使用 Configuration Manager 管理 Windows 即服務Manage Windows as a service using Configuration Manager

適用於: Configuration Manager (最新分支)Applies to: Configuration Manager (current branch)

在 Configuration Manager 中,您可以檢視環境中的 Windows 即服務 (WaaS) 狀態。In Configuration Manager, you can view the state of Windows as a Service (WaaS) in your environment. 建立服務方案以形成部署環節,並確保在新組建發行時,Windows 10 系統會保持為最新狀態。Create servicing plans to form deployment rings, and ensure that Windows 10 systems are kept up-to-date when new builds are released. 您也可以在 Windows 10 用戶端的半年通道組建支援即將結束時檢視警示。You can also view alerts when Windows 10 clients are near end of support for their Semi-Annual Channel build.

如需 Windows 10 服務選項的詳細資訊,請參閱 Windows 即服務概觀For more information about Windows 10 servicing options, see Overview of Windows as a Service.

使用下列章節來管理 Windos 即服務。Use the following sections to manage Windows as a service.

先決條件Prerequisites

若要查看 Windows 10 服務儀表板中的資料,您必須執行下列動作:To see data in the Windows 10 servicing dashboard, you must do the following actions:

  • Windows 10 電腦都必須使用 Configuration Manager 軟體更新,並以 Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) 進行軟體更新管理。Windows 10 computers must use Configuration Manager software updates with Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) for software update management. 當電腦使用商務用 Windows Update (或 Windows Insiders) 來進行軟體更新管理時,電腦不會在 Windows 10 服務方案中評估。When computers use Windows Update for Business (or Windows Insiders) for software update management, the computer isn't evaluated in Windows 10 servicing plans. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 與 Windows 10 中的 Windows Update for Business 整合For more information, see Integration with Windows Update for Business in Windows 10.

  • 使用支援的 WSUS 版本:Use a supported WSUS version:

    • WSUS 10.0.14393 (Windows Server 2016 中的角色)WSUS 10.0.14393 (role in Windows Server 2016)
    • WSUS 10.0.17763 (Windows Server 2019 中的角色) (需要 Configuration Manager 1810 或更新版本)WSUS 10.0.17763 (role in Windows Server 2019) (Requires Configuration Manager 1810 or later)
    • WSUS 6.2 和 6.3 (Windows Server 2012 和 Windows Server 2012 R2 中的角色)WSUS 6.2 and 6.3 (role in Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2)
  • 啟用活動訊號探索。Enable Heartbeat Discovery. 您可使用探索功能,找到 Windows 10 服務儀表板中所顯示的資料。The data displayed in the Windows 10 servicing dashboard is found by using discovery. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Configure Heartbeat DiscoveryFor more information, see Configure Heartbeat Discovery.

    系統會發現下列 Windows 10 通道和組建資訊並將其儲存在下列屬性:The following Windows 10 channel and build information is discovered and stored in the following attributes:

    • 作業系統就緒分支:指定作業系統通道。Operating System Readiness Branch: Specifies the operating system channel. 例如,0 = 半年通道 - 已設定目標 (不延後更新)、1 = 半年通道 (延後更新)、2 = 長期維護通道 (LTSC)For example, 0 = Semi-Annual Channel - Targeted (don't defer updates), 1 = Semi-Annual Channel (defer updates), 2 = Long-Term Servicing Channel (LTSC)

    • 作業系統組建:指定作業系統組建。Operating System Build: Specifies the operating system build. 例如,10.0.10240 (RTM) 或 10.0.10586 (1511 版)For example, 10.0.10240 (RTM) or 10.0.10586 (version 1511)

  • 必須安裝服務連線點,並針對 [線上,持續連線] 模式設定,才能在 Windows 10 服務儀表板上看到資料。The service connection point must be installed and configured for Online, persistent connection mode to see data on the Windows 10 servicing dashboard. 處於離線模式時,將無法看到儀表板中的資料更新,直到您獲得 Configuration Manager 服務更新為止。When you are in offline mode, you don't see data updates in the dashboard until you get Configuration Manager servicing updates. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 About the service connection point (關於服務連接點)。For more information, see About the service connection point.

  • 執行 Configuration Manager 主控台的電腦上必須安裝 Internet Explorer 9 或更新版本。Internet Explorer 9 or later must be installed on the computer that runs the Configuration Manager console.

  • 必須設定並同步處理軟體更新。Software updates must be configured and synchronized. 先選取 [升級] 分類並同步軟體更新,Configuration Manager 主控台中才會顯示可用的 Windows 10 功能升級。Select the Upgrades classification and synchronize software updates before any Windows 10 feature upgrades are available in the Configuration Manager console. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Prepare for software updates management (準備軟體更新管理)。For more information, see Prepare for software updates management.

  • 從 Configuration Manager 1902 版開始,驗證 [指定功能更新的執行緒優先順序] 用戶端設定,以確定它適合您的環境。Starting in Configuration Manager version 1902, verify the Specify thread priority for feature updates client setting to ensure it's appropriate for your environment.

  • 從 Configuration Manager 1906 版開始,驗證 [啟用功能更新的動態更新] 用戶端設定,以確定它適合您的環境。Starting in Configuration Manager version 1906, verify the Enable Dynamic Update for feature updates client setting to ensure it's appropriate for your environment.

Windows 10 服務儀表板Windows 10 servicing dashboard

Windows 10 服務儀表板可提供您環境中 Windows 10 電腦的相關資訊、使用中的服務方案、相容性資訊等等。The Windows 10 servicing dashboard provides you with information about Windows 10 computers in your environment, active servicing plans, compliance information, and so on. Windows 10 服務儀表板中的資料取決於已安裝的服務連線點。The data in the Windows 10 servicing dashboard is dependent on having the Service Connection Point installed. 儀表板具有以下磚:The dashboard has the following tiles:

  • Windows 10 使用方式磚:提供 Windows 10 公開組建的細分。Windows 10 Usage tile: Provides a breakdown of public builds of Windows 10. 您站台尚不知道的組建,以及 Windows 測試人員組建均會列為 [其他] 。Windows Insiders builds are listed as other as well as any builds that aren't yet known to your site. 服務連線點會下載能通知它關於 Windows 組建的中繼資料,然後系統會將此資料與探索資料比較。The service connection point downloads metadata that informs it about the Windows builds, and then this data is compared against discovery data.

  • Windows 10 更新步調磚:提供依通道和整備狀態分組的 Windows 10 細分。Windows 10 Rings tile: Provides a breakdown of Windows 10 by channel and readiness state. LTSC 區段包含所有 LTSC 版本。The LTSC segment includes all LTSC versions. 第一個磚會細分特定的版本,例如 Windows 10 LTSC 2015。The first tile breaks down the specific versions, for example, Windows 10 LTSC 2015.

  • 建立服務方案磚:提供快速建立服務方案的方法。Create Service Plan tile: Provides a quick way to create a servicing plan. 您指定名稱、集合 (只顯示依大小排列的前 10 個集合,最小的最先)、部署套件 (只顯示依最近修改時間排列的前 10 個套件) 和整備狀態。You specify the name, collection (only displays the top 10 collections by size, smallest first), deployment package (only displays the top 10 packages by most recently modified), and readiness state. 其他設定會使用預設值。Default values are used for the other settings. 按一下 [進階設定] 啟動 [建立服務方案精靈],您可於此處設定所有服務方案設定。Click Advanced Settings to start the Create Servicing Plan wizard where you can configure all of the service plan settings.

  • 已過期磚:顯示屬於 Windows 10 組建且已超出其生命週期結束的裝置百分比。Expired tile: Displays the percentage of devices that are on a build of Windows 10 that is past its end of life. Configuration Manager 會以服務連線點下載並與探索資料相比較的中繼資料來判斷百分比。Configuration Manager determines the percentage from the metadata that the Service Connection Point downloads and compares it against discovery data. 已超出其生命週期結束的組建不會再收到每月累計更新,其中包括安全性更新。A build that is past its end of life is no longer receiving monthly cumulative updates, which include security updates. 此分類中的電腦應該升級至下一個組建版本。The computers in this category should be upgraded to the next build version. Configuration Manager 會無條件進位到下一個整數。Configuration Manager rounds up to the next whole number. 例如,如果您有 10,000 部電腦,且只有一部使用已過期的組建,磚便會顯示 1%。For example, if you have 10,000 computers and only one on an expired build, the tile displays 1%.

  • 即將過期磚:顯示屬於接近生命週期結束 (大約四個月內) 之組建的電腦百分比,類似於 已過期 磚。Expire Soon tile: Displays the percentage of computers that are on a build that is near end of life (within about four months), similar to the Expired tile. Configuration Manager 會無條件進位到下一個整數。Configuration Manager rounds up to the next whole number.

  • 警示磚:顯示作用中的警示。Alerts tile: Displays active alerts.

  • 服務方案監視磚:顯示您所建立的服務方案和每個方案的合規性圖表。Service Plan Monitoring tile: Display servicing plans that you've created and a chart of the compliance for each. 此磚可讓您快速獲得服務方案部署的目前狀態概觀。This tile gives you a quick overview of the current state of the servicing plan deployments. 如果先前的部署環符合您預期的相容性,則您可以選取稍後的服務方案 (部署環),然後按一下 [立即部署] 而不要等待服務方案規則自動觸發。If an earlier deployment ring meets your expectations for compliance, then you can select a later servicing plan (deploying ring) and click Deploy Now instead of waiting for the servicing plan rules to be triggered automatically.

  • Windows 10 組建磚:顯示固定的映像時間表,提供您目前發行 Windows 10 組建的概觀,並讓您大概了解組建何時會轉換為不同的狀態。The Windows 10 Builds tile: Display is a fixed image time line that provides you an overview of the Windows 10 builds that are currently released and gives you a general idea of when builds transition into different states. 由於在產品生命週期儀表板中提供了更詳細的資訊,因此從 Configuration Manager 版本 1902 開始已移除此圖格。This tile was removed starting in Configuration Manager version 1902 since more detailed information is offered in the Product Lifecycle dashboard.

重要

Windows 10 服務儀表板中顯示的資訊 (例如 Windows 10 版本的支援生命週期) 僅為了您的方便起見而提供,並僅供在貴公司內部使用。The information shown in the Windows 10 servicing dashboard (such as the support lifecycle for Windows 10 versions) is provided for your convenience and only for use internally within your company. 您不應完全依賴這項資訊來確認更新相容性。You should not solely rely on this information to confirm update compliance. 請務必驗證提供給您的資訊是否正確。Be sure to verify the accuracy of the information provided to you.

鑽研需要的更新Drill through required updates

(於 1906 版推出)(Introduced in version 1906)

您可以鑽研合規性統計資料,了解哪些裝置需要特定的 Windows 10 功能更新。You can drill through compliance statistics to see which devices require a specific Windows 10 feature update. 若要檢視裝置清單,您需要檢視更新及裝置所屬集合的權限。To view the device list, you need permission to view updates and the collections the devices belong to. 向下切入至裝置清單:To drill down into the device list:

  1. 前往 [軟體程式庫] > [Windows 10 服務] > [所有 Windows 10 更新] 。Go to Software Library > Windows 10 Servicing > All Windows 10 Updates.
  2. 選取至少一部裝置所需的任何更新。Select any update that is required by at least one device.
  3. 查看 [摘要] 索引標籤,然後尋找 [統計資料] 下方的圓形圖。Look at the Summary tab and find the pie chart under Statistics.
  4. 選取圓形圖旁的 [需要檢視] 超連結,以向下切入至裝置清單。Select the View Required hyperlink next to the pie chart to drill down into the device list.
  5. 此動作會帶您前往 [裝置] 下方的臨時節點,以查看需要更新的裝置。This action takes you to a temporary node under Devices where you can see the devices requiring the update. 您也可以對節點採取動作,例如從清單建立新的集合。You can also take actions for the node such as creating a new collection from the list.

服務方案工作流程Servicing plan workflow

Configuration Manager 中的 Windows 10 服務方案非常類似於軟體更新的自動部署規則。Windows 10 servicing plans in Configuration Manager are much like automatic deployment rules for software updates. 建立服務方案時使用 Configuration Manager 評估的下列準則:You create a servicing plan with the following criteria that Configuration Manager evaluates:

  • 升級分類:只會評估升級分類中的更新。Upgrades classification: Only updates that are in the Upgrades classification are evaluated.

  • 整備狀態:服務方案中定義的整備狀態會與升級的整備狀態比較。Readiness state: The readiness state defined in the servicing plan is compared with the readiness state for the upgrade. 當服務連線點時檢查是否有更新時,會擷取升級的中繼資料。The metadata for the upgrade is retrieved when the service connection point checks for updates.

  • 時間延遲:您在服務方案中為 [您希望在 Microsoft 發行新版升級的幾天後,部署至您的環境] 指定的天數。Time deferral: The number of days that you specify for How many days after Microsoft has published a new upgrade would you like to wait before deploying in your environment in the servicing plan. 如果目前的日期是在發行日期加上設定天數之後,Configuration Manager 會評估是否要在部署中包含升級。If the current date is after the release date plus the configured number of days, Configuration Manager evaluates whether to include an upgrade in the deployment.

    當升級符合準則時,服務方案會將升級新增到部署套件、將套件發佈到發佈點,並根據您在服務方案中進行的設定將升級部署至集合。When an upgrade meets the criteria, the servicing plan adds the upgrade to the deployment package, distributes the package to distribution points, and deploys the upgrade to the collection based on the settings that you configure in the servicing plan. 您可以在 Windows 10 服務儀表板上的 [服務方案監視] 磚監視部署。You can monitor the deployments in the Service Plan Monitoring tile on the Windows 10 Servicing Dashboard. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Monitor software updates (監視軟體更新)。For more information, see Monitor software updates.

注意

Windows 10 1903 版及更新版本已新增到 Microsoft Update 成為該產品的一部分,而不再像舊版,隸屬於 Windows 10 產品。Windows 10, version 1903 and later was added to Microsoft Update as its own product rather than being part of the Windows 10 product like earlier versions. 此變更導致您需要執行一些手動步驟以確保您的用戶端可看到這些更新。This change caused you to do a number of manual steps to ensure that your clients see these updates. 我們已協助減少您必須為 Configuration Manager 1906 版新產品進行的手動步驟數量。We've helped reduce the number of manual steps you have to take for the new product in Configuration Manager version 1906. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱設定 Windows 10 各版本的產品For more information, see Configuring products for versions of Windows 10.

Windows 10 服務方案Windows 10 servicing plan

部署 Windows 10 半年通道時,您可以建立一個或多個服務方案,以定義環境中想要的部署環,然後在 Windows 10 服務儀表板中監視它們。As you deploy Windows 10 Semi-Annual Channel, you can create one or more servicing plans to define the deployment rings that you want in your environment, and then monitor them in the Windows 10 servicing dashboard. 服務方案只會使用 升級 軟體更新分類,而不會使用 Windows 10 的累積更新。Servicing plans use only the Upgrades software updates classification, not cumulative updates for Windows 10. 針對那些更新,您仍需要使用軟體更新工作流程進行部署。For those updates, you still need to deploy by using the software updates workflow. 服務方案的使用者經驗和軟體更新相同,包括您在服務方案中進行的設定。The end-user experience with a servicing plan is the same as it is with software updates, including the settings that you configure in the servicing plan.

注意

您可以使用工作順序部署每個 Windows 10 組建的升級,但它需要更多的手動工作。You can use a task sequence to deploy an upgrade for each Windows 10 build, but it requires more manual work. 您必須匯入更新的來源檔案作為作業系統升級套件,然後建立工作順序並部署到適當的電腦集合。You would need to import the updated source files as an operating system upgrade package, and then create and deploy the task sequence to the appropriate set of computers. 不過,工作順序會提供其他自訂的選項,例如預先部署和部署後動作。However, a task sequence provides additional customized options, such as the pre-deployment and post-deployment actions.

您可以透過 Windows 10 服務儀表板建立基本服務方案。You can create a basic servicing plan from the Windows 10 servicing dashboard. 指定名稱、集合 (只顯示依大小排列的前 10 個集合,最小的最先列出)、部署套件 (只顯示依最近修改時間排列的前 10 個套件) 和整備狀態之後,Configuration Manager 會針對其他設定使用預設值來建立服務方案。After you specify the name, collection (only displays the top 10 collections by size, smallest first), deployment package (only displays the top 10 packages by most recently modified), and readiness state, Configuration Manager creates the servicing plan with default values for the other settings. 您也可以啟動 [建立服務方案精靈],進行所有設定。You can also start the Create Servicing Plan wizard to configure all of the settings. 使用下列程序,以 [建立服務方案精靈] 建立服務方案。Use the following procedure to create a servicing plan by using the Create Servicing Plan wizard.

注意

您可以管理高風險部署的行為。You can manage the behavior for high-risk deployments. 高風險部署是一種會自動安裝的部署,而且可能會造成不需要的結果。A high-risk deployment is a deployment that is automatically installed and has the potential to cause unwanted results. 例如部署 Windows 10 的工作順序,其用途若為 必要 ,就會被視為高風險的部署。For example, a task sequence that has a purpose of Required that deploys Windows 10 is considered a high-risk deployment. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Settings to manage high-risk deployments (高風險部署的管理設定)。For more information, see Settings to manage high-risk deployments.

建立 Windows 10 服務方案To create a Windows 10 servicing plan

  1. 在 Configuration Manager 主控台中,按一下 [軟體程式庫] 。In the Configuration Manager console, click Software Library.

  2. 在 [軟體程式庫] 工作區中,展開 [Windows 10 服務] ,然後按一下 [服務方案] 。In the Software Library workspace, expand Windows 10 Servicing, and then click Servicing Plans.

  3. 在 [首頁] 索引標籤的 [建立] 群組中,按一下 [建立服務方案] 。On the Home tab, in the Create group, click Create Servicing Plan. [建立服務方案精靈] 隨即開啟。The Create Servicing Plan Wizard opens.

  4. 在 [一般] 頁面,設定以下設定:On the General page, configure the following settings:

    • 名稱:指定服務方案的名稱。Name: Specify the name for the servicing plan. 名稱必須是唯一的,且能協助描述規則目標,並能在 Configuration Manager 網站上從其他名稱中輕易找出。The name must be unique, help to describe the objective of the rule, and identify it from others in the Configuration Manager site.

    • 描述:指定服務方案的描述。Description: Specify a description for the servicing plan. 描述應提供服務方案的概觀,以及任何其他可協助您在 Configuration Manager 網站內找出並區分方案的相關資訊。The description should provide an overview of the servicing plan and any other relevant information that helps to identify and differentiate the plan among others in the Configuration Manager site. 描述欄位是選用欄位,長度限制為 256 字元,預設為空白值。The description field is optional, has a limit of 256 characters, and has a blank value by default.

  5. 在 [服務方案] 頁面上,指定 [目標集合] 。On the Servicing Plan page, specify the Target Collection. 集合內的成員會收到服務方案中定義的 Windows 10 升級。Members of the collection receive the Windows 10 upgrades that are defined in the servicing plan.

    • 當您部署服務方案之類的高風險部署時,[選取集合] 視窗僅會顯示符合該站台內容中所設定之部署驗證設定的自訂集合。When you deploy a high-risk deployment, such as servicing plan, the Select Collection window displays only the custom collections that meet the deployment verification settings that are configured in the site's properties.

    • 高風險的部署一律限制於自訂集合、您建立的集合,以及內建的 [未知的電腦] 集合。High-risk deployments are always limited to custom collections, collections that you create, and the built-in Unknown Computers collection. 當您建立高風險的部署時,您無法選取 [所有系統] 這類的內建集合。When you create a high-risk deployment, you can't select a built-in collection such as All Systems. 取消核取 [隱藏成員計數大於網站大小下限設定的集合] ,即可查看所含用戶端少於設定之大小上限的所有自訂集合。Uncheck Hide collections with a member count greater than the site's minimum size configuration to see all custom collections that contain fewer clients than the configured maximum size. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Settings to manage high-risk deployments (高風險部署的管理設定)。For more information, see Settings to manage high-risk deployments.

    • 部署驗證設定會以目前的集合成員資格為依據。The deployment verification settings are based on the current membership of the collection. 在您部署服務方案之後,系統並不會針對高風險的部署設定重新評估集合成員資格。After you deploy the servicing plan, the collection membership isn't reevaluated for the high-risk deployment settings.

      • 例如,假設您將 [預設大小] 設為 100,而 [最大值] 設為 1000。For example, let's say you set Default size to 100 and the Maximum size to 1000. 當您建立高風險部署時,[選取集合] 視窗只會顯示所含用戶端少於 100 個的集合。When you create a high risk deployment, the Select Collection window will only display collections that contain fewer than 100 clients. 如果您清除 [隱藏成員計數大於站台大小下限設定的集合] 設定,則此視窗會顯示所含用戶端少於 1000 個的集合。If you clear the Hide collections with a member count greater than the site's minimum size configuration setting, the window will display collections that contain less than 1000 clients.
        當您選取包含站台角色的集合時,會套用下列條件:When you select a collection that contains a site role, the following criteria applies:
        • 如果集合包含站台系統伺服器,而在部署驗證設定中,您設定要封鎖包含站台系統伺服器的集合,則會發生錯誤而無法繼續。If the collection contains a site system server and in the deployment verification settings you configure to block collections with site system servers, then an error occurs and you can't continue.
        • 如果集合包含站台系統伺服器,而在部署驗證設定中,您設定如果集合具有站台系統伺服器、如果集合超過預設大小值或集合包含伺服器時要提出警告,則 [部署軟體精靈 ] 會顯示高風險的警告。If the collection contains a site system server and in the deployment verification settings you configure to warn you if collections that have site system servers, if the collection exceeds the default size value, or if the collection contains a server, then the Deploy Software Wizard will display a high risk warning. 您必須同意建立高風險部署,即會建立一則稽核狀態訊息。You must agree to create a high risk deployment and an audit status message is created.
  6. 在 [部署環] 頁面上,進行下列設定:On the Deployment Ring page, configure the following settings:

    • 指定應套用此服務方案的 Windows 整備狀態:選取下列其中一個選項:Specify the Windows readiness state to which this servicing plan should apply: Select one of the following options:

      • 半年通道 (已設定目標) :在此服務模型中,功能更新在 Microsoft 發行它們之後即可供使用。Semi-Annual Channel (Targeted): In this servicing model, feature updates are available as soon as Microsoft releases them.

      • 半年通道:此服務通道通常用於廣泛部署。Semi-Annual Channel: This servicing channel is typically used for broad deployment. 「半年通道」中的 Windows 10 用戶端會接收到和「已設定目標通道」裝置相同的 Windows 10 組建,只是時間較晚。Windows 10 clients in the Semi-Annual Channel receive the same build of Windows 10 as those devices in the targeted channel, just at a later time.

        針對服務通道及最適合您使用的選項,如需相關詳細資訊,請參閱服務通道For more information about servicing channels and what options are best for you, see Servicing channels.

    • Microsoft 發行新的升級之後,您想要在您的環境中部署之前等待的天數:如果目前的日期是發行日期加上您為此設定所設定的天數之後,Configuration Manager 會評估是否要在部署中包含升級。How many days after Microsoft has published a new upgrade would you like to wait before deploying in your environment: If the current date is after the release date plus the number of days that you configure for this setting, Configuration Manager evaluates whether to include an upgrade in the deployment.

  7. 在 [升級] 頁面上,設定搜尋準則以篩選已新增至服務方案的升級。On the Upgrades page, configure the search criteria to filter the upgrades that are added to the service plan. 只有符合指定準則的升級才會新增至相關聯的部署。Only upgrades that meet the specified criteria are added to the associated deployment. 可使用下列內容篩選器:The following property filters are available:

    • 架構 (從版本 1810 開始)Architecture (starting in version 1810)
    • 語言Language
    • 產品類別 (從版本 1810 開始)Product Category (starting in version 1810)
    • 必要Required

      重要

      我們建議將搜尋準則 [必要] 欄位的值設定為 >=1We recommend that as part of your search criteria, that you set the Required field with a value of >=1. 使用此準則能確保只會將適用的更新新增至服務方案。Using this criteria ensures that only applicable updates are added to the service plan.

    • 已被取代 (從版本 1810 開始)Superseded (starting in version 1810)
    • 標題Title

    按一下 [預覽] 可檢視符合指定準則的升級。Click Preview to view the upgrades that meet the specified criteria.

  8. 在 [部署排程] 頁面,指定以下設定:On the Deployment Schedule page, configure the following settings:

    • 排程評估:指定 Configuration Manager 是否要使用 UTC 或執行 Configuration Manager 主控台之電腦上的本機時間,來評估可用的時間和安裝期限時間。Schedule evaluation: Specify whether Configuration Manager evaluates the available time and installation deadline times by using UTC or the local time of the computer that runs the Configuration Manager console.

      注意

      當您選取本機時間,然後針對 [軟體可用時間] 或 [安裝期限] 選取 [盡快] 時,就會使用執行 Configuration Manager 主控台之電腦上的目前時間,來評估更新可用時間或更新安裝於用戶端的時間。When you select local time, and then select As soon as possible for the Software available time or Installation deadline, the current time on the computer running the Configuration Manager console is used to evaluate when updates are available or when they are installed on a client. 如果在用戶端位於其他時區,則會在用戶端的時間達到評估時間時,執行這些動作。If the client is in a different time zone, these actions will occur when the client's time reaches the evaluation time.

    • 軟體可用時間:選取以下其中一種設定來指定用戶端何時可以使用軟體更新:Software available time: Select one of the following settings to specify when the software updates are available to clients:

      • 盡快:選取此設定來使用戶端電腦能在最短時間內使用包含在部署中的軟體更新。As soon as possible: Select this setting to make the software updates that are included in the deployment available to the client computers as soon as possible. 利用選取的設定建立部署時,Configuration Manager 會更新用戶端原則。When you create the deployment with this setting selected, Configuration Manager updates the client policy. 接著,在下一個用戶端原則輪詢循環中,用戶端將會察覺該部署並取得安裝可用的更新。Then, at the next client policy polling cycle, clients become aware of the deployment and can obtain the updates that are available for installation.

      • 特定時間:選取此設定來使用戶端電腦能在特定日期和時間使用包含在部署中的軟體更新。Specific time: Select this setting to make the software updates that are included in the deployment available to the client computers at a specific date and time. 建立部署時啟用此設定,Configuration Manager 會更新用戶端原則。When you create the deployment with this setting enabled, Configuration Manager updates the client policy. 接著,在下一個用戶端原則輪詢循環中,用戶端將會察覺該部署。Then, at the next client policy polling cycle, clients become aware of the deployment. 不過,在設定的日期和時間之前,無法使用部署中的軟體更新進行安裝。However, the software updates in the deployment aren't available for installation until after the configured date and time.

    • 安裝期限:選取下列其中一個設定,以指定部署中軟體更新的安裝期限:Installation deadline: Select one of the following settings to specify the installation deadline for the software updates in the deployment:

      • 盡快:選取此設定,以自動在最短時間內安裝部署中的軟體更新。As soon as possible: Select this setting to automatically install the software updates in the deployment as soon as possible.

      • 特定時間:選取此設定,以在特定日期和時間自動安裝部署中的軟體更新。Specific time: Select this setting to automatically install the software updates in the deployment at a specific date and time. 將已設定的 [特定時間] 間隔新增到 [軟體可用時間] ,Configuration Manager 藉此判斷安裝軟體更新的期限。Configuration Manager determines the deadline to install software updates by adding the configured Specific time interval to the Software available time.

        注意

        實際安裝的期限時間是顯示的期限時間,加上最多 2 小時的隨機總時間。The actual installation deadline time is the displayed deadline time plus a random amount of time up to 2 hours. 這能減少對同時在部署中安裝更新之目的地集合裡所有用戶端電腦的潛在影響。This reduces the potential impact of all client computers in the destination collection installing the updates in the deployment at the same time.

        您可以設定 [電腦代理程式] 用戶端設定的 [停用期限隨機設定] ,針對必要的更新停用安裝隨機延遲。You can configure the Computer Agent client setting Disable deadline randomization to disable the installation randomization delay for required updates. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Computer AgentFor more information, see Computer Agent.

      • 根據使用者喜好延遲實行此部署,最多延後至用戶端上定義的寬限期:選取此選項可採用 延後到部署期限後施行的寬限期 (小時) 用戶端設定Delay enforcement of this deployment according to user preferences, up to the grace period defined on the client: Select this option to honor the Grace period for enforcement after deployment deadline (hours) client setting.

  9. 在 [使用者經驗] 頁面,設定以下設定:On the User Experience page, configure the following settings:

    • 使用者通知:指定是否要在設定的 [軟體可用時間] 內,顯示用戶端電腦上 [軟體中心] 內更新的通知,以及是否要在用戶端電腦上顯示使用者通知。User notifications: Specify whether to display notification of the updates in Software Center on the client computer at the configured Software available time and whether to display user notifications on the client computers.

    • 期限行為:指定到達更新部署期限時會出現的行為。Deadline behavior: Specify the behavior that is to occur when the deadline is reached for the update deployment. 指定是否安裝部署中的更新。Specify whether to install the updates in the deployment. 同時也指定是否於無論設定之維護期間為何的狀況下,只要更新安裝完成,就執行系統重新啟動。Also specify whether to perform a system restart after update installation regardless of a configured maintenance window. 如需維護期間的詳細資訊,請參閱如何在 Configuration Manager 中使用維護期間For more information about maintenance windows, see How to use maintenance windows.

    • 裝置重新啟動行為:於安裝更新,且需要重新啟動系統才能完成安裝的狀況下,指定是否抑制在伺服器和工作站上重新啟動系統。Device restart behavior: Specify whether to suppress a system restart on servers and workstations after updates are installed and a system restart is required to complete the installation.

    • Windows Embedded 裝置的寫入篩選處理:將更新部署至啟用寫入篩選器的 Windows Embedded 裝置時,您可以指定在暫時重疊上安裝更新,並於稍後再認可變更,或是在安裝期限或維護期間認可變更。Write filter handling for Windows Embedded devices: When you deploy updates to Windows Embedded devices that are write filter enabled, you can specify to install the update on the temporary overlay and either commit changes later or commit the changes at the installation deadline or during a maintenance window. 當您在安裝期限或維護期間認可變更時,需要重新啟動裝置才能保存裝置的變更。When you commit changes at the installation deadline or during a maintenance window, a restart is required and the changes persist on the device.

      • 當您將更新部署至 Windows Enbedded 裝置時,請確認裝置是已設定維護期間之集合的成員。When you deploy an update to a Windows Embedded device, make sure that the device is a member of a collection that has a configured maintenance window.
    • 重新啟動時的軟體更新部署重新評估行為:若要在重新啟動後強制執行其他更新部署評估週期,請選取 [If any update in this deployment requires a system restart, run updates deployment evaluation cycle after restart] (若此部署中的任何更新需要重新啟動系統,請在重新啟動後執行更新部署評估週期)\ 選項。Software updates deployment re-evaluation behavior upon restart: To force another update deployment evaluation cycle after restart, select the option If any update in this deployment requires a system restart, run updates deployment evaluation cycle after restart.

  10. 在 [部署套件] 頁面上選取現有的部署套件或沒有部署套件,或進行下列設定以建立新的部署套件:On the Deployment Package page, select an existing deployment package, no deployment package, or configure the following settings to create a new deployment package:

    1. 名稱:指定部署套件的名稱。Name: Specify the name of the deployment package. 此名稱必須是唯一且能描述套件內容。This name must be unique and describes the package content. 長度限制為 50 個字元。It's limited to 50 characters.

    2. 描述:指定描述,提供有關部署套件的資訊。Description: Specify a description that provides information about the deployment package. 描述限制為 127 個字元。The description is limited to 127 characters.

    3. 套件來源:指定軟體更新來源檔案的位置。Package source: Specifies the location of the software update source files. 鍵入來源位置的網路路徑,例如 \\伺服器\共用名稱\路徑,或按一下 [瀏覽] 尋找網路位置。Type a network path for the source location, for example, \\server\sharename\path, or click Browse to find the network location. 請先建立部署套件來源檔案的共用資料夾,再繼續執行下一個頁面。Create the shared folder for the deployment package source files before you continue to the next page.

      • 您指定的部署套件來源位置不能供另一個軟體部署套件使用。The deployment package source location that you specify cannot be used by another software deployment package.
      • SMS 提供者電腦帳戶和執行精靈下載軟體更新的使用者,都必須具有下載位置的 寫入 NTFS 權限。The SMS Provider computer account and the user that is running the wizard to download the software updates must both have Write NTFS permissions on the download location. 您應謹慎限制下載位置的存取權,以降低攻擊者竄改軟體更新來源檔案的風險。You should carefully restrict access to the download location to reduce the risk of attackers tampering with the software update source files.
      • 您可以在 Configuration Manager 建立部署套件之後,變更部署套件內容中的套件來源位置。You can change the package source location in the deployment package properties after Configuration Manager creates the deployment package. 不過,如果您這樣做,則必須先將內容從原始套件來源複製到新的套件來源位置。But if you do so, you must first copy the content from the original package source to the new package source location.
    4. 傳送優先順序:指定部署套件的傳送優先順序。Sending priority: Specify the sending priority for the deployment package. Configuration Manager 將套件傳送到發佈點時,會針對部署套件使用傳送優先順序。Configuration Manager uses the sending priority for the deployment package when it sends the package to distribution points. 部署套件會依照下列優先順序傳送:高、中或低。Deployment packages are sent in priority order: High, Medium or Low. 優先順序相同的套件,會依照建立的順序傳送。Packages with identical priorities are sent in the order in which they were created. 若沒有待處理項目,則無論套件的優先順序為何,系統都會立即處理它。If there's no backlog, the package processes immediately regardless of its priority.

    5. 啟用二進位差異複寫:如果想要使用二進位差異複寫,請啟用此選項。Enable binary differential replication: Enable this option if you want to use binary differential replication.

  11. 在 [發佈點] 頁面上,指定裝載更新檔案的發佈點或發佈點群組。On the Distribution Points page, specify the distribution points or distribution point groups that host the update files. 如需發佈點的詳細資訊,請參閱設定發佈點For more information about distribution points, see Configure a distribution point.

    注意

    此頁面只有在您建立新的軟體更新部署套件時才可使用。This page is available only when you create a new software update deployment package.

  12. 在 [下載位置] 頁面上,指定要從網際網路或您的區域網路下載更新檔案。On the Download Location page, specify whether to download the update files from the Internet or from your local network. 進行以下設定:Configure the following settings:

    • 從網際網路下載軟體更新:選取此設定會從網際網路上指定的位置下載更新。Download software updates from the Internet: Select this setting to download the updates from a specified location on the Internet. 預設會啟用此設定。This setting is enabled by default.

    • 從區域網路上的位置下載軟體更新:選取此設定會從本機目錄或共用資料夾下載更新。Download software updates from a location on the local network: Select this setting to download the updates from a local directory or shared folder. 此設定在執行精靈的電腦沒有網際網路存取時很實用。This setting is useful when the computer that runs the wizard doesn't have Internet access. 有網際網路存取的任何電腦都可預先下載更新,並將其儲存到區域網路上可從執行精靈的電腦存取的位置。Any computer with Internet access can preliminarily download the updates and store them in a location on the local network that is accessible from the computer that runs the wizard.

  13. 在 [語言選擇] 頁面上,選取下載選定更新的語言。On the Language Selection page, select the languages for which the selected updates are downloaded. 更新只會在有提供所選語言時才能下載。The updates are downloaded only if they're available in the selected languages. 無指定語言的更新一律會下載。Updates that aren't language-specific are always downloaded. 根據預設,精靈會選取您在軟體更新點內容中設定的語言。By default, the wizard selects the languages that you've configured in the software update point properties. 您必須至少選取一種語言才能繼續至下一頁。At least one language must be selected before proceeding to the next page. 如果您只選取更新不支援的語言,則更新下載會失敗。When you select only languages that are not supported by an update, the download fails for the update.

  14. 在 [摘要] 頁面上,檢閱設定,然後按一下 [下一步] 建立服務方案。On the Summary page, review the settings and click Next to create the servicing plan.

在您完成精靈後,服務方案就會執行。After you've completed the wizard, the servicing plan will run. 它會將符合指定準則的更新新增至軟體更新群組,將更新下載至站台伺服器上的內容庫,將更新發佈至設定的發佈點,然後將軟體更新群組部署至目標集合中的用戶端。It adds the updates that meet the specified criteria to a software update group, download the updates to the content library on the site server, distribute the updates to the configured distribution points, and then deploy the software update group to clients in the target collection.

修改服務方案Modify a servicing plan

您從 Windows 10 服務儀表板建立基本服務方案之後,或是需要變更現有服務方案的設定時,可以移至服務方案的內容。After you create a basic servicing plan from the Windows 10 servicing dashboard or you need to change the settings for an existing servicing plan, you can go to properties for the servicing plan.

注意

當您建立服務方案時,您可以在無法於精靈中使用的服務方案內容中進行設定。You can configure settings in the properties for the servicing plan that are not available in the wizard when you create the servicing plan. 精靈會針對下列各項的設定使用預設設定:下載設定、部署設定,以及警示。The wizard uses default settings for the settings for the following: download settings, deployment settings, and alerts.

利用下列程序修改服務方案的內容。Use the following procedure to modify the properties of a servicing plan.

修改服務方案的內容To modify the properties of a servicing plan

  1. 在 Configuration Manager 主控台中,按一下 [軟體程式庫] 。In the Configuration Manager console, click Software Library.

  2. 在 [軟體程式庫] 工作區中,展開 [Windows 10 服務] 、按一下 [服務方案] ,然後選取要修改的服務方案。In the Software Library workspace, expand Windows 10 Servicing, click Servicing Plans, and then select the servicing plan that you want to modify.

  3. 在 [首頁] 索引標籤上,按一下 [內容] 以開啟所選服務方案的內容。On the Home tab, click Properties to open properties for the selected servicing plan.

    以下設定可用於無法在精靈中設定的服務方案內容:The following settings are available in the servicing plan properties that weren't configured in the wizard:

    部署設定:在 [部署設定] 索引標籤上,設定下列設定:Deployment Settings: On the Deployment Settings tab, configure the following settings:

    • 使用網路喚醒來喚醒用戶端以進行必要部署:指定是否要在抵達期限時啟用網路喚醒,以將喚醒封包傳送到在部署中需要一或多個軟體更新的電腦。Use Wake-on-LAN to wake up clients for required deployments: Specify whether to enable Wake On LAN at the deadline to send wake-up packets to computers that require one or more software updates in the deployment. 安裝期限時處於睡眠模式的任何電腦都會被喚醒,以起始軟體更新安裝。Any computers that are in sleep mode at the installation deadline time are awakened so the software update installation can initiate. 在部署中處於睡眠狀態且不需要任何軟體更新的用戶端並不會啟動。Clients that are in sleep mode that don't require any software updates in the deployment aren't started. 根據預設不會啟用此設定。By default, this setting isn't enabled.

      警告

      您必須為電腦和網路設定 [網路喚醒] 後,才可以使用此選項。Before you can use this option, computers and networks must be configured for Wake On LAN.

    • 詳細等級:指定由用戶端電腦報告之狀態訊息的詳細等級。Detail level: Specify the level of detail for the state messages that are reported by client computers.

    下載設定:在 [下載設定] 索引標籤上,設定下列設定:Download Settings: On the Download Settings tab, configure the following settings:

    • 指定當用戶端連線到速度較慢的網路,或使用後援內容位置時,是否要下載並安裝軟體更新。Specify whether the client downloads and installs the software updates when a client is connected to a slow network or is using a fallback content location.

    • 指定無法在慣用發佈點使用軟體更新內容時,是否要讓用戶端從後援發佈點下載並安裝軟體更新。Specify whether to have the client download and install the software updates from a fallback distribution point when the content for the software updates isn't available on a preferred distribution point.

    • 允許用戶端與同一個子網路上的其他用戶端共用內容:指定是否要針對內容下載啟用 BranchCache 的使用。Allow clients to share content with other clients on the same subnet: Specify whether to enable the use of BranchCache for content downloads. 如需 BranchCache 的詳細資訊,請參閱內容管理的基本概念For more information about BranchCache, see Fundamental concepts for content management.

    • 指定無法在發佈點上使用軟體更新時,是否允許用戶端從 Microsoft Update 下載軟體更新。Specify whether to have clients download software updates from Microsoft Update if software updates aren't available on distribution points.

      重要

      Windows 10 服務更新請勿使用此設定。Do not use this setting for Windows 10 Servicing updates. Configuration Manager (至少到 1610 版) 無法從 Microsoft Update 下載 Windows 10 服務更新。Configuration Manager (at least through version 1610) fails to download the Windows 10 Servicing updates from Microsoft Update.

    • 指定當用戶端使用計量付費網際網路連線時,是否在過了安裝期限後仍允許用戶端進行下載。Specify whether to allow clients to download after an installation deadline when they use metered Internet connections. 在您處於計量付費網際網路連線時,網際網路提供者有時會根據您傳送和接收的資料量來收取費用。Internet providers sometimes charge by the amount of data that you send and receive when you are on a metered Internet connection.

    警示:於 [警示] 索引標籤上設定 Configuration Manager 和 System Center Operations Manager 針對此部署產生警示的方式。Alerts: On the Alerts tab, configure how Configuration Manager and System Center Operations Manager generate alerts for this deployment.

    • 您可經由 [軟體程式庫] 工作區中的 [軟體更新] 節點檢閱最新的軟體更新警示。You can review recent software updates alerts from the Software Updates node in the Software Library workspace.

後續步驟Next steps

如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Configuration Manager 即服務與 Windows 即服務的基本概念For more information, see Fundamentals of Configuration Manager as a service and Windows as a service.