什麼是 Power BI 報表伺服器?What is Power BI Report Server?

「Power BI 報表伺服器」是一個內部部署報表伺服器,其中含有入口網站,可供您顯示及管理報表和 KPI,還含有工具,可用來建立 Power BI 報表、編頁報表、行動報表及 KPI。Power BI Report Server is an on-premises report server with a web portal in which you display and manage reports and KPIs, along with the tools to create Power BI reports, paginated reports, mobile reports, and KPIs. 您的使用者可以透過各種不同方式存取這些報表:在網頁瀏覽器或行動裝置中檢視,或是在其收件匣中以電子郵件的形式檢視。Your users can access those reports in different ways: viewing them in a web browser or mobile device, or as an email in their in-box.

Power BI 報表伺服器入口網站

比較 Power BI 報表伺服器Comparing Power BI Report Server

「Power BI 報表伺服器」與 SQL Server Reporting Services 和 Power BI 線上服務都類似,但方式不同。Power BI Report Server is similar to both SQL Server Reporting Services and the Power BI online service, but in different ways. 「Power BI 報表伺服器」與 Power BI 服務相似之處在於,兩者都裝載 Power BI 報表 (.PBIX) 和 Excel 檔案。Like the Power BI service, Power BI Report Server hosts Power BI reports (.PBIX) and Excel files. 「Power BI 報表伺服器」與 Reporting Services 相似之處在於,兩者都位於內部部署環境且裝載編頁報表 (.RDL)。Like Reporting Services, Power BI Report Server is on premises, and hosts paginated reports (.RDL). 「Power BI 報表伺服器」是 Reporting Services 的超集:所有可以在 Reporting Services 中執行的作業,您都能以「Power BI 報表伺服器」來執行且不僅限於這些作業,此外還支援 Power BI 報表。Power BI Report Server is a superset of Reporting Services: everything you can do in Reporting Services, you can do with Power BI Report Server and more, with the addition of support for Power BI reports. 如需詳細資料,請參閱比較 Power BI 報表伺服器與 Power BI 服務See Comparing Power BI Report Server and the Power BI service for details.

授權 Power BI 報表伺服器Licensing Power BI Report Server

您可以透過兩種不同的授權取得「Power BI 報表伺服器」:Power BI Premium 及含有「軟體保證」的 SQL Server Enterprise EditionPower BI Report Server is available through two different licenses: Power BI Premium and SQL Server Enterprise Edition with Software Assurance. 使用 Power BI Premium 授權時,您可以建立混合了雲端和內部部署環境的混合式部署。With a Power BI Premium license, you can create a hybrid deployment mixing cloud and on-premises.

入口網站Web portal

「Power BI 報表伺服器」的入口是一個可在任何新式瀏覽器中檢視的安全入口網站。The entry point for Power BI Report Server is a secure web portal you can view in any modern browser. 您可以在該處存取所有報表和 KPI。Here, you can access all your reports and KPIs. 入口網站上的內容會採用傳統資料夾階層的組織方式。The content on the web portal is organized in a traditional folder hierarchy. 在您的資料夾中,內容會依類型分組:Power BI 報表、行動報表、編頁報表、KPI 及 Excel 活頁簿,再加上要用來作為報表構成要素的共用資料集和共用資料來源。In your folders, content is grouped by type: Power BI reports, mobile reports, paginated reports, KPIs, and Excel workbooks, plus shared datasets and shared data sources to use as building blocks for your reports. 您可以標記我的最愛,以在單一資料夾中檢視它們。You can tag favorites to view them in a single folder. 並可直接在入口網站中建立 KPI。And you can create KPIs right in the web portal.

Power BI 報表伺服器入口網站

您可以依據您的權限來管理入口網站中的內容。Depending on your permissions, you can manage the content in the web portal. 您可以排定報表處理、視需要存取報表,以及訂閱已發佈的報表。You can schedule report processing, access reports on demand, and subscribe to published reports. 您也可以將自己的自訂商標套用到入口網站。You can also apply your own custom branding to your web portal.

深入了解 Power BI 報表伺服器入口網站More about the Power BI Report Server web portal.

Power BI 報表Power BI reports

您使用已針對報表伺服器最佳化的 Power BI Desktop 版本來建立 Power BI 報表 (.PBIX)。You create Power BI reports (.PBIX) with the version of Power BI Desktop optimized for the report server. 然後將這些報表發佈至您自己環境中的入口網站,並在該入口網站中檢視它們。Then you publish them to and view them in the web portal in your own environment.

「Power BI 報表伺服器」中的 Power BI 報表

Power BI 報表是資料模型的多面向檢視,具有代表來自該資料模型各種不同發現和見解的視覺效果。A Power BI report is a multi-perspective view into a data model, with visualizations that represent different findings and insights from that data model. 報表只能有一種視覺效果或有各種視覺效果的頁面。A report can have a single visualization or pages full of visualizations. 視您的角色而定,您可能可以讀取和探索報表,或是為其他項目建立報表。Depending on your role, you may read and explore reports, or you may create them for others.

請安裝已針對 Power BI 報表伺服器最佳化的 Power BI DesktopInstall Power BI Desktop optimized for Power BI Report Server.

編頁報表Paginated reports

編頁報表 (.RDL) 是含有視覺效果的文件型報表,其中資料表會以水平和垂直方式展開來顯示其所有資料,並視需要一頁接著一頁延伸下去。Paginated reports (.RDL) are document-style reports with visualizations, in which tables expand horizontally and vertically to display all their data, continuing from page to page as needed. 它們非常適用於已針對列印進行最佳化的固定配置、完美像素文件,例如 PDF 和 Word 檔案。Thye're great for generating fixed-layout, pixel-perfect documents optimized for printing, such as PDF and Word files.

「Power BI 報表伺服器」中的編頁報表

您可使用報表產生器SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT) 的報表設計師建立外觀現代化的報表。You can create modern-looking reports using Report Builder or Report Designer in SQL Server Data Tools (SSDT).

Reporting Services 行動報表Reporting Services mobile reports

行動報表會連線至內部部署資料,並具有可因應不同裝置和不同持有方式的回應式配置。Mobile reports connect to on-premises data and have a responsive layout that adapts to different devices and the different ways you hold them. 您可以使用「SQL Server 行動報表發行工具」來建立它們。You create them with SQL Server Mobile Report Publisher.

深入了解 Reporting Services 行動報表More about Reporting Services mobile reports.

報表伺服器的程式設計功能Report Server programming features

您可以利用「Power BI 報表伺服器」的程式設計功能來延伸及自訂報表功能,並使用 API 來整合或延伸自訂應用程式中的資料和報表處理。Take advantage of Power BI Report Server programming features to extend and customize your reporting functionality, with APIs to integrate or extend data and report processing in custom applications.

其他報表伺服器開發人員文件More Report Server developer documentation.

後續步驟Next steps

安裝 Power BI 報表伺服器Install Power BI Report Server
安裝報表產生器Install Report Builder

有其他問題嗎?More questions? 嘗試在 Power BI 社群提問Try asking the Power BI Community