Use a KeyPress Event for form controls

This article describes how to use KeyPress Event for form controls.

Original product version:   Visual FoxPro
Original KB number:   140296


Many developers use ON KEY LABEL to assign programs or procedures within programs that are to be executed upon pressing a specific key (usually a function key). However, if the ON KEY LABEL assignment is to be specific to a control within a form, a better alternative would be to use the KeyPress event of that control.

More information

The KeyPress event is available for the following form controls:

CheckBox, ComboBox, CommandButton, EditBox, Form, ListBox, OptionButton, Spinner, TextBox

It is possible to use this event to check for the press of a specific key. When using the KeyPress event to perform an action based on a function key, the function key's value should be used as shown in this table:

Key Alone Shift Ctrl Alt
F1   28    84    94  104
F2   -1    85    95  105
F3   -2    86    96  106
F4   -3    87    97  107
F5   -4    88    98  108
F6   -5    89    99  109
F7   -6    90   100  110
F8   -7    91   101  111
F9   -8    92   102  112
F10  -9    93   103  113
F11  133  135   137  139
F12  134  136   138  140

For more information on key values, see the INKEY() function in Visual FoxPro Help file.

Step-by-Step Example

The following steps show how to use the KeyPress event.

  1. Create a form, and place a text box on it.

  2. In the ControlSource property of the text box, type mykey (or any other variable that you might prefer).

  3. Place the following code in the KeyPress event of the text box:

    LPARAMETERS nKeyCode, nShiftAltCtrl
    *: The previous line of code is already contained in the KeyPress event
    *: by default.
    CASE nKeyCode = 28
    WAIT WINDOW "The F1 Key has been pressed" NOWAIT
    mykey = "F1 Key"
    CASE nKeyCode = -4
    WAIT WINDOW "The F5 Key has been pressed" NOWAIT
    mykey = "F5 Key"
  4. Place the following code in the Load event of the form:

    *: This will disable FoxPro's default function key assignments.
  5. Place the following code in the Destroy event of the form:

    *: This will restore FoxPro's default function key assignments.
  6. Place a command button on the form, and place the following code in its click event:

  7. Save and run the form. If either the F1 or F5 key is pressed, the appropriate WAIT WINDOW messages should appear, and the text box should be updated.