電話系統直接路由Phone System Direct Routing

您已完成開始使用You've completed Get started. 您已使用聊天、團隊、頻道和應用程式在組織中推出 Teams。You've rolled out Teams with chat, teams, channels, & apps across your organization. 也許您已將 會議 & 會議已部署。Maybe you've deployed Meetings & conferencing. 現在您已經準備好要新增雲端語音工作負載,而且您已決定使用自己的電話運營商,在公用交換電話網絡 (PSTN) 連線,方法是使用 [電話系統 Direct 路由] 進行。Now you're ready to add cloud voice workloads, and you've decided to use your own telephony carrier for Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) connectivity by using Phone System Direct Routing. 透過直接路由,您就可以實際地透過任何電信運營公司使用電話系統。With Direct Routing, you can use Phone System with virtually any telephony carrier.

本文將說明直接路由的核心部署決策,以及您可能想要考慮的其他考慮因素(視貴組織的需求而定)。This article describes core deployment decisions for Direct Routing as well as additional considerations you may want to think about, based on your organization's needs. 您也應該閱讀 Microsoft 團隊中的雲端語音 ,以取得關於 Microsoft 雲端語音服務的詳細資訊。You should also read Cloud Voice in Microsoft Teams for more information about Microsoft's cloud voice offerings.

深入瞭解直接路由Learn more about Direct Routing

下列文章提供有關設定和使用 [電話系統直接路由] 的詳細資訊。The following articles provide more information about configuring and using Phone System Direct Routing. 設定直接路由需要瞭解 PSTN 路由設計。Configuring Direct Routing requires understanding of PSTN routing design. 您應該閱讀所有這些文章,以瞭解如何規劃及設定直接路由:You should read all of these articles to understand how to plan and configure Direct Routing:

此外,根據您的需求,您可能會想要閱讀下列文章:In addition, you might want to read the following articles depending on your requirements:

核心部署決策Core deployment decisions

以下是直接路由所需考慮的核心決策。These are the core decisions to consider for Direct Routing.

問問自己Ask yourself 動作Action
我要對哪些使用者啟用直接路由?For which users will I enable Direct Routing? 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 啟用直接路由服務的使用者For more information, see Enable users for Direct Routing Service.
我是否有直接路由所需的授權?Do I have the required licenses for Direct Routing? 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 授權及其他需求For more information, see Licensing and other requirements.

會話邊界控制器 (SBC) 考慮Session Border Controller (SBC) considerations

使用直接路由,您可以將自己的會話邊界控制器 (SBC) 直接連到 [電話系統]。With Direct Routing, you connect your own Session Border Controller (SBC) directly to Phone System. 如需已驗證的 SBCs 清單,請參閱 支援的會話框線控制器For a list of certified SBCs, see Supported Session Border Controllers.

問問自己Ask yourself 動作Action
我要如何部署 SBCs?Where and how will I deploy SBCs? 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 設定直接路由For more information, see Configure Direct Routing
我有多個承租人嗎?Do I have multiple tenants? 如需詳細資訊,請參閱為 多個承租人設定會話框線控制器For more information, see Configure a Session Border Controller for multiple tenants.

語音路由考慮Voice routing considerations

您必須設定 [電話系統],將呼叫路由到特定的 SBCs。You'll need to configure Phone System to route the calls to the specific SBCs.

問問自己Ask yourself 動作Action
我需要建立哪些語音路由策略、PSTN 使用及語音路由?What voice routing policies, PSTN usage, and voice routes do I need to create? 如需語音路由資訊,請參閱 設定語音路由For voice routing information, see Configure Voice Routing.
系統會將哪些使用者指派給我定義的語音路由策略?Which users will be assigned to the voice routing policy that I define? 請參閱 設定語音路由中的範例。See the examples in Configure Voice Routing.

使用 TeamsUpgradePolicy 在團隊用戶端中確保來電土地Ensure incoming calls land in the Teams client using TeamsUpgradePolicy

只有 Microsoft 團隊支援直接傳送。Direct Routing is only supported with Microsoft Teams. 若要透過直接路由接收 PSTN 通話,您必須設定 TeamsUpgradePolicy,以確保在團隊中接收來電。To receive PSTN calls through Direct Routing, you need to configure TeamsUpgradePolicy to ensure incoming calls are received in Teams. 使用者必須是 [僅限團隊] 模式,您可以將其指派給其「UpgradeToTeams」 TeamsUpgradePolicy 實例。Users must be in Teams Only mode, which you can do by assigning them the "UpgradeToTeams" instance of TeamsUpgradePolicy.

問問自己Ask yourself 動作Action
[團隊專用] 模式是什麼意思?What does Teams Only mode mean? 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 與商務用 Skype 搭配使用團隊之組織的遷移與互通性指導方針。For more information, see Migration and interoperability guidance for organizations using Teams together with Skype for Business.

其他部署考慮Additional deployment considerations

根據貴組織的需求和設定,您可能會想要考慮下列事項:You may want to consider the following, based on your organization's needs and configuration:

問問自己Ask yourself 動作Action
您是否有已設定混合式連線性的現有商務用 Skype 伺服器部署?Do you have an existing Skype for Business Server deployment with hybrid connectivity configured? 若要瞭解混合式環境中的使用者帳戶是如何提供和管理的,請參閱 在具有 PSTN 連線的混合式環境中的使用者帳戶To understand how user accounts in a hybrid environment are provisioned and managed, see User accounts in a hybrid environment with PSTN connectivity.
您是否要從通話方案或商務用 Skype 內部部署環境直接傳送路線?Are you migrating to Direct Routing from Calling Plan or from a Skype for Business on-premises environment? 若要深入瞭解從現有環境遷移至直接路由的詳細資訊,請參閱 遷移至直接路由To understand more about migrating to Direct Routing from an existing environment, see Migrating to Direct Routing.