管理多地理位置環境Administering a multi-geo environment

查看 Microsoft 365 服務在多地理位置環境中的運作方式。Here's a look at how Microsoft 365 services work in a multi-geo environment.

可以從 Microsoft 365 稽核記錄搜索頁面取得所有衛星位置的統一稽核記錄A unified Audit log for all your satellite locations is available from the Microsoft 365 audit log search page. 您可以看到跨地理位置的所有稽核記錄項目,例如,北美洲與歐洲使用者的活動會在一個組織視圖中顯示,然後您可以套用現有的篩選器,以查看特定使用者的活動。You can see all the audit log entries from across geo locations, for example, NAM & EUR users' activities will show up in one org view and then you can apply existing filters to see specific user's activities.

BCS、Secure Store、應用程式BCS, Secure Store, Apps

BCS、Secure Store 及應用程式在每個衛星位置中都有個別的執行個體,因此 Sharepoint Online 系統管理員應該從每個衛星位置中個別管理及設定這些服務。BCS, Secure Store, and Apps all have separate instances in each satellite location, therefore the SharePoint Online administrator should manage and configure these services separately from each satellite location.

eDiscoveryeDiscovery

根據預設,多地理位置租用戶的電子文件探索管理員或系統管理員只能在該租用戶的中央位置進行電子文件探索。By default, an eDiscovery Manager or Administrator of a multi-geo tenant will be able to conduct eDiscovery only in the central location of that tenant. Office 365 全域系統管理員必須指派電子文件探索管理員權限,以允許其他人執行電子文件探索,並在其適用的合規性安全性篩選中指派「地區」參數,以將進行電子文件探索的區域指定為衛星位置,否則將不會為該衛星位置執行任何電子文件探索。The Office 365 global administrator must assign eDiscovery Manager permissions to allow others to perform eDiscovery and assign a "Region" parameter in their applicable Compliance Security Filter to specify the region for conducting eDiscovery as satellite location, otherwise no eDiscovery will be carried out for the satellite location. 若要設定地區的法規遵循安全性篩選器,請參閱設定 Office 365 多地理位置電子文件探索To configure the Compliance Security Filter for a Region, see Configure Office 365 Multi-Geo eDiscovery.

Exchange 信箱Exchange mailboxes

如果使用者的 PDL 變更,系統會自動移動使用者的 Exchange 信箱。Users' Exchange mailboxes are moved automatically if their PDL is changed. 建立新的信箱時,如果使用者的 PDL 未設定任何值,信箱會佈建到使用者的 PDL 或中央位置。When a new mailbox is created, it is provisioned to the user's PDL or to the central location if no value has been set for the user's PDL.

資訊保護 (IP) 的資料外洩防護 (DLP) 原則Information Protection (IP) Data Loss Prevention (DLP) Policy

您可以視整個租用戶或適用使用者的需求,在安全性和合規性中心為商務用 OneDrive、SharePoint 和 Exchange 設定 IP DLP 原則和範圍原則。You can set your IP DLP policies for OneDrive for Business, SharePoint, and Exchange in the Security and Compliance center, scoping policies as needed to the whole tenant or to applicable users. 例如:如果您想為衛星位置的使用者選取原則,請選取將原則套用到特定 OneDrive 並輸入使用者的 OneDrive URL。For example: If you wish to select a policy for a user in a satellite location, select to apply the policy to a specific OneDrive and enter the user's OneDrive url. 如需建立 DLP 原則的一般指導方針,請參閱資料外洩防護原則概觀See Overview of data loss prevention policies for general guidance in creating DLP policies.

系統會根據 DLP 原則對每個地理位置的適用性來自動同步處理這些原則。The DLP policies are automatically synchronized based on their applicability to each geo location.

對某個地理位置中的所有使用者執行資訊保護和資料外洩防護原則,不是 UI 中的可用選項,您反而必須選取該原則適用的帳戶,或將該原則全域套用至所有帳戶。Implementing Information Protection and Data Loss prevention policies to all users in a geo location is not an option available in the UI, instead you must select the applicable accounts for the policy or apply the policy globally to all accounts.

Microsoft FlowMicrosoft Flow

為衛星位置建立的流程將使用位於該租用戶預設地理位置的端點。Flows created for the satellite location will use the end point located in the default geo location for the tenant. Microsoft Flow 不是多地理位置服務。Microsoft Flow is not a Multi-Geo service.

Microsoft PowerAppsMicrosoft PowerApps

為衛星位置建立的 PowerApps 將使用位於該租用戶中央位置的端點。PowerApps created for the satellite location will use the end point located in the central location for the tenant. Microsoft PowerApps 不是多地理位置服務。Microsoft PowerApps is not a Multi-Geo service.

OneDrive 系統管理員體驗OneDrive Administrator Experience

OneDrive 系統管理中心在左側瀏覽中 (含有地理位置地圖) 具有 [地理位置] 索引標籤,您可以在其中檢視及管理您的地理位置。請使用此頁面來新增或刪除您的租用戶地理位置。The OneDrive admin center has a Geo locations tab in the left navigation which features a geo locations map where you can view and manage your geo locations. Use this page to add or delete geo locations for your tenant.

安全性與合規性管理中心Security and Compliance Admin Center

有一個適用於多地理位置租用戶的中央合規性中心:Microsoft 365 安全性與合規性中心There is one central compliance center for a multi-geo tenant: Microsoft 365 Security & Compliance Center.

SharePoint 儲存空間配額SharePoint storage quota

根據預設,多重地理環境的所有地理位置會共用可用的租用戶儲存空間配額。By default, all geo locations of a multi-geo environment share the available tenant storage quota. 您也可以為特定的地理位置分配特定配額,以管理儲存空間配額。You can also manage the storage quota by allocating a specific quota for a particular geo location. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱多地理位置環境中的 SharePoint 儲存空間配額For more information, see SharePoint storage quotas in multi-geo environments.

共用Sharing

系統管理員可以設定並管理每個位置的共用原則。Administrators can set and manage sharing policies for each of their locations. 每個地理位置中的 OneDrive 和 SharePoint 網站只會遵守對應的地理位置特定的共用設定。The OneDrive and SharePoint sites in each geo location will honor only the corresponding geo specific sharing settings. (例如,您可以允許在中央位置外部共用,但不能在衛星位置外部共用,反之亦然。) 請注意,共用設定不允許在地理位置之間設定共用限制。(For example, you can allow external sharing for your central location, but not for your satellite location or vice versa.) Note that the sharing settings do not allow configuring sharing limitations between geo locations.

分類Taxonomy

我們使用您公司中央位置主控的主機,針對不同地理位置的企業管理中繼資料,支援統一的分類法We support a unified taxonomy for enterprise managed metadata across geo locations, with the master being hosted in the central location for your company. 我們建議您從中央位置管理全域分類法,並只將特定位置的詞彙增到衛星位置的分類法。We recommend that you manage your global taxonomy from the central location and only add location-specific terms to the satellite location's Taxonomy. 全域分類法詞彙將同步到衛星位置。Global taxonomy terms will synchronize to the satellite locations.

如需詳細資訊與開發人員指導方針,請參閱管理多地理位置租用戶中的中繼資料See Manage metadata in a multi-geo tenant for additional details and for developer guidance.

使用者設定檔應用程式User Profile Application

每個地理位置都有一個使用者設定檔應用程式There is a user profile application in each geo location. 系統會在每位使用者的地理位置主控其設定檔資訊,且該設定檔資料可供該地理位置的系統管理員使用。Each user's profile information is hosted in their geo location and available to the administrator for that geo location.

如果您有自訂的設定檔屬性,則建議您使用跨地理位置的相同設定檔結構描述,然後在所有的地理位置或所需的位置填入自訂設定檔屬性。If you have custom profile properties, then we recommend that you use the same profile schema across geographies and populate your custom profile properties either in all geo locations or where needed. 如需如何以程式設計方式填入使用者設定檔資料的指導方針,請參閱大量使用者設定檔更新 APIFor guidance regarding how to populate user profile data programmatically, please refer to the Bulk User Profile Update API.

如需詳細資訊與開發人員指導方針,請參閱在多地理位置租用戶中使用使用者設定檔See Work with user profiles in a multi-geo tenant for additional details and for developer guidance.

影片入口網站Video Portal

在多地理位置租用戶中,O365影片入口網站只能從預設地理位置提供,所有使用者將被重新導向至該中央入口網站 URL。In a multi-geo tenant, the O365 Video Portal is served only from default geo and all users will be redirected to that central portal url. 因此,會根據您的中央位置使用該地區的遠端媒體服務 (RMS),如下所示。Hence, the Remote Media Service (RMS) for that region will be used, as follows based on your central location.

Stream 目前提供下列語言:Stream is currently available in the following regions:

  • 北美地區,主機位於美國North America, hosted in the United States
  • 歐洲Europe
  • 亞太地區Asia Pacific

不過,目前支援 Microsoft 365 影片的下列地區尚無法使用 Stream,因此在這些地區,我們將使用位於最接近支援地區的 RMS。However, Stream is not yet available in the following regions that are currently supported for Microsoft 365 Video, therefore for these local instances, we will use the RMS that is in the closest supported region.

  • 澳洲Australia
  • 加拿大Canada
  • 印度India
  • 英國United Kingdom

YammerYammer

Yammer 不是多地理位置工作負載。Yammer is not a Multi-Geo workload. 儲存在 Yammer 中的 yammer 執行緒將會置於租使用者的中央位置。Yammer threads stored in Yammer will be placed in the tenant’s central location. Yammer 正在推出儲存在 SharePoint 中 Yammer 檔案的檔案儲存變更。Yammer is rolling out a file storage change which will store Yammer files within SharePoint. 儲存在 SharePoint 中的 Yammer 檔案會放入與 Yammer 群組相關聯的 SharePoint 網站。Yammer files stored in SharePoint will be placed the SharePoint site associated with the Yammer group. SharePoint 群組網站是以 PDL 邏輯為基礎,如 SharePoint 網站和群組中所述。SharePoint group sites are based on PDL logic as outlined in SharePoint Sites and Groups.