Power BI 中的報表Reports in Power BI

什麼是 Power BI 報表?What is a Power BI report?

Power BI「報表」是資料集的多面向檢視,以視覺效果顯示該資料集的各種發現與深入資訊。A Power BI report is a multi-perspective view into a dataset, with visualizations that represent different findings and insights from that dataset. 報表只能有一種視覺效果或有各種視覺效果的頁面。A report can have a single visualization or pages full of visualizations. 根據您的工作角色,您可能是「建立」報表的人員,也可能是「取用」或使用報表的人員。Depending on your job role, you may be someone who creates reports and/or you may be someone who consumes or uses reports.

這份報表有 3 個頁面 (或索引標籤),而且我們目前正在檢視 [銷售門市概觀] 頁面。This report has 3 pages (or tabs) and we're currently viewing the Store Sales Overview page. 此頁面有 6 個不同的視覺效果和一個頁面標題。On this page are 6 different visualizations and a page title. 視覺效果可以「釘選」到儀表板,而且在選取該釘選視覺效果時,會開啟從中釘選它的報表。Visualizations can be pinned to dashboards and when that pinned visualization is selected, it opens the report it was pinned from.

如果您不熟悉 Power BI,請參閱 Power BI 基本概念以取得良好的基礎。If you're new to Power BI, you can get a good foundation by reading Power BI basic concepts

報表是 Power BI 服務和 Power BI Desktop 的功能。Reports are a feature of Power BI service and Power BI Desktop. 使用報表的體驗幾乎完全相同。The experience of working with reports is almost identical. 不過,針對行動裝置,您無法建立報表,但可以檢視、共用和標註報表However, for mobile, you can't create reports but you can view, share, and annotate reports.

報表的優點Advantages of reports

報表是以單一資料集為基礎。Reports are based on a single dataset. 報表中的視覺效果各代表重要的資訊。The visualizations in a report each represent a nugget of information. 而且視覺效果不是靜態的;在深入資料來探索深入資訊以及尋找解答時,您可以新增和移除資料、變更視覺效果類型,以及套用篩選和交叉分析篩選器。And the visualizations aren't static; you can add and remove data, change visualization types, and apply filters and slicers as you dig into the data to discover insights and look for answers. 與儀表板類似,但不止如此,報表還高度互動且高度可自訂,而且視覺效果更新會隨著基礎資料變更。Like a dashboard, but more-so, a report is highly interactive and highly customizable and the visualizations update as the underlying data changes.

儀表板與報表Dashboards versus reports

儀表板經常與報表混淆,因為它們也是填滿視覺效果的畫布。Dashboards are often confused with reports since they too are canvases filled with visualizations. 但兩者還是有一些主要差異。But there are some major differences.

功能Capability 儀表板Dashboards 報表Reports
頁面Pages 一個頁面One page 一或多個頁面One or more pages
資料來源Data sources 每個儀表板一或多份報表以及一或多個資料集One or more reports and one or more datasets per dashboard 每份報表單一資料集A single dataset per report
Power BI Desktop 可用Available in Power BI Desktop No 是,可在 Desktop 中建立及檢視報表Yes, can create and view reports in Desktop
釘選Pinning 只能將目前儀表板中現有的視覺效果 (磚) 釘選到其他儀表板Can pin existing visualizations (tiles) only from current dashboard to your other dashboards 可將視覺效果 (以磚的形式) 釘選到任何儀表板。Can pin visualizations (as tiles) to any of your dashboards. 可將整個報表頁面釘選到任何儀表板。Can pin entire report pages to any of your dashboards.
訂閱Subscribe 無法訂閱儀表板Can't subscribe to a dashboard 可訂閱報表頁面Can subscribe to report pages
篩選Filtering 無法篩選或配量Can't filter or slice 有多種不同方法可篩選、反白顯示及配量Many different ways to filter, highlight, and slice
設定警示Set alerts 可以建立警示於達到特定條件時發送電子郵件Can create alerts to email you when certain conditions are met No
功能Feature 可將一個儀表板設定為「精選」儀表板Can set one dashboard as your "featured" dashboard 無法建立精選報表Cannot create a featured report
自然語言查詢Natural language queries 可從儀表板使用Available from dashboard 無法從報表使用Not available from reports
可變更視覺效果類型Can change visualization type 否。No. 事實上,如果報表擁有者變更報表中的視覺效果類型,儀表板上釘選的視覺效果不會更新。In fact, if a report owner changes the visualization type in the report, the pinned visualization on the dashboard does not update Yes
可以看到基礎資料集的資料表和欄位Can see underlying dataset tables and fields 否。No. 可以匯出資料,但看不到儀表板本身的資料表和欄位。Can export data but can't see tables and fields in the dashboard itself. 是。Yes. 可以看到資料集資料表和欄位以及值。Can see dataset tables and fields and values.
可以建立視覺效果Can create visualizations 僅限使用 [新增磚] 在儀表板新增小工具Limited to adding widgets to dashboard using "Add tile" 可以建立許多不同類型的視覺效果、新增自訂視覺效果、編輯視覺效果,以及更多的編輯權限。Can create many different types of visuals, add custom visuals, edit visuals and more with Editing permissions
自訂Customization 可以使用視覺效果 (磚) 執行作業,如移動和排列、調整大小、新增連結、重新命名、刪除和全螢幕顯示。Can do things with the visualizations (tiles) like move and arrange, resize, add links, rename, delete, and display full screen. 但是,資料和視覺效果本身都是唯讀的。But the data and visualizations themselves are read-only. 在 [閱讀檢視] 中您可以發佈、內嵌、篩選、匯出、下載為 .pbix、檢視相關內容、產生 QR 代碼、在 Excel 中進行分析等等。In Reading view you can publish, embed, filter,export, download as .pbix, view related content, generate QR codes, analyze in Excel, and more. 在 [編輯檢視] 中,您可以執行目前述及的所有作業及其他更多。In Editing view you can do everything mentioned so far and so much more.

報表「建立者」和報表「取用者」Report creators and report consumers

根據您的角色,您可能是建立報表供自己使用或與同事共用的人員。Depending on your role, you may be someone who creates reports for your own use or to share with colleagues. 您想要了解如何建立和共用報表。You want to learn how to create and share reports. 或者,您可能是接收其他人之報表的人員。Or, you may be someone who receives reports from others. 您想要了解如何熟悉報表並與之互動。You want to learn how to understand and interact with the reports.

以下是依角色協助您開始的一些主題。Here are some topics, by role, to help you get started.

如果您要建立並共用報表If you will be creating and sharing reports

如果您要接收並取用報表If you will be receiving and consuming reports


如果這裡找不到您要的內容,請使用左側<目錄>來瀏覽所有「報表」主題。If you didn’t find what you’re looking for here, use the Table of Contents to the left to browse all report topics.

後續步驟Next steps

開始使用 Power BIGet Started with Power BI

Power BI - 基本概念Power BI - Basic Concepts

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