Configuration Manager 中的硬體清查簡介Introduction to hardware inventory in Configuration Manager

適用於: Configuration Manager (最新分支)Applies to: Configuration Manager (current branch)

您可使用 Configuration Manager 的硬體清查功能,收集組織用戶端裝置的硬體設定相關資訊。Use hardware inventory in Configuration Manager to collect information about the hardware configuration of client devices in your organization. 若要收集硬體清查,必須選取用戶端設定中的 [在用戶端上啟用硬體清查] 設定。To collect hardware inventory, you must select the Enable hardware inventory on clients setting in client settings.

在啟用硬體清查且用戶端執行硬體清查週期之後,用戶端會將資訊傳送至用戶端站台中的某個管理點。After hardware inventory is enabled and the client runs a hardware inventory cycle, the client sends the information to a management point in the client's site. 管理點接著會將清查資訊轉送至 Configuration Manager 站台伺服器,再由該伺服器將清查資訊儲存到站台資料庫。The management point then forwards the inventory information to the Configuration Manager site server, which stores the inventory information in the site database. 硬體清查會根據您在用戶端設定中指定的排程在用戶端上執行。Hardware inventory runs on clients according to the schedule that you specify in client settings.

檢視硬體清查View hardware inventory

您可以使用下列幾個方法檢視 Configuration Manager 收集的硬體清查資料:You can use several methods to view the hardware inventory data that Configuration Manager collects, including these methods:

在用戶端裝置上執行硬體清查時,用戶端傳回的第一筆清查資料一律是完整清查。When hardware inventory runs on a client device, the first inventory data that the client returns is always a full inventory. 後續的清查報告只包含差異清查資訊。Subsequent inventory data contains only delta inventory information. 站台伺服器會依收到的順序處理差異清查資訊。The site server processes delta inventory information in the order received. 如果遺漏某個用戶端的差異資訊,站台伺服器會拒絕其他的差異資訊,並指示該用戶端執行完整清查週期。If delta information for a client is missing, the site server rejects additional delta information and directs the client to run a full inventory cycle.

Configuration Manager 提供雙重開機電腦的有限支援。Configuration Manager provides limited support for dual-boot computers. Configuration Manager 可以探索雙重開機電腦,但只會傳回清查週期執行時作用中作業系統的清查資訊。Configuration Manager can discover dual-boot computers but returns inventory information only from the operating system that's active when the inventory cycle runs.

注意

如需如何搭配執行 Linux 和 UNIX 用戶端使用硬體清查資訊,請參閱 Linux 及 UNIX 的硬體清查For information about how to use hardware inventory with clients that run Linux and UNIX, see Hardware inventory for Linux and UNIX.

擴充 Configuration Manager 硬體清查Extending Configuration Manager hardware inventory

除了 Configuration Manager 的內建硬體清查,您也可以使用下列其中一個方法擴充硬體清查,以收集其他資訊:In addition to the built-in hardware inventory in Configuration Manager, you can also use one of these methods to extend hardware inventory to collect more information:

  • 從 Configuration Manager 主控台啟用、停用、新增和移除硬體清查的清查類別。Enable, disable, add and remove inventory classes for hardware inventory from the Configuration Manager console.
  • 使用 NOIDMIF 檔案收集 Configuration Manager 無法清查的用戶端裝置相關資訊。Use NOIDMIF files to collect information about client devices that can't be inventoried by Configuration Manager. 例如,您可能要收集裝置的資產數字資訊存在於只要在裝置上的標籤。For example, you might want to collect device asset number information that exists only as a label on the device. NOIDMIF 清查會自動關聯於它所收集從用戶端裝置。NOIDMIF inventory is automatically associated with the client device that it was collected from.
  • 使用 IDMIF 檔案來收集尚未與 Configuration Manager 用戶端建立關聯之資產 (例如投影機、影印機及網路印表機) 的資訊。Use IDMIF files to collect information about assets that aren't associated with a Configuration Manager client, for example, projectors, photocopiers, and network printers.

後續步驟Next steps

如需如何使用這些方法來擴充 Configuration Manager 硬體清查的詳細資訊,請參閱如何設定硬體清查For more information about using these methods to extend Configuration Manager hardware inventory, see How to configure hardware inventory.