Windows Management FrameworkWindows Management Framework

Windows Management Framework (WMF) 是一種傳遞機制,可在各式各樣的 Windows 和 Windows Server 中提供一致的管理介面。Windows Management Framework (WMF) is the delivery mechanism that provides a consistent management interface across the various flavors of Windows and Windows Server. 安裝 WMF 後,客戶即可順暢自如地在其混合了各種作業系統的環境中操作。With the installation of WMF, customers get a seamless way to interoperate between mixes of OSes in their environment. WMF 會更新指定 Windows 和 Windows Server 版本的管理功能,於安裝較低版本的 Windows 和 Windows Server (一般是低 2 個版本) 時提供。WMF makes the updates to management functionality, in a given release of Windows and Windows Server, available for installation on lower versions (typically, 2 lower versions) of Windows and Windows Server.

WMF 安裝新增及 (或) 更新下列功能︰WMF installation adds and/or updates the following features:

  • Windows PowerShellWindows PowerShell
  • Windows PowerShell Desired State Configuration (DSC)Windows PowerShell Desired State Configuration (DSC)
  • Windows PowerShell 整合式指令碼環境 (ISE)Windows PowerShell Integrated Script Environment (ISE)
  • Windows 遠端管理 (WinRM)Windows Remote Management (WinRM)
  • Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI)Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI)
  • Windows PowerShell Web 服務 (Management OData IIS 擴充功能)Windows PowerShell Web Services (Management OData IIS Extension)
  • 軟體清查記錄 (SIL)Software Inventory Logging (SIL)
  • 伺服器管理員 CIM 提供者Server Manager CIM Provider

WMF 版本資訊WMF Release Notes

如需深入了解 PowerShell 的各種增強功能以及指定 WMF 的其他元件,請參閱下列版本資訊連結︰To learn about various enhancements in PowerShell and other components of a given WMF, please refer to the links below to review the release notes:

各 Windows 作業系統的 WMF 可用性WMF Availability Across Windows Operating Systems

作業系統版本Operating System Version WMF 5.1WMF 5.1 WMF 5.0WMF 5.0 WMF 4.0WMF 4.0 WMF 3.0WMF 3.0 WMF 2.0WMF 2.0
Windows Server 2016Windows Server 2016 隨產品附贈Ships in-box
Windows 10Windows 10 隨產品附贈Ships in-box 隨產品附贈Ships in-box
Windows Server 2012 R2Windows Server 2012 R2 Yes Yes 隨產品附贈Ships in-box
Windows 8.1Windows 8.1 Yes Yes 隨產品附贈Ships in-box
Windows Server 2012Windows Server 2012 Yes Yes Yes 隨產品附贈Ships in-box
Windows 8Windows 8 隨產品附贈Ships in-box
Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 Yes Yes Yes Yes 隨產品附贈Ships in-box
Windows 7 SP1Windows 7 SP1 Yes Yes Yes Yes 隨產品附贈Ships in-box
Windows Server 2008 SP2Windows Server 2008 SP2 Yes Yes
Windows VistaWindows Vista Yes
Windows Server 2003Windows Server 2003 Yes
Windows XPWindows XP Yes

隨產品附贈specified WMF 的功能已和指定版本的 Windows 和 Windows Server 一起出貨。"Ships in-box": The features of the specified WMF were shipped in the indicated version of Windows and Windows Server. 因此,specified WMF 不需要安裝在指定的作業系統版本上。Hence, the specified WMF doesn't need to be installed on the indicated operating system versions.