Power BI 報表的視覺效果Visualizations in Power BI reports

適用於: 是適用於企業用戶的 Power BI 服務是適用於設計與開發人員的 Power BI 服務是Power BI Desktop 否需有 Pro 或 Premium 授權APPLIES TO: yesPower BI service for business users yesPower BI service for designers & developers yesPower BI Desktop noRequires Pro or Premium license

視覺效果會顯示在資料中探索到的見解。Visualizations (known as visuals for short) display insights that have been discovered in the data. Power BI 報表可能需要有一個視覺效果的單一頁面,或是它可能會有充滿視覺效果的頁面。A Power BI report might have a single page with one visual or it might have pages full of visuals. 在 Power BI 服務中,視覺效果可以從報表釘選至儀表板In the Power BI service, visuals can be pinned from reports to dashboards.

請務必區隔報表「設計師」和報表「取用者」。It's important to make the distinction between report designers and report consumers. 如果您是建置或修改報表的人,您就是設計師。If you are the person building or modifying the report, then you are a designer. 設計師具有報表及其基礎資料集的編輯權限。Designers have edit permissions to the report and its underlying dataset. 在 Power BI Desktop 中,這表示您可以在資料檢視中開啟資料集,並在報表檢視建立視覺效果。In Power BI Desktop, this means you can open the dataset in Data view and create visuals in Report view. 在 Power BI 服務中,這表示您可以用編輯檢視在報表編輯器中開啟資料集或報表。In Power BI service, this means you can open the data set or report in the report editor in Editing view. 如果報表或儀表板已與您共用,您就是報表取用者If a report or dashboard has been shared with you , you are a report consumer. 您可以檢視報表及其視覺效果並與其互動,但無法與「設計工具」一樣進行許多變更。You'll be able to view and interact with the report and its visuals but you won't be able to make as many changes as a designer can.

有許多不同的視覺效果類型可以直接從 Power BI 的 [視覺效果] 窗格使用。There are many different visual types available directly from the Power BI Visualizations pane.

具有每個視覺效果類型圖示的窗格

您可從 Microsoft AppSource 社群網站 取得更多 Power BI 視覺效果。More Power BI visuals are available from the Microsoft AppSource community site. 在 AppSource 中,您可瀏覽並 下載 Microsoft 和社群所提供的 Power BI 視覺效果In AppSource you can browse and download Power BI visuals provided by Microsoft and the community.

如果您是 Power BI 新手,或需要喚起記憶,請使用下列連結了解 Power BI 視覺效果的基本概念。If you're new to Power BI, or need a refresher, use the links below to learn the basics of Power BI visualizations. 或者,使用我們的目錄 (沿著本文的左邊),來找到更多有用的資訊。Alternately, use our Table of Contents (along the left side of this article) to find even more helpful information.

在 Power BI 中加入視覺效果Add a visualization in Power BI

在報表的頁面上建立視覺效果Create visualizations on the pages of your reports. 瀏覽可用視覺效果清單和可用視覺效果教學課程Browse the list of available visualizations and available visualization tutorials.

從檔案或從 AppSource 上傳視覺效果Upload a visualization from a file or from AppSource

新增自行建立或在 Microsoft AppSource 社群網站 中找到的視覺效果。Add a visualization that you created yourself or that you found in the Microsoft AppSource community site. 腦中充滿創造力嗎?Feeling creative? 深入探索我們的原始程式碼,並使用我們的開發人員工具來建立新的視覺效果類型,然後將其與社群共用Dig into our source code and use our developer tools to create a new visualization type and share it with the community. 若要深入了解開發 Power BI 視覺效果,請瀏覽開發 Power BI 視覺效果To learn more about developing a Power BI visual, visit Developing a Power BI visual.

將 [視覺效果] 窗格個人化Personalize your visualization pane

您可透過在 [視覺效果] 窗格中新增和移除 Power BI 視覺效果,將 [視覺效果] 窗格個人化。You can personalize the visualization pane by adding and removing Power BI visuals from it. 如果您已從 [視覺效果] 窗格移除預設視覺效果,則可將窗格還原為預設,並取回所有的預設視覺效果。If you removed default visuals from the visualization pane, you can restore the pane to default and bring back all the default visuals.

將視覺效果新增至 [視覺效果] 窗格Add a visual to the visualization pane

如果您發現自己跨許多報表使用相同的視覺效果,則可將視覺效果新增至 [視覺效果] 窗格。If you find yourself using the same visual across many reports, you can add the visual to your visualization pane. 新增視覺效果適用於 AppSource 視覺效果、組織視覺效果,以及檔案中的視覺效果。Adding visuals applies to AppSource visuals, organizational visuals, and visuals from files. 若要新增視覺效果,請以滑鼠右鍵按一下視覺效果。To add a visual, right-click on the visual.

釘選到視覺效果窗格

視覺效果一經釘選,就會上移以和其他預設視覺效果待在一起。Once a visual has been pinned, it moves up to live with the other default visuals. 假設您已登入,則此視覺效果現在會繫結至您登入的帳戶,因此您建置的任何新報表都會自動包含此視覺效果。This visual is now tied to your signed in account, so any new reports you build will automatically have this visual included, assuming you are signed in. 您不再需要將經常使用的特定視覺效果新增至每一份報表。You no longer need to add a specific visual you regularly use, to every single report.

個人化的視覺效果窗格

從 [視覺效果] 窗格移除視覺效果Remove a visual from the visualization pane

如果您經常停止使用某個視覺效果,則可在其上按一下滑鼠右鍵,並從 [視覺效果] 窗格中加以移除。If you stop using a visual regularly, you can right-click it and remove it from the visualization pane. 任何類型的視覺效果都可從 [視覺效果] 窗格中移除,包括預設視覺效果、檔案視覺效果、組織視覺效果和 AppSource 視覺效果。Any type of visual can be removed from the visualization pane, including default, file ,organizational and AppSource visuals.

取消釘選到 [視覺效果] 窗格

還原 [視覺效果] 窗格Restore the visualization pane

還原 [視覺效果] 窗格僅適用於預設視覺效果。Restoring the visualization pane only applies to default visuals. 新增至 [視覺效果] 窗格的視覺效果不會受到影響,且可在 [視覺效果] 窗格中繼續提供使用。Visuals that were added to the visualization pane are not affected and will remain available from the visualization pane. 如果想要從 [視覺效果] 窗格中移除 AppSource 視覺效果或檔案視覺效果,將必須手動執行此動作。If you want to remove AppSource or file visuals from the visualization pane, you'll have to do it manually.

若要將 [視覺效果] 窗格還原為預設,請按一下更多選項,然後選取 [還原預設視覺效果]。To restore the visualization pane to default, click more options and select Restore default visuals.

將 [視覺效果] 窗格還原為預設

變更視覺效果類型Change the visualization type

請嘗試變更視覺效果的類型,查看何者最適合您的資料。Try changing the type of visualization to see which works best with your data.

釘選視覺效果Pin the visualization

在 Power BI 服務中,當視覺效果是您想要的呈現方式時,就可以將其釘選到儀表板作為磚。In Power BI service, when you have the visualization the way you want it, you can pin it to a dashboard as a tile. 如果在釘選之後變更報表中使用的視覺效果,並不會變更儀表板上的磚。If you change the visualization being used in the report after you pin it, the tile on the dashboard doesn't change. 若其為折線圖,則會保持為折線圖,即使您在報表中將其變更為環圈圖也是一樣。If it was a line chart, it stays a line chart, even if you changed it to a Doughnut chart in the report.

限制與考量Limitations and considerations

  • 視資料來源和欄位 (量值或資料行) 數目而定,視覺效果載入可能很緩慢。Depending on the data source and the number of fields (measures or columns), a visual may load slowly. 基於可讀性和效能考量,建議將視覺效果的欄位總數限制在 10-20。We recommend limiting visuals to 10-20 total fields, both for readability and performance reasons.

  • 視覺效果上限是 100 個欄位 (量值或資料行)。The upper limit for visuals is 100 fields (measures or columns). 如果無法載入視覺效果,請減少欄位數目。If your visual fails to load, reduce the number of fields.

後續步驟Next steps