如何在電腦分析中註冊裝置How to enroll devices in Desktop Analytics

當您連線 Configuration Manager 至電腦分析時,您可以進行設定以將裝置註冊至電腦分析。When you connect Configuration Manager to Desktop Analytics, you configure settings to enroll devices to Desktop Analytics. 您可隨時變更這些設定。You can change these settings at any time. 此外,請確保裝置是最新的。Also make sure the devices are up to date.

更新裝置Update devices

電腦分析使用兩個主要的 Windows 元件:Desktop Analytics uses two main Windows components:

  • 相容性元件:相容性元件 (Appraiser) 會對 Windows 裝置執行診斷,從而評估其與最新版 Windows 10 的相容性狀態。Compatibility component: The compatibility component (Appraiser) runs diagnostics on the Windows device to evaluate its compatibility status with the latest versions of Windows 10.

  • 已連線的使用者體驗與遙測服務:啟用 Windows 診斷資料之後,已連線的使用者體驗與遙測服務 (DiagTrack) 將會收集系統、應用程式與驅動程式的資料。Connected User Experiences and Telemetry service: With Windows diagnostic data enabled, the Connected User Experience and Telemetry service (DiagTrack) collects system, application, and driver data. 接著 Microsoft 會分析此資料,並透過電腦分析與您共用。Microsoft analyzes this data, and shares it back to you via Desktop Analytics.

安裝這些元件的最新版本,以獲取電腦分析的最佳體驗。Install the latest version of these components to get the best experience with Desktop Analytics.

下表列出各項元件在支援之 OS 版本上的更新:The following table lists the updates for each component on supported OS versions:

OS 版本OS version AppraiserAppraiser DiagTrackDiagTrack
Windows 10 2004Windows 10 2004 包含附註 1Included Note 1 最新的累積更新Latest cumulative update
Windows 10 1909Windows 10 1909 包含附註 1Included Note 1 最新的累積更新Latest cumulative update
Windows 10 1903Windows 10 1903 包含附註 1Included Note 1 最新的累積更新Latest cumulative update
Windows 10 1809Windows 10 1809 包含附註 1Included Note 1 最新的累積更新Latest cumulative update
Windows 10 1803Windows 10 1803 包含附註 1Included Note 1 最新的累積更新Latest cumulative update
Windows 10 1709Windows 10 1709 包含附註 1Included Note 1 最新的累積更新Latest cumulative update
Windows 8.1Windows 8.1 KB 2976978附註 2KB 2976978 Note 2 最新的每月彙總Latest monthly rollup
Windows 7 SP1Windows 7 SP1 KB 2952664附註 3KB 2952664 Note 3 最新的每月彙總Latest monthly rollup

提示

使用 Configuration Manager 安裝這些更新。Use Configuration Manager to automatically install these updates. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Deploy software updates (部署軟體更新)。For more information, see Deploy software updates.

在第一次安裝相容性更新之後,請將裝置重新開機。Restart devices after you install the compatibility updates for the first time.

附註 1:Windows 10Note 1: Windows 10

雖然 Windows 10 預設會包含這些元件,但 Windows 10 裝置仍需要最新的累積更新,才能取得電腦分析的完整功能,例如評定裝置與最新版 OS 的相容性。While Windows 10 includes these components by default, Windows 10 devices require the latest cumulative update to get the full functionality of Desktop Analytics like assessing the device for compatibility against the latest OS version.

附註 2:Windows 8.1Note 2: Windows 8.1

Microsoft 會定期增加對此元件的更新,但相關聯的知識庫編號不會變更。Microsoft regularly increments the updates for this component, but the associated KB number doesn't change. 請確保您一律擁有最新版本的更新。Make sure that you always have the latest version of the update.

此元件會對參與 Windows 客戶經驗改進計畫的 Windows 8.1 系統執行診斷。This component runs diagnostics on Windows 8.1 systems that participate in the Windows Customer Experience Improvement Program. 這些診斷有助於判斷當升級至 Windows 10 時,是否會有相容性問題。These diagnostics help determine whether you might have compatibility issues when upgrading to Windows 10.

附註 3:Windows 7Note 3: Windows 7

若您的組織未將「每月品質彙總」更新套用到 Windows 7 裝置,而只套用了「僅限安全性」更新,您將會在取代 KB 2952664 更新的清單中看到一些「僅限安全性」更新。If your organization doesn't apply "Monthly Quality Rollup" updates to Windows 7 devices, and only applies "Security Only" updates, you'll find some "Security Only" updates in the list of updates superseding KB 2952664. 您可以安裝這些較新的更新,而不要安裝 KB 2952664。You can install these newer updates instead of KB 2952664.

注意

對於 Windows 8.1,Microsoft 只在「每月品質彙總」更新修訂了 KB 2976978。For Windows 8.1, Microsoft only revises KB 2976978 as part of "Monthly Quality Rollup" updates.

裝置註冊Device enrollment

電腦分析服務沒有可安裝的代理程式。The Desktop Analytics service has no agents to install. 您需要在要監視的裝置上進行設定,以註冊裝置。Device enrollment requires configuring settings on the devices you want it to monitor. 這些設定可以控制裝置應將其資料傳送至哪一個電腦分析執行個體,以及其他設定選項。These settings control to which Desktop Analytics instance the device should send its data, and other configuration options.

注意

如果您先前已使用 Windows Analytics,請將相同的工作區用於電腦分析。If you previously used Windows Analytics, use that same workspace for Desktop Analytics. 如果先前已經將裝置註冊至 Windows Analytics,則亦須將該裝置重新註冊至電腦分析。You need to reenroll devices to Desktop Analytics that you previously enrolled in Windows Analytics.

每個 Azure AD 租用者只擁能有一個電腦分析工作區。You can only have one Desktop Analytics workspace per Azure AD tenant. 裝置只能將診斷資料傳送至一個工作區。Devices can only send diagnostic data to one workspace.

Configuration Manager 提供整合式體驗,可讓您管理這些設定並將其部署至用戶端。Configuration Manager provides an integrated experience for managing and deploying these settings to clients. 請使用 Configuration Manager 以獲得最佳體驗。For the best experience, use Configuration Manager.

當連線 Configuration Manager 至電腦分析時,您可以進行設定以註冊裝置。When you connect Configuration Manager to Desktop Analytics, you configure the settings to enroll devices. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱如何將 Configuration Manager 連線至電腦分析For more information, see How to connect Configuration Manager with Desktop Analytics.

若要變更這些設定,請使用下列程序:To change these settings, use the following procedure:

  1. 在 Configuration Manager 主控台中,移至 [系統管理] 工作區,展開 [雲端服務],然後選取 [Azure 服務] 節點。In the Configuration Manager console, go to the Administration workspace, expand Cloud Services, and select the Azure Services node. 選取與電腦分析的連線,然後選擇功能區中的 [屬性]。Select the connection to Desktop Analytics, and choose Properties in the ribbon.

  2. 在 [診斷資料] 頁面上,視需要對下列設定進行變更:On the Diagnostic Data page, make changes as needed to the following settings:

    • 商業識別碼:此值應該會自動填入組織識別碼。Commercial ID: this value should automatically populate with your organization's ID. 如果沒有,請先確定 Proxy 伺服器已設定為允許所有必要的端點並繼續。If it doesn't, make sure your proxy server is configured to allow all required endpoints before continuing. 您也可以從電腦分析入口網站,手動擷取您的商業識別碼。You can also retrieve your Commercial ID manually from the Desktop Analytics portal.

    • Windows 10 診斷資料層級:如需詳細資訊,請參閱診斷資料層級Windows 10 diagnostic data level: For more information, see Diagnostic data levels.

    • 允許診斷資料中的裝置名稱:如需詳細資訊,請參閱裝置名稱Allow Device Name in diagnostic data: For more information, see Device name.

    當對此頁面進行變更時,[可用的功能] 頁面會顯示電腦分析功能的預覽,以及選取的診斷資料設定。When you make changes to this page, the Available functionality page shows a preview of the Desktop Analytics functionality with the selected diagnostic data settings.

  3. 在 [電腦分析連線] 頁面上,視需要對下列設定進行變更:On the Desktop Analytics Connection page, make changes as needed to the following settings:

    • 顯示名稱:電腦分析入口網站會使用此名稱來顯示此 Configuration Manager 連線。Display name: The Desktop Analytics portal displays this Configuration Manager connection using this name.

    • 目標集合:此集合包含 Configuration Manager 使用商業識別碼與診斷資料設定來進行設定的所有裝置。Target collection: This collection includes all devices that Configuration Manager configures with your commercial ID and diagnostic data settings. 這是一組由 Configuration Manager 連線至電腦分析服務的完整裝置。It's the full set of devices that Configuration Manager connects to the Desktop Analytics service.

    • 目標集合中的裝置使用使用者已驗證 Proxy 進行輸出通訊:根據預設,此值為 [否]。Devices in the target collection use a user-authenticated proxy for outbound communication: By default, this value is No. 視環境需要,請將其設定為 YesIf needed in your environment, set to Yes. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Proxy 伺服器驗證For more information, see Proxy server authentication.

    • 選取特定集合並與電腦分析同步處理:選取 [新增] 以包含目標集合階層中的其他集合。Select specific collections to synchronize with Desktop Analytics: Select Add to include additional collections from your Target collection hierarchy. 這些集合可以在電腦分析入口網站中使用,並與部署計劃組成群組。These collections are available in the Desktop Analytics portal for grouping with deployment plans. 請確保此新增包含試驗與試驗排除集合。Make sure to include pilot and pilot exclusion collections.

      重要

      這些集合會隨著成員資格的變更,持續同步。These collections continue to sync as their membership changes. 例如,部署計劃使用含有 Windows 7 成員資格規則的集合。For example, your deployment plan uses a collection with a Windows 7 membership rule. 當這些裝置升級至 Windows 10 時,Configuration Manager 會評定集合成員資格,而這些裝置將會從集合與部署計劃中移出。As those devices upgrade to Windows 10, and Configuration Manager evaluates the collection membership, those devices drop out of the collection and deployment plan.

Windows 設定Windows settings

當 Configuration Manager 將裝置註冊到電腦分析之後,將會設定 Windows 原則,以設定裝置供電腦分析之用。When Configuration Manager enrolls devices into Desktop Analytics, it sets Windows policies to configure the device for Desktop Analytics. 在大多數情況下,只會使用 Configuration Manager 來進行這些設定。In most circumstances, only use Configuration Manager to configure these settings. 請不要將這些設定也套用到網域群組原則物件。Don't also apply these settings in domain group policy objects.

如需詳細資訊,請參閱電腦分析的群組原則設定For more information, see Group policy settings for Desktop Analytics.

裝置名稱Device name

從 Windows 10 1803 版開始,已不再根據預設收集裝置名稱。Starting in Windows 10, version 1803, the device name is no longer collected by default. 您需要另外加入,以使用診斷資料來收集裝置名稱。Collecting the device name with the diagnostic data requires a separate opt-in. 如果沒有裝置名稱,則在評定升級為新版的 Windows 時,您會更難以識別需要注意的裝置。Without the device name, it's more difficult for you to identify what devices require attention while evaluating an upgrade to a new version of Windows.

若未傳送裝置名稱,其電腦分析中會顯示為「未知」:If you don't send the device name, it appears in Desktop Analytics as "Unknown":

顯示「不明」名稱的電腦分析裝置清單

在 Configuration Manager 設定中,有一個選項可供電腦分析設定此選項:[允許診斷資料中的裝置名稱]。There's an option in the Configuration Manager settings for Desktop Analytics to configure this option: Allow Device Name in diagnostic data. 此 Configuration Manager 設定控制 Windows 原則設定 AllowDeviceNameInTelemetryThis Configuration Manager setting controls the Windows policy setting, AllowDeviceNameInTelemetry.

衝突解決Conflict resolution

一般而言,請使用 Configuration Manager 集合來針對處理電腦分析設定與註冊。In general, use Configuration Manager collections to target Desktop Analytics settings and enrollment. 使用直接成員資格或查詢,以包含或排除集合中的裝置。Use direct membership or queries to include or exclude devices from the collection. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱如何建立集合For more information, see How to create collections.

Configuration Manager 只有在值不存在時,才會進行 Windows 設定。Configuration Manager only configures the Windows settings if a value doesn't already exist. 如果需要為唯一的一組裝置進行不同設定,則可使用群組原則If you need to configure different settings for a unique group of devices, you can use group policy. 群組原則所針對的設定會優先於 Configuration Manager 設定。Settings targeted by group policy take precedence over Configuration Manager settings. 群組原則的目標裝置可能無法正確反映 連線健全狀況 儀表板中狀態。Devices targeted by group policy may not accurately reflect status in the Connection health dashboard.

當設定診斷資料層級時,您可以設定裝置的界限。When you configure the diagnostic data level, you set the upper boundary for the device. 根據預設,在 Windows 10 1803 版和更新版本中,使用者可以選擇設定較低的層級。By default in Windows 10, version 1803 and later, users can choose to set a lower level. 您可以使用 [Configure telemetry opt-in setting user interface] (設定遙測加入設定使用者介面)此群組原則設定來控制此行為。You can control this behavior using the group policy setting, Configure telemetry opt-in setting user interface. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱電腦分析的群組原則設定For more information, see Group policy settings for Desktop Analytics.

Proxy 設定Proxy settings

若您組織使用 Proxy 伺服器驗證來存取網際網路,請務必正確設定該驗證或您的裝置。If your organization uses proxy server authentication for internet access, make sure to properly configure it or your devices. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Proxy 伺服器驗證For more information, see Proxy server authentication.

後續步驟Next steps

前往下一篇文章,以在電腦分析中建立部署計劃。Advance to the next article to create deployment plans in Desktop Analytics.