使用 System Center Configuration Manager 在新電腦 (裸機) 上安裝新版的 WindowsInstall a new version of Windows on a new computer (bare metal) with System Center Configuration Manager

適用對象:System Center Configuration Manager (最新分支) Applies to: System Center Configuration Manager (Current Branch)

本主題提供在 System Center Configuration Manager 中安裝新電腦作業系統的一般步驟。This topic provides the general steps in System Center Configuration Manager to install an operating system on a new computer. 這個案例中有多種不同的部署方法可供選擇,例如 PXE、OEM 或獨立媒體。For this scenario, you can choose from many different deployment methods, such as PXE, OEM, or stand-alone media. 如果您不確定此作業系統部署案例是否適合您,請參閱使用 System Center Configuration Manager 部署企業作業系統的案例If you are unsure that this is the right operating system deployment scenario for you, see Scenarios to deploy enterprise operating systems.

請使用下列章節的內容,以新版的 Windows 重新整理現有的電腦。Use the following sections to refresh an existing computer with a new version of Windows.

方案Plan

  • 規劃並實作基礎結構需求Plan for and implement infrastructure requirements

    必須要備妥數個基礎結構需求,才能部署作業系統,例如 Windows ADK、Windows 部署服務 (WDS)、支援的硬碟設定等。如需詳細資訊,請參閱作業系統部署的基礎結構需求There are several infrastructure requirements that must be in place before you can deploy operating systems, such as Windows ADK, Windows Deployment Services (WDS), supported hard disk configurations, etc. For more information, see Infrastructure requirements for operating system deployment.

設定Configure

  1. 準備開機映像Prepare a boot image

    開機映像會啟動 Windows PE 環境中的電腦 (內含有限元件和服務的最低作業系統),接著在電腦上安裝完整的 Windows 作業系統。Boot images start a computer in a Windows PE environment (a minimal operating system with limited components and services) that can then install a full Windows operating system on the computer. 部署作業系統時,您必須選取要使用的開機映像,將此映像發佈到發佈點。When you deploy operating systems, you must select a boot image to use and distribute the image to a distribution point. 請使用下列資訊準備開機映像:Use the following to prepare the boot image:

  2. 準備作業系統映像Prepare an operating system image

    作業系統映像包含在目的地電腦安裝作業系統的必要檔案。The operating system image contains the files necessary to install the operating system on the destination computer. 請使用下列資訊準備作業系統映像:Use the following to prepare the operating system image:

    注意

    新的 Windows 安裝也可以透過 OS 升級套件從安裝來源檔案執行,但必須改為使用 OS 映像,例如 install.wimNew installations of Windows can also be performed from installation source files via OS upgrade packages, but use OS images such as install.wim instead.

    仍支援透過 OS 升級套件部署新的 Windows 安裝,但驅動程式必須與此方法相容。Deploying new installations of Windows via OS upgrade packages is still supported, but is dependant on drivers being compatible with this method. 從 OS 升級套件安裝 Windows 時,會安裝驅動程式,但驅動程式仍在 Windows PE 中,而不是像在 Windows PE 中只是插入。When installing Windows from an OS upgrade package, drivers are installed while still in Windows PE versus simply being injected while in Windows PE. 某些驅動程式不相容,因此無法安裝在 Windows PE 中。Some drivers are not compatible with being installed while in Windows PE. 在 Windows PE 中,若驅動程式不相容而無法安裝,請改為使用 OS 映像。If drivers are not compatible with being installed while in Windows PE, then use an OS image instead.

  3. 建立工作順序以透過網路部署作業系統Create a task sequence to deploy operating systems over the network

    使用網路上自動化作業系統安裝的工作順序。Use a task sequence to automate the installation of the operating system over the network. 請使用建立工作順序以安裝作業系統中的步驟,建立工作順序以部署作業系統。Use the steps in Create a task sequence to install an operating system to create the task sequence to deploy the operating system. 根據所選部署方法之不同,工作順序可能有其他考量。Depending on the deployment method that you choose, there might be additional considerations for the task sequence.

部署Deploy

監視Monitor