Windows Management FrameworkWindows Management Framework

Windows Management Framework (WMF) 提供 Windows 的一致管理介面。Windows Management Framework (WMF) provides a consistent management interface for Windows. WMF 提供一種順暢的方式,來管理各種 Windows 用戶端和 Windows Server 版本。WMF provides a seamless way to manage various versions of Windows client and Windows Server. WMF 安裝程式套件包含管理功能的更新,而且可用於舊版 Windows。WMF installer packages contain updates to management functionality and are available for older versions of Windows.

WMF 安裝新增及 (或) 更新下列功能︰WMF installation adds and/or updates the following features:

  • Windows PowerShellWindows PowerShell
  • Windows PowerShell Desired State Configuration (DSC)Windows PowerShell Desired State Configuration (DSC)
  • Windows PowerShell 整合式指令碼環境 (ISE)Windows PowerShell Integrated Script Environment (ISE)
  • Windows 遠端管理 (WinRM)Windows Remote Management (WinRM)
  • Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI)Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI)
  • Windows PowerShell Web 服務 (Management OData IIS 擴充功能)Windows PowerShell Web Services (Management OData IIS Extension)
  • 軟體清查記錄 (SIL)Software Inventory Logging (SIL)
  • 伺服器管理員 CIM 提供者Server Manager CIM Provider

WMF 版本資訊WMF Release Notes

如需深入了解 PowerShell 的各種增強功能以及指定 WMF 的其他元件,請參閱下列版本資訊連結︰To learn about various enhancements in PowerShell and other components of a given WMF, please refer to the links below to review the release notes:

各 Windows 作業系統的 WMF 可用性WMF Availability Across Windows Operating Systems

作業系統版本Operating System Version WMF 5.1WMF 5.1 WMF 5.0WMF 5.0
支援終止Out of support
WMF 4.0WMF 4.0 WMF 3.0WMF 3.0 WMF 2.0WMF 2.0
Windows Server 2019Windows Server 2019 隨產品附贈Ships in-box
Windows Server 2016Windows Server 2016 隨產品附贈Ships in-box
Windows 10Windows 10 隨產品附贈Ships in-box 隨產品附贈Ships in-box
Windows Server 2012 R2Windows Server 2012 R2 Yes Yes 隨產品附贈Ships in-box
Windows 8.1Windows 8.1 Yes Yes 隨產品附贈Ships in-box
Windows Server 2012Windows Server 2012 Yes Yes Yes 隨產品附贈Ships in-box
Windows 8Windows 8
支援終止Out of support
隨產品附贈Ships in-box
Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 Yes Yes Yes Yes 隨產品附贈Ships in-box
Windows 7 SP1Windows 7 SP1 Yes Yes Yes Yes 隨產品附贈Ships in-box
Windows Server 2008 SP2Windows Server 2008 SP2 Yes Yes
Windows VistaWindows Vista
支援終止Out of support
Yes
Windows Server 2003Windows Server 2003
支援終止Out of support
Yes
Windows XPWindows XP
支援終止Out of support
Yes Yes
  • 隨產品出貨 :所指定 WMF 版本的功能已與指出版本的 Windows 用戶端或 Windows Server 一起出貨。Ships in-box : The features of the specified version of WMF were shipped in the indicated version of Windows client or Windows Server.
  • 支援終止 :Microsoft 不再支援這些產品。Out of support : These products are no longer supported by Microsoft. 您必須升級至支援的新版本。You must upgrade to a new version that is supported. 如需詳細資訊,請參閱 Microsoft 週期原則頁面。For more information, see the Microsoft Lifecycle Policy page.

注意

WMF 5.0 安裝程式已不再提供或支援。The installer for WMF 5.0 is no longer available or supported. 它已被 WMF 5.1 取代。It has been replaced by WMF 5.1.