Configuration Manager 中的移轉必要條件Prerequisites for migration in Configuration Manager

適用於:Configuration Manager (最新分支)Applies to: Configuration Manager (current branch)

若要從支援的來源階層移轉,您必須能夠存取每個可用的 Configuration Manager 來源站台,並且具備 Configuration Manager 目的地站台內設定和執行移轉作業的權限。To migrate from a supported source hierarchy, you must have access to each applicable Configuration Manager source site, and permissions within the Configuration Manager destination site to configure and run migration operations.

使用以下各節中的資訊幫助您瞭解支援移轉的 Configuration Manager 版本,以及必要的設定。Use the information in the following sections to help you understand the versions of Configuration Manager that are supported for migration, and the required configurations.

支援移轉的 Configuration Manager 版本Versions of Configuration Manager that are supported for migration

您可以從執行下列任一版本之 Configuration Manager 的來源階層移轉資料:You can migrate data from a source hierarchy that runs any of the following versions of Configuration Manager:

  • Configuration Manager 2007 SP2 (就移轉而言,來源站台上的 Configuration Manager 2007 R2 或 R3 不是考量的重點。Configuration Manager 2007 SP2 (For the purpose of migration, Configuration Manager 2007 R2 or R3 on the source site are not a consideration. 只要來源站台執行 SP2,無論安裝的是 R2 或 R3 附加元件,都支援移轉到 Configuration Manager 最新分支)。So long as the source site runs SP2, sites with either the R2 or R3 add-on installed are supported for migration to Configuration Manager current branch).

  • System Center 2012 Configuration Manager SP2 或 System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager SP1。System Center 2012 Configuration Manager SP2 or System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager SP1.

    提示

    除了移轉之外,您還可以將執行 System Center 2012 Configuration Manager 的站台就地升級至 Configuration Manager 最新分支。In addition to migration, you can use an in-place upgrade of sites that run System Center 2012 Configuration Manager to Configuration Manager current branch.

  • 相同或較低版本 Configuration Manager 的 Configuration Manager 階層。A Configuration Manager hierarchy of the same or lesser version of Configuration Manager.

    例如,如果您有執行 Configuration Manager 最新分支 1606 的目的地階層,您可以使用移轉,從執行 1606 版或 1602 版的來源階層複製資料。For example, if you have a destination hierarchy that runs Configuration Manager current branch 1606, you could use migration to copy data from a source hierarchy that runs version 1606 or 1602. 不過,您無法從執行 1610 的來源階層移轉資料。However you could not migrate data from a source hierarchy that runs 1610.

支援移轉的來源站台語言Source site languages that are supported for migration

您在 Configuration Manager 階層之間移轉資料時,資料會以非語言相關格式儲存在 Configuration Manager 的目的地階層中。When you migrate data between Configuration Manager hierarchies, the data is stored in the destination hierarchy in the language neutral format for Configuration Manager. 因為 Configuration Manager 2007 不會以非語言相關格式儲存資料,所以移轉程序必須在移轉期間從 Configuration Manager 2007 將物件轉換成此格式。Because Configuration Manager 2007 does not store data in a language neutral format, the migration process must convert objects to this format during migration from Configuration Manager 2007. 因此,只有以下列語言安裝的 Configuration Manager 2007 來源站台支援移轉:Therefore, only Configuration Manager 2007 source sites that are installed with the following languages are supported for migration:

  • 英文English

  • 法文French

  • 德文German

  • 日文Japanese

  • 韓文Korean

  • 俄文Russian

  • 簡體中文Simplified Chinese

  • 繁體中文Traditional Chinese

從 System Center 2012 Configuration Manager 或 Configuration Manager 最新分支階層移轉資料時,不會限制來源站台語言。When you migrate data from a System Center 2012 Configuration Manager or Configuration Manager current branch hierarchy, there are no source site language limitations. 來源站台資料庫中的語言已採用非語言相關的格式。Objects in the source site database are already in a language neutral format.

移轉的必要組態Required configurations for migration

以下是使用使用移轉和移轉作業所需的組態︰The following are required configurations for using migration and migration operations:

  • 在 Configuration Manager 主控台中設定、執行和監視移轉:To configure, run, and monitor migration in the Configuration Manager console:

    在目的地站台中,您的帳戶必須擁有指派的 [基礎結構系統管理員] 之以角色為基礎的系統管理安全性角色。In the destination site, your account must be assigned the role-based administration security role of Infrastructure Administrator. 此安全性角色會授與管理所有移轉作業的權限,包括建立移轉作業、清理、監控,以及共用和升級發佈點的動作。This security role grants permissions to manage all migration operations, which includes the creation of migration jobs, clean up, monitoring, and the action to share and upgrade distribution points.

  • 資料收集:Data Gathering:

    若要讓目的地站台收集資料,您必須設定下面兩個來源站台存取帳戶以搭配每個來源站台使用:To enable the destination site to gather data, you must configure the following two source site access accounts for use with each source site:

    • 來源站台帳戶: 這個帳戶可用來存取來源站台的 SMS 提供者。Source Site Account: This account is used to access the SMS Provider of the source site.

      • 若是 Configuration Manager 2007 SP2 來源站台,此帳戶需要所有來源站台物件的 [讀取] 權限。For a Configuration Manager 2007 SP2 source site, this account requires Read permission to all source site objects.

      • 若是 System Center 2012 Configuration Manager 或 Configuration Manager 最新分支來源站台,此帳戶需要所有來源站台物件的 [讀取] 權限。您可以使用角色為基礎的系統管理將此權限授與帳戶。For a System Center 2012 Configuration Manager or Configuration Manager current branch source site, this account requires Read permission to all source site objects, You grant this permission to the account by using role-based administration. 如需如何使用以角色為基礎之系統管理的相關資訊,請參閱 Configuration Manager 角色型系統管理的基礎For information about how to use role-based administration, see Fundamentals of role-based administration for Configuration Manager.

    • 來源站台資料庫帳戶: 此帳戶可用於存取來源站台的 SQL Server 資料庫,而且需要來源站台資料庫的 [連線]、[執行] 及 [選取] 權限。Source Site Database Account: This account is used to access the SQL Server database of the source site and requires Connect, Execute, and Select permissions to the source site database.

    您可以在設定新的來源階層、其他來源站台的資料收集,或重新設定來源站台的認證時,設定這些帳戶。You can configure these accounts when you configure a new source hierarchy, data gathering for an additional source site, or when you reconfigure the credentials for a source site. 這些帳戶可以使用網域使用者帳戶,您也可以指定目的地階層中頂層站台的電腦帳戶。These accounts can use a domain user account, or you can specify the computer account of the top-level site of the destination hierarchy.

    重要

    如果您使用 Configuration Manager 電腦帳戶作為任一個存取帳戶,請確定這個帳戶是來源站台所在網域中 [分散式 COM 使用者] 安全性群組的成員。If you use the Configuration Manager computer account for either access account, ensure that this account is a member of the security group Distributed COM Users in the domain where the source site resides.

    收集資料時,會使用下列網路通訊協定和連接埠:When gathering data, the following network protocols and ports are used:

    • NetBIOS/SMB - 445 (TCP)NetBIOS/SMB - 445 (TCP)

    • RPC (WMI) - 135 (TCP & UDP)RPC (WMI) - 135 (TCP & UDP)

    • 動態 RPC。Dynamic RPC. 動態連接埠會使用由作業系統版本定義的連接埠號碼範圍。Dynamic ports use a range of port numbers that are defined by the OS version. 這些連接埠也稱為暫時連接埠。These ports are also known as ephemeral ports. 如需有關預設連接埠範圍的詳細資訊,請參閱 Windows Server 系統的服務概觀和網路連接埠需求For more information about the default port ranges, see Service overview and network port requirements for Windows.

    • SQL Server - 來源和目的地站台資料庫使用的 TCP 連接埠。SQL Server - The TCP ports in use by both the source and destination site databases.

  • 移轉軟體更新:Migrate Software Updates:

    在您移轉軟體更新之前,必須先在目的地階層上設定軟體更新點。Before you migrate software updates, you must configure the destination hierarchy with a software update point. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱規劃移轉軟體更新For more information, see Planning to migrate software updates.

  • 共用發佈點:Share distribution points:

    若要成功從來源站台共用任何發佈點,目的地階層中至少要有一個主要站台或管理中心網站,使用與來源站台相同的用戶端要求連接埠號碼。To successfully share any distribution points from a source site, at least one primary site or the central administration site in the destination hierarchy must use the same port numbers for client requests as the source site. 如需用戶端要求連接埠的資訊,請參閱如何設定用戶端通訊連接埠For information about client request ports, see How to configure client communication ports

    每一個來源站台上,只會共用安裝在以 FQDN 設定之站台系統伺服器上的發佈點。For each source site, only the distribution points that are installed on site system servers that are configured with a FQDN are shared.

    此外,若要從 System Center 2012 Configuration Manager 或 Configuration Manager 最新分支來源站台共用發佈點,[來源站台帳戶](存取來源站台伺服器的 SMS 提供者) 在來源站台上必須具備 [站台] 物件的 [修改] 權限。In addition, to share a distribution point from a System Center 2012 Configuration Manager or Configuration Manager current branch source site, the Source Site Account (which accesses the SMS Provider for the source site server), must have Modify permissions to the Site object on the source site. 您可以使用角色為基礎的系統管理將此權限授與帳戶。You grant this permission to the account by using role-based administration. 如需如何使用以角色為基礎之系統管理的相關資訊,請參閱 Configuration Manager 角色型系統管理的基礎For information about how to use role-based administration, see Fundamentals of role-based administration for Configuration Manager.

  • 升級或重新指派發佈點:Upgrade or reassign distribution points:

    設定用來從來源站台的 SMS Provider 收集資料的 [來源站台存取帳戶] 必須具備下列權限:The Source Site Access Account configured to gather data from the SMS Provider of the source site must have the following permissions:

    • 若要升級 Configuration Manager 2007 發佈點,帳戶需要 Configuration Manager 2007 站台伺服器上 [站台] 類別的 [讀取]、[執行] 和 [刪除] 權限,才能成功從 Configuration Manager 2007 來源站台移除發佈點。To upgrade a Configuration Manager 2007 distribution point, the account requires Read, Execute, and Delete permissions to the Site class on the Configuration Manager2007 site server to successfully remove the distribution point from the Configuration Manager2007 source site

    • 若要重新指派 System Center 2012 Configuration Manager 或 Configuration Manager 最新分支發佈點,帳戶在來源站台上必須具備 [站台] 物件的 [修改] 權限。To reassign a System Center 2012 Configuration Manager or Configuration Manager current branch distribution point, the account must have Modify permission to the Site object on the source site. 您可以使用角色為基礎的系統管理將此權限授與帳戶。You grant this permission to the account by using role-based administration. 如需如何使用以角色為基礎之系統管理的相關資訊,請參閱 Configuration Manager 角色型系統管理的基礎For information about how to use role-based administration, see Fundamentals of role-based administration for Configuration Manager.

      若要成功升級或重新指派發佈點至新階層,針對管理來源階層中發佈點之站台的用戶端要求所設定的連接埠,必須與針對將管理發佈點之目的地站台的用戶端要求所設定的連接埠相符。To successfully upgrade or reassign a distribution point to a new hierarchy, the ports that are configured for client requests at the site that manages the distribution point in the source hierarchy must match the ports that are configured for client requests at the destination site that will manage the distribution point. 如需用戶端要求連接埠的資訊,請參閱如何設定用戶端通訊連接埠For information about client request ports, see How to configure client communication ports.