將 Persistent Chat Server 的設定整合到拓撲產生器中Integrate configuration settings for Persistent Chat Server into Topology Builder by eliminating the Group Chat Configuration tool

  • 輕鬆從舊版的持久聊天伺服器遷移和升級Ease migration and upgrade from previous versions of Persistent Chat Server

  • 提供高可用性和嚴重損壞修復解決方案Provide high availability and disaster recovery solutions

如需最新版本 Persistent Chat Server 的其他詳細資訊,請參閱下列各項:For additional details about the latest version of Persistent Chat Server, see the following:

Persistent Chat Server 的重要拓撲變更Key Topology Changes for Persistent Chat Server

Persistent Chat Server 的下列高層級變更包括:The following high-level changes for Persistent Chat Server include:

Persistent Chat Server 現在是一個伺服器角色。Persistent Chat Server is now a server role. 在 Microsoft Lync Server 2010 中,Group Chat Server 是協力廠商信任的 Microsoft Lync Server 2010 應用程式。In Microsoft Lync Server 2010, Group Chat Server was a third-party trusted application for Microsoft Lync Server 2010. 您可以使用拓撲產生器,將 Persistent 聊天新增至您的 Lync Server 2013 拓撲。Persistent Chat can be added to your Lync Server 2013 topology by using Topology Builder. 在 Lync Server 2013 中,Persistent Chat Server 功能是使用三個新的伺服器角色來執行:In Lync Server 2013, Persistent Chat Server functionality is implemented by using three new server roles:

  • PersistentChatService: 這是持續聊天的前端角色。PersistentChatService: This is the front end role for Persistent Chat. 在 Standard Edition 部署中,在引導程式部署的 Standard Edition 伺服器上組合 Persistent Chat Server 服務角色,如同任何其他 Lync Server 角色。In Standard Edition deployments, Persistent Chat Server Service Role is collocated on the Standard Edition server deployed by Bootstrapper, like any other Lync Server role. 在 Enterprise Edition 部署中,Persistent 和任何其他 Lync Server 角色一樣,可在獨立電腦上部署 Persistent Chat Service 角色。In Enterprise Edition deployments, Persistent Chat Service Role is deployed on stand-alone computers by Bootstrapper, like any other Lync Server role.

  • PersistentChatStore: 對應至 Persistent Chat 內容資料庫的後端伺服器,所有的聊天室內容都儲存在此伺服器上。PersistentChatStore: Back End Server that corresponds to the Persistent Chat content database, where all the chat content is stored.

  • PersistentChatComplianceStore: 對應至 Persistent Chat 規範資料庫的後端伺服器角色,所有的相容性事件都儲存在該資料庫中。PersistentChatComplianceStore: Back End Server role that corresponds to the Persistent Chat Compliance database, where all compliance events are stored.

這些 Persistent Chat Server role 是選用的,而且只有在需要完整的持久聊天伺服器功能的客戶才能安裝。These Persistent Chat Server roles are optional, and are installed only by customers who want comprehensive Persistent Chat Server functionality. 只有當您選擇部署持續性聊天相容性時,才需要 PersistentChatComplianceStore 角色。The PersistentChatComplianceStore role is needed only if you choose to deploy Persistent Chat Compliance.

PersistentChatService角色會執行兩項服務:The PersistentChatService role runs two services:

  • Persistent Chat servicePersistent Chat service

  • Persistent Chat 合規性服務Persistent Chat Compliance service

在每個 Persistent Chat Server 上執行這些服務,可在多伺服器 Persistent Chat Server 集區中為這些服務提供高可用性。Having these services run on each Persistent Chat Server provides high availability for these services in a multiserver Persistent Chat Server pool.

此外,若要支援在 Persistent 聊天室中的檔案上傳與下載,Persistent Chat Server 會包含 web 服務。Additionally, to support the file upload and download in Persistent Chat rooms, Persistent Chat Server includes a web service. 先前,此服務是在 Persistent Chat Server、前端伺服器及必要的 Internet Information Services 上組合,以安裝成必要條件的方式 (IIS) 。Previously, this service was collocated on the Persistent Chat Server, Front End Server and required Internet Information Services (IIS) to be installed as a prerequisite. 在 Lync Server 2013 Persistent Chat Server 中,檔案上傳/下載 web 服務是以 Lync Server 2013 前端伺服器組合。In Lync Server 2013 Persistent Chat Server, the File Upload/Download web service is collocated with the Lync Server 2013 Front End Server. 在副作用中,Internet Information Services (IIS) 不再是 Persistent Chat Server 的必要條件。As a side effect, Internet Information Services (IIS) is no longer a prerequisite for Persistent Chat Server. 檔案上傳/下載 web 服務會在網際網路資訊服務 (IIS) 管理員中識別為 PersistentChatThe File Upload/Download web service is identified as PersistentChat in the Internet Information Services (IIS) Manager.

重要

PersistentChatService   只有當前端伺服器為 Standard Edition 前端伺服器時,PersistentChatService 角色才能與 Lync Server 2013 前端伺服器在同一部伺服器上執行   。The PersistentChatService role can run on the same server as a Lync Server 2013 Front End Server only if that Front End Server is a Standard Edition Front End Server. PersistentChatService role 無法獨立于 Lync server 2013   前端伺服器上執行。The PersistentChatService role cannot run independently of a Lync Server 2013 Front End Server. 它只能安裝在 Lync Server 2013 部署的內容中。It can be installed only in the context of a Lync Server 2013 deployment.

在 Persistent Chat Server 中,查閱服務已經消除。In Persistent Chat Server, Lookup service has been eliminated. 在 [Lync Server 2010] 中,Group Chat,查閱服務于每個群組聊天伺服器前端伺服器上執行,並已執行路由傳送至其中一個通道伺服器。In Lync Server 2010, Group Chat, the Lookup service ran on every Group Chat Server Front End Server, and performed routing to one of the Channel Servers. Lync Server 2013 依賴使用 contact 物件進行路由傳送,其中每個 Persistent Chat Server 集區都是由 Lync Server 前端伺服器所使用,用來識別及傳送適當 Persistent Chat Server 集區的要求,以及集區中執行 Persistent Chat Server 的電腦之一所代表。Lync Server 2013 relies on routing by using contact objects, where each Persistent Chat Server pool is represented by a contact object that is used by the Lync Server Front End Servers to identify and route requests to an appropriate Persistent Chat Server pool, and to one of the computers running Persistent Chat Server in the pool.

在 Lync Server 2013 中,存在合規性服務修改:In Lync Server 2013, there are Compliance service modifications:

  • 在 Lync Server 2010 中,規範服務執行獨立 (非組合) ,且只能在單一伺服器上執行。In Lync Server 2010, the Compliance service ran stand-alone (non-collocated), and only on a single server. 規範服務現在會在所有 Persistent Chat Server 前端伺服器(和 Persistent Chat service)上執行,因此可在多伺服器持久聊天伺服器集區中提供高可用性。The Compliance service now runs on all the Persistent Chat Server Front End Servers, alongside the Persistent Chat service, and thereby provides high availability in a multiserver Persistent Chat Server pool. 您可以設定單一規範介面卡,將資料從規範資料庫提取,以及將資料放入其中一個其他系統 (XML 檔案、Exchange 主控的封存等等) 。A single compliance adapter can be configured to extract data from the compliance database and into one of the other systems (XML file, Exchange-hosted archives, and so on). Persistent Chat Server 包含 XML 介面卡。Persistent Chat Server includes an XML adapter.

  • [!注意] 郵件佇列 (也稱為 Persistent Chat service 共用的 MSMQ) 佇列,而每個 Persistent Chat Server 前端伺服器上的規範服務現在只是兩個服務共用的私人佇列。The Message Queuing (also known as MSMQ) queue that is shared by the Persistent Chat service and the Compliance service on each Persistent Chat Server Front End Server is now a private queue shared only by the two services. 所有規範服務都會寫入相同的合規性後端資料庫。All compliance services write to the same Compliance Back End database. 它們也會從該資料庫讀取資料,目的是為了將資料傳送至其配接器的實例。They also all read from that database, for the purpose of sending the data to their instance of the adapter. 規範後端伺服器以新的後端伺服器角色表示。The Compliance Back End Server is represented as a new Back End Server role.

    重要

    就像先前的版本一樣,所有規範資料都只處理一次。As in previous versions, all compliance data is processed only once. 在不同的 Lync Server 2013,Persistent Chat Server 電腦上執行的規範服務所呼叫的任何配接器實例,都可以處理資料。The data may be processed by any of the adapter instances invoked by the compliance service running on the various Lync Server 2013, Persistent Chat Server computers. 在 Persistent Chat Server 中,任何一種配接器實例都可以處理資料。In Persistent Chat Server, any one of the adapter instances could process the data.

    注意

    如需安裝訊息佇列的相關資訊,請參閱部署檔中的在 Lync Server 2013 伺服器上安裝作業系統和必要條件軟體For information about installing Message Queuing, see Install operating systems and prerequisite software on servers for Lync Server 2013 in the Deployment documentation.

在 Lync Server 2013 中,高可用性和嚴重損壞修復都有增強功能:In Lync Server 2013, there are improvements in both high availability and disaster recovery:

  • 高可用性增強功能:使用 SQL Server 鏡像,可在資料中心 (網站內) 中,為持久聊天伺服器內容資料庫及持久聊天規範資料庫提供高可用性。High availability improvements: SQL Server mirroring is used to provide high availability for the Persistent Chat Server content database and Persistent Chat compliance database within a data center (in-site).

  • 嚴重損壞修復功能: Persistent Chat Server 支援延伸集區架構,可讓單一持久聊天伺服器集區在兩個網站中 (,也就是拓撲中的單一邏輯集區,而且集區中的伺服器實際位於兩個網站) 上。Disaster recovery improvements: Persistent Chat Server supports a stretched pool architecture that enables a single Persistent Chat Server pool to be stretched across two sites (that is, a single logical pool in the topology, with servers in the pool physically located across two sites). SQL Server 記錄傳送可用於跨網站的嚴重損壞修復。SQL Server Log Shipping is used for cross-site disaster recovery.

如需高可用性和嚴重損壞修復的詳細資訊,請參閱部署檔中的在 Lync server 2013 中設定 Persistent Chat Server,以取得高可用性和嚴重損壞修復For more information about high availability and disaster recovery, see Configuring Persistent Chat Server for high availability and disaster recovery in Lync Server 2013 in the Deployment documentation.

Persistent Chat Server 的主要管理和管理變更Key Administration and Management Changes for Persistent Chat Server

Lync Server 2013 提供下列功能,讓您更容易管理及管理 Persistent Chat Server:Lync Server 2013 has made it easier to administer and manage Persistent Chat Server by providing:

  • 統一的管理與管理。Unified administration and management. Lync Server 2013 利用 Lync 系統管理員所熟悉的工具,讓您更容易管理及管理 Persistent Chat Server。Lync Server 2013 makes it easier to manage and administer Persistent Chat Server by using tools that are already familiar to Lync administrators. Persistent Chat Server 包含與 Lync Server 控制台整合的管理使用者介面體驗,其可解決舊版的群組聊天伺服器使用者介面的效能問題。Persistent Chat Server includes an administrative user interface experience that is integrated with the Lync Server Control Panel, which addresses performance issues with the previous versions of the Group Chat Server user interface. 此外,Persistent Chat Server 包含 Windows PowerShell Cmdlet 的集合,用來管理及管理 Persistent Chat Server 類別、Persistent Chat Server 聊天室 (包括刪除聊天室和清除已過時的內容) 和增益集。Also, Persistent Chat Server includes a collection of Windows PowerShell cmdlets to administer and manage Persistent Chat Server categories, Persistent Chat Server rooms (including deleting rooms and purging obsolete content), and add-ins.

  • 簡化的管理模型。Simplified administration model. Lync Server 2013 已透過解決下列主要客戶需求,以變更和簡化了 Persistent Chat Server 模型:Lync Server 2013 has changed and simplified the Persistent Chat Server model by addressing the following key customer requirements:

    • 移除範圍和類別的複雜嵌套階層。Remove the complex nested hierarchies of scopes and categories.

    • 支援若要定義拒絕清單及允許的清單 (目前 MindAlign 客戶的範圍) 以遷移至 Persistent Chat Server。Support to define deny lists as well as allowed lists (scopes) for current MindAlign customers who are planning to migrate to Persistent Chat Server.

來自舊版群組聊天伺服器版本的使用者角色有何不同?What’s Different about User Roles from Previous Group Chat Server Versions?

Lync Server 2010,群組聊天具有使用者系統管理員角色、聊天室系統管理員角色,以及可管理增益集的 Lync Server 系統管理員角色。Persistent Chat Server 只會提供與其他 Lync Server 角色型存取控制 (RBAC) 角色) 類似的持久聊天系統管理員角色 (。Lync Server 2010, Group Chat had a user administrator role, a chat room administrator role and a Lync Server administrator role that could manage add-ins. Persistent Chat Server simply provides a Persistent Chat Administrator role (which is similar to other Lync Server role-based access control (RBAC) roles). 任何屬於此 RBAC 角色成員的人都可以管理聊天室、增益集和類別 (,因此會取得這些類別的使用者存取權) 以及設定 Persistent Chat Server 集區。Anyone who is a member of this RBAC role can manage chat rooms, add-ins, and categories (and therefore gain user access for these categories), and configuration of the Persistent Chat Server pool.

來自舊版群組聊天伺服器版本的聊天室類別有何不同?What’s Different about Chat Room Categories from Previous Group Chat Server Versions?

聊天室類別可能不再是嵌套的,而且無法再修改根類別。Chat room categories can no longer be nested, and the root category can no longer be modified. AllowedMembers/DeniedMembers 會組成舊版 Group Chat Server 版本中所用的範圍 (,但不支援指定拒絕清單) 。AllowedMembers/DeniedMembers comprise what a scope used to be in legacy Group Chat Server versions (except that it didn’t support specifying a Denied list). 因為沒有嵌套的類別,所以範圍可能不再被覆寫。Scopes can no longer be overridden, because there are no nested categories. Lync Server 2013 中的 Persistent Chat 系統管理員可以建立及管理聊天室類別。A Persistent Chat Administrator in Lync Server 2013 can create and manage chat room categories. 在建立及管理聊天室類別的過程中,Persistent Chat 管理員可以將主體設定 (Active Directory 群組/容器/使用者) ,該使用者有權存取屬於特定類別之聊天室的成員/建立者。As part of creating and managing chat room categories, a Persistent Chat Administrator can configure principals (Active Directory groups/containers/users) that have access to be members/creators of chat rooms of a particular category. Persistent Chat 系統管理員也可以新增 DeniedMembers 至類別,而這些專案會變成對允許清單的明確排除。A Persistent Chat Administrator can also add DeniedMembers to a category, and these become explicit exclusions to the allowed list. DeniedMembers 覆寫 AllowedMembers 中的內容。DeniedMembers override what’s in AllowedMembers.

舊群組聊天伺服器版本的聊天室內容有何不同?What’s Different about Chat Room Properties from Previous Group Chat Server Versions?

Lync Server 2013,Persistent Chat Server 中已存在開放式聊天室的新概念。A new concept of open chat rooms exists in Lync Server 2013, Persistent Chat Server. 所有允許的成員都可以加入聊天室,不需要獨佔成員資格。All allowed members can join the chat room, without exclusive membership.

已消除舊版 Persistent Chat Server 中包含的下列聊天室屬性:The following chat room properties that were included in previous versions of Persistent Chat Server have been eliminated:

  • 主題:聊天室現在只有描述。Topic: A Room now only has a Description.

  • 建立新的成員清單:在 Persistent Chat Server 中,所有聊天室都是以空成員資格 (,可以最大化至允許的成員) 的成員資格 equaling。Create New Member list: In Persistent Chat Server, all chat rooms start with empty membership (and can maximize to a membership equaling the Allowed Members).

  • 檔案上傳:用於設定每個聊天室的設定,以控制是否允許檔案上傳/下載。File Upload: Used to be a setting per chat room to control whether file upload/downloads were allowed. 這現在只會設定類別層級,並套用至該類別中的所有聊天室。This is now set only the category level and applies to all rooms in that category.

  • 聊天記錄:用來控制聊天記錄是否已啟用,但現在只會在類別層級設定,並套用至該類別中的所有聊天室。Chat History: Used to be a setting per chat room to control if Chat History was enabled, but is now set only at the category level and applies to all rooms in that category.

  • 邀請:會議室永遠繼承類別的 [邀請] 設定。您也可以在會議室上關閉此功能。Invites: A room always inherits the Invites setting for the category; or it can be turned off on the room. 若類別以前已設為 [邀請],會議室便無法開啟邀請。A room cannot turn on Invites if the category was previously set to Invites off.

舊群組聊天伺服器版本的原則有何不同?What’s Different about Policies from Previous Group Chat Server Versions?

Persistent Chat Server 啟用新的 Lync 原則,具有持續聊天、每個使用者/集區/網站/全域設定。Persistent Chat Server has a new Lync policy enabled with Persistent Chat, per user/pool/site/global settings. 在 Lync 2013 用戶端中,只有透過 (直接或透過「集區/網站/全域) 設定」原則啟用的持久聊天環境使用者才能使用 Persistent 聊天環境。In the Lync 2013 client, the Persistent Chat environment is available only for users who are enabled by policy for Persistent Chat (either directly or through the pool/site/global setting).

舊版的群組聊天伺服器沒有任何整合在 Lync Server 原則中的原則。Previous versions of Group Chat Server did not have any policies integrated into the Lync Server policies. 在每個使用者及每個類別/房間基礎上,使用 [ 可上傳 每位使用者的檔案] 功能,您可以讓使用者成為使用者管理員、聊天室管理員或設定使用者上傳檔案的能力。On a per user and per category/room basis, by using the Can Upload Files per user feature, you could make the user a User administrator, a chat room administrator, or configure the user’s ability to upload files. Persistent Chat Server File 上傳 功能僅限每個類別。The Persistent Chat Server File Upload feature is just per category.

記錄Logging

Persistent Chat Server 和 System Center Operations Manager 記錄已整合至 Lync Server 2013 追蹤記錄。Logging for Persistent Chat Server and System Center Operations Manager is integrated into the Lync Server 2013 trace logging.