HOW TO：撰寫簡單的 Parallel.For 迴圈

範例

``````' How to: Write a Simple Parallel.For Loop
Module MultiplyMatrices

#Region "Sequential_Loop"
Sub MultiplyMatricesSequential(ByVal matA As Double(,), ByVal matB As Double(,), ByVal result As Double(,))
Dim matACols As Integer = matA.GetLength(1)
Dim matBCols As Integer = matB.GetLength(1)
Dim matARows As Integer = matA.GetLength(0)

For i As Integer = 0 To matARows - 1
For j As Integer = 0 To matBCols - 1
For k As Integer = 0 To matACols - 1
result(i, j) += matA(i, k) * matB(k, j)
Next
Next
Next
End Sub
#End Region

#Region "Parallel_Loop"

Private Sub MultiplyMatricesParallel(ByVal matA As Double(,), ByVal matB As Double(,), ByVal result As Double(,))
Dim matACols As Integer = matA.GetLength(1)
Dim matBCols As Integer = matB.GetLength(1)
Dim matARows As Integer = matA.GetLength(0)

' A basic matrix multiplication.
' Parallelize the outer loop to partition the source array by rows.
Parallel.For(0, matARows, Sub(i)
For j As Integer = 0 To matBCols - 1
' Use a temporary to improve parallel performance.
Dim temp As Double = 0
For k As Integer = 0 To matACols - 1
temp += matA(i, k) * matB(k, j)
Next
result(i, j) += temp
Next
End Sub)
End Sub
#End Region

#Region "Main"
Sub Main(ByVal args As String())
' Set up matrices. Use small values to better view
' result matrix. Increase the counts to see greater
' speedup in the parallel loop vs. the sequential loop.
Dim colCount As Integer = 180
Dim rowCount As Integer = 2000
Dim colCount2 As Integer = 270
Dim m1 As Double(,) = InitializeMatrix(rowCount, colCount)
Dim m2 As Double(,) = InitializeMatrix(colCount, colCount2)
Dim result As Double(,) = New Double(rowCount - 1, colCount2 - 1) {}

' First do the sequential version.
Console.WriteLine("Executing sequential loop...")
Dim stopwatch As New Stopwatch()
stopwatch.Start()

MultiplyMatricesSequential(m1, m2, result)
stopwatch.[Stop]()
Console.WriteLine("Sequential loop time in milliseconds: {0}", stopwatch.ElapsedMilliseconds)

' For the skeptics.
OfferToPrint(rowCount, colCount2, result)

' Reset timer and results matrix.
stopwatch.Reset()
result = New Double(rowCount - 1, colCount2 - 1) {}

' Do the parallel loop.
Console.WriteLine("Executing parallel loop...")
stopwatch.Start()
MultiplyMatricesParallel(m1, m2, result)
stopwatch.[Stop]()
Console.WriteLine("Parallel loop time in milliseconds: {0}", stopwatch.ElapsedMilliseconds)
OfferToPrint(rowCount, colCount2, result)

' Keep the console window open in debug mode.
Console.WriteLine("Press any key to exit.")
End Sub
#End Region

#Region "Helper_Methods"

Function InitializeMatrix(ByVal rows As Integer, ByVal cols As Integer) As Double(,)
Dim matrix As Double(,) = New Double(rows - 1, cols - 1) {}

Dim r As New Random()
For i As Integer = 0 To rows - 1
For j As Integer = 0 To cols - 1
matrix(i, j) = r.[Next](100)
Next
Next
Return matrix
End Function

Sub OfferToPrint(ByVal rowCount As Integer, ByVal colCount As Integer, ByVal matrix As Double(,))
Console.WriteLine("Computation complete. Print results? y/n")
Dim c As Char = Console.ReadKey().KeyChar
If c = "y"c OrElse c = "Y"c Then
Console.WindowWidth = 168
Console.WriteLine()
For x As Integer = 0 To rowCount - 1
Console.WriteLine("ROW {0}: ", x)
For y As Integer = 0 To colCount - 1
Console.Write("{0:#.##} ", matrix(x, y))
Next
Console.WriteLine()
Next
End If
End Sub

#End Region
End Module
``````
``````namespace MultiplyMatrices
{
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Collections.Concurrent;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Linq;

class Program
{
#region Sequential_Loop
static void MultiplyMatricesSequential(double[,] matA, double[,] matB,
double[,] result)
{
int matACols = matA.GetLength(1);
int matBCols = matB.GetLength(1);
int matARows = matA.GetLength(0);

for (int i = 0; i < matARows; i++)
{
for (int j = 0; j < matBCols; j++)
{
for (int k = 0; k < matACols; k++)
{
result[i, j] += matA[i, k] * matB[k, j];
}
}
}
}
#endregion

#region Parallel_Loop

static void MultiplyMatricesParallel(double[,] matA, double[,] matB, double[,] result)
{
int matACols = matA.GetLength(1);
int matBCols = matB.GetLength(1);
int matARows = matA.GetLength(0);

// A basic matrix multiplication.
// Parallelize the outer loop to partition the source array by rows.
Parallel.For(0, matARows, i =>
{
for (int j = 0; j < matBCols; j++)
{
// Use a temporary to improve parallel performance.
double temp = 0;
for (int k = 0; k < matACols; k++)
{
temp += matA[i, k] * matB[k, j];
}
result[i, j] = temp;
}
}); // Parallel.For
}

#endregion

#region Main
static void Main(string[] args)
{
// Set up matrices. Use small values to better view
// result matrix. Increase the counts to see greater
// speedup in the parallel loop vs. the sequential loop.
int colCount = 180;
int rowCount = 2000;
int colCount2 = 270;
double[,] m1 = InitializeMatrix(rowCount, colCount);
double[,] m2 = InitializeMatrix(colCount, colCount2);
double[,] result = new double[rowCount, colCount2];

// First do the sequential version.
Console.WriteLine("Executing sequential loop...");
Stopwatch stopwatch = new Stopwatch();
stopwatch.Start();

MultiplyMatricesSequential(m1, m2, result);
stopwatch.Stop();
Console.WriteLine("Sequential loop time in milliseconds: {0}", stopwatch.ElapsedMilliseconds);

// For the skeptics.
OfferToPrint(rowCount, colCount2, result);

// Reset timer and results matrix.
stopwatch.Reset();
result = new double[rowCount, colCount2];

// Do the parallel loop.
Console.WriteLine("Executing parallel loop...");
stopwatch.Start();
MultiplyMatricesParallel(m1, m2, result);
stopwatch.Stop();
Console.WriteLine("Parallel loop time in milliseconds: {0}", stopwatch.ElapsedMilliseconds);
OfferToPrint(rowCount, colCount2, result);

// Keep the console window open in debug mode.
Console.WriteLine("Press any key to exit.");
}

#endregion

#region Helper_Methods

static double[,] InitializeMatrix(int rows, int cols)
{
double[,] matrix = new double[rows, cols];

Random r = new Random();
for (int i = 0; i < rows; i++)
{
for (int j = 0; j < cols; j++)
{
matrix[i, j] = r.Next(100);
}
}
return matrix;
}

private static void OfferToPrint(int rowCount, int colCount, double[,] matrix)
{
Console.WriteLine("Computation complete. Print results? y/n");
if (c == 'y' || c == 'Y')
{
Console.WindowWidth = 180;
Console.WriteLine();
for (int x = 0; x < rowCount; x++)
{
Console.WriteLine("ROW {0}: ", x);
for (int y = 0; y < colCount; y++)
{
Console.Write("{0:#.##} ", matrix[x, y]);
}
Console.WriteLine();
}

}
}

#endregion
}

}
``````

編譯程式碼

• 將此程式碼剪下並貼到 Visual Studio 2010 專案中。

For

ForEach