Configuration Manager 1511、1602 和 1606 版的界限群組Boundary groups for Configuration Manager version 1511, 1602, and 1606

適用於: Configuration Manager (最新分支)Applies to: Configuration Manager (current branch)

本主題中的資訊適用於搭配Configuration Manager 1511、1602 和 1606 版使用界限群組。The information in this topic is specific to using boundary groups with versions 1511, 1602, and 1606 of Configuration Manager. 如果您使用 1610 版或更新版本,請參閱設定界限群組以了解如何使用重新設計之界限群組的相關資訊。If you use version 1610 or later, see Configure boundary groups for information about how to use the redesigned boundary groups.

Boundary groupsBoundary groups

將界限群組建立到與邏輯網路相關的網路位置 (或界限) 使其更容易管理您的基礎結構。You create boundary groups to logically group related network locations (boundaries) to make it easier to manage your infrastructure. 您必須先將界限指派給界限群組,才能使用界限群組。You must assign boundaries to boundary groups before you can use the boundary group. 用戶端將界限群組組態用於:Clients use the boundary group configuration for:

  • 自動站台指派Automatic site assignment

  • 內容位置Content location

  • 慣用的管理點Preferred management points

    如果您將會使用偏好的管理點,就必須針對階層啟用此選項,而非從界限群組設定中啟動。If you will use preferred management points, you must enable this option for the hierarchy and not from within the boundary group configuration. 請參閱本主題稍後「允許使用偏好的管理點」 程序。See the To enable use of preferred management points procedure later in this topic.

當您設定界限群組時,會將一或多個界限新增到界限群組。When you set up boundary groups, you add one or more boundaries to the boundary group. 接著進行其他設定,以供位於這些界限上的用戶端使用。You then configure additional settings for use by clients that are located on those boundaries.

建立界限群組To create a boundary group

  1. 在 Configuration Manager 主控台中選擇 [管理] > [階層設定] > [界限群組] 。In the Configuration Manager console, choose Administration > Hierarchy Configuration > Boundary Groups.

  2. 在 [首頁] 索引標籤的 [建立] 群組中,選擇 [建立界限群組] 。On the Home tab, in the Create group, choose Create Boundary Group.

  3. 在 [建立界限群組] 對話方塊中,選擇 [一般] 索引標籤,然後輸入此界限群組的 [名稱] 。In the Create Boundary Group dialog box, choose the General tab, and then enter a Name for this boundary group.

  4. 選擇 [確定] 儲存新界限群組。Choose OK to save the new boundary group.

設定界限群組To set up a boundary group

  1. 在 Configuration Manager 主控台中選擇 [管理] > [階層設定] > [界限群組] 。In the Configuration Manager console, choose Administration > Hierarchy Configuration > Boundary Groups.

  2. 選擇要變更的界限群組。Choose the boundary group that you want to change.

  3. 在 [首頁] 索引標籤的 [內容] 群組中,選擇 [內容] 。On the Home tab, in the Properties group, choose Properties.

  4. 在界限群組的 [內容] 對話方塊中,選擇 [一般] 索引標籤變更身為此界限群組成員的界限:In the Properties dialog box for the boundary group, choose the General tab to change the boundaries that are members of this boundary group:

    • 若要新增界限,請選擇 [新增] ,選取一或多個界限的核取方塊,然後選擇 [確定] 。To add boundaries, choose Add, check the check box for one or more boundaries, and then choose OK.

    • 若要移除界限,請選取界限,然後選擇 [移除] 。To remove boundaries, select the boundary, and then choose Remove.

  5. 選擇 [參考] 索引標籤可變更站台指派及相關站台系統伺服器設定:Choose the References tab to change the site assignment and associated site system server configuration:

    • 若要讓用戶端使用此界限群組進行站台指派,請選取 [使用此界限群組進行站台指派] ,然後從 [指派的站台] 下拉式方塊選擇站台。To enable this boundary group for use by clients for site assignment, check the check box for Use this boundary group for site assignment, and then choose a site from the Assigned site dropdown box.

    • 若要設定哪些可用的站台系統伺服器與此界限群組建立關聯:To set up the available site system servers that are associated with this boundary group:

    1. 選擇 [新增] ,然後選取一或多部伺服器的核取方塊。Choose Add, and then check the check box for one or more servers. 伺服器會加入為此界限群組的站台系統伺服器。The servers are added as associated site system servers for this boundary group. 只能使用有安裝受支援站台系統角色的伺服器。Only servers that have supported site system role installed on them are available.

      注意

      您可以從階層中的任何網站選取可用站台系統的任何組合。You can select any combination of available site systems from any site in the hierarchy. 選取的站台系統會在每個身為此界限群組成員之界限內容中的 [站台系統] 索引標籤內列出。Selected site systems are listed on the Site Systems tab in the properties of each boundary that is a member of this boundary group.

    2. 若要從此界限群組中移除伺服器,請選擇該伺服器,然後選擇 [移除] 。To remove a server from this boundary group, choose the server, and then choose Remove.

      注意

      若要停止使用此界限群組做為相關聯的站台系統,您必須移除所有列為相關聯站台系統伺服器的伺服器。To stop use of this boundary group for associating site systems, you must remove all servers that are listed as associated site system servers.

    3. 若要變更此界限群組之站台系統伺服器的網路連線速度,請選擇伺服器,然後選擇 [變更連線] 。To change the network connection speed for a site system server for this boundary group, choose the server, and then choose Change Connection.

      根據預設,每個站台系統的連線速度均為 [快] ,但您可以將速度變更為 [慢] 。By default, the connection speed for each site system is Fast, but you can change the speed to Slow. 網路連線速度和部署設定會決定用戶端是否可從伺服器下載內容。The network connection speed and the configuration of a deployment determine whether a client can download content from the server.

  6. 選擇 [確定] 關閉界限群組內容,並儲存設定。Choose OK to close the boundary group properties and save the configuration.

使內容部署伺服器或管理點與界限群組產生關聯To associate a content deployment server or management point with a boundary group

  1. 在 Configuration Manager 主控台中選擇 [管理] > [階層設定] > [界限群組] 。In the Configuration Manager console, choose Administration > Hierarchy Configuration > Boundary Groups.

  2. 選擇要變更的界限群組。Choose the boundary group that you want to change.

  3. 在 [首頁] 索引標籤的 [內容] 群組中,選擇 [內容] 。On the Home tab, in the Properties group, choose Properties.

  4. 在界限群組的 [內容] 對話方塊中,選擇 [參考] 索引標籤。In the Properties dialog box for the boundary group, choose the References tab.

  5. 在 [選取站台系統伺服器] 下,選擇 [新增] ,選取要與此界限群組建立關聯之站台系統伺服器的核取方塊,然後選擇 [確定] 。Under Select site system servers, choose Add, check the check box for the site system servers that you want to associate with this boundary group, and then choose OK.

  6. 選擇 [確定] 關閉對話方塊,並儲存界限群組設定。Choose OK to close the dialog box and save the boundary group configuration.

若要允許使用偏好的管理點To enable use of preferred management points

  1. 在 Configuration Manager 主控台中選擇 [系統管理] > [站台設定] > [站台] ,然後在 [首頁] 索引標籤上選擇 [階層設定] 。In the Configuration Manager console, choose Administration > Site Configuration > Sites, and then, on the Home tab, choose Hierarchy Settings.

  2. 在 [階層設定] 的 [一般] 索引標籤,選擇 [用戶端偏好使用界限群組中指定的管理點] 。On the General tab of Hierarchy Settings, choose Clients prefer to use management points specified in boundary groups.

  3. 選擇 [確定] 關閉對話方塊並儲存設定。Choose OK to close the dialog box and save the configuration.

設定自動站台指派的後援站台To set up a fallback site for automatic site assignment

  1. 在 Configuration Manager 主控台中,選擇 [管理] > [站台設定] > [站台] 。In the Configuration Manager console, choose Administration > Site Configuration > Sites.

  2. 在 [首頁] 索引標籤的 [站台] 群組中,選擇 [階層設定] 。On the Home tab, in the Sites group, choose Hierarchy Settings.

  3. 在 [一般] 索引標籤上,選擇 [使用後援站台] 核取方塊,然後從 [後援站台] 下拉式清單中選擇站台。On the General tab, check the check box for Use a fallback site, and then choose a site from the Fallback site drop-down list.

  4. 選擇 [確定] 儲存設定。Choose OK to save the configuration.

    下列章節提供有關界限群組組態的其他詳細資料。The following sections provide additional details about boundary group configurations.

關於站台指派About site assignment

您可以使用為用戶端指派的站台設定各個界限群組。You can set up each boundary group with an assigned site for clients.

  • 使用自動站台指派的新安裝用戶端,將會加入具有用戶端目前網路位置之界限群組的指派站台。A newly installed client that uses automatic site assignment will join the assigned site of a boundary group that has the client's current network location.

  • 指派到站台的用戶端不會在用戶端變更其網路位置時,變更其站台指派。A client that's assigned to a site does not change its site assignment when the client changes its network location. 例如,如果用戶端漫遊至新的網路位置,而該位置以擁有不同站台指派之界限群組中的界限所表示,則用戶端的指派的站台將維持不變。For example, if the client roams to a new network location that is represented by a boundary in a boundary group that has a different site assignment, the client's assigned site will remain unchanged.

  • 當 Active Directory 系統探索發現新資源時,所探索資源的網路資訊會根據界限群組中的界限進行評估。When Active Directory System Discovery discovers a new resource, network information for the discovered resource is evaluated against the boundaries in boundary groups. 此程序會將新資源與指派的站台產生關聯,以供用戶端推入安裝方法使用。This process associates the new resource with an assigned site for use by the client push installation method.

  • 當界限屬於具有不同指派站台的多個界限群組時,用戶端會隨機選取其中一個站台。When a boundary is a member of multiple boundary groups that have different assigned sites, clients randomly select one of the sites.

  • 界限群組指派站台的變更僅適用於新的站台指派動作。Changes to a boundary group's assigned site apply only to new site assignment actions. 若先前已將用戶端指派給站台,請勿依界限群組設定 (或其本身網路位置) 的變更再次評估其站台指派。Clients that were previously assigned to a site do not evaluate their site assignment again based on changes to the configuration of a boundary group (or to their own network location).

如需用戶端站台指派的詳細資訊,請參閱如何將用戶端指派給站台中的針對電腦使用自動站台指派For more about client site assignment, see Using Automatic Site Assignment for Computers in How to assign clients to a site.

關於內容位置About content location

您可以使用一或多個發佈點和狀態移轉點來設定各個界限群組,而且可以將同一個發佈點和狀態移轉點與多個界限群組產生關聯。You can set up each boundary group with one or more distribution points and state migration points, and you can associate the same distribution points and state migration points with multiple boundary groups.

  • 在軟體發佈期間,用戶端會要求可部署內容的位置。During software distribution, clients request a location for deployment content. Configuration Manager 會傳送一份發佈點清單給用戶端,這些發佈點與包含用戶端目前網路位置的每個界限群組相關聯。Configuration Manager sends the client a list of distribution points that are associated with each boundary group that includes the current network location of the client.

  • 在作業系統部署期間,用戶端會要求可傳送或接收其狀態移轉資訊的位置。During operating system deployment, clients request a location to send or receive their state migration information. Configuration Manager 會傳送一份狀態移轉點清單給用戶端,這些狀態移轉點與包含用戶端目前網路位置的每個界限群組相關聯。Configuration Manager sends the client a list of state migration points that are associated with each boundary group that includes the current network location of the client.

此行為可讓用戶端選取最接近的伺服器,以傳送內容或狀態移轉資訊。This behavior lets the client select the nearest server from which to transfer the content or state migration information.

關於慣用的管理點About preferred management points

慣用的管理點可讓用戶端識別已與用戶端目前網路位置 (或界限) 建立關聯的管理點。Preferred management points let a client identify a management point that is associated with its current network location (boundary).

  • 用戶端會先嘗試使用其指派站台中的慣用管理點,再使用其指派站台中未設定為慣用的管理點。A client tries to use a preferred management point from its assigned site before it uses a management point from its assigned site that is not set up as preferred.

  • 若要使用這個選項,您必須針對階層加以啟用,並設定個別主要站台上的界限群組,以包含應與界限群組相關界限產生關聯的管理點To use this option, you must enable it for the hierarchy and set up boundary groups at individual primary sites to include the management points that should be associated with that boundary group's associated boundaries

  • 設定慣用的管理點且用戶端組織其管理點清單之後,用戶端會將慣用的管理點放在指派的管理點清單頂端,其中包含來自用戶端指派站台的所有管理點。When preferred management points are set up and a client organizes its list of management points, the client places the preferred management points at the top of its list of assigned management points, which includes all management points from the client's assigned site.

注意

當用戶端漫遊時 (就像膝上型電腦移動到遙遠的辦公地點並變更其網路位置時),可能會在嘗試使用其指派站台 (包含偏好管理點) 的管理點前,先使用位於其新位置的本機站台管理點 (或 Proxy 管理點)。When a client roams, like when a laptop travels to a remote office location and changes its network location, it might use a management point (or proxy management point) from the local site at its new location before it tries to use a management point from its assigned site (which includes the preferred management points). 如需詳細資訊,請參閱了解用戶端如何找到 Configuration Manager 的站台資源和服務See Understand how clients find site resources and services for Configuration Manager for more information.

關於重疊界限About overlapping boundaries

Configuration Manager 支援內容位置的重疊界限設定:Configuration Manager supports overlapping boundary configurations for content location:

  • 當用戶端要求內容時,若用戶端網路位置屬於多個界限群組,Configuration Manager 會為用戶端傳送一份具有內容的所有發佈點清單。When a client requests content, and the client network location belongs to multiple boundary groups, Configuration Manager sends the client a list of all distribution points that have the content.

  • 當用戶端要求伺服器傳送或接收其狀態移轉資訊時,若用戶端網路位置屬於多個界限群組,Configuration Manager 會為用戶端傳送一份包含與界限群組 (其包含用戶端目前的網路位置) 相關聯的所有狀態移轉點清單。When a client requests a server to send or receive its state migration information, and the client network location belongs to multiple boundary groups, Configuration Manager sends the client a list of all state migration points that are associated with a boundary group that includes the current network location of the client.

此行為可讓用戶端選取最接近的伺服器,以傳送內容或狀態移轉資訊。This behavior lets the client select the nearest server from which to transfer the content or state migration information.

關於網路連線速度About network connection speed

您可以針對界限群組中的各個站台系統伺服器設定網路連線速度。You can set the network connection speed for each site system server in a boundary group. 此設定適用於依據此界限群組設定連接到站台系統的用戶端。This setting applies to clients that connect to a site system based on this boundary group's configuration. 同一部站台系統伺服器可以針對不同界限群組而設有不同的連線速度。The same site system server can have a different connection speed set for it in different boundary groups.

根據預設,網路連線速度會設為 [快] ,但您可以將其變更為 [慢] 。By default, the network connection speed is set to Fast, but you can change it to Slow. 網路連線速度和部署設定,檢查用戶端是否可以在用戶端位在已建立關聯的界限群組時,從發佈點下載內容。The network connection speed and the deployment configuration check whether a client can download content from a distribution point when the client is in an associated boundary group.

如需網路連線速度設定如何影響取得內容方式的詳細資訊,請參閱內容來源位置案例For more about how the network connection speed configuration affects how clients get content, see Content source location scenarios.