Configuration Manager 的站台元件Site components for Configuration Manager

適用於: Configuration Manager (最新分支)Applies to: Configuration Manager (current branch)

針對每個 Configuration Manager 站台,您都可以設定站台元件,以修改站台系統角色和站台狀態報告的行為。For each Configuration Manager site, you can configure site components to modify the behavior of site system roles and site status reporting. 站台元件設定適用於站台,以及該站台上適用站台系統角色的每個執行個體。Site component configurations apply to a site, and to each instance of an applicable site system role at the site.

在 Configuration Manager 主控台中,移至 [系統管理] 工作區,展開 [站台設定] ,然後選取 [站台] 節點。In the Configuration Manager console, go to the Administration workspace, expand Site Configuration, and select the Sites node. 選取站台。Select a site. 在功能區的 [設定] 群組中,選擇 [設定站台元件] 。In the Settings group of the ribbon, choose Configure Site Components. 選取下列其中一個選項:Select one of the following options:

關於站台元件About site components

在 Configuration Manager 主控台檢視不同站台元件的選項時,大部分選項的意義都可透過其名稱得知。Most options for the various site components are self-explanatory when viewed in the Configuration Manager console. 不過,下列詳細資料可協助解說某些較複雜的設定,或將您導向至其他內容。However, the following details can help explain some of the more complex configurations, or direct you to additional content.

注意

有些元件的可用選項會視您選取的是管理中心網站、主要站台或次要站台而有所不同。The available options for some components vary whether you select the central administration site, a primary site, or a secondary site. 有些元件則完全不適用於特定類型的站台。Some components are not available at all for certain types of sites.

軟體發佈Software distribution

內容發佈設定Content distribution settings

在 [一般] 索引標籤上,指定設定以修改站台伺服器將內容傳輸到其發佈點的方式。On the General tab, specify settings that modify how the site server transfers content to its distribution points. 如果您將用於並行發佈設定的值提高,內容發佈就可以使用更多的網路頻寬。When you increase the values you use for concurrent distribution settings, content distribution can use more network bandwidth.

提取發佈點Pull distribution point

如需詳細資訊,請參閱使用提取發佈點For more information, see Use a pull-distribution point.

網路存取帳戶Network access account

如需詳細資訊,請參閱網路存取帳戶For more information, see Network access account.

軟體更新點Software update point

如需詳細資訊,請參閱安裝軟體更新點For more information, see Install a software update point.

作業系統部署Operating system deployment

如需詳細資訊,請參閱指定提供離線 OS 映像服務的磁碟機For more information, see Specify the drive for offline OS image servicing.

管理點Management point

在 [一般] 索引標籤上,將站台設定為將其管理點的相關資訊發佈至 Active Directory 網域服務。On the General tab, set up the site to publish information about its management points to Active Directory Domain Services.

Configuration Manager 用戶端使用管理點來尋找服務,以及尋找界限群組成員資格和 PKI 憑證選擇選項這類站台資訊。Configuration Manager clients use management points to locate services, and to find site information such as boundary group membership and PKI certificate selection options. 用戶端也會使用管理點,在下載軟體的站台和發佈點中尋找其他管理點。Clients also use management points to find other management points in the site, as well as distribution points from which to download software. 管理點也可協助用戶端完成站台指派,以及下載用戶端原則與上傳用戶端資訊。Management points also help clients to complete site assignment, and to download client policy and upload client information.

用戶端用來尋找管理點的最安全方法,就是在 Active Directory 網域服務中發佈這些管理點。The most secure method for clients to find management points is to publish them in Active Directory Domain Services. 此服務位置方法需要符合下列條件:This service location method requires the following to be true:

  • 已延伸 Configuration Manager 的架構。The schema is extended for Configuration Manager.
  • 具有 [系統管理] 容器,包含可讓站台伺服器發佈至此容器的適當安全性權限。There's a System Management container, with appropriate security permissions for the site server to publish to this container.
  • Configuration Manager 站台設定成發行到 Active Directory 網域服務。The Configuration Manager site is set up to publish to Active Directory Domain Services.
  • 用戶端屬於與站台伺服器樹系相同的 Active Directory 樹系。Clients belong to the same Active Directory forest as the site server's forest.

當內部網路上的用戶端無法使用 Active Directory 網域服務尋找管理點時,請使用 DNS 發佈When clients on the intranet can't use Active Directory Domain Services to find management points, use DNS publishing.

如需服務位置的一般資訊,請參閱了解用戶端如何找到站台資源和服務For general information about service location, see Understand how clients find site resources and services.

在 DNS 中發佈選取的內部網路管理點Publish selected intranet management points in DNS

當內部網路上的用戶端無法從 Active Directory 網域服務找到管理點時,請指定此選項。Specify this option when clients on the intranet can't find management points from Active Directory Domain Services. 相反地,用戶端可以使用 DNS 服務位置資源記錄 (SRV RR) 在其指派的站台找到管理點。Instead, they can use a DNS service location resource record (SRV RR) to find a management point in their assigned site.

如果 Configuration Manager 要將內部網路管理點發行至 DNS,則必須符合下列所有條件:For Configuration Manager to publish intranet management points to DNS, all the following conditions must be met:

  • 您的 DNS 服務包含 8.1.2 (含) 以上版本的 BIND。Your DNS servers have a version of BIND that is 8.1.2 or later.

  • 您的 DNS 伺服器已設定為自動更新,並支援服務位置資源記錄。Your DNS servers are set up for automatic updates, and support service location resource records.

  • Configuration Manager 中管理點的指定完整網域名稱 (FQDN) 在 DNS 中包含主機項目 (A 或 AAA 記錄)。The specified fully qualified domain names (FQDNs) for the management points in Configuration Manager have host entries (A or AAA records) in DNS.

警告

對於要尋找 DNS 中所發行之管理點的用戶端,您必須將用戶端指派給特定站台,而不是使用自動站台指派。For clients to find management points that are published in DNS, you must assign the clients to a specific site (rather than use automatic-site assignment). 設定這些用戶端,透過其管理點的網域尾碼來使用站台碼。Set up these clients to use the site code with the domain suffix of their management point. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱尋找管理點For more information, see Locating management points.

如果 Configuration Manager 用戶端無法使用 Active Directory 網域服務或 DNS 在內部網路上尋找管理點,則會使用 WINSIf Configuration Manager clients can't use Active Directory Domain Services or DNS to find management points on the intranet, they use WINS. 為此站台安裝的第一個管理點設定為接受內部網路的 HTTP 用戶端連線時,即會自動發佈至 WINS。The first management point that is installed for the site is automatically published to WINS when it's set up to accept HTTP client connections on the intranet.

狀態報告Status reporting

這些設定會直接設定站台及用戶端狀態報表內含的詳細資料層級。These settings directly set up the level of detail that's included in status reports from sites and clients.

電子郵件通知Email notification

指定帳戶和電子郵件伺服器詳細資料,讓 Configuration Manager 傳送警示的電子郵件通知。Specify account and email server details to enable Configuration Manager to send email notifications for alerts.

如需詳細資訊,請參閱使用警示和狀態系統For more information, see Use alerts and the status system.

集合成員資格評估Collection membership evaluation

使用此元件以設定累加式評估集合成員資格的頻率。Use this component to set how often collection membership is incrementally evaluated. 累加式評估只會更新已新增或變更資源的集合成員資格。Incremental evaluation updates a collection membership with only new or changed resources.

如需詳細資訊,請參閱集合的最佳做法For more information, see Best practices for collections.

使用 Configuration Manager Service Manager 管理站台元件Use the Configuration Manager Service Manager to manage site components

您可以使用 Configuration Manager Service Manager 來控制 Configuration Manager 服務,以及檢視任一 Configuration Manager 服務或工作執行緒的狀態。You can use the Configuration Manager Service Manager to control Configuration Manager services, and to view the status of any Configuration Manager service or working thread. 這些服務和執行緒統稱為 Configuration Manager 元件。These services and threads are referred to collectively as Configuration Manager components. 了解 Configuration Manager 元件的下列陳述:Understand the following statements about Configuration Manager components:

  • 元件可以在任何站台系統上執行。Components can run on any site system.

  • 管理元件的方式與您管理 Windows 中的服務一樣。Components are managed the same way that you manage services in Windows. 您可以啟動、停止、暫停、繼續或查詢 Configuration Manager 元件。You can start, stop, pause, resume, or query Configuration Manager components.

Configuration Manager 服務會在具有任務時執行。A Configuration Manager service runs when there's something for it to do. 此動作通常發生於將設定檔寫入元件的收件匣時。This action is typically when a configuration file is written to a component's inbox.

使用 Configuration Manager Service ManagerUse the Configuration Manager Service Manager

  1. 在 Configuration Manager 主控台中,移至 [監視] 工作區,展開 [系統狀態] ,然後選取 [元件狀態] 節點。In the Configuration Manager console, go to the Monitoring workspace, expand System Status, and select the Component Status node.

  2. 在功能區的 [元件] 群組中,選取 [開始] ,然後選擇 [Configuration Manager Service Manager] 。In the Component group of the ribbon, select Start, and then choose Configuration Manager Service Manager.

  3. Configuration Manager Service Manager 開啟時,連線至您要管理的網站。When the Configuration Manager Service Manager opens, connect to the site that you want to manage.

    如果您沒有看到要管理的站台,請移至 [站台] 功能表並選取 [連線] 。If you don't see the site that you want to manage, go to the Site menu, and select Connect. 然後輸入正確站台的站台伺服器名稱。Then enter the name of the site server of the correct site.

  4. 展開網站,並根據您要管理的元件所在位置瀏覽至 [元件] 或 [伺服器] 。Expand the site and navigate to Components or Servers, depending on where the components that you want to manage are located.

  5. 在右側窗格中,選取一個或多個元件。In the right pane, select one or more components. 然後,在 [元件] 功能表上,選取 [查詢] 以更新選取項目的狀態。Then on the Component menu, select Query to update the status of your selection.

  6. 更新元件狀態後,使用 [元件] 功能表上四種以動作為基礎的選項之一,以修改元件作業。After the status of the component is updated, use one of the four action-based options on the Component menu to modify the component's operation. 要求動作後,您必須查詢元件,以顯示元件的新狀態。After you request an action, you must query the component to display the new status of the component.

  7. 完成修改元件操作狀態後,請關閉 Configuration Manager Service Manager。Close the Configuration Manager Service Manager when you're finished modifying the operational status of components.